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blog / Leadership Executive Presence in the Modern Workforce: How to Inspire, Empower, and Influence

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Take a second and think of a great leader. It could be a political figure, a sports team captain, or even a fictional superhero. What do they all have in common? What are the traits that set them apart? Is it the way they speak or the way they solve problems? Leadership is an essential component of success. But the traits that make a great leader are most often a combination of things. All these traits can be summarized as executive presence and influential leadership. Let us dive in and learn more.

Not every manager is a leader. A leader is someone who exudes poise, confidence, and overall respect. Establishing an executive presence is an art that has been mastered by very few. In a recent webinar hosted by Emeritus, two experts,  Cesar Salas, Head of HRIS Implementation Americas at AP Moller-Maerskas, and Milton N Green, Jr, SPHR/certified Change Consultant, Sr. Human Resources Business Partner at TuSimple, discussed how the future looks for executive leadership. Read on to know what changes need to be adopted in order to be a successful leader in the new normal. 

What is Executive Presence?

Salas: I have worked with managers at all levels. From first-line managers to CXOs, I have noticed what sets good leaders apart. Executive presence just doesn’t happen. It is a deliberate act that elevates one’s influence and personal branding. Successful leaders are highly effective influencers. They have a very commanding presence. It’s not like that of a dictator, there is a fine balance and good leaders know where to draw that line. They are compassionate and empathetic. This is very rare but extremely important and respected. Such leaders are also courageous and pushy. 

Successful leaders also share a balance between business results and managing the people in the business, and those are the executives that really make the cut. Another couple of common traits I have noticed are great communication skills and being conscious about their appearance. 

Green: When such leaders walk into a room they get noticed. People respect them because they want to, not just because they have to! They are people-oriented and highly empathetic. As they grow, they are more conscious of their actions and are aware of how to shape and influence organizational culture. They motivate, energize, and push employees toward strategic goals. 

Also read: What is Executive Presence? The Leadership Quality No One Told You About

How Can Leaders Be More Influential?

Salas: In order for leaders to be influential in any organization, they need to first understand the employees. What are their pain points, needs, skills, accomplishments, interests, backgrounds, and more? This will not only help leaders be more effective and empathetic, but it will also help them tailor their style better. Having an open conversation with employees at all levels is a great place to start. 

I was especially lucky to get some great leaders when I joined the corporate world 25 years ago. They were my mentors and taught me some of my biggest leadership lessons. The ability to understand and respect the strengths and weaknesses of my team members is on top of that list. Only a leader who connects well with the employees can be influential. 

Green: You’ve got to be tuned in to what’s going on around you. Number one, look at the data and see what it tells you but spend some time walking the floor to get an honest opinion of what people are doing. Employees want to see you as a leader who is someone who is accessible, who is not someone up on a high horse. A good leader walks the floor and a great leader gets to know their people. Not only from the metrics but also from anecdotal information they’re getting from the people. 

Also read: 10 Leadership Skills to Include on Your Resume and How to do it Right

Can Executive Presence Impact an Organization’s Vision?

Green: It most definitely can! Leaders with executive presence spend time letting employees know how they fit into the larger vision. Once they have some ownership in that vision, team members will go to the wall for the company and that’s what you really, really want to get with your employees. Employees slowly understand how their position impacts the business.

Salas: It gives them more pride, it gives them a sense of what it is that this whole process of working is doing for them and doing for the organization. Once you can get people to understand that they are part of this whole wheel being put together, you can get people to do pretty much anything for you. 

Again, you have to listen, you have to be empathetic, and you have to be respectful. Spend some time dealing with people directly one-on-one or in group settings and not be afraid to do those things that improve their well-being within the company. This will positively impact the organization’s vision as it improves employee morale. 

Also read: 5 Most Common Leadership Interview Questions with Unique Answers

How Can Leaders Develop Executive Presence?

