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Complete Ice Cream Sandwich Launch Q and A with Android Authorities
Now that the Galaxy Nexus is being revealed to the world in more places than one and Android 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich is about to hit the public in a very big way, there’s certainly a few questions you, the Android user, might want answered. While in Hong Kong earlier this month, we took part in an early Q and A session with several of the head product managers of Android itself. What follows is a transcript of that session. The first question comes from no less than our very own Vincent Nguyen who decidedly cracks the silence with a question about the lockscreen on the new Nexus running Android 4.0.
Included in this talk were Caroline Hsu Head of Communications for Google in Taiwan and Hong Kong, Gabe Cohen, Product manager for Android Gmail, Hugo Barra, Product Management Director for Android, and Matias Duarte, Director of Android OS User Experience, and each is marked where they speak.
Also check out our Android 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich complete guide for answers to any questions not answered below.
Vincent Nguyen: I was wondering, when you did the face recognition – is there an alternate means to get into the device incase it doesn’t work?
Matias Duarte: Yes of course, you can either use a pin (code) or a pattern (much like previous versions of Android). And sometimes if the lighting is too strong, there’s backlighting, or you’re too dark, of course the camera can’t pick up a good enough image – so sometimes have to use that backup.
Vincent Nguyen: Will that be extended to just unlocking, or can you unlock let’s say Dropbox or other apps where it does require a pin or –
Matias Duarte: The feature right now is just for unlocking the phone.
From here on out it’s mostly 3rd-party publishers in the room asking questions so they’ll be marked by “Q” except where it’s Vince.Q: How many languages do you support for voice recognition?
Hugo Barra: Oh man, I don’t have the exact number for the large number but it’s already over 20 languages.
Q: Does that include Chinese?
Hugo Barra: Yes, of course!
Q: Cantonese maybe?
Hugo Barra: Yep.
Q: Does it translate through your Google server or does it translate on the fly, on the device?
Hugo Barra: The speech detect service that you saw on stage today was server based. But we’ve developed an approach to stream audio down to the server and stream the results back and it’s so fast that you might even think that it’s on the device.
Q: I wonder if Android 4.0 will have a minimum hardware requirement – like Android 3.0 does?
Hugo Barra: No specific ones come to mind.
Q: To your estimation, how many Android 2.3 handsets can be upgraded to Android 4.0?
Hugo Barra: When we design new versions of the Android operating system we optimize them for the new generation of devices. So we expect that everything will work back to certainly MOST Gingerbread devices, but we certainly designed with future devices in mind first and foremost.Gabe Cohen: And some of the features you saw are specific to the Galaxy Nexus like the camera.Hugo Barra: We’re pretty confident that 2.3 devices will work just fine with the program.
Q: You’ve talked much about phones, but how about tablet sized [devices]? Are upgrades scheduled?
Matias Duarte: Ice Cream Sandwich will be released on phones and tablets at the same time. So it’s one release, Android 4.0 will work on both. Today we focused on the Galaxy Nexus, but all of the features you saw, all of the design innovations, all of the new user interface paradigms are also coming to the tablet.
Q: Any improvement for malware?
Hugo Barra: We’re continually improving our detection of malware and we’re taking action inside all types of platforms, all, it’s something we do 24/7.
Q: About Gmail and offline Google search [mentioned today] – does this include attachments?
Hugo Barra: Ask as many Gmail questions as you can because Gabe is the P and L for Gmail.Gabe Cohen: Product Manager.
Q: Can you compare to Siri? Google has voice control, voice command, voice search, voice everything – compared to Siri – what do you think about the competition?
Hugo Barra: We introduced voice search probably about four years ago, it was part of Android from the very beginning. And then with the Nexus One we introduced what we call Voice Input – a new version of which we saw on stage today. And very quickly, even though voice search was INCREDIBLY popular all over the world where it was launched, very very quickly we saw the usage of voice input – so the speech detect feature on the keyboard – quickly just take over in terms of usage because it’s everywhere. Wherever you can type, you could type, now you can speak.Matias Duarte: You don’t even need an API to tap into it, right, it’s just every text field that’s speech enabled.Hugo Barra: And that’s been incredibly successful.
Q: And what about Mandarine or Cantonese –
Gabe Cohen: It’s already available.
Hugo Barra: Of course the accuracy of a new language varies, and rather than keep a language that we designed a new language model for, keep iterating on it, we prefer to launch it as soon as we think its good enough and then using all of the data we acquired from usage will improve it and improve it and improve it. So languages that launched a long time ago, like all the flavors of English for example, are much more mature and will offer higher accuracy because they’ve been so worked on compared to some of the newer languages that we’ve launched – for example Cantonese is a more recent language launch, but its going to get better and better as you give it time.
Vincent Nguyen: For the instant voice input [real-time speech], is that still dependent on the carrier quality? Or is there a local file-save so that it starts to learn your usage?
Hugo Barra: Real-time speech is over a data-link so you certainly get better latency over a better data connection, but that’s the only impact I can think of that’s related to the carrier.
Vincent Nguyen: But is there anything saved locally, or is everything – is there a profile of how you use it?
Hugo Barra: No.
