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You might think that a group of intelligent people like the members of the free and open source software (FOSS) community would be free of hidden taboos. You might expect that such a group of intellectuals would find no thought forbidden or uncomfortable—but if you did, you would be wrong.
Like any sub-culture, FOSS is held together by shared beliefs. Such beliefs help to create a shared identity, which means that questioning them also means questioning that identity.
Some of these taboo subjects might undermine truisms held for twenty years or more. Others are new and challenge accepted truths. If examined, any of them can be as threatening as a declaration of shared values can be reassuring.
Yet while examining taboos can be uncomfortable, doing so can often be necessary. Beliefs can linger long after they no longer apply or have degenerated into half-truths. Every now and then, it is useful to think the unthinkable, if only so beliefs can be re-synced with reality.
With this rationale, here are nine of my observations about open source today that are overdue for examination.
When Ubuntu first emerged nine years ago, many regarded it as the distribution that would lead the community to world domination. Coming out of nowhere, it immediately began focusing on the desktop in a way that no other distribution ever had. Tools and utilities were added. Many Debian developers found jobs at Canonical, Ubuntu’s commercial arm. Developers had their expenses paid to conferences that they couldn’t have attended otherwise.
Over the years, though, much of this initial excitement has eroded. Nobody seemed to mind Ubuntu’s founder Mark Shuttleworth calling for major projects to coordinate their release cycles; they simply ignored it. But eyebrows began to rise when Ubuntu started developing its own interface instead of contributing to GNOME. Canonical started vetoing what was happening in Ubuntu, apparently not for the common good but mainly in the search for profit. Many, too, disliked Ubuntu’s Unity interface when it was released.
But listen to Canonical employees or Ubuntu volunteers talk, and you could almost imagine that the last nine years had never happened. In particular, read Shuttleworth’s blog or public statements, in which he assumes that he remains a community leader and that “the big mouths of ideologues” will eventually be silenced by his success.
Seven years ago, Tim O’Reilly stated that open source licenses were obsolete. That was his dramatic way of warning that online services undermined the intent of FOSS. Like FOSS, cloud computing offered users the free use of applications and storage, but without any controls or guarantee of privacy.
The Free Software Foundation responded to the growing popularity of cloud computing by dusting off the GNU Affero General Public License, which extends FOSS ideals to cloud computing.
The founder of the Free Software Foundation and the driving force behind the GNU General Public Licenses, Richard M. Stallman is one of the legendary figures in free and open source software. For years, he has been the most vocal defender of software freedom, and the community probably wouldn’t exist without him.
What his supporters are reluctant to admit is that Stallman’s tactics are limited. Many say he is not comfortable with people, and his arguments center on semantics—on the words chosen, and how they bias an argument.
This approach can be insightful. For example, when Stallman asks why file-sharing is equated with pirates pillaging and looting, he reveals the bias that the music and movie industry tries to impose on the issue.
But, unfortunately, this is almost Stallman’s sole tactic. He rarely moves beyond using it to castigate people, and he repeats himself even more than most people who spend their time making speeches. Increasingly, he is seen in many parts of the community as both irrelevant and embarrassing—as someone who has outlived his effectiveness.
People seem to find it hard to live with the idea that Stallman could both have a history of accomplishment and be less effective than he once was. Either they defend him fiercely because of his history, or they attack him as a wannabe who never was. I believe both his accomplishments and his current lack of effectiveness are true at the same time.
One of the main stories that FOSS developers like to tell themselves is that the community is a meritocracy. Status in the community is supposed to be based on what you have recently contributed, either in terms of code or time.
As a motivation and a source of group identity, the idea of meritocracy has powerful appeal. It encourages people to work long hours and gives community members a sense of identification and superiority.
In its purest form—say within a small project whose contributors have been working together for several years—meritocracy sometimes exists.
More often, though, it is heavily qualified. In many projects, documentation writers or artists are less influential than programmers. Often, who you know can influence whether your contributions are accepted as much as the actually quality of your work.
Similarly, the famous are more likely to influence decision-making than the rank and file, regardless of what they have done recently. People like Mark Shuttleworth or corporations like Google can buy their way to influence. Community projects can find their governing bodies dominated by their corporate sponsors, as has usually been the case with Fedora. Although meritocracy is the ideal, it is almost never the sole practice.