Green: While working on your personal growth and development, you will make a lot of mistakes. This is perfectly normal. Educating yourself, going to seminars, joining leadership communities, reading relevant articles and books, and always being open to continuous learning. It all starts with a fair amount of humility. Companies can no longer focus only on results. Executives need to understand what their workforce wants and needs if they wish to meet and break targets. You should be open to feedback, the good, bad, and the ugly. A couple of ways to measure your effectiveness as leaders are engagement surveys and focus groups. 

The 5 C’s of Executive Presence


– It’s the ability to control emotions and respond to situations professionally. Composure in the workplace is an important characteristic for managing unexpected situations and the emotions of team members.


– Connection refers to the interpersonal skills that you can use to develop professional relationships and encourage productivity. 


– Executive confidence is the ability to engage in daily responsibilities in a self-assured manner. This includes exerting boldness and composure when leading or attending meetings, conducting presentations, or interacting with team members.


– Credibility refers to the method by which you communicate messages to others. It also includes the processes by which you gather information and credit sources. People listen to an executive not only because of their powerful communication skills, but because they believe they’re qualified to present the information.


– Charisma is your ability to engage others and encourage them to trust and rely on you. It encompasses powerful communication skills, both verbal and nonverbal. It encourages people to engage with you and look up to you. 

What is the Future of Executive Presence and Leadership?

In a recent study by MIT, only 10% of working professionals felt that their leaders had the required skill sets to lead and ensure that their companies would thrive in the current economic conditions. In another survey of CEOs by Fortune, only 7% believed their companies were building effective global leaders. This shows the need for upskilling. Automation, big data, and artificial intelligence are taking over the world. The leaders of tomorrow need to improve their technical skills in order to stay relevant. Being confident, capable, and credible are vital aspects of executive leadership. 

Salas: Fundamentally, leadership has not changed. The core skills and traits are the same. There are just new layers of complexity pushing leaders to be more agile and flexible with remote employees, understand technology, encourage innovation, etc. 

Emeritus, in collaboration with the world’s best universities, offers top leadership courses. We understand that organizations today are complex and difficult to manage. Master the art of executive presence, and create sustainable strategies to drive business innovation and long-term growth. Check out the entire portfolio of leadership courses here.

You can now watch this entire webinar here:

By Manasa Ramakrishnan

Write to us at [email protected]

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How Small Businesses Empower Their Communities

There’s a reason people champion Small Business Saturday every year: Shoppers want to pour money into neighborhood businesses that boost the local economy. However, the impact of small businesses in the U.S. is more than economic. Find out how America’s small businesses give back to the communities they serve, and get ideas for how your company can partner with the local community.

How small businesses empower their communities

Small business is big in America: There are 32.5 million small businesses across the country, according to the Small Business Administration (SBA), and they employ 61.2 million people. That’s 46.8% of all U.S. workers. Here are four ways small businesses enrich communities across the country.

1. Small businesses create jobs for local residents.

From 1995 to 2023, small businesses created 64% of all new private-sector jobs, per the SBA. That’s 4.8 million more jobs than the biggest private-sector employers in the U.S. provided in that same time span.

By giving jobs to workers in their communities, small businesses promote economic self-sufficiency and help to reduce poverty, according to the National Community Reinvestment Coalition (NCRC), which supports entrepreneurial efforts in low- and moderate-income areas. When small businesses thrive in these communities, the NCRC says, it creates jobs that foster “neighborhood wealth and financial stability.”


The SBA and the U.S. Department of Agriculture provide government loans for entrepreneurs. Funding can get your startup off the ground or help expand your growing business.

2. Small business revenue stays in local communities.

Big corporations don’t invest nearly as much money in the communities they serve as local businesses do. Instead, they return it to shareholders or invest in other regions. Local communities benefit more when that money is reinvested in the neighborhood – precisely what many small businesses do.

By employing local residents, small businesses put the money they generate back into the pockets of community members. Additionally, small businesses often work with fellow neighborhood small businesses as suppliers. For example, a chef at an area restaurant might stop by the neighborhood farmers market each week to purchase fresh, homegrown produce for the restaurant’s weekly special. That, too, keeps money local.