Vincent Nguyen: So there’s no customization at all to the voice input?
Hugo Barra: We’ve launched a Beta feature called Personalized Voice Recognition in the U.S. for U.S. usage only sometime in the last year – if you are a user in the U.S. and you’ve opted in to Personalized Voice Recognition then you will get the benefits of that technology, but so far it’s only launched in the United States.
Q: When will Google open up the source for 4.0 Android? Open Source.
Q: What kind of applications do you expect from developers such as enterprise kind of Beams or applications?
Hugo Barra: I’ve seen some games developed using the Android Beam APIs already that haven’t launched, but we’ve been working with a few partners. I predict that you’ll see a new category of games for close proximity multiplayer head-to-head. So Gabe and I are on the bus and we’re just talking – we can both, you know, if we both have the same game and we only touch our phones and we start a head-to-head match right there.Gabe Cohen: It’s really interesting, not only can you use Beam to make sure the both of you have the same application or the same game, you can use to bootstrap a direct computer connection through bluetooth or Wi-fi or whatever, we expect to see that.
Vincent Nguyen: Can you help explain what happens to Honeycomb now that everything is converting to Ice Cream Sandwich?
Hugo Barra: They all converge.Matias Duarte: We finally brought it all back together. It’s what we’ve all been waiting for.Hugo Barra: You should expect most Android devices to upgrade to Ice Cream Sandwich. As well as Honeycomb devices to upgrade to Ice Cream Sandwich.
Q: Applications, from now on, they should be running on both handsets and tablets without any hassles? Because we have problems from tablet and –
Matias Duarte: It’s the same application that runs on both, and the UI customizes and adapts itself for both. And one of the really cool new pieces of the framework that make it really easy for developers to create these easy applications is this new action bar system that we talked about. We talked about today how the Action Bar allows you to take all the stuff that used to be hidden and invisible, inside menus they had to hunt for – it puts it front and center. This is actually the way that we’ve built applications in Honeycomb. It’s the same Action Bar and it dynamically changes based on your screen size. So Android does the hardware for you. You just decide what actions you want to expose to your users and then we will customize your UI for phones and for tablets.Gabe Cohen: Just to give you an example, let’s take Gmail. In tablet in Honeycomb Gmail you have a single row of actions at the top that give you all your message actions. When its on phone it’s dynamically adjusted to split the actions between top and bottom and to put some in an overflow that don’t fit on the screen. On a larger device, more fit on the screen. When I rotate the phone into landscape, those actions all come up into a single bar. So we think its a really convenient system. And that pattern basically is in most of our apps. Just to show you an example – you see these icons at the bottom of the device, when I rotate into landscape they all shift to the top, right? As opposed to being in two different compartments.Matias Duarte: And this system allows us to handle that incredible diversity of Android devices, it’s one of the things that makes Android so popular. If your screen size isn’t 4.65 inches but it’s a 3.65 inch device – maybe you want something that’s a little bit more pocketable, that’s not a problem. We just dynamically change the size of the action bar, a couple of the less important actions get packed away into the overflow. Go into a big tablet, 10-inch tablet, everything gets unpacked. You go onto a smaller tablet, a 7-inch tablet – same app, same UI, again a few more actions get relegated to the overflow.
Q: In Android 3.0 you have restrictions on manufacturer the level of customized UI, how about 4.0?
Gabe Cohen: There are Honeycomb products that have customized UI just like the Samsung Galaxy Tab [10.1], that’s not vanilla Android UI.Hugo Barra: Yeah, you shouldn’t confuse that with open-source. Android 4.0 is going to be really open source, it’s going to be able take customization to a much further level than you see with Honeycomb in which the customization was much more stringent.Matias Duarte: We absolutely welcome and encourage that OEM customization – that is one of the reasons why Android is so popular, its not just that the OEMs can make the right sized phone, the right color, the right shape for each and every one of you, it also means that they can continue to customize the software and really hit specific target markets, specific demographics segments, specific cultural segments.Gabe Cohen: Exciting new form factors, you know there are radically different form factors of 3.0 devices on the market right now that were developed by third parties.
Q: Will Honeycomb apps run on phones running Ice Cream Sandwich?
Matias Duarte: Honeycomb apps will not run on phones, Honeycomb doesn’t run on phones. If you have a tablet app or basically just an app for Ice Cream Sandwich, it means that one application runs across phones, tablets, you name it.
Q: So there will still be the divide for legacy applications that were written specifically for Honeycomb that will only run on tablets running Ice Cream Sandwich?
Matias Duarte: Just to be clear, this divide is not a new divide. This is the same divide that happens every time you upgrade. When you had an Android 2.0 device, and then you had an Android 3.0 platform, you had that exact same divide.
Q: I was just curious if that divide is continuing on 4 because if we’re bringing the operating systems together I was curious if the applications themselves would be brought together as well so there would be no divide between the tablet and phone.
Gabe Cohen: We largely maintain backwards compatibility. We don’t want people who go and buy that device to have a limit of applications available on day one. So we do try to maintain backwards compatibility but we extend things, we deprecate things that no longer make sense…Matias Duarte: And to be clear the divide is really about the tablet versus the phone it’s not, you know, a question about backwards compatibility, it’s the platform.
