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I knew all about the $175 Early Termination Fee (ETF) but since I was moving overseas for a long period of time, I thought that AT&T would be able to waive this fee. When I moved from France to the US, I called my French operator and told them I was moving overseas and that I had to cancel my contract. They canceled it without charging me a dime. It’s the law. If you move out of the country, they don’t have to charge you ETF. This law also applies in the US.

The Frustration Process

So I called AT&T a couple of days ago and spoke to a friendly woman who informed me that AT&T would be able to waive the ETF if I could prove that I was living overseas. A valid proof could be an electrical bill, a cable bill, or any type of bill that would show that I am indeed living in another country. The problem is that I will not be staying in one place and pay a recurring bill. I tried to explain this to her but she said it was the policy and although she understood, there was nothing she could do.

Instead she suggested I put my account on hold for 6 months, which is the maximum period of time AT&T can put your account on hold. She said the cost of the service was $10/month. So basically, you pay $10/month for NOT using your phone. Great! I then told her that I have an iPhone and that since AT&T already overcharges its iPhone customers, I wouldn’t be surprised if there was some type of hidden fee for putting your iPhone on hold. Well, funny I should ask… There is indeed an extra $40/month to put your iPhone on hold.

So let’s recap here… You pay $10/month to put your iPhone on hold, and you pay an extra $40/month for the data plan, which you “HAVE TO” pay no matter what. Total is $50/month for not using your iPhone. What a deal!

At this point I started feeling the frustration and anger building up in me. I’m the type of guy who says what he thinks so I started going off on AT&T and the shitty way they treat their customers. I know it never helps to get angry at a CSR, but it does make me feel better, especially if I see it’s going nowhere. It’s worth noting that whenever I go nuts on a CSR, I always tell him/her that I don’t have anything against them as a person and that I value their help. I also always make sure they understand my situation and why I am angry by asking a question such as “wouldn’t you be angry if you were in my shoes”. The answer is always “yes”. It’s a good way to have them validate your anger.

I apologized for my language, thanked her and hang up.

Twitter to the Rescue

After this unproductive phone conversation, I went over to Twitter and vented a bit. I then remembered I had seen an AT&T Twitter account that aimed at helping out angry customers. I searched for it and found @ATTCustomerCare. I tweeted them: Do you want to do a good thing? Please waive my ETF!

I also made sure she knew “who I was” by reminding her that I write about the iPhone for a hobby. I don’t want to sound like a self-centered arrogant blogger, but I think I do have a little reach in the iPhone community via my blog and Twitter.

Then I told her how angry iPhone users are at A&T and how the company is getting a bad rap these days. She knew I was right and didn’t say anything.

She asked me what would the ideal situation be, which I think was very nice. I told her I would like them to terminate my contract and waive the ETF. In exchange, when I return from my trip next year, I will sign up with AT&T again.

I also explained to her that my iPhone is unlocked and that I would go back with T-Mobile in a heartbeat if I had to when I come back next year. I also explained her that if they were nice to me, I would make sure to share my experience with others (which I’m doing right now). If they were not nice, I would not publicly trash them (which was a lie), but I would never deal with them again.

She said she needed a few hours to see if she could “pull some strings” and see what she could do.

The Outcome

Total cost for the year will be $120. Terminating my contract would have cost $175. Putting my account on hold without speaking to the Twitter team would have cost $600.


Needless to say that I am very satisfied of how this turned out. I think AT&T did the right thing and they managed to keep me as a customer. Would have I been treated the same way if I didn’t blog and tweet about the iPhone? I think so.

If you have any problem with AT&T, I really suggest you deal with their @ATTCustomerCare people on Twitter. They will be much more helpful than the average Customer Rep. They are on Twitter because they understand how important social media is and they will do anything to satisfy you because they know if you’re not satisfied, you will rant about it on Twitter, in which case, the damage could be much worse than the benefits.

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Try Your Hand At Sustainable Gardening With At

Hydroponic cultivation, a method of growing crops in nutrient-rich water instead of soil, isn’t a passing fad. According to one recent market estimate, the commercial-scale industry was valued at $9.5 billion in 2023 and could double by 2028. 

And an increasing number of do-it-yourself hydroponic kits—ranging from bare-bones basic to sleek, minimalistic models—are available for purchase. And they seem to have gained popularity with consumers during the first year of the pandemic; AeroGrow, which makes the AeroGarden-branded hydroponic sets, saw revenue increase 107 percent from the third quarter of 2023 from a year earlier.