3. Small businesses spark innovation.

In recent years, big companies around the country have been trying to make their teams operate more like startups in order to maintain a competitive edge. Given the huge discrepancy in resources and capital between a large corporation and a small startup, this may seem like odd behavior. But studies repeatedly show that small companies are much more efficient innovators and more likely to develop new technology. Small businesses punch way above their weight in research and development.

Important innovations that come from a small business can transform neighborhoods, towns and cities. For instance, when the Wright brothers invented the first flying machine, they not only revolutionized transportation but also put their town on the map. Over 100 years later, the benefits of their invention are still being enjoyed by the city of Dayton, Ohio, their hometown, as well as Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, where the first flight took place.

4. Small businesses create opportunities for women, minorities and immigrants.

Economic data from recent years shows that women, minorities and immigrants are pursuing their dreams of building their own businesses. Many marginalized groups have realized that starting a business may be the most pragmatic route to financial independence and prosperity. And because entrepreneurship from these demographics has been high, the communities in which these entrepreneurs live have felt the positive impact. 

According to the U.S. Senate Committee on Small Business & Entrepreneurship, minority-owned companies in the U.S. collectively amass nearly $700 billion in annual sales. When these business ventures succeed, their communities reap the rewards in the form of jobs, increased tax revenue, neighborhood leadership and more. [Related article: Successful Businesses You Didn’t Know Were Run by Women]

Did You Know?

Some small business grants are geared toward minorities. There are also business grants for women entrepreneurs.

Ways small businesses can work with local communities

Being a visible part of the neighborhood where your business is located creates closer bonds with community members who will be more apt to purchase your company’s goods and services. Here are some meaningful ways to get your business more involved with the local community.

Send staff to do charity work.

One impactful way to show your business’s commitment to the local community is by giving staffers paid time off to do charity work in the area. Ask customers and employees which local charities they care about the most, and seek organizations whose aims match the values of your client base. Commit to supporting these charities regularly through volunteer work and financial contributions. 

Charity work also has upsides for your business: Employees will appreciate the chance to give back to their own community on company time, locals will view your business as philanthropic and you could even generate favorable press coverage. [Getting local publicity should be a key goal of your small business marketing plan.]

Offer a local sponsorship.

If giving staff paid leave to work for charities is too expensive or burdensome for your business’s operations, offer to sponsor a charity drive instead. Get your name and brand on the donation forms and publicity material for the event. For example, supporting the local high school’s soccer or baseball team by taking out a shirt sponsorship is a great way to reach families with children. You’ll be marketing your business and providing funds for community events at the same time.

Give presentations at schools.

Many young Americans dream of starting their own companies but don’t know where to start, and your knowledge is valuable. Get in touch with the business studies teachers at local schools, and offer to talk to students and answer their questions about opening and running a business. 

Presentations don’t have to be limited to your exact entrepreneurial footsteps. If you run a local restaurant, for example, show parents how to prepare healthy meals on a tight budget. If your business is known for upcycling, lead a workshop showing community members how to transform things they already own into useful new products. Sharing actionable information allows you to appear as a local expert while improving the lives of those around you.

Host internships for high school students.

Seek out local students for summer internships, after-school work and weekend help. Interns are typically eager to learn and prove themselves. By regularly employing student interns from the neighborhood, you’ll exhibit your commitment to supporting and developing the community’s next generation. You may also discover a future star or burgeoning leader. With the right mentorship, they won’t forget how you helped them and will be likely to follow your example of giving back.

Meredith Wood contributed to the writing and reporting in this article.

How To Get A Custom Rich Presence On Discord

To get a Custom Rich Presence on Discord, you need to first download BetterDiscord.

Then, install the “AutoStartRichPresence” + “BDPluginLibrary” plugins, create a new app, configure the visualizer, and paste the configuration on AutoStartRichPresence’s settings.

After you’ve pasted the configuration from the visualizer, your profile will have a Custom Rich Presence.

Are you looking to add buttons to your Discord status?

If you are, you need to have a Custom Rich Presence on Discord.

A Custom Rich Presence on Discord allows you to add a custom game, description, and buttons to your profile.