Another trend that undermines meritocratic ideals is the sexism—and, sometimes, outright misogyny—found in some corners of the community. In the last few years, FOSS leaders have denounced this sexism and adapted official policies to discourage some of its worst aspects, such as harassment at conferences. But the problem appears firmly embedded at other levels.
The number of women varies between projects, but 15-20 percent would be considered a relatively high number of women involved in an open source project. In many projects, the number is below 5 percent, even when non-programmers are counted.
Even compared to these low numbers, women are under-represented at conferences, except in those cases where women are actively encouraged to submit proposals—efforts that are inevitably met with accusations of special treatment and quotas, even when no evidence of such things exists.
Similar reactions, many of them far worse, can be found on many FOSS sites or IRC channels whenever a woman appears, especially a stranger. They give the lie to the claims that the community is only interested in contributions, or that the under-participation of women is simply a matter of individual choices.
Just over a decade ago, you could count on Microsoft to call FOSS communistic or un-American, or for leaked revelations of plans to destroy the community.
Much of the community still clings to the memories of those days—after all, nothing brings people together like a powerful and relentless enemy.
But what people fail to appreciate is that Microsoft’s response has become more nuanced, and it varies between corporate departments.
No doubt Microsoft’s top executives still see FOSS as competition, although the colorful denunciations have ceased.
However, Microsoft has realized that, given the popularity of open source, the company’s short-term interests are best served by ensuring that FOSS—especially popular programming languages—works well with its products. That is the basic mission of Microsoft Open Technologies. Recently, Microsoft even released a quote praising the latest release of Samba, which allows management of Microsoft servers from Linux and other Unix-based operating system.
Microsoft is not about to become an open source company any time soon or to make a disinterested donation of cash or code to the community. Still, if you ignore old antagonisms, these days Microsoft’s self-centered approach to FOSS is not greatly different from that taken by Google, HP, or any other corporation.
2012 saw a retreat from GNOME 3 and Unity, the latest major graphical interfaces. The retreat was largely a response to the perception that GNOME and Ubuntu were ignoring users’ concerns and imposing their own visions of the desktop without consultation.
The short-term effect of this retreat was the reinvention of GNOME 2 in various forms.
As the predecessor of both GNOME 3 and Unity, GNOME 2 was an obvious choice. It is a popular desktop and places few constrictions on users.
All the same, its long-term effect threatens to be a stifling of innovation. Not only is time programming the resurrection of GNOME 2 time away from exploring new possibilities, but it seems a reaction against the whole idea of innovation.
Few, for instance, are willing to admit that GNOME 3 or Unity have any useful features. Instead, both are condemned as wholes. Nor have future developments, such as GNOME’s intention to make security and privacy easier, received the attention they deserve.
The result may be that, for the next few years, innovation is likely to be seen a series of incremental changes, with few efforts to enhance general design. Developers, too, may be hesitant to try anything too different in order to avoid rejection of their designs.
I have to applaud the fact that the demands of users have triumphed in the various resurrections of GNOME 2. But the conservatism that seems to accompany it makes me worry that the victory comes at the cost of equally important concerns.
The reality is somewhat different. Examine a user poll, and you find a consistent pattern in which one application or technology has 50-65 percent of the votes, and the next one, 15-30 percent.
For example, among distributions, Debian, Linux Mint, and Ubuntu, all of which use the .DEB package format, won 58 percent of the votes in the 2012 Linux Journal’s Reader Choice Awards, compared to 16 percent for Fedora, openSUSE, and CentOS, which use chúng tôi format.
Similarly, Virtualbox scored 56 percent under Best Virtualization Solution, and VMWare 18 percent. Under Best Revision Control, Git received 56 percent and Subversion 18 percent. The most lopsided category was Best Office Suite, in which LibreOffice received 73 percent and Google Docs 12 percent.
There were only two exceptions to this general pattern. The first was Best Desktop Environment category, where the diversification of the last year was reflected in KDE receiving 26 percent, GNOME 3 22 percent, GNOME 2 15 percent, and Xfce 12 percent. The second was Best Web Browser, in which Mozilla Firefox received 50 percent and Chromium 40 percent.
