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RAM works best together when they are of the same speed (MHz), size, brand and model. If you have multiple RAM sticks with different speeds, all RAM will have to run on the slowest speed among the RAM sticks, which will end up with a slower PC. Thus, it is always recommended to match your RAM sticks.

If you want to add more RAM to your computer, before you purchase any RAM, you should check the existing RAM brand, model and specs first, and then try to buy the same model if possible to match the existing RAM sticks. This ensures your RAM will run at optimal performance.

Also see: How to Check RAM Type DDR3, DDR4 or DDR5 in Windows 11

You may also have other reasons why you would want to check your RAM’s brand and model. If you don’t want to physically remove the RAM sticks just to view their details, this guide will show you several methods on how to check the RAM brand, model and specs in Windows 11 without the need to physically remove them from the motherboard.

The most convenient method (for those who don’t want to go through any command entering method) to check the RAM brand and model is to use a very popular third party tool called CPU-Z. CPU-Z is a small software that is able to display detailed information about almost all components in your computer, such as CPU, Motherboard, RAM, Graphics, etc.

To check your RAM specs using CPU-Z in Windows 11, follow the steps below.

Download the CPU-Z tool from the following page. Make sure to download the 64-bit version as Windows 11 has no 32-bit support.

Run the cpuz_x64.exe and select the SPD tab.

The details of the RAM stick (mainly Module Manufacturer, Part Number, Module Size, etc.) on the selected memory slot will be displayed.

Read next: How to Clear RAM Cache in Windows 11

Another useful way to check your RAM brand and model is to first find out its partnumber and then do a Google search using the partnumber. You can quickly find the partnumber of your RAM in Windows 11 using the WMIC command-line utility via Command Prompt. To check the RAM brand, model and specs using the partnumber, follow the steps below.

Go to the Start menu. Search for and open Command Prompt or “CMD“.

In the Command Prompt window, type the following command and press Enter (the “devicelocator” parameter tells you which physical slot the RAM module is plugged into). wmic memorychip get devicelocator, partnumber

Write down the part number of the RAM you want to check.

Search the part number on Google and you should be able to see the RAM models with the exact same part number.

You can also use the WMIC command-line tool in Windows 11 to get more info about your RAM. For example, you can use the command line below to check the RAM manufacturer, speed, capacity and part number.

wmic memorychip get devicelocator, manufacturer, speed, capacity, partnumber

Note that the 3600 speed indicates 3600 MHz. RAM will always be aligned to match the same speed. Thus, the RAM speed you see doesn’t necessary indicate the highest speed capability the RAM can achieve. It just shows you the speed that all modules support, which is the speed of the slowest module, if you have multiple RAM with different speeds. For example, if you have a RAM with 3600 MHz frequency and another with 3200 MHz, both RAM will run at 3200 MHz.

In addition, the capacity shows you the size of the RAM in byte. For instance, my RAM has a capacity of 8589934592 bytes, which is around 8 gigabytes.

You can also use the following command line instead to check the full details about all your RAM sticks via Command Prompt in Windows 11.

wmic memorychip list full

This command line will list all the specifications of all your RAM sticks that the command can retrieve, e.g. the RAM manufacturer, model, part number, speed, capacity, name, and more.

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How To Check The Type Of Ram In Your Windows Pc

RAM comes in various types, capacities, speeds and brands. If you ever want to upgrade your RAM or need to verify whether your system meets certain minimum requirements, you’ll have to check the type of RAM in your PC. While the jargon and numbers might seem daunting at first, it’s actually fairly easy to determine what RAM your system is equipped with.

A Crash Course on RAM

Before we get into the details of how to check the type of RAM your computer is equipped with, it’s important to make sure we’re all on the same page. RAM or Random Access Memory is a special type of very fast computer storage.

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It’s different from your hard drive, which is relatively slow and non-volatile. That is, your hard drive doesn’t lose its data when the power is turned off. RAM, on the other hand, is volatile which, as you’ve probably guessed, means that its data disappears when the electrons stop flowing.

RAM is crucial in a computer, because the CPU (Central Processing Unit) needs to have swift access to the next set of data it has to process. So applications and relevant data are loaded into RAM, which ensures the computer can perform at its peak. 

If you want to know more about the technical details of RAM, check out Understanding Types Of RAM Memory & How It’s Used.