You can promote your Instagram, Twitter, YouTube, and more.

You can configure the button’s text and link from AutoStartRichPresence’s settings.

Here’s how to get a Custom Rich Presence on Discord:

1. Download BetterDiscord

The first step is to download BetterDiscord on your desktop.

BetterDiscord expands the current features of Discord.

With BetterDiscord, you can add plugins to Discord such as the Custom Rich Presence plugin.

After you’ve installed BetterDiscord, the Discord app will open automatically.

On Discord, you’ll see a “BetterDiscord” pop-up that informs you of the latest update.

This means that you’ve successfully installed BetterDiscord.

2. Install AutoStartRichPresence

The first plugin that you want to install is the AutoStartRichPresence plugin.

The AutoStartRichPresence plugin will automatically start the Custom Rich Presence app when you open Discord.

3. Install BDPluginLibrary

The second plugin that you want to install is the BDPluginLibrary plugin.

The BDPluginLibrary plugin adds a plugin library to BetterDiscord.

4. Add the plugins to BetterDiscord

After you’ve downloaded the AutoStartRichPresence and the BDPluginLibrary plugins, you need to add them both to BetterDiscord.

Firstly, open Discord on your desktop.

Once you’re on Discord, you’ll see your profile picture at the bottom of the left sidebar.

Next to your profile picture, you’ll see three icons including a microphone, headphones, and gear.

On the left sidebar, you’ll see multiple options including “My Account”, “User Profile”, “Privacy & Safety”, and more.

Scroll down the sidebar until you find the “BetterDiscord” header and do this:

After you’ve added the AutoStartRichPresence and the BDPluginLibrary plugins to the plugins folder, you need to enable them.

Firstly, enable the AutoStartRichPresence plugin under your plugins.

Then, enable the BDPluginLibrary plugin.

5. Create a new app on the Discord Developer Portal

The fifth step is to create a new app on the Discord Developer Portal.

This will allow you to get the Custom Rich Presence on Discord.

Then, log in to your Discord account.

This name will be displayed as your Discord status.

For example, if the name of your application is “YourGameName”, your Discord status will be “Playing YourGameName”.

Hence, you need to choose a name that you want to display as your Discord status.

6. Add images to “Art Assets”

Now that your application is created, you’ll see multiple options on the left sidebar.

This includes “General Information”, “OAuth2”, “Bot”, and others.

This will open the “Rich Presence Art Assets” page where you need to do this:

Now, you need to wait for 5 minutes or more for Discord to process your images.

7. Open “Visualizer” & edit it

This will open the Rich Presence Visualizer.

On the Rich Presence Visualizer, you’ll be able to change the appearance of your Custom Rich Presence on Discord.

You can see a preview of how your Custom Rich Presence will look like on the right.

Play around with these fields until you get the appearance that you want.

8. Copy your app ID & open AutoStartRichPresence’s settings

Now that you’ve created an application in the Discord Developer Portal, you need to link it to the AutoStartRichPresence plugin.

After you’ve copied your application ID, you need to go back to Discord.

If this is your first time using the plugin, you need to create a new profile.

9. Open “Visualizer” & paste everything on AutoStartRichPresence

After you’ve created a new profile, scroll down AutoStartRichPresence’s settings and do this:

Firstly, open the “Rich Presence Visualizer” in your application (in the Discord Developer Portal from step #7).

Then, paste your application’s ID on the “Client ID” field (you should’ve copied this from step #8).

Secondly, copy the fields from the “Rich Presence Visualizer” and paste them into AutoStartRichPresence’s settings.

For example, the “State” field in the “Rich Presence Visualizer” goes into the “State” field in AutoStartRichPresence’s settings.

Similarly, the “Details” field in the “Rich Presence Visualizer” goes into the “Details” field in AutoStartRichPresence’s settings.

10. Edit the buttons

Now, scroll down AutoRichPresence’s settings.

At the bottom of AutoRichPresence’s settings, you can add buttons to your Discord profile.