Overall, the numbers fall short of a monopoly, but in most categories, the tendency is there. The best that can be said is that, without the profit motive, being less popular does not mean that an app will disappear. But if competition is healthy, as everyone likes to say, there is some cause for concern. When you look closely, FOSS is not nearly as diverse as it is assumed to be.
By 2004, FOSS had reached the point where people could do all of their consumer tasks, such as email and web browsing, and most of their productivity computing using FOSS. If you ignore the hopes for a free Bios, only wireless and 3-D drivers were needed to realize the dream of a completely free and open source computer system.
Nine years later, many of the free wireless drivers and some of the free graphic drivers are available—but far from all. Yet the Free Software Foundation only periodically mentions what needs to be done, and the Linux Foundation almost never does, even though it sponsors the OpenPrinting database, which lists which printers have Linux drivers. Given the combined resources of Linux’s corporate users, the final steps could probably be taken in a matter of months, yet no one makes this a priority.
Granted, some companies may be concerned about so-called intellectual property in the hardware they manufacture. Perhaps, too, no one wants to reverse engineer for fear of upsetting their business partners. Yet the impression remains that the current state of affairs exists because it is good enough, and too few care to reach the goals that thousands have made their lives’ work.
A few people might be aware of some of these taboo subjects already. Probably, however, there is something in this list to peeve everyone.
However, my intent is not to start nine separate flame wars. I’d have no time for them even if I wanted them.
Instead, these represent my best effort to identify the places where what is widely believed in the community needs to be questioned. I could be wrong—after all, I am discussing what I have grown used to thinking, too—but at worst, the list is a start.
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iPhone rumor season is in full bloom and there’s a lot of crazy speculation going on out there. We’ve weeded through all the iPhone 5 rumors and picked nine that are most likely to be true, though it’s important to remember that until Apple officially announces something it’s all speculation:
4″ Display – A larger screened iPhone has been rumored for a long time, but now Reuters, WSJ, and Bloomberg have all piled in with reports that appear to confirm the 4″ display is a reality.
Redesigned Case – To accommodate a larger screen the iPhone enclosure is bound to get a redesign. Nobody knows what it will look like or if it will be made of glass, aluminum, liquid metal, or a combination of all three, but with longstanding rumors that Steve Jobs worked on the design before he passed away, you can rest assured it will be beautiful.
4G LTE – True mobile broadband is bound for the iPhone according to a handful of rumors, and with the 3rd gen iPad receiving the 4G treatment it’s a pretty safe bet the iPhone will follow suit.
10 Megapixel Camera – The smartphone is killing the point-and-shoot camera market, and the next iPhone is probably going to include a camera so good that it will drive a final nail into the consumer digital camera coffin. Why 10MP? The iPhone 4S has an 8MP camera, so it’s a logical step.
A5X CPU & Quad Core Graphics – It’s very likely Apple will borrow the iPad 3 A5X CPU with it’s quad-core GPU and jam all of its power right into the next iPhone. Apple regularly shares core hardware components between iOS devices, so this isn’t particularly outlandish.
1GB RAM – If they borrow the A5X from the iPad 3, it’s very likely the next iPhone will have 1GB of RAM like the iPad too. Apple generally finds specs meaningless, but geeks love this stuff, and 1GB of RAM means faster apps, improved multitasking, and an all-around boost.
“The new iPhone” – Taking another page from the book of iPad, the next iPhone probably won’t be called iPhone 5 at all, it’ll be named simply “The new iPhone”. People will still call it the wrong name anyway though.
September or October Release Date – The release timeline for new iPhones appears to have shifted from earlier in the year to fall, assuming the next iPhone is released on the same schedule as iPhone 4S was that is. Expect a launch and release sometime in September or October of this year.
Those are looking like the most likely features and specs of the next iPhone, but there are also a few other vague possibilities. There is really nothing to support these rumors except analyst claims or web conjecture, so we’ll file these safely under “wishful thinking” while we all cross our fingers hoping they end up true.
32GB Base Model – My iPhone fills up much faster than my iPad, it stores tons of photos and tons of music, and frankly 16GB is just too small to be standard anymore. 32GB, 64GB, and 128GB storage options would be fantastic.