Checking Your Motherboard Manual or Website

You can also Google the motherboard’s model number to find its product page. That will list the exact types of RAM that it supports. While this doesn’t tell you the exact speed and capacity of the RAM that’s currently installed in the system, it does tell you what type of DDR the system supports and at which speeds it supports it. It should also tell you what the maximum amount of RAM you can install is.

Use CPU-Z to See Your RAM Type

One of the easiest ways to get this information is by using a free application called CPU-Z. We have been using it for years to quickly check the most important technical details about a system. After downloading and installing CPU-Z, run the program and select the Memory tab as shown here.

Under the “General” section, look at “Type”. This tells you what generation of DDR memory your system has installed. Under “Size” you can see how much RAM is installed

Next, switch to the “SPD” tab. This is where the information is displayed as reported by each individual RAM module. If all the modules in your system are identical then you don’t need to switch between them under the “Memory Slot Selection” dropdown.

As you can see here, this computer is using Samsung memory with each module accounting for 8GB of RAM. This system is using DDR4-2667 RAM. You can check the number of available slots by counting them in the Memory Slot Selection dropdown menu. 

You don’t have to worry about the Timings Table in the lower half of the window, but if you are curious about what those numbers mean, you can find out more in our RAM overclocking article. 

Getting Your RAM Info from the Command Prompt or PowerShell

Sometimes you’re stuck in a situation where you don’t have access to the graphical user interface of Windows or perhaps you simply prefer the cold, infinite black depths of the Command Prompt. Either way, there’s a Command Prompt instruction that lets you see what’s currently installed in your system. All you have to do is type: 

wmic MEMORYCHIP get BankLabel, DeviceLocator, Capacity, Speed

This shows you details for each RAM module as you can see here.

This shows you the size and speed of each memory module, but doesn’t tell you the type of memory. If you want that information, we need to add a few bits to the command.

wmic MEMORYCHIP get BankLabel, DeviceLocator, MemoryType, TypeDetail, Capacity, Speed

Under MemoryType you’ll see a number code. This code tells you what type of DDR the system has:

22 – DDR2

25 – DDR3

26 – DDR4

That’s just a selection of the most common RAM types, but if you see a number not listed above you can find a full list of memory type codes in Microsoft’s documentation.

Command Prompt is being phased out in favor of PowerShell, if you prefer to use that you can, but the command is a little different:

Check the BIOS

Regardless of what operating system your PC uses, you can often get information on what type of RAM your system uses before you even boot into it. The computer BIOS will usually have a section for memory, which should show you details about the installed RAM. This typically includes the generation of DDR you’re using, what size each module is and the speed at which it operates.

The method for entering the BIOS differs between computers. It’s usually a simple key press right after the computer powers on. For example, you many have to repeatedly tap the Delete key or perhaps F12 to enter the BIOS. The specific key is usually shown on-screen just as the computer starts, but it will also be in the motherboard manual.

Look at the Module’s Notches and Pins

The final way to determine which type of RAM your computer has is to physically inspect the memory modules. This will involve removing them from their slots, so only do this if you are comfortable with the process.

The details of the RAM modules may be readable on a label attached to the DIMM, but you can also identify them by the location of the notch, as seen in this illustration.

What About Laptop RAM?

Most of what’s written above applies to laptop RAM, at least when it comes to the software-based methods to check RAM type on Windows 10. When it comes to the physical identification methods, these mobile RAM modules look different from desktop ones. Usually they are either upgradable SODIMM modules or are non-removable and soldered to the laptop’s mainboard.

Check out Can You Upgrade an Old Laptop for more information on laptop RAM specifically.

What’s Your Type?

Knowing what type of RAM your system has empowers you to get a picture of what your computer’s performance should be and how far you can upgrade it.

How To Check Hard Drive Health In Windows 11/10

In any aging computer, the hard disk is usually the first thing to go. This is because unlike components like RAM or the processor, an HDD has more moving parts.

If you wait for your hard drive to fail before you replace it, there is a good chance of losing all the data on it. It’s much better to watch the hard disk’s health and move your information to an external hard drive before it dies on you.

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Which brings us to the obvious question: How do you check the health of your hard drive?

Check the S.M.A.R.T. Status of Your Drive

If your PC’s hard disk drive isn’t too old, chances are that it already comes with self-monitoring technology. Called S.M.A.R.T. (Self-Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technology), this nifty system can tell you the status of your disk drive without requiring any complicated software.

You can get basic data about your SSD’s S.M.A.R.T. status using the built-in WMIC (Windows Management Instrumentation Command-line) tool in Windows 10 and Windows 11.