Q: I just saw you using the voice input in the messenger, but can you do it in an email, in the notes?
Gabe Cohen: It literally works anywhere someone put an input field into their application.
Q: Does this voice input work with instant translation?
Matias Duarte: You could write that!
Q: I could write that!
Matias Duarte: You could create an IME, a third party could create an IME [Input Method Manager] that does that translation.Hugo Barra: So we have open translate APIs, we have open speech / text APIs – they’re available on the device, and the IMEs of the keyboards are fully customizable.Matias Duarte: Those are also open, so that’s just like an application, so you could do that if you want.
Q: I think everyone today is looking to see more integration of the Google+ [what can you tell us about that?]
Hugo Barra: I have limited insight into this – so, I work at different levels of the system, for instance I work with people who do sort of P system file work as well as networking work – sometimes we make changes that we’ve actually taken upstream – so we do contribute changes back to the main kernel, basically, source tree, and then we’ll get those changes when they flow back down to us. We maintain our own patches on top of the kernel as well, and of course I guess we do all of our own GPL things… and, of course we do, yes, we love open source. We work with the kernel community very closely and I think in Ice Cream Sandwich we’re doing pretty interesting things in the kernel. The data usage stuff that we demonstrated involved pretty serious changes to the Linux kernel that we actually contributed back upstream that we think would allow any Linux based device to do this kind of application level network association which is an entirely new feature here, of Linux, that we created.
Vincent Nguyen: There was a lot of focus – not a lot of focus, but the keyboard was redesigned in a way –
Matias Duarte: Yeah we think this is the best Android keyboard ever, and we think its as good as any other software keyboard out there.
Vincent Nguyen: SWYPE is becoming – the technology of “swiping” has been becoming popular and other companies are getting sold for a whole bunch of money; was it a conscious decision for Google just to leave that feature out?
Hugo Barra: Swiping?
Vincent Nguyen: Yeah the ability to just swipe on your keyboard.
Hugo Barra: There are, Idunno, probably about a dozen gesture keyboard available on the Android Market…
Vincent Nguyen: Yeah there are but then I won’t get this whole new keyboard that Google just put out – I’d like to have the best of both worlds.
Matias Duarte: One of the features we actually rolled out in Honeycomb and now with the integration in Ice Cream Sandwich is bringing dynamic keyboard switching in the OS so you can actually install both and have both at the same time.
Vincent Nguyen: I’ve done that and it’s terrible. I just want one keyboard and be happy with it.
Matias Duarte: Yeah, we’ve changed the way that you switch, so you should try it, hopefully it’s not as terrible.
Vincent Nguyen: You didn’t demonstrate it on-stage so could you elaborate how you would switch?
Matias Duarte: It’s always available, on tablets we have the switch controller right there so you just tap to switch between them – on phones you just pull down that notification shade, again, and you can use that to switch between keyboards.
Q: With each update [manufacturers and developers] have to update to the newest version forever, [why should this continue with Ice Cream Sandwich?]
Q: Any projection on when 4.0 will be the mainstream?
Caroline Hsu: With your help!
Vincent Nguyen: I think that getting away from the whole capacitive button is like getting away from the whole physical keyboard, when you get rid of that whole onboard physical keyboard you open up the real-estate – was that point of your logic like – hey, lets get rid of this capacitive and lets just make it just in time, so that we have more real-estate.
Hugo Barra: And once you’ve tried them as a user, once you’ve spent days or weeks with a device – you’re not gonna want to go back. It’s gonna feel like you’re taking a trip 10 years in time when you’re all of a sudden having to deal with physical buttons.Matias Duarte: If I may geek out a little bit on the usability side of things: it’s actually much more ergonomic to have all of your UI have the same type of affordance – because there’s this weird mental disconnect that happens when half of your actions are half-new but for one type of stroke, one type of pressure. And even though you’re not conscious about it, it causes this reset and skip in your brain when you have to change to a different type of button with a different feedback. Even the silkscreen capacitive buttons, right, just having the different contrast level where your eye has to adjust focus first on the screen and then to printing. All those things are little usability speed bumps so we’re smoothing all that out, making it all the same interface.
Vincent Nguyen: And one of our biggest complains with that is vendors will put them in different orders, and so every time we would pick up a new device it’s like ‘oh my gosh, where are the buttons?’ And to add to your point, and coming from a developer’s perspective, they’re gonna love you because – that’s one of, in our opinion why BlackBerry is failing because they’ve got all these different chassis and different button layouts; when it comes to development it’s a big mess.
Hugo Barra: There are some very interesting specifics about how it affects application development on Android. We’ve been co-developing on devices with hardware keys like the Nexus S [at the same time as] the Galaxy Nexus. And there’s an abstraction system that’s basically built in to the Action Bar that we’ve talked about which knows to do the right thing when there’s a physical menu button versus no menu button and purely virtual system keys.
Vincent Nguyen: Did you cut any costs out from eliminating – from just not having that capacitive?
Caroline Hsu: You’ll have to ask OEMs on that.