Magsafe Dock Connector – MagSafe power adapters are one of the greatest little Apple inventions, it would be a huge improvement to bring to the iPhone and iOS lineup, so let’s hope it happens
T-Mobile – Plenty of T-Mobile customers are using unlocked devices on their network anyway, so hopefully Apple and TMO USA can finally work out a deal to bring the iPhone to their network.
China Mobile – The largest cellular carrier in the world with 655 million subscribers, China Mobile has a paying customer base that is two times the entire population of the USA. If Apple wants to continue it’s explosive growth in China, landing a deal with CHL is vital, and this could be the year, and the device, to finally do it.
What do you think the next iPhone will have? What should it have? Let us know your thoughts and speculate away.
Internet radio has become a popular way of listening to music and news from all over world. There are many internet radio players available for Linux, but finding right one can be a challenge. Open source internet radio players for Linux are free and customizable, making them an excellent option for Linux users who want to personalize their listening experience.
In this article, we will discuss best open-source internet radio players for Linux and their features. We’ll also talk about how to install and use these players on your Linux machine.Rhythmbox
Rhythmbox is a popular music player for Linux that comes with built-in internet radio functionality. It is open-source and has a user-friendly interface. Rhythmbox allows you to stream internet radio stations and podcasts from around world. It supports a variety of audio formats, including MP3, Ogg Vorbis, and FLAC.
Rhythmbox also allows you to create playlists, organize your music library, and sync your music with your portable music player. It is an excellent option for Linux users who want an all-in-one music player and internet radio player.Clementine
Clementine is another popular open-source music player that comes with internet radio functionality. It is a lightweight and easy-to-use player that supports a wide range of audio formats. Clementine allows you to search for and play internet radio stations from around world.
Clementine also allows you to create and manage playlists, edit tags, and rip CDs. It is an excellent option for Linux users who want a simple and straightforward music player with internet radio functionality.Amarok
Amarok is a powerful and customizable music player for Linux that comes with internet radio functionality. It is open-source and has a modern and user-friendly interface. Amarok allows you to search for and play internet radio stations from around world.
Amarok also allows you to create and manage playlists, edit tags, and sync your music with your portable music player. It is an excellent option for Linux users who want a powerful and customizable music player with internet radio functionality.Radio Tray
Radio Tray is a simple and lightweight open-source internet radio player for Linux. It is designed to sit in your system tray and provide quick access to your favorite internet radio stations. Radio Tray supports a wide range of audio formats, including MP3, Ogg Vorbis, and AAC+.
Radio Tray is an excellent option for Linux users who want a simple and lightweight internet radio player that doesn’t take up a lot of system resources.Quod Libet
Quod Libet is an open-source music player for Linux that comes with internet radio functionality. It is highly customizable and supports a wide range of audio formats, including MP3, Ogg Vorbis, and FLAC. Quod Libet allows you to search for and play internet radio stations from around world.
Quod Libet also allows you to create and manage playlists, edit tags, and sync your music with your portable music player. It is an excellent option for Linux users who want a customizable music player with internet radio functionality.VLC Media Player
VLC Media Player is a popular open-source multimedia player that can play almost any audio and video format. It also comes with internet radio functionality, allowing you to stream internet radio stations from around world.
VLC Media Player also allows you to create and manage playlists, convert audio and video formats, and stream media over internet. It is an excellent option for Linux users who want a versatile multimedia player with internet radio functionality.Gnome Music Player Client
Gnome Music Player Client (GMPC) is a lightweight open-source music player for Linux that comes with internet radio functionality. It is designed to work with MPD music player daemon, allowing you to play internet radio stations and manage your music library.
GMPC also allows you to create and manage playlists, edit tags, and stream media over internet. It is an excellent option for Linux users who want a lightweight music player with internet radio functionality.Audacious
Audacious is an open-source music player for Linux that comes with internet radio functionality. It is a lightweight and fast player that supports a variety of audio formats, including MP3, Ogg Vorbis, and FLAC. Audacious allows you to search for and play internet radio stations from around world.
Audacious also allows you to create and manage playlists, edit tags, and customize player’s interface using skins. It is an excellent option for Linux users who want a fast and customizable music player with internet radio functionality.MOC
MOC (Music on Console) is an open-source music player for Linux that can also play internet radio stations. It is a command-line player that has a simple and minimalistic interface. MOC supports a wide range of audio formats, including MP3, Ogg Vorbis, and FLAC.