First, run Command Prompt by searching for CMD in the Start Menu.

Now enter the command wmic diskdrive get model,status

This will display all the drives you have installed, along with their status. An OK means the drive is functioning properly, while a Pred Fail means it is about to fail.

You can also use the wmic diskdrive get status command if you only have one drive on your PC.

CrystalDisk Info is one such application. It can provide a detailed roundup of the SMART information of both internal and external disk drives, allowing you to understand the health of your drive much better.

2. Use the HDD Manufacturer’s Diagnostic Tool

Not all hard disk drives come with S.M.A.R.T. technology to check their health status. It is mostly solid-state drives that can monitor themselves; older drives usually don’t have a built-in option.

Fortunately, leading hard drive manufacturers like Seagate, Western Digital, and Samsung have a dedicated app for checking the status of their storage devices.

These apps test the HDD for bad sectors and system errors, giving you an accurate look into the chances of a complete drive failure. For drives without built-in error checking, this is usually the best way to diagnose any issues.

3. Test the HDD in BIOS

If you are having trouble finding your hard disk manufacturer’s diagnostic tool and don’t have a S.M.A.R.T. drive, you can always check its health from the BIOS. All motherboards have a BIOS that can be used to verify the status of all hardware components, including the hard disk drive.

As this interface is OS independent, it also prevents any interference from the operating system or any running application from messing up the test results.

The only problem is triggering it. First, you need to get to the BIOS, which works differently for different motherboards (usually by tapping a particular function key). Then you need to locate the test itself.

4. With the CHKDSK Utility

So far we have seen methods to check the disk for hardware faults, but that’s not all that can go wrong with an HDD. Apart from bad sectors, the file system itself can also get corrupted, leading to data loss and an unusable hard drive.

To detect and repair these issues, you can use the Microsoft Windows chkdsk tool. It’s a command-line utility that scans the disk drive and fixes logical errors, making corrupted sectors usable again.

To use the CHKDSK tool, open Command Prompt. Type cmd in the Start Menu’s search bar to find it.

When the Command Prompt window opens up, type this command and press Enter:

chkdsk C: /F /R /X

where C is the drive letter of the disk you wish to scan. This will run CHKDSK and recover any corrupted sectors discovered. Note that Check Disk is limited in its data recovery capabilities, mostly meant as a way to repair a corrupted file system.

5. Install a Third-Party Disk Checking Tool

If you don’t have an issue with downloading third-party apps, it can often be the easiest way to get a detailed look into your HDD’s health. Dedicated hard drive scanning software provides much more information about the status of the hard disk than built-in Windows tools.

We have already talked about CrystalDisk Info, but it’s not the only option for reading all S.M.A.R.T. information from your drive. There is Hard Disk Sentinel and HDDScan, that can diagnose all types of disk drives, from SSDs to complex RAID setups. The reports generated by these apps are far more detailed than basic Windows diagnostics and can help you catch a failing hard drive much sooner.

What Is the Best Method to Check Hard Drive Health?

For most users, getting a basic S.M.A.R.T. status check is enough to see if their hard disk is on the verge of failing or not. If you want more details, you can always use third-party tools like CrystalDisk Info or HDDScan to get a complete report.

Things get trickier when your HDD doesn’t support S.M.A.R.T. technology. While running a CHKDSK scan on the hard drive is always a good idea to root out file system errors, you ultimately need something else to diagnose hardware faults.

How To Upgrade Ram In Mac

How To Upgrade RAM In Mac How do you know you need to upgrade RAM?

8 GB of RAM is enough for a Mac to do everyday tasks like browsing and making office presentations. However, if you use Video editing applications or music production apps or indulge in multitasking, it might slow down the performance of Mac.

Why use Cleanup My System?

Cleanup My System identifies and cleans:-

Read Complete Review on Cleanup My System

Large and old files

Junk files

Login Items

Launch agents

Cache and logs

Mail attachments

Trash

To know more about the tool, read the detailed review.

Now that you know the alternate way, but looking for ways to upgrade RAM, here you go.

Is it easy to upgrade RAM on a Mac?

In older Mac computers, it was an easy process to upgrade RAM  but with the recent generation of Mac, it is not as easy as it seems to upgrade.

With the new M1 and Intel Mac, it is not easy to upgrade RAM but we have got a solution for it.

Note:- RAM in new Mac laptops is attached to the motherboard so we recommend you to make the RAM upgrade only if you know how to do it else you will end up damaging your computer.