But is the amount of electricity and water needed to nurture and harvest that produce without soil in your kitchen sustainable compared to traditional or commercial cultivation? For some veggies, the answer is probably not.

Certain crops fundamentally are better suited for at-home hydroponic cultivation than others—meaning you shouldn’t have to put in months or years worth of resources before you see the fruits of your labor.

Often the first thing that people ask Angelo Kelvakis, the research and development director and master horticulturist at hydroponic gardening company Rise Gardens, is whether they can grow an avocado tree in their home.

“[Avocado trees] take years to cultivate, they’re huge, and they use tons of water and other resources, tons of light,” he explains. “When you get into the realm of fruits, you’re already in murky water.” 

He says that produce almost entirely made up of water, like berries, naturally needs a lot of water during their growing period. But the larger issue is that fruiting plants need space and attention, so commercial-scale operations have a better chance of success because they have more physical space, plant-specific cultivation systems, and enough workers to keep up with the growth.

[Related: Build a DIY garden you can bring on the road.]

For example, kale is another crop that can be hard to grow in an at-home hydroponic setting, Kelvakis says, because edible varieties can grow up to three feet tall and several feet wide in a soil field. But growing smaller dwarf varieties of these crops with manageable root structures can counteract this concern.

“Issues arise when people want to grow non-dwarf varieties,” he explains. “These plants will quickly outgrow any indoor system and can cause issues with plumbing, growing into lights, and leaf litter scattered around your unit.” And, of course, any plant that typically grows in the dirt, like carrots or turnips, isn’t a great option for a soil-free cultivation environment.

But for the most part, experts say, crops like tomatoes, most smaller leafy greens, and certain types of herbs cultivated at home in hydroponic settings use less water than field-grown crops.

“Greenhouse-grown produce can be 10 to 15 times more efficient compared to [produce] grown in field conditions in terms of water use efficiency,” says Murat Kacira, the director of the University of Arizona’s Controlled Environment Agriculture Center. “For instance, it may take about a gallon or less than a gallon of water for a head of lettuce to be grown in a [commercial or at-home] greenhouse system, compared to 10 to 15 gallons of water per head of lettuce grown [in a field.].” 

Hydroponically grown tomatoes also appear to be more adept and efficient with their water intake than tomatoes grown in soil, according to a study published last year in Scientia Horticulturae. Tomato plants grown in hydroponic systems experienced less evaporation from their leaves. The authors write that the hydroponic crops more efficiently consumed water than plants grown in soil yet grew roughly the same amount and quality of fruit.

But what about the electricity usage necessary to keep your grow lights shining or your water circulation pumps churning? Start with using the most obvious source of energy: the sun. Hydroponics industry experts note that hydroponic set-ups don’t necessarily require grow lights and could still utilize natural sunlight; microgreens, for example, can grow with just the ambient light in your home.

“You can’t beat the sun; the sun is the best thing ever, because that’s how all plants [evolved],” says Kelvakis. But plants with long photoperiods—an extended sunlight exposure requirement—or that require more intense sunlight than your area enjoys will require additional lights to meet their needs.

However, air conditioning is another consideration for the electricity gobbled up by indoor hydroponic crop cultivation. Even commercial growers “haven’t really cracked the code” yet on the energy costs, says Jacob Pechenik, co-founder of at-home hydroponic system company Lettuce Grow. 

“You’re powering all the lights, but then you also have this hot space you need to cool, so you have to get air flow and circulation and that’s when the power requirements become very high,” Pechenik adds.

But with an indoor home hydroponic system, if you have an AC unit that works great for your personal needs, you probably won’t need any additional cooling power, says Kelvakis. 

Other environmental factors also have to be weighed against the significantly higher energy needs for indoor cultivation, says Deane Falcone, chief scientific officer at Crop One, a vertical farming company.

He explained that the increasingly extreme weather conditions, like extended heat waves or major rainstorms and inundations, associated with climate change don’t directly impact indoor crop cultivation as it does on traditionally grown crops.

“That kind of uncertainty and variability in the weather [with outdoor growing] has to be balanced with the reliability that we get from indoor growth, including in your own home,” says Falcone. “So you’re probably not going to be providing all the sustenance for your family from your indoor growth system, but you’ll always have something of decent quality.”