To use MOC to listen to internet radio, type “mocp -R” in terminal. This will display a list of internet radio stations that you can listen to. You can also search for specific stations by entering keywords in search box.
MOC also allows you to create and manage playlists, edit tags, and customize player’s interface using skins. It is an excellent option for Linux users who prefer command-line interfaces and want a simple and lightweight player with internet radio functionality.Strawberry Music Player
Strawberry Music Player is an open-source music player for Linux that comes with internet radio functionality. It is a fork of Clementine player and has a modern and user-friendly interface. Strawberry Music Player allows you to search for and play internet radio stations from around world.
Strawberry Music Player also allows you to create and manage playlists, edit tags, and sync your music with your portable music player. It is an excellent option for Linux users who want a modern and customizable music player with internet radio functionality.Conclusion
In conclusion, there are many open-source internet radio players available for Linux. Rhythmbox, Clementine, Amarok, Radio Tray, Quod Libet, VLC Media Player, and Gnome Music Player Client are all excellent options for Linux users who want to listen to internet radio. These players are free and customizable, allowing you to personalize your listening experience. We hope that this article has helped you find best open-source internet radio player for your Linux machine.
Nokia may also announce few other devices like the Nokia 6, Nokia 5 and the Nokia 3, along with this phone at MWC launch event. Since it has been so long since this device was introduced first, there are certain aspects that may have to be changed. However there are few things which we like to remain unchanged, and which makes this device so special. We have compiled a list of things we feel that shouldn’t change and few other things which should be changed.Things That Should Not Change In The New Nokia 3310 Build Quality
The first point has to be the build quality because this is one the biggest factor of being this device so popular. People still love this device for its rock solid build and durability. This device is made in such a way that it can easily survive minor accidental drops, rough usage, and harsh climates even though it’s made out of just plastic. Actually it’s main body is enclosed inside two super tough plastic bodies, so if you drop it accidentally the two plastic body get detached from the main body hence the main body is unaffected by such minor drops.
On most occasions, it can even survive major and harsh drops. In the worst case, display may get cracked but there is still a good chance that the phone will be still in working condition. You just can’t doubt its super durable build quality and we expect this same build quality on the new Nokia 3310.Battery Life Speaker Quality
The next thing which was great on Nokia 3310 was its pretty loud speaker. Though it features only a mono speaker but again it’s adequately loud and can be even heard even from a good distance. Today’s smartphones also come with pretty decent speakers but again they aren’t very loud and sometimes we end up missing some calls.
So Nokia 3310 feature this very loud speaker which ensures that you never miss any call when the phone is ringing which is a really nice thing. So again with the new Nokia 3310 we want it to come with a similar quality loudspeaker.Durability
The last thing is its durability. No doubt that Nokia 3310 is excellently made device which make its super durable. We get such durability due to its amazing build quality and the way this device is made. This phone is assembled in such a way that this can survive any minor accidental drops, rough usage, harsh climate condition. Even if you drop it from a good height, there will just be just few minor marks or scratches. We expect the same durability from the new Nokia 3310.3 Things That Should Be Changed Display Cameras Sleek Build
Last thing we would like to see is a slim form factor. The old Nokia 3310 was pretty light in weight but was bit bulky and thick. So a new Nokia 3310 with the same form factor but slim in thickness will be really nice to see. It will be comfortable to hold and will also be a bit more good looking.
GitHub is the most popular web-based, open-source version control system developers use to host their codes. The website provides a platform to collaborate with other programmers on the project easily. GitHub is one of the best available Git repositories that efficiently stores users’ project codes and all the project revisions by ensuring project file integrity.