Before you plan to upgrade, it is necessary to figure out how much RAM needs to be installed in the Mac, and for this, you have to identify your nature of work:-

If you are a professional video or music editor or you are into animation or you are a software developer who has to check plenty of programs, then a RAM upgrade is necessary and you can upgrade it to 16 or 32 GB which will make your machine fast and responsive to run all heavy applications.

If you are a student or a working professional with minimal use of applications or a homemaker, then 8 GB RAM is sufficient to accomplish all the related tasks.

Prerequisite – Upgrade RAM on Mac

Before you upgrade RAM in Mac, check your usage. To do so, follow these steps:-

3. Check the Memory pressure graph. If the graph is Green, then you do need to upgrade and if it is Yellow or Red then get ready to upgrade RAM because the computer is delivering low performance due to memory pressure.

Does Apple sell its RAM?

Apple does not sell its RAM, therefore, you are required to buy RAM from a computer retailer but make sure that you know the right memory modules. Because if you do not know the right memory module, then the RAM you will purchase will not fit system configuration and requirements.

Once you have identified RAM specification, initiate the process.

Steps to Upgrade RAM in Mac

Below we will be discussing how to upgrade RAM in MacBook Pro, iMac, Mac mini.

Option 1 – MacBook Pro RAM upgrade

1. Shut down MacBook Pro and disconnect adapter.

Note:- Please make sure that MacBook Pro is disconnected from all types of power sources to ensure safety while changing RAM.

2. Flip the laptop and remove all the screws from the bottom

3. On memory, slot pull levers of the memory side to eject existing RAM

4. Hold new RAM by its side and mildly put it in the memory slot and press it so that it gets placed firmly.

5. Repeat the same process to place another RAM in the next memory slot.

6. Now put the back cover and screws into their place.

7. Switch on the Laptop and you will now get increased RAM which will enhance the performance.

Option 2 – iMac RAM upgrade

1. Shut down the iMac and disconnect the adapter.

Note:- Please make sure that iMac is disconnected from all types of power sources to ensure safety while changing RAM.

2. Flip the laptop and remove all the screws from the bottom

3. Above the power, you will find a grey button. Press it to open the iMac RAM compartment.

4. On memory, slot pull levers of the memory side to eject existing RAM

5. Hold new RAM by its side and mildly put it in the memory slot and press it so that it gets placed firmly.

6. Repeat the same process to place another RAM in the next memory slot.

7. Now put the cover on the compartment and screws into their place.

8. Switch on iMac and you will now get increased RAM which will enhance the performance.

Option 3 – Mac mini RAM upgrade

1. Shut down the iMac and disconnect the adapter.

Note:- Please make sure that Mac mini is disconnected from all types of power sources to ensure safety while changing RAM.

2. Flip Mac mini and rotate the bottom cover anti-clock side and remove the cover.

3. On memory, slot pull levers of the memory side to eject existing RAM

4. Hold new RAM by its side and mildly put it in the memory slot and press it so that it gets placed firmly.

5. Repeat the same process to place another RAM in the next memory slot.

6. Now put the cover on the compartment and screws into their place.

7. Switch on Mac mini and you will now get increased RAM which will enhance the performance.

Conclusion:-

To enhance Mac performance, users can upgrade RAM to 16 GB or 32 GB and in this blog, we have discussed ways to upgrade RAM in MacBook Pro, iMac, Mac mini. In addition to this, you can also use Cleanup My Mac, the best optimization tool for Mac. The tool will give your Mac a new life and will optimize it for better performance.

Let us know about your experience of upgrading RAM.

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How To Check Your Graphics Card (Gpu) On Windows 11

If you have bought a new laptop running Windows 11, you would want to check the graphics card details to know whether it can handle your gaming or creative needs. It’s also important to know your Graphics Card in case you want to update your GPU drivers on Windows 11. You can check out the graphics card memory, along with the GPU temperature and the real-time performance of the graphics card. All of this information will help you gauge the capability of your GPU so that when you are gaming or using an intensive program like a video editor, you will be aware of its limit. So on that note, let’s learn how to check your graphics card on Windows 11 in 2023.

Here, we have included five different methods to check what GPU you are using on your Windows 11 PC. From GPU temperature to VRAM, we have mentioned ways to check everything in Windows 11. So let’s dive in

1. Check Your Graphics Card on Windows 11 Using the Task Manager

On Windows 11, you can easily find information about your graphics card from the Task Manager. You just need to open the Task Manager in Windows 11 and move to the “Performance” tab. Here is how to go about it:

1. Use the Windows 11 keyboard shortcut “Ctrl + Shift + Esc” to open the Task Manager. Here, move to the “Performance” tab. If you are on the redesigned Task Manager, you will find it under the hamburger menu on the left.