Q: [On Android Beam] do you talk about the possibility of hacks of personal data?
Matias Duarte: Android Beam is about sending something and we wanted to make it completely effortless and intuitive. You don’t have to go into menus or turn on a setting or decide you want to share: you just put the devices together, the animation comes up, your content just floats in space and you just push it through space to the other device. The trick is that it’s also completely secure and safe because you have to do that, your phone has to be on, you have to actually look at that screen, and push that content to the other device – nobody can sneak up and steal it away from you or anything like that.Hugo Barra: Yeah- you can’t go around touching people’s buttons with your phone, stuff like that.Matias Duarte: It’s completely user initiated, it’s as simple as using your business card. We wanted to make it a physical interaction.
Android 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich hands-on
Galaxy Nexus hands-on
Galaxy Nexus vs White Galaxy Note
You're reading Complete Ice Cream Sandwich Launch Q And A With Android Authorities
The update is available via Kies, but in case you want to flash it manually on your T-Mobile Galaxy S2, you can do so by following the step-by-step guide below.
Read on to find out how to manually update to Android 4.0 on the T-Mobile Galaxy S2.
This ROM and the guide below are compatible only and only with the T-Mobile Galaxy S2, model number SGH-T989. It’s not compatible with any other device. Check your device’s model number in Settings» About phone.
The methods and procedures discussed here are considered risky and you should not attempt anything if you don’t know completely what it is. If any damage occurs to your device, we won’t be held liable.
How to Install Ice Cream Sandwich Android 4.0 T989UVLE1 Firmware on T-Mobile Galaxy S2
Important! Don’t forget to at least make a backup of your APN settings, which you can restore later if your data connection does not work after installing the ROM. Use the backup guide to find out how.
Extract the SGH-T989_TMB_1_20120608172207_ugy1nehf4g.zip to obtain a file named T989UVLE1_T989TMBLE1_T989UVLE1_HOME.tar.md5.
Switch off your phone. Then, boot into download mode. To do this, turn off your phone. Plug in your USB cable to the computer, but not to the phone. Then, holding the Volume Up and Volume Down buttons on the phone, plug in the USB cable to the phone while holding those buttons. Once the Download mode screen shows up, let go of the buttons.
After you connect the phone in download mode, you’ll notice Added!! message in Odin’s message box in the bottom left. If you don’t get the message, check that the drivers are properly installed and start from step 6 again.
Important! Do not touch any other button or make any other changes in Odin except selecting the required file as given in step 9.
Now, hit the START button to start flashing the firmware. When the flashing is complete, your phone will automatically reboot — and when you see the Samsung logo, you can safely unplug the cable. Plus, you’ll get a PASS message (with green background) in the left-most box at the very top of Odin. What to do if Odin gets stuck: If ODIN gets stuck and doesn’t seem to be doing anything, or you get a FAIL message (with red background) in ODIN, disconnect the phone from the PC, close ODIN, remove battery, re-insert it, then repeat the procedure from step 6.
After you’ve got the PASS message, it’s possible — and okay — that phone might get stuck at S logo, and not boot up completely. It’s okay, just follow the steps 13.1 to 13.3 below, and you will be fine. And, if it boots up fine, without getting stuck at S logo, you’re fine. The Android 4.0 installation has been done successfully. So, do the following only if your i9100 doesn’t move beyond the S logo when booting up after getting PASS in Odin (make sure you wait some good 10-15 mins to confirm that it’s stuck):
Boot to recovery mode — for which, remove and re-insert the battery, then press and hold Volume Down + Volume Up + Power keys together till the screen turns on. Once you are in recovery mode, use volume keys to move the selection up and down and power or home key to select the option.
Go to Wipe Data/Factory Reset and select it. Select Yes on next screen.
Now, select reboot system now to reboot your phone. It will now boot up fine and you can use the latest Android 4.0 firmware on your T-Mobile Galaxy S2.
If you run into any roadblocks while flashing the firmware, let us know and we’ll help you out.
[Root] If you want to get root access on the Android 4.0 firmware, follow this guide.
As the frequency and cost of cyber attacks are rising, so has the scale of enterprise infrastructure that is distributed across the globe and vulnerable to attack.
Technology trends like the Internet of Things (IoT), edge computing, and multicloud development make it harder for organizations to rely on the cybersecurity solutions that worked for their legacy on-premises infrastructure.
So what options do enterprises have when they’re working to secure a more fluid collection of devices, software, and users?
Deepen Desai — CISO and VP of security research at San Jose, California-based Zscaler, a top zero-trust company — offered Datamation some tips for better securing modern enterprise networks through zero-trust best practices:
Desai is responsible for global security research operations and working with product teams to ensure that the Zscaler platform and services are secure. Deepen has been a cybersecurity leader for 16 years, with seven of those years at Dell SonicWALL.
Also read: Cybersecurity Market 2023
Datamation: How did you first get started in or develop an interest in cybersecurity?
Desai: I took on a project of developing an anti-cheat client for an online gaming community. This was my first exposure to the world of Microsoft Windows APIs, DLL injection, and reverse engineering.
Although it started with a tool that catches hacks and exploits in an online gaming application, I was intrigued by the possibilities of making the operating system and applications more secure.