Additionally, GitHub is not just ideal for developers; the GitHub files can be downloaded and used by anyone for any type of file. GitHub is the most preferred git management tool for forking a repo, creating a pull request in order to include the project revisions in the official Git repository and is the ideal solution for social networking.Best GitHub Alternatives
After the Microsoft acquirement of GitHub, we may foresee changes in the coming future. Keeping the volatile situation in mind, many developers are already looking for alternatives to host their codes. In this article, we round up some of the best GitHub alternatives which you may want to check out for hosting your project.1] GitLab
GitLab is the most secure and popular Github alternative. GitLab is an open-source software which can be installed on your own server, and it is one of the most reliable Git management tools. This self-hosted open-source software comes with bug tracking, wikis, code reviews and offers unlimited private repos. Additionally, the private repos are available for free. The GitLab offers both free core edition and the paid version which can be deployed in the cloud as well.2] Gogs
Gogs is a self-hosted Git management tool that is lightweight, simple to use and can be installed within no time. Additionally, this cross-platform open-source software comes with an independent binary distribution for Linux, Raspberry Pi, Windows and also Mac. Along with offering a painless self-hosted Git service, Gogs software comes with basic features like issue tracking, wiki, version control, and code reviews.3] Trac
Trac is a popular GitHub alternative and is best suited if your software development projects require an enhanced wiki and issue-tracking system. Trac provides a great interface to help programmers build a software by using a minimalistic web-based project management approach. It offers an easy way to keep a day-to-day track of the project cycle. Trac software comes with enhanced issue tracking, enhanced wiki, version control, and code reviews. The version control uses Mercurial, Perforce, Git, Subversion and many other repositories to store your project codes.4] GitBucket
GitBucket is the GitHub alternative having all the features similar to GitHub repository tool. It is a GitHub clone written with Scala. It provides a GitHub-like platform for programmers to host their source codes and easily keep a close eye on their project codes for software development. This open-source software comes with issue tracking, wiki, version control, pull requests, fork repo and code reviews.5] GitPrep
GitPrep is a GitHub clone written in Pearl. The free open-source software supports all the features similar to GitHub repository tool. It provides a platform similar to GitHub that helps programmers to host their source codes and easily keep a close eye on their project codes for software development. This open-source software comes with issue tracking, wiki, version control, pull requests, supports forking repo, code reviews, and Git integration.6] Gitblit
Gitblit is a free open-source Git management tool based on pure Java stack. This self-hosted tool is mainly suitable for small work organizations to host projects on centralized repositories. Gitblit uses Java stack for managing Git repository in order to build software. This open-source version control system comes with bug tracking, wiki, pull requests, supports forking repo, code reviews, and Git integration. This cross-platform repository tool can be used in Linux, Windows, and Mac.7] Gitweb
Gitweb is a free open source Git web interface based on Perl. The Gitweb can also be used as CGI script or a mod_perl legacy script. This self-hosted tool, allows users to browse a set of git repositories using a web browser. The Gitweb open-source version control system comes with bug tracking, wiki, pull requests, supports forking repo, code reviews, and Git integration. Gitweb can be used to generate RSS feeds and Atom format. The programmers using Git web can easily browse the directory trees at arbitrary revisions, view the file logs of a given branch, and examine commits, and their changes. The web-based repository tool can be used in Linux, Windows, and Mac.8] RhodeCode
RhodeCode is a powerful Git management tool. It is a free open-source tool that can be used for Mercurial and Git that comes with built-in full-text search, code reviews, authentication system, and push/pull server. RhodeCode shares a similar feature with Bitbucket and GitHub. It can also be used as a standalone hosted application for your own server. This open source management tool comes with bug tracking, wiki, pull requests, supports forking repo, code reviews, and Git integration.
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One of the biggest questions in the world of Operating Systems is, will Open Source Operating Systems ever be able to compete with Microsoft Windows operating systems or even come reasonably close to it in terms of popularity?Why the Windows operating system is better than Linux
A lot of folks who’ve experienced a lot of problems with Windows are usually told they need to switch over to Linux. Many thought this was a great idea until they ran back to Windows after finding out that Linux isn’t all that great.
Now, we already have an article stating reasons why you should abandon the need to switch to a Linux distro. But we believe a second take is required for the younger folks.
Video games and more video games
Support in terms of drivers
Not enough quality software
Too many Linux distributions
Windows is not a complicated OS
Let us talk about this rivalry in more detail.1] Video games and more video games
However, when it comes down to Windows, it is the king of gaming. If you’re a hardcore gamer, then there is no better place to play PC games, and that’s a fact. Every game available on Linux is available for Windows. But you know what? Most titles on Windows cannot be found on Linux, and that won’t change any time soon.2] Support in terms of drivers
Do you know how many Linux users have problems with their computers due to a lack of driver support? It’s an age-old problem, and despite improvements over the years, the issue still shows its ugly head quite often.