Here’s how you can do this:

Otherwise, the links might not work.

11. Enable “Game Activity”

The final step is to enable the “Game Activity” setting on Discord.

Otherwise, your Custom Rich Presence will not show up.

Firstly, go to your user settings on Discord.

This will open your activity status settings.

Lastly, enable the “Display current activity as a status message” option by turning on the switch next to it.

If you’ve successfully enabled and configured Custom Rich Presence, here’s what your Discord profile should look like whenever someone visits it (as shown above).

If you don’t see it, press “CTRL + R” to refresh Discord, then visit your profile again.

Congrats, you now have a Custom Rich Presence on Discord!

Further reading

How to Get Discord Nitro For Free

How to Cancel Discord Nitro

150+ Cool, Funny, And Cute Discord Names

How Can Ai Leverage Organization’s Presence On Quora?


Quora is one of the most popular online question-and-answer platforms, with millions of users asking and answe on various topics. As the platform has grown in popularity, it has become an important source of information and knowledge for individuals and organizations. However, answering questio  questions daily. To address this problem, this article proposes an innovative solution – using OpenAI’s ChatGPT to automate the process of answering questions on Quora.

ChatGPT is a state-of-the-art language generation model developed by OpenAI. Trained on a massive dataset of text, it can generate human-like text in response to a given prompt, making it an ideal tool for answering questions on Quora. By integ nswers are accurate and relevant. Moreover, this tool can also be used to answer questions on other platforms such as Yahoo Answers, StackOverflow, etc. This can be extremely beneficial for organizations that must maintain a strong online presence and engage with their customers and clients.

This article will discuss the technical details of implementing such a tool, including using Selenium to extract questions from Quora and integrating ChatGPT to generate answers. We will also explore some of this approach’s potential challenges and limitations. By automating the process of answering questions on Quora, organizations can improve their efficiency, reduce costs, and enhance their reputation as reliable sources of information.

Learning Objectives

In this article, you will learn:

1. The technical details of implementing a Quora answering tool using OpenAI’s ChatGPT and Selenium.

2. The use cases and applications of ChatGPT across industries and domains.

3. The impact of AI-based tools on organizations’ efficiency and cost-effectiveness.

This article was published as a part of the Data Science Blogathon.

Table of Contents

2.1 Problem Statement

Pre-project Requirements

4.1 Warning

5.5. Step 5

Integrating ChatGPT’s API

Posting the Answers Back to Quora

Evaluating the Performance of the Tool

How Does the Tool Help in Time & Cost Savings

Challenges & Limitations of Using Automated Tools


Project Description

The tool will be helpful for organizations that need to maintain a strong online presence and engage with customers and clients on a regular basis, particularly in industries such as customer service, marketing, and e-commerce.

Problem Statement

This project aims to solve the inefficiency and resource-intensive nature of manually answering questions on Quora for organizations. This project aims to develop an automated tool that utilizes the capabilities of OpenAI’s ChatGPT to extract questions from Quora, generate answers using the ChatGPT API, and post the answers back on Quora.

To undertake this project, the following prerequisites should be met:

1. Experience with Selenium: Selenium will be used to extract questions from Quora, so experience with Selenium is necessary to navigate the Quora website and extract the necessary information properly.

2. Familiarity with OpenAI’s API: The tool will utilize the ChatGPT API to generate answers to questions. It is important to understand how to interact with the API and use it to generate answers.

3. Understanding of web scraping: the project relies on web scraping to extract questions and answers from Quora, so understanding how to do web scraping is important.

4. Familiarity with web development: The tool will interact with the Quora website, so knowledge of web development concepts is important to understand how the website works and how to navigate it.

5. Familiarity with Quora: Understanding how Quora works and what kind of questions are asked will help develop the tool.

6. Understanding of machine learning and natural language processing: As this project utilizes a machine learning model, it would be beneficial to understand machine learning and natural language processing concepts and techniques.