[Related: Vertical farms are finally branching out.]

Growing crops indoors eliminates a plant’s exposure to pests, diseases, or polluted soil. That makes outdoor crop cultivation overall less efficient.

This kind of exposure affects both the edibility and the attractiveness of the produce—an essential factor to consider when looking to minimize food waste, Falcone added. For example, he explains that low-to-no bacterial concentrations on lettuce leaves grown indoors mean “adding two to three weeks to the shelf life, so you’re probably going to [have time to] finish consuming it.”

“The crops that are grown in [hydroponic] greenhouse systems or in a vertical [hydroponic] farming system, right now, are produced under optimized conditions,” says Kacira. “The yield outcome, as well as the quality attributes are maximized meeting the expectations of the consumers in terms of the size, the color, the texture, the flavor, the nutritional content, everything.”

However, Kacira says while the electricity usage per plant might be similar between a home and commercial set-ups, “what you can achieve with the produce coming from a commercial setting may be slightly different in terms of the yield and quality attributes.” A home grower’s experience and attentiveness will also play a factor. So if you’re determined to set up an indoor hydroponic garden, it’s time to really commit to utilizing your green thumb.  

How To Add Text On Tiktok Videos At Different Times?

TikTok has grown to be one of the most popular social media platforms today. It features tons of great content — funnily divided between Elite/Alt TikTok and Straight TikTok, no less! — and has a unique viewing style where you simply swipe for newer content.

These swipes on TikTok help dictate the algorithm based on your choices and ultimately decides the next content that will be shown to you. If you are someone new to TikTok and are looking for a way to add different kinds of text during your videos, then we can help you!

Adding text to Tiktok videos is a fairly simple process thanks to the in-built text editor. Let’s take a look at how you can add text to your videos at different times.

Related: How to do the Vogue Trend on Tiktok

How to add text on TikTok at different places on the timeline of a video

Open the TikTok app on your smartphone. Tap on the ‘+‘ icon at the bottom of your screen to get stated.

Now initiate a recording as you normally would, and once done, tap on the ‘red tick‘ in the bottom right corner of your screen. Alternatively, you can also select a video from your device’s storage if you want to edit a pre-recorded video.

You will now be taken to the editing page of the app. Tap on ‘Text‘ in the bottom left corner of your screen.

Now enter the text you wish to add to your video.

Once added, choose your style by selecting and scrolling the suggestions at the bottom of your screen. You can also select the alignment by tapping on the icon to your left.

If your text is not visible properly, use the background option in the left corner of your screen to add a background to your text.

Once you are finished, tap on ‘Done‘ in the top right corner of your screen.

The text will now be visible on your video, tap on it, and select ‘Set duration‘.

You will now be shown a timeline for your video at the bottom of your screen. The timeline will have a red overlay that will determine the duration and location of your text. First, start by dragging the overlay from both ends to determine how long you want your text.

Once you have set the duration of your text, tap and hold on the red overlay to select it. Once selected, simply drag it to the position you want the text to be displayed.

Tap on the ‘tick‘ in the bottom right corner to save your changes.

Now tap on the text again in the bottom left corner of your screen and add the other text you would like to in your video.

Once added, repeat the process above to determine the location of your text.

Add any more text that you would like to by repeating the steps above.

Now tap on ‘Next‘ in the bottom right corner of your screen. You will now be redirected to your post page. Add the necessary details and edit their visibility according to your preferences.

Once you are done, tap on the ‘Post‘ icon in the bottom right corner of your screen.

Your desired video should now have been uploaded to TikTok with the text in all places that you wanted it to be. This way you can now edit your videos and add text to them wherever you would like.


Netbook Linux At A Crossroads

Much has been written about how Linux is an optimal OS for a lightweight netbook. And netbooks themselves are on a tear: ABI Research is projecting that 35 million will be shipped in 2009, and estimates that number to increase to a stunning 139 million by 2013—not bad for a category of PC that no one heard of 18 months ago.

But some buyers of Linux netbooks are running into trouble. MSI’s recent return rates – four times that of Windows XP models – and the recent controversial story of a woman who couldn’t do required classwork because she couldn’t run required software on her Linux netbook indicate that, at the very least, there’s a learning curve for the average user.