Windows, on the other hand, have a larger pool of driver support for almost all hardware. The Windows Update feature, in many cases, will deal with all driver problems in most cases, so there is little need to worry.3] Not enough quality software
Let’s be honest here, folks. Linux does not have a huge pool of quality software. In fact, a lot of the apps we’ve used on Ubuntu fail to work properly or not at all. Some of them are old and haven’t been updated in years.
In terms of Windows, there are a ton of apps available both in the Microsoft Store and on the web. Not only that, if some haven’t seen an update in a long while, we can guarantee you’ll come across an excellent alternative in a short while.
At the end of the day, you won’t be able to find certain apps on Linux, such as PhotoShop, Microsoft Office, Adobe Premiere, and many more. Whether you like it or not, these are the facts.4] Too many Linux distributions
Here’s the thing, when you go out to grab a copy of Windows, your options aren’t that massive. Yes, there are multiple variations, but they are variations of the same thing. Linux, on the other hand, is quite different.
There are many distributions, and most of them do not share the same design and feature set. There are even a few that strive to look like the Windows operating system. What’s the point of abandoning Windows, only to use an OS that looks like it? Makes no sense.5] Windows is not a complicated OS
Let’s not beat around the bush here. Windows is easier to use than any available Linux distro. Sure, if you’ve been using Linux for multiple years, then definitely it won’t be a headache. However, for new users who just want to get things done on time, Windows 10 is their best bet.
After many decades the Linux movement feels like it is still in beta. The experience moves forward, but at the same time, it feels stuck.Linux vs Windows Comparision
2. Windows commands a market share of around 90% while Linux is still languishing at around 1%, even today. Due to its large user base, Microsoft Windows has a wide ecosystem and supports a large number of software which provides its users an opportunity to select software programs as per their need – many of it being free software too. Open Source operating systems also have a huge collection of supported software but in comparison to Microsoft Windows, they lag behind; seeing that most of the software programs are built while taking Microsoft Windows into consideration.
3. Open Source operating systems like the server editions based on Linux Kernel are often called the most secure operating systems. If not better in this regard, Microsoft Windows Server Editions are equally secure and they are constantly being made better day by day. The fact is because Windows is used by most people around the world, malware writers find it more profitable to attack Windows, hence it is hammered at more often. After all, why would anyone want to target 2-3% of the operating system market?
Nevertheless, Windows Servers are known to recover faster from Security attacks than Linux. If Linux or Open Source was completely secure, would it have been possible to hack the Linux website itself? One has to understand and accept that, as the popularity of any OS increases, it too tends to come under the radar of malware writers, as we have seen in the case of Apple Mac also in recent times.
4. Microsoft Windows supports a wide range of hardware and most of the hardware manufacturers support their hardware in Microsoft Windows due to its larger user base. On the other side, Open Source operating systems have a comparatively smaller user base and hence only some manufacturers support their hardware in Open Source operating systems like Linux.
5. It is a hard task to find support for Open Source operating systems as they are not used by the majority of the population though some resources are available on the Internet in the form of Discussion Forums, eBooks and Community-driven websites. In comparison, Microsoft Windows includes its own help section and there is a vast amount of resources available on the Internet and many books are available in the market for reference.
6. The final release of Microsoft Windows usually has a negligible amount of bugs as it is tested by highly trained professionals at the Microsoft Corporation, its Beta testers, and MVPs, and it goes through various test stages before its release. Microsoft is also usually quick to release fixes if any are required. Open Source operating systems are also tested by professionals and they have both alpha and beta releases before their final release, yet they do have some bugs which are fixed by the updates and upgrades.
7. Then there is the question of costs. Now, this is one area where Windows loses out! Almost all of the Linux flavors are either free of cost or are available at a much lower price. Whereas for Windows, you have to pay! While for the desktop version, it may not matter much to many, in the Enterprise segment, this becomes important. The maintenance cost of Linux is said to be rather low as compared to Microsoft Windows. This is, therefore one of the fields where Microsoft Windows is facing tough competition from Linux Flavors, esp in the Server segment.
READ: How to create a Windows bootable USB on Linux
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