Datamation: What are your primary responsibilities in your current role?
Desai: As chief information security officer and VP of security research, I work closely with our product teams to ensure that the Zscaler platform and all our customer services are secure. I also lead our global security research operations, building next-gen detection technologies and running our ThreatLabZ research team.
Datamation: What makes Zscaler a unique place to work?
Desai: Zscaler is responsible for securing more than 400 of the Forbes “Global 2000” companies, providing zero-trust security products and services to some of the world’s most complex networks.
Our founder and CEO, Jay Chaudhry, emphasizes research and workplace flexibility, creating an environment that’s geared towards fostering innovation and excellence in customer service.
Datamation: What sets Zscaler’s cybersecurity solutions or approach apart from the competition?
Desai: Zscaler’s zero-trust security products accelerate digital transformation, so customers can be more agile, efficient, resilient, and secure. A cloud-native, proxy-based architecture allows the Zscaler Zero Trust Exchange to protect thousands of customers from cyber attacks and data loss by securely connecting users, devices, and applications in any location.
Distributed across more than 150 data centers globally, the SASE-based Zero Trust Exchange is the world’s largest in-line cloud security platform.
Datamation: What do you think makes a cybersecurity platform or service successful?
Desai: The most important part of any security platform is the architecture. A purpose-built, cloud-native, proxy-based architecture allows organizations to scale and apply consistent security with full SSL inspection, without having to worry about compute resources.
In addition, the best cybersecurity platforms must be able to do three things well:
Prevent compromise: block the latest security threats by providing consistent security to all users and devices, no matter where they are.
Prevent lateral threat movement: block threats from spreading laterally in your environment by implementing user-app and app-app microsegmentation and leveraging active defense technology.
Prevent data loss: cybercriminals are after your data, and it is critical to have an in-line and out-of-band data loss prevention solution that is capable of performing exact data matching with custom dictionaries, among other things.
Datamation: What is an affordable and/or essential cybersecurity solution that businesses of all sizes need to implement?
Datamation: What is the biggest cybersecurity mistake that you see enterprises making?
Datamation: How can companies develop a strong cybersecurity strategy that permeates staff actions at all levels?
This means that employees of all levels, from the CEO down, need to be on board with the deployment of zero-trust security protocols and policies. In some organizations, this requires fundamental changes to business culture, but failing to make these changes means creating an insecure environment vulnerable to cyber attacks.
More on zero trust: Top Zero Trust Networking Solutions for 2023
Datamation: What do you think are some of the top trends in cybersecurity right now?
Zero-trust security architecture is growing in popularity as traditional VPNs and firewalls fail to stop attackers from breaching enterprise networks. Earlier this year, an average payout for a ransomware attack passed the $1.45 million mark, and many businesses are now playing catch-up to ensure their data stays secure.
I believe that we’re currently seeing a shift away from traditional castle-and-moat security architecture and a wider adoption of zero-trust infrastructure that treats every workload and user as potentially hostile. This approach provides a safer way of maintaining enterprise-grade networks and providing access to remote users in the cloud.
Datamation: What are the top cybersecurity challenges for businesses right now? What are some trending threats or attacks that you’re seeing?
There are several cybersecurity challenges that the Zscaler ThreatLabZ research team has been tracking. One of the most pressing issues is the growth of double-extortion ransomware, which is a type of ransomware attack defined by a combination of unwanted encryption of sensitive data by malicious actors and exfiltration of the most important files. Earlier this year, our research team published an extensive report on the growth of ransomware attacks, which are becoming increasingly prevalent in all markets, as sophisticated hacking groups try to extort businesses by holding their data hostage for ransom.
Another prevalent challenge for businesses is the growth of IoT devices in the workplace. The diversity and number of devices now present across many businesses creates net-new security challenges that many IT teams are not prepared for. The lack of device interoperability is particularly challenging, as many IoT devices have proprietary ecosystems with varying levels of embedded security.
Datamation: What do you think we’ll see more of in the cybersecurity space in the next 5-10 years? What areas will grow the most over the next decade?
Zero-trust security architecture adoption will grow significantly over the next 5-10 years. We will see enhancements of adaptive security policy engines and tighter integrations aimed at preventing threats in progress.
Datamation: What industries do you think do a good job of maximizing cybersecurity technologies and best practices? What do you think they do well?
Regulated industries like banking and government generally have better security than others, but the deployment of zero-trust security products continues to be uneven. In addition, the technology industry is better equipped than others to deploy new security products simply due to the fact that its culture is already geared towards the adoption of new technology.
Datamation: How has the COVID-19 pandemic affected you/your colleagues’/your clients’ approach to cybersecurity solutions? How has the pandemic affected attackers’ strategies?
The COVID-19 pandemic has been a catalyst for many organizations in their digital transformation journey, as they suddenly had to support a remote workforce while maintaining existing security policies. This shift motivated many to move network infrastructure into the cloud, creating opportunities to integrate new security features many IT teams had put off due to competing priorities. However, it also created brand new opportunities for cybercriminals as organizations were in different stages of their digital transformation journey, and deployment of new security features, as well as zero-trust architecture, was uneven. This imbalance created confusion among workers used to legacy castle-and-moat firewalls and exposed network assets that have never been exposed before.