Approach to the Project

The approach for this project is to utilize the capabilities of OpenAI’s ChatGPT to automate the process of answering questions on Quora. The steps that will be taken to achieve this are:

1. Use Selenium to extract questions from Quora based on a specified topic and time frame.

2. Use the ChatGPT API to generate answers to the extracted questions.

3. Post the generated answers back to Quora.

4. Evaluate the tool’s performance by measuring its ability to extract questions from Quora, generate accurate answers, and post them back on Quora.

The choice of Selenium is based on its ability to automate browser actions, which allows for easy navigation of the Quora website and extraction of the necessary information. ChatGPT is chosen for its state-of-the-art language generation capabilities and ability to generate human-like text in response to a given prompt.


Source: Pexels

Before we move any further, I would like to state explicitly that this project is executed for academic purposes only and should not be used in a commercial setting without proper permission. Web scraping without permission violates Quora’s terms of service and can result in your IP address being blocked from accessing Quora’s website. Before considering using this tool in a production environment, make sure to understand and abide by Quora’s web scraping policies.

Data Collection from Quora Step 1:

We will start by importing the necessary libraries, such as Selenium, Pandas, and time and setting up the chrome driver. Selenium is a library that allows you to automate web browsers, which is helpful for collecting data from websites. Pandas is a library that allows you to work with data in a tabular format, and time is a library that allows you to control the flow of the program based on time. Finally, the chrome driver is a piece of software that allows Selenium to interact with Google Chrome.

# Importing the necessary libraries import selenium from selenium import webdriver as wb import pandas as pd import time from chúng tôi import WebDriverWait from chúng tôi import By from import expected_conditions as EC from chúng tôi import Keys import datetime driver = wb.Chrome(r"YOUR PATHchromedriver.exe") Step 2: # Logging into Quora time.sleep(5) # Finding the email input field and entering the email address driver.find_element_by_xpath('//*[@id="identifierId"]').send_keys('[email protected]') time.sleep(2) time.sleep(2) # Finding the password input field and entering the password driver.find_element_by_xpath('//*[@id="password"]/div[1]/div/div[1]/input').send_keys('YOUR PASSWORD') Step 3: Step 4:

The next step is to scroll down the page to load more questions by using the elem.send_keys(Keys.PAGE_DOWN) method, which simulates the pressing of the “Page Down” button on the keyboard. This is done multiple times, in this case, 1 time, to load a sufficient number of questions on the page.

# Defining the topic to search for as "data science" query = 'data science' # Defining the time frame as "day" t = 'day' # Navigating to the Quora search page for the defined topic and time frame time.sleep(5) driver.set_window_size(1024, 600) driver.maximize_window() # Finding the body element of the HTML document elem = driver.find_element_by_tag_name("body") # Defining the number of times to press the "Page Down" key no_of_pagedowns = 1 # Pressing the "Page Down" key on the keyboard while no_of_pagedowns: elem.send_keys(Keys.PAGE_DOWN) time.sleep(5) no_of_pagedowns-=1 Step 5:

The next step in the process is to extract all the loaded questions from the Quora page and store them in a dataframe. We further use a try-except block to handle any errors that may occur during the extraction process. This is useful because it allows the code to continue running despite an error rather than stopping and crashing the entire program.

The code uses the find_element_by_xpath() method from the Selenium library to locate and extract the text of the questions on the page. The method takes as input the XPath of the elements in the HTML of the page that we want to extract. Xpath is a way to navigate through the elements and attributes of an XML document, which is the webpage format. The code uses a loop to extract the questions from different page sections and saves them in a series, which is then appended to the dataframe.