That brings up a good question: just how realistic is Linux on a netbook for mainstream computer buyers?

From one angle, it makes perfect sense—especially when compared to the complex, quasi-compatible handhelds and PDAs that have littered the tech industry landscape over the past 20 years. Plus, there’s still plenty of potential to refine Linux-based netbooks further.

On the other hand, as netbooks become more powerful, they’ll become more capable of running operating systems that require a larger memory, CPU, and hard disk footprint (be it Windows XP, or even Vista, Windows 7, or Mac OS X). As a result—and here’s the worrisome part—the door to mainstream Linux adoption could begin to close.

Here’s why: one of Linux’s greatest strengths—its open source design—also remains its greatest weakness. Dozens of distributions, each with different user interfaces, software bundles, and other characteristics, are on the market. That problem is beginning to hit netbooks, as each major manufacturer chooses a build and sticks with it—or improves it on its own, creating yet more variations.

That’s not necessarily bad, but let me explain why it’s a problem and not a feature. For all their well-documented flaws, Windows PCs and Macs have ironed out all sorts of weird UI glitches and incompatibilities over the years, things that pop up only after lots of people use them constantly. Plus, most people are already familiar with the way those two systems work (well, at least one of them, if not both). And they’ve grown to expect certain interface conventions.

For example, while writing this article, I tested an Asus Eee PC 1000 out of the box with an eye toward a new user’s experience. Overall, the machine ran really well. As with other netbooks I’ve tried, I enjoyed using the built-in StarOffice document editing suite, the Stellarium planetarium software, and the various other education and entertainment-themed apps.

Even watching videos on Hulu worked fine as long as I didn’t run them in full screen mode (which was a bit much for the hardware)—and there is the obvious benefit of not needing an Internet security suite to protect against Windows-based malware and viruses.

Anyone who’s used to powering up a new Windows XP or Vista machine for the first time, only to spend hours or days either cleaning out crapware or installing their own software, would be pleasantly surprised by the robust software bundle included with netbooks like this one.

The Nitty-Gritty of Netbook Linux

One glitch up front, however, was indicative of the kinds of problems mainstream buyers may have with Linux netbooks.

The machine found my WPA-encrypted network instantly, but misidentified it as WEP. Wanting to see what would happen, I keyed in my password anyway, which didn’t work (obviously)—but then the machine stopped asking me for a password, even when I tried to connect again.

Next Page: Are mainstream users up for Linux?

Biased Discipline At My School

I have every reason to quit my job except that when I consider doing so, I have palpable guilt at the thought of the students I might be letting down. They’ll still get a pretty good education, sure, but I have to think that the number of times I speak with students and rationally discuss their typical adolescent behavior that others might not see as typical is worth something. For the last seven years, I have talked myself out of quitting.

In my first years as an administrator in a public high school, I began to see what so many before me righteously called out as systemic racism. Of course, when those two words come up in conversation, there are many who would like to instead discuss affirmative action or who say, “But things are different today than before Brown v. Board of Education.” Or they simply say the name President Barack Obama as if it were proof that racism no longer exists.

The most blatant example of a biased punishment I’ve had to deal with was also the first, and it involved the school dress code. I’ve never been a fan of uniforms, and our high school didn’t have them, but we did have a dress code, as well as a violation that kept coming up: boys wearing sagging jeans. Now, I’m fine with not seeing someone’s underwear during the school day, but this is clearly a violation which disproportionately affects black males. It’s also one where the punishment can end with the student leaving school and missing out on academic time.

An Eye-Opening Incident

As I was doing my morning hallway supervision, a teacher called me over to where she was berating a black male student about his pants. She ordered me to take him to the discipline office, where I could “fix him.” Those were her actual words, and I flinched, but still I had to follow through. I cocked my head at him and offered a sheepish smile that said, “Sorry, Marcus. I gotta take you. You broke a rule.” The smile must have done the trick, because he took a deep breath, straightened the books in his arms, and followed me. As we walked down the hallway, he began pointing out other boys with sagging pants.

All of the other boys were white. They were walking around, free to go about as they wished. “Are you gonna get him, too, or is it just me?” he asked. “What about him? He’s sagging. I don’t see anybody asking him to pick up his pants.” The hallway was the longest one we had in the building, and by the time we reached the discipline office he had pointed out four other boys, all white, wearing their pants in the same way. No teacher had stopped them.