Datamation: How have you seen the cybersecurity solutions market change since you first started? How have the technologies, services, conversations, and people changed over time?
Next-generation firewalls and unified threat management appliances were new to the scene when I started, then came a decade of several interesting point-product technologies, ranging from sandboxing to UEBA to AI/ML-driven solutions. Many of these solutions were solving a few important pieces of the puzzle but were often found to be operating in silos, putting the burden of event correlation and management on IT and security teams. As the threat landscape evolved, many of these disparate and legacy security controls started proving to be ineffective, resulting in several large-scale breaches surfacing, many of which stayed undetected for a long time.
We are now living in the era of digital transformation, where most organizations understand the importance of having a comprehensive security platform and using zero-trust architecture to defend against sophisticated attacks. The goal is to enforce consistent security policies for all your users and devices regardless of their location and provide secure access to the internal application using user-app and app-app segmentation.
Datamation: How do you stay knowledgeable about trends in the market? What resources do you like?
Learning is a continuous process and even more so in the field of cybersecurity, where the threat landscape is continuously evolving.
I am subscribed to several dozen security feeds ranging from CERTs to CISA to various security vendor blogs. It is critical to keep up with the tools, techniques, and procedures being leveraged by cybercriminals in active attack campaigns to ensure that our security controls and threat intelligence are effective.
Datamation: How do you like to help or otherwise engage less-experienced cybersecurity professionals?
Security research, threat hunting and analysis, reverse engineering malware, and threat intelligence are some of the specialized areas that cybersecurity professionals will learn and grow expertise over the course of their careers.
It is extremely important early on in their career to encourage building strong fundamentals in the underlying tools and technologies. It is also important to show the impact of the work they do in protecting organizations from cybercriminals; this is one of the key motivating factors.
Datamation: Several people are talking about a shortage of qualified talent in the tech world. How are you/your company finding and recruiting qualified candidates for your cybersecurity teams?
There is a clear shortage of cybersecurity professionals, and Zscaler is proud to collaborate closely with universities and other institutions to increase the number of experts in zero trust and SASE through custom-made certification programs.
One example is our partnership with the New York University Tandon School of Engineering and their prestigious master of science in cybersecurity risk and strategy. This partnership helps students gain practical, first-hand knowledge of secure access service edge (SASE) and zero-trust best practices using Zscaler tools.
Zscaler also has highly focused recruiting teams, which are always looking for diverse talent with non-traditional backgrounds. We believe that great employees can come from many places and are happy to support potential employees that share our company values.
Datamation: What do you like to do in your free time outside of work?
I like reading books, playing badminton, and love hiking trips with my family over the weekend.
Datamation: If you had to work in any other industry or role, what would it be and why?
If it wasn’t a role in cybersecurity dealing with digital threats and viruses, I could see myself working in the field of medicine, tackling physical viruses and neutralizing threats to the human body.
Datamation: What do you consider the best part of your workday or workweek?
The best part of my work week involves investigating an active targeted threat campaign and helping our customers stay secure.
I also enjoy speaking to security leaders at our customers’ companies — learning from them, sharing my experiences, and solving complex security problems.
Datamation: What are you most proud of in your professional life?
On the professional front, I am really proud of all the threat-detection technologies that I have contributed to building and seeing in action, securing several organizations worldwide from cyber attacks.
Also, I have had the opportunity to hire, train, and work with some of the brightest talent in cybersecurity over the course of the last 17 years, and I am really proud of the progress many of them have made in the field.
Read next: Key Cybersecurity Trends 2023
Android Pie went official last year and brought with it a laundry list of new features such as a new Material Theme UI for many apps, gesture navigation, Digital Wellbeing, and more. All these features are great and will indeed come in handy in daily use, but there’s one important functionality that has been removed from Android Pie i.e phone call recording.
Rooted apps still work, but if you are wary of voiding the warranty by rooting your phone, you are not alone. So here are a few nifty workarounds to overcome the Android P and now Android Q limitation on call recording.A Brief Overview
Before I explain the workarounds, I would highly suggest you check whether your smartphone has a native call recording option. As far as I know, OnePlus comes with a native call recorder and you can record calls right from the dialer app without having to set up anything. It even works on Android 9 and 10.
As an aside, Google recently hinted that they are bringing call recording functionality on their stock dialer app as spotted by XDA on Pixel 4. What it means is that, in the future, all smartphones with Stock Android will have built-in call recording capability once the feature rolls out. Also, Xiaomi might ship Stock dialer on MIUI in the EU region so users from that particular region can enjoy native call recording as well. But again, there might be limitations in certain regions so keep that in mind.