# Initializing an empty dataframe df = pd.DataFrame() try: # Iterate through a range of numbers from 1 to 5 for i in range(1,5): # Finding and extracting the question text using xpath questions = driver.find_element_by_xpath('//*[@id="mainContent"]/div/div/div[2]/div['+str(i)+']/span/a/div/div/div/div/span').text questions = pd.Series(questions) df_temp = pd.DataFrame({'Questions':questions}) df = df.append(df_temp) except: print('No more from this section') try: # Iterate through a range of numbers starting from the next number after the first loop for j in range(i+2,10): questions2 = driver.find_element_by_xpath('//*[@id="mainContent"]/div/div/div[2]/div['+str(j)+']/span/a/div/div/div/div/span').text questions2 = pd.Series(questions2) df_temp2 = pd.DataFrame({'Questions':questions2}) df = df.append(df_temp2) except: print('No more from this section') # Creating a variable "date_today" that will store the current date in the format "YYYYMMDD""%Y%m%d") # Inserting a new column "S.No" with a sequence number starting from 1 to the end of the dataframe df.insert(0, 'S.No', range(1, 1 + len(df))) df

We have managed to extract the following four questions

Integrating ChatGPT’s API

This method takes several parameters, such as the engine, specifying the specific version of GPT-3 to use; prompt, which is the text we want the model to complete; and temperature, which controls the “creativity” of the generated text. A lower temperature will result in more conservative, safe answers, while a higher temperature will generate more creative, unexpected answers. In our case, we use the text-DaVinci-002 engine and a temperature of 0.5. We also pass the question as the prompt to the API, which will generate the answers.

The code then loops through the questions in the dataframe, and for each question, it generates an answer using the OpenAI API and appends the answer to a new dataframe called answers_df. The code also uses a try-except block to handle any errors that may occur during this process.

import openai import pandas as pd # Set your OpenAI API key openai.api_key = "YOUR API KEY" # Create an empty dataframe to store the answers answers_df = pd.DataFrame(columns=["Questions", "Answers"]) # Iterate over the questions and get the answers for index, row in df.iterrows(): question = row["Questions"] try: # Using the OpenAI API to generate an answer for the current question response = openai.Completion.create( # The GPT-3 model to use for generating answers engine="text-davinci-002", # The prompt to be passed to the model prompt=f"Answer the following question: {question}", # The degree of randomness in the generated answer, value between 0 and 1 temperature=0.5 ) # Extracting the generated answer from the API response answer = response["choices"][0]["text"] # Appending the question and answer to the dataframe answers_df = answers_df.append({"Questions": question, "Answers": answer}, ignore_index=True) except Exception as e: print(f"Error occurred while processing the question: {question}") print(e) answers_df

We get the following output: a dataframe with the extracted questions and their answers generated through ChatGPT’s API.

Posting the Answers Back to Quora

Once we have obtained the answers to the questions, the next step is to post them back to Quora. This step is crucial in building our online presence, as it allows us to engage with the community and showcase our expertise in the field of data science. There are a few different ways to post answers on Quora. One method is to manually copy and paste the answers into the answer box on the website. Another method is to use a script or program to automate the process of posting answers. Both methods have their own set of pros and cons and should be carefully considered before deciding which one to use.

The manual method of posting answers is simple. It involves logging into Quora, navigating to the question page, and then manually copying and pasting the answer into the answer box. However, this method can be time-consuming and may not be practical for answering many questions.

The automated method of posting answers involves using a script or program to automate the process of logging into Quora, navigating to the question page, and posting the answer. This method can save a lot of time, but it also risks being detected by Quora’s anti-scraping system and getting your account suspended. Additionally, using an automated method may violate Quora’s terms of service. However, given the academic nature of this project, we will use a script for posting the answers back on Quora and demonstrate how the process can be automated entirely.

# Iterate over the answers for index, row in answers_df.iterrows(): question = row["Questions"] answer = row["Answers"] try: # Go to the question page time.sleep(3) time.sleep(3) # Enter the answer driver.find_element_by_xpath('//*[@id="root"]/div/div[2]/div/div/div/div/div[2]/div/div[2]/div[1]/div/div[1]/div[2]/div/div/div/div/div[1]/div/div').send_keys(answer) time.sleep(3) time.sleep(5) # Select your credentials time.sleep(5) except Exception as e: print(f"Error occurred while posting the answer for question: {question}") print(e)

Source: Quora

Evaluating the Performance of the Tool

In evaluating the tool’s performance we have created, it is important to consider several factors. One key factor to consider is the accuracy and relevance of the questions that are being extracted from Quora. The tool should be able to extract questions that are relevant to the topic and likely to be of interest to the target audience. Additionally, the tool should be able to generate answers that are accurate, informative, and well-written.