As hard as it was for me to admit, Marcus was right. Here was a policy that was written into our handbook, but the consequences for breaking it were not equitable for all students. I looked around and realized that the other teachers in the hallway were either ignoring the white boys who were sagging or were engaged in conversations with them. Not one of them stopped me the way the first one did to tell me to take those boys to the discipline office. And I was afraid that if I stopped every time he pointed a boy out, he would get away from me or I would be outnumbered by all the boys I was trying to discipline.

What to Do?

I asked Marcus to wait for me by the office. He agreed even though his face showed confusion. I’m certain that he wondered if he had changed my mind when he saw me make a beeline for a teacher in conversation with one of the other boys we had seen. As I approached, I said, loud enough for the teacher to hear me, “What’s up with those pants, young man?”

It wasn’t the response of the student that jarred me. It was the teacher. She turned to him and said, “Look at you. Pull those up, would you?” Not only did she not ask that I discipline him, she asked him nicely to pull up his pants. We both waited patiently while he did so, and then she turned to me, “See? Wasn’t that easy? All we have to do is ask them.”

But that wasn’t the truth of what I had been experiencing. The truth is that the bias many teachers have against students of color shows up in how they treat white students differently.

By the time I got back to Marcus, I was in tears, and that thoroughly confused him. After all, wasn’t this just a simple dress code rule? Hadn’t we just run the gauntlet of rule-breaking students who also needed to be hauled to the office and given the progressive discipline punishment? It wasn’t that simple.

“Marcus, pull up your pants. Keep them up, please. Can I trust you to do that?”

He was stunned. He couldn’t believe that I had just asked him nicely to pull up his pants and that I wasn’t going to punish him. Later that year, when he graduated, he told me I was the first teacher to see him as a person and give him some dignity when correcting his behavior, and that he was grateful he didn’t get suspended that day, because that’s where his progressive discipline was headed.

I can’t quit. There are a million more like Marcus.

Gigantic Fossils Hint At Super

If the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles were looking for heavyweight back-up while fighting their arch-nemesis Shredder, it would be hard to do better than a newly discovered species of ancient sea turtle. Leviathanochelys aenigmatica is the newest member of an extinct genus named Archelon, which boasts multiple kinds species of turtles that could grow to 15 feet long and weighed in about 7,000 pounds, more than a hippopotamus.

The new species, described in a paper published today in the journal Scientific Reports, swam the seas surrounding the present-day North American continent during the end of the Cretaceous period, about 145 million to 66 million years ago.

“The discovery of the new species itself was a surprise,” Albert G. Sellés, a co-author of the paper and postdoctoral researcher at Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona in Spain, tells PopSci. “We are used to finding dinosaur bones in northeastern Spain, and some of them are really big, but until now we have never found the fossil remains of a marine animal, and even less one of such colossal size.”

According to Sellés, a hiker found the bone fragments near the small village of Coll de Nargó in Catalonia in August 2024. The the remains were excavated between 2024 and 2023. The fossils include a fragmented but almost complete pelvis and parts of the upper shell called the carapace. The study authors date the specimens back to the Cretaceous period’s Campanian Age, roughly 83.6 million to 72.1 million years ago.

From the size of the pelvis, the team was able to estimate the turtle’s size: It was gigantic and aligns with other massive Archelons. “The size of Leviathanochelys aenigmatica is perhaps the most surprising characteristic. With up to 3.7 meters [about 12 feet] in total body length, it is within the top three largest marine turtles ever live on Earth,” Sellés says. The researchers are still working to determine what evolutionary processes could have made such a huge animal possible.

Previously, no known European marine turtle, extinct or living, had shells that measured 4.9 feet long.

Further study will be needed to learn more about what Leviathanochelys aenigmatica ate—and who ate it. But there may be one tiny clue to its predators. “It is still too early to say for sure, but it is likely that the turtle was preyed on by sharks,” said Sellés. “This conjecture is based on the fact that the shell presents some peculiar marks that could be from bites, and that a shark tooth was found near the skeleton.”

The paper says that this discovery shows that gigantism in marine turtles evolved independently in different groups in Europe and North America, where fossils of Ctenochelys acris and Peritresius ornatus and other ancient sea turtles have been found. It has been difficult for scientists to develop a consensus for the role these animals played in the evolutionary history of sea turtles, and this discovery will help fill in those gaps. Today’s largest sea turtles are the mighty leatherbacks (Dermochelys coriacea). The largest leatherbacks can grow up to 6 feet, half the size of Leviathanochelys aenigmatica, and can weigh up to 2,000 pounds.