Now that we have gone through the basics, let’s find out how we can record calls on Android Pie and Q devices that don’t have a built-in call recording option.Record Calls on Android Pie and Q 1. Cube Recorder ACR
In our testing, we found out that Cube Recorder is one of the handful call recording apps that is able to record calls even on devices that don’t have built-in call recorder and are running Android Pie or Q. We tested Cube ACR on Pixel 2 XL running Android 10 and it worked fine. Similarly, we tested it on Samsung S10e running One UI 2.0 based on Android 10 and it recorded calls without any issues. Sure, the audio was a bit mushy but it recorded both sides of the call nonetheless. So you can install Cube ACR on your Xiaomi, Realme, Nokia or any other smartphone and check if it’s working or not. For the best recording experience, open the App Settings and select “Voice Recognition Software” as the input option.
Download: Cube Call Recorder ACR by Catalina Group (Free)2. Call Recorder – ACR
Call Recorder – ACR is another app that seems to be working on a lot of devices including Samsung Galaxy devices. However, the Play Store version of this app can’t record calls unless your device is running Android Oreo. So you will have to download the unchained version of this app from APKMirror. Be assured, the app is genuine and developed by NLL– the company behind both the apps. Due to some Play Store policy, NLL is unable to host the app on the official Google Play Store. So all I would suggest is, download the APK from the below link and install it on your smartphone. After that, check if the app is recording both ends of your call. We did test this app on Mi A1 running Android Pie and on Samsung devices and it worked fine.
Download: ACR 32.9-unChained APK from APKMirror (Free)3. Call Recorder by Boldbeast
Download: Call Recorder by Boldbeast (Free, Offers in-app purchases)Last Resort: Don’t Update to Android Pie or Later
If you’re someone who has to record calls for legal or records purposes and don’t want to take calls on the speaker, the easiest alternative for you is to stick with a smartphone that runs an older flavor of Android. That’s actually quite easy with the Android ecosystem, which is highly fragmented and only a few select devices will receive Android Pie or Q update.
Intel subsidiary Wind River have launched a commercial, packaged version of Android, suitable for Texas Instruments OMAP34x and OMAP36x chipsets, and including bundled software such as Adobe Flash, OTA firmware update support, and PacketVideo’s OpenCORE mobile multimedia. The Wind River Platform for Android is intended to streamline getting new devices to market, with the flexibility of Android along with the predictability of a commercial OS.
Since the Wind River software stack has been developed along with Texas Instruments, it also promises to remove many of the hardware headaches. Wind River have also tweaked the UI, improved power management, support easy addition of carrier and manufacturer customisations – such as splash screens and branding – and promise optimized drivers.
Wind River Launches Commercial Android Platform
Commercial Android Platform Optimized on the Texas Instruments OMAP™ 3 Platform Reduces Risks of Android Projects
ALAMEDA, Calif.–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Wind River today announced the immediate availability of its commercial version of open source Android optimized on the OMAP™ 3 platform from Texas Instruments Incorporated (TI). The Wind River Platform for Android is a validated, fully compliant software platform based on the latest versions of the Android software development kit (SDK), available with pre-integrated software from initial partners Adobe, PacketVideo and Red Bend Software; and global support by Wind River.
Wind River Platform for Android, the company’s first commercial version of open consortia-based software, is available with the following building blocks:
Open source Android code validated and tested by Wind River in a rigorous process combining hundreds of manual test cases and tens of thousands of automated test scenarios including compliance with the latest Android Compatibility Test Suite (CTS);
Pre-integrated third-party software, including existing Flash® technology from Adobe, OpenCORE™ mobile multimedia software from PacketVideo, firmware over-the-air (FOTA) updating and device management software from Red Bend;
Enhanced Android user interface and personalization options for such common branding functions as boot-up splash screen, locked idle screen, and termination screens and additional gesture-based choices for core phone functions;
Extended framework and applications including master reset function, music player, performance and power management;
Dedicated Wind River global customer support and services; and
Optimization for leading mobile hardware including Texas Instruments’ OMAP34x and OMAP36x platforms.
“Wind River’s years of experience in Android have resulted in a commercial offering that combines the innovation of Android with the predictability of a commercial platform,” said Chris Perret, vice president, Mobile and Automotive Solutions Group, Wind River. “Wind River Platform for Android was developed for operators and handset manufacturers challenged to consistently achieve time and quality performance metrics as Android devices are brought to market. By delivering a commercial Android platform, we are offering a fast way for them to innovate and differentiate without the risks common to open source software.”
Operators and device manufacturers expect market-ready Android solutions that can be rapidly brought to market. Wind River Platform for Android is the foundation to quickly deliver a customized solution to fit specific market needs without having to reinvest in bringing up core platform components and ensuring their stability.
“Device manufacturers and operators are continuously looking to quickly develop and bring to market new devices that offer consumers and businesses the right mix of capabilities and predictable performance. A commercial version of open source Android can streamline the process for industry players wanting to build Android-based devices and test them for market readiness. This can improve time-to-market and offer improved end-user experiences,” said Tim Renowden, Devices analyst at Ovum.
As part of a strategic, multi-year partnership, Wind River and Texas Instruments are working together to optimize Android on TI’s OMAP34x and OMAP36x platforms. Wind River is providing engineering resources around the world, including at its Korea Design Center, which has extensive Linux mobile phone expertise as part of the company’s acquisition of MIZI Research in 2008. Wind River’s co-development work includes architecture, design, unit test, and system test and integration support.