3. Moving to “GPU 1” shows my external GPU card, and you can find the GPU’s name in the top-right corner here as well. Right below, you can find the “Dedicated GPU memory” of the graphics card on Windows 11. This is how you can check which graphics card you have on Windows 11 along with graphics memory.

2. Check Your Graphics Card on Windows 11 From Windows Settings

1. Apart from the Task Manager, you can also check your graphics card details on Windows 11 from the Settings page. Press “Windows + I” to open the Settings page and move to the “Display” section under “System” from the right pane.

3. Check Your Graphics Card on Windows 11 From DirectX Diagnostic Tool

1. Windows 11 also lets you check the GPU details from the built-in DirectX Diagnostic Tool. Just press “Windows + R” to open the Run prompt. Here, type dxdiag and hit Enter.

2. This will open the DirectX Diagnostic Tool. Now, move to the “Display” tab, and you will find details about the integrated graphics card. You can find the GPU name and memory information here. You will only see the dedicated GPU information here if you are using a desktop computer.

3. To check the external GPU card on Windows 11 laptops, move to the “Render” tab, and you will find the GPU name here. The “Display Memory” is the actual graphics card memory of the GPU.

4. Check Your GPU Card on Windows 11 From the Device Manager 5. Check Your Graphics Card on Windows 11 From the System Information

1. Lastly, you can identify the graphics card details for your Windows 11 PC using the System Information app. Press the Windows key once and type “system”. Now, open “System Information“.

3. On the right side, you can check the information on both internal and dedicated graphics cards on Windows 11. Along with the GPU name, you can also find “Adapter RAM“, which is basically your graphics card memory.

Check GPU Memory on Windows 11 in 2023

So these are the five ways you can use to check the GPU name and memory on Windows 11. I have included steps for both integrated and external GPUs along with how to check the graphics card memory on Windows 11 PCs. Anyway, that is all from us. If you want to check the CPU temperature on your Windows 11 computer, follow our guide linked here. And to stress test the GPU on your Windows PC, head over to our article to find the curated list of programs. Finally, if the Desktop Window Manager is showing high GPU usage in Windows 11, you can head to our tutorial for an instant fix.

How To Check Your Laptop’s Battery Health In Windows 10

Every battery loses the ability to hold charges over time. For your laptop, the battery’s performance can affect how you get things done; that’s why it is important to monitor your laptop battery’s health. Windows 10 makes it possible to check your laptop’s health status so you can make the necessary changes to keep the laptop’s performance at its best.

Checking the laptop’s battery health is not a complicated process. You will need to have access to the administrator account, though, in case you’re sharing it with someone else.

Easily Check Your Windows 10 Laptop Battery Health

To check the health of your Windows 10 laptop, open Command Prompt from the Start menu. Type:

powercfg

/

batteryreport

The process can take about a minute or so.

Keep in mind that if you’re using a new OS (that also includes Insider builds), the battery report might not have enough information to show you.

If that’s your case, try to generate a battery report once you’ve gone through a few more power cycles. Once you use the battery for a few more days, you should be able to get the report without any issues.

A second option to access the battery report is pressing Win + R and typing the location of the report. The location will look like “C:WINDOWSsystem32energy-report.html.”

When you open the report, you’ll see information that will tell you some essential information about your laptop’s battery. In the “Recent Usage” section of the report, you can see the power source the battery had and when you turned your laptop on and off (Active/Suspended). You can even see how much capacity is left in the laptop’s battery.

With the Battery Capacity and the Usage History, you can also get a good idea of how the laptop’s battery is holding up. It can be a real pain if your laptop’s battery dies when you’re in the middle of something important. To see how much time is left in your battery, see the Battery life estimates section.

Conclusion

It’s always a good idea to know how healthy your laptop’s battery is. That way you know when you should be looking into a replacement. The best thing you can do is have good battery habits. These habits will prevent you from doing anything that will cut your laptop’s battery short. Also look into fixing battery drain issues in Windows.

Image credit: power by Petros Tsonis/Shutterstock

Fabio Buckell

Just a simple guy that can’t enough of Technology in general and is always surrounded by at least one Android and iOS device. I’m a Pizza addict as well.

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