“One of the most beautiful things about doing paleontology is that each new discovery represents a new challenge. And with each discovery, as if it were a giant puzzle, we rediscover the past history of our planet,” Sellés says.

Duplicate Content Session At Smx Advanced

Duplicate content and Buffy the Vampire Slayer. What do these have in common? They shed some light into the bizarre psyche of Google developers, but were also at the heart of the Duplicate Content session at SMX Advanced.

Duplicate content in 60 seconds:

Determine whether your site is experiencing intentional or accidental duplicate content or both.

If intentional, block abusive IPs, detect user agents, block specific crawlers, add copyright information to the content, request the duplicate site remove the content or take legal action.

If accidental, control URLs through .htaccess, client-side 301 redirects, parameter or variable reduction, 404 pages and consistent linking strategies. Also, don’t duplicate pages in the secure and non-secure areas of your site.

If you still experience a problem, communicate with the search engines, they are pro-actively working on a solution, but need examples and suggestions to better handle duplicate content.

After the You & A with Matt Cutts, Danny Sullivan moderated the organic session on duplicate content with the major search engines representin’ – the lovely Vanessa Fox (Product Manager from Google), Amit Kumar (Senior Engineering Manager from Yahoo! Search), Peter Linsey (Senior Product Manager for Search at chúng tôi and Eytan Seidman (Lead Program Manager of Live Search from Microsoft).

So, let’s dive in with some of the basics: What is duplicate content?

Intentional duplicate content = Content that is intentionally duplicated on either your or another website.

Accidental duplicate content = Content that is seen by the search engines as duplicate, but happens through passive or accidental methods.

Why is duplicate content an issue?

It fragments rank, anchor text and other information about the page you want to appear. It also impairs the user experience and consumes resources.

How can you combat duplicate content?

It’s difficult for the search engines to decipher the canonical page of your site, so the best way to avoid accidental duplication is by controlling your content! You can do this in a variety of ways including:

Be consistent with your linking strategy both on-site and off (Jessica Bowman had an excellent article on this, “Should URLs in Links Use Index.html?”)

Reduce session parameters and variable tracking

Always deliver unique content even if the location isn’t unique

Use client-side redirects rather than server-side

HTTP vs HTTPS – don’t duplicate the HTTP pages in a secure area

As for intentional duplicate content, the options are limited but include:

Simply asking visitors not to steal content

Contact those that do steal your hard-earned content and ask that they remove it

Embed copyright or a creative commons notification in your content

Verify user-agents

Block unknown IP addresses from crawling the site

Block specific crawlers

If that doesn’t work, get the lawyers involved and go for blood

A final note for both intentional and accidental duplicate content:

If you locate the source of a problem and made all attempts to rectify the situation, but it still is not resolved, contact the search engines. File a reinclusion request with notice of what happened, when, how you tried to fix the problem and where you find yourself today.


– Consider whether duplicate content is adding value to your site

– If you’re the duplicator, be sure to give attribution

– Consider blocking local copies of pages with robots.txt

– There’s no such thing as a site-wide penalty

– Session parameter analysis occurs at the crawl time

– Duplicates are also filtered when the site is crawled

– Technology exists to find near-duplicates and ignores most mark-up, focusing on just the key concepts

chúng tôi

– Duplicate content is not penalized.

– Templates are not considered for duplication, only the indexable content.

– Filter for high confidence, low tolerance on false positives.


– Filters duplicates at crawl-time

– Less likely to extract links from duplicate pages

– Less likely to crawl new documents with duplicate pages

– Index-time filtering

– Less representation of duplicates when choosing crawled pages to put in index

– Legitimate forms of duplication include: newspapers, multiple languages, HTML/Word/PDF documents, partial duplication from boilerplates (navigation and common site elements)

– Not found error pages should return a 404 HTTP status code when crawled (this isn’t abusive, but makes crawling difficult)


Vanessa threw a curve ball and decided not to duplicate presentations! Instead she requested feedback from the audience, but not before alienating anyone over the age of 30 with Buffy the Vampire Slayer metaphors.

And now it’s time for SEO to meet SMM.

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