“TI and Wind River joined forces to deliver an attractive, complete and easy-to-deploy commercial Android platform that addresses the ever-growing consumer need for customized mobile devices. Wind River’s Android platform is optimized for TI’s OMAP 3 processors, and includes all layers of the software stack, ensuring predictable device quality, and enhancing the overall Android experience,” said Fred Cohen, director, worldwide ecosystem partners at TI. “We look forward to the success of Wind River’s Android platform, as it helps handset manufacturers, operators and OEMs deliver impressive mobile user experiences on the most compelling Android-based products.”
Wind River Platform for Android broadens Wind River’s mobile expertise that spans leadership roles in LiMo and Moblin, in addition to joining the Open Handset Alliance in 2007 as a Linux commercialization partner. Wind River Platform for Android reduces open source risk by providing predictability to and improving software quality for Android projects because of Wind River’s ongoing investment in the platform.
About Wind River
What is an FHA Loan?
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Download Corporate Valuation, Investment Banking, Accounting, CFA Calculator & othersHow does it work?
FHA loans are of 15 and 30 years term periods with fixed interest rates. This type of loan is helpful for lower-income groups. But borrowers also have to pay mortgage insurance to protect lenders from default in payment. There are two types of insurance payments that the borrower has to pay:
Upfront Insurance Premium: This upfront payment has to be paid at the time of getting the loan which is 1.75 percent of the total loan amount.
Annual Insurance Premium: This premium amount has to be paid monthly throughout the loan term, which is 0.45% to 1.05% annual of the total loan amount.Types of FHA Loans
Below are the types of FHA loans:
Traditional loans: These types of loans are taken to buy the first home and apply to the primary residence.
Home Equity Conversion Mortgage: This loan is applicable for senior citizens and allows them to convert the equity in their home into cash.
203 (k) Mortgage Program: This mortgage program allows the home buyers to take the loan for buying and also for renovations/improvements
Energy Efficient Mortgage program: This mortgage program pays for energy-efficient programs and upgrades such as solar or wind energy system installation with the mortgage.
Section 245(a) loan: This mortgage program is for homebuyers who expect their income to increase in the future. For these home loans, initially, the EMIs are lower and gradually increase over time.How to Qualify for FHA Loan?
Should have a minimum credit score of 500. If the borrower wants to give only a 3.5% down payment, the credit score should be 580 or higher.
The borrower shouldn’t have declared bankruptcy for at least two years before applying for the loan.
Borrowers should have stable and verified employment records.
Borrowers should have verified tax returns.
The loan should be availed for financing a primary residence.
Monthly mortgage payments should not be more than 31% of the monthly income.
The monthly mortgage and other debt payments should not exceed 43% of gross monthly income.FHA Loan vs Conventional Mortgages
The government does not insure conventional loans and requires a higher credit score. Below are some other differences between FHA loans and conventional loans:
FHA loan Conventional loan
Minimum Credit Score 500 620
Down Payment 3.5% for a credit score of greater than 580, while 10% for a credit score of 500 to 580 3% to 20%
Term of loan 15-30 years 8-30 years
Mortgage Insurance Premium Upfront: 1.75% of the loan, annual 0.45% to 1.05% 0.5% to 1% of the loan amount per yearFHA Loan Limits
FHA loans are used for primary residence and can be for Single Family, Duplex, Triplex, and four-unit property types. Property location and number of units affect the loan limit. Below is the standard and high-cost limit for different property types. There are some special FHA 2023 loan limits also there for some of the locations:
Property Type Standard Limit High-Cost Limit Special FHA 2023 loan
Single-Family $356,362 $822,375 $1,223,562
Duplex $456,275 $1,053,000 $1,579,500
Triplex $551,500 $1,272,750 $1,909,125
Four-Unit $685,400 $1,581,750 $2,372,625Benefits of FHA Loan
Low Credit Score: For a conventional mortgage, the minimum credit score is 620, but for an FHA loan, a lower credit score of 580 will also be enough to get a loan from FHA-approved lenders.
Lower Down Payment: If your credit score is more significant than 580, then the down payment for an FHA loan can be as low as 3.5 % of the total FHA loan. If the credit score is from 500 to 579, you need to pay the down payment of 10% of the entire loan.
Stop paying rent earlier: Since the credit score and down payment are low, people can have their own home sooner and stop paying rent earlier.Cons of FHA Loans
Below are the different cons of an FHA Loan:
Mortgage Insurance Premiums: If the down payment is less than the monthly mortgage, the insurance payment can last for the entire loan term.
Property Standards: Various types of standards are available for the property for FHA loans. The rules of these property standards are strict, and borrowers must qualify for these standards to be eligible for the loan.
Loan limit: The loan limit for FHA loans is per the property’s location and is strictly decided by the loan agency.Conclusion
FHA loans were started to help lower-income people buy their own houses backed by federal insurance. It has been quite successful in providing citizens to buy their first house. These loans were initially designed for low to middle-income groups and first-time buyers.Recommended Articles
This is a guide to the FHA Loan. Here we also discuss the definition, working, types, and qualifications of an FHA Loan, along with its benefits and cons. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more –
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