Another important factor to consider is the speed at which the tool can extract questions, generate answers, and post them back to Quora. With the use of web scraping and an AI language model, this tool can automate the process of answering questions, saving organizations significant time and resources. The ability of the tool to quickly and efficiently extract questions, generate answers, and post them back to Quora can be measured by the number of questions answered per unit of time.

It is important to note that the tool’s performance can be improved by fine-tuning the parameters and settings used in the web scraping and AI language model.

How Does the Tool Help in Time & Cost Savings?

By using this tool, organizations can potentially save a significant amount of time and money that would have been spent manually answering these questions. However, it can be difficult to estimate the exact amount of time and cost savings that organizations can achieve by using this tool, as it will depend on factors such as the number of questions being answered, the complexity of the questions, and the efficiency of the automation process. However, organizations can save significant time and resources by automating answering questions on Quora.

For example, if an organization is answering 100 questions daily, and it takes an average of 10 minutes to answer each question manually, the organization would spend approximately 16 hours answering them. With this tool, the organization can automate the process and potentially reduce the time spent answering questions to a fraction of that amount.

Similarly, organizations can save on labor costs by automating the process of answering questions. Instead of hiring a team of people to answer questions, organizations can use this tool to automate the process, reducing the need for additional staff.

Additionally, organizations can save on hiring outside agencies to build and manage their online presence.

It’s worth noting that these are just estimates, and the actual time and cost savings will depend on the specific organization’s usage, and it might not be the same for everyone.

Challenges & Limitations of Using Automated Tools

Using automated tools such as Selenium and the OpenAI API in answering questions on Quora can bring about many benefits for organizations. However, there are also certain challenges and limitations to consider when implementing this tool.

1. One major challenge is that Quora does not currently have a public API for developers. This means that the tool must rely on web scraping techniques to access the data, which can be more prone to errors and may not be as efficient as using an API. Additionally, as web scraping is against Quora’s terms of service, it could lead to an account ban if the tool is used excessively or in a way that goes against Quora’s policies.

2. The absence of an official API also means that the tool may be more susceptible to changes in the website’s layout and s

3. Another limitation is the cost of using the OpenAI API, which can be substantial for organizations that need to answer many questions.

4. Furthermore, as the tool is based on a pre-defined set of rules and instructions, it may not be able to adapt to unexpected situations or edge cases. Therefore, it’s crucial to keep monitoring the answers on quora after posting them to ensure that it is not breaking any rules of the platform and is providing value to the community.


However, it’s important to note that this approach has challenges and limitations. Firstly, this approach’s success depends on the quality of the AI model used. Additionally, as Quora’s website structure and xpaths may change, the script may need to be updated accordingly. Furthermore, the non-availability of Quora’s API can also be challenging in implementing this tool.

In summary, this tool provides organizations with a powerful way to build their online presence on Quora efficiently, and the key takeaways are:

1. One can increase their online presence and brand awareness on Quora and automate the process of finding and answering relevant questions

2. AI can be leveraged to ensure the relevance and accuracy of the answers

3. This can result in potential time and cost savings for the organization

4. One needs to be aware of the limitations and challenges of the approach and update the script accordingly if needed.

5. Monitoring and tracking the tool’s performance is required to ensure it’s meeting the organization’s goals.

6. The tool can be improved by using machine learning techniques such as fine-tuning the AI model with more data and monitoring the performance of the answers on Quora.

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How To Shutdown Linux Using Command Line And Gui

For a fairly new Linux user, things can be a bit overwhelming in the beginning. While the robustness and unlimited customizability options are attractive, performing basic tasks can be daunting, especially if you are unaware of the proper commands to use. For instance, you need to shut down your system, but as a new user, you are struggling to figure out the right commands to turn off your Linux computer. Though shutting down may seem like an easy task, if done incorrectly, can result in loss of data or worse – could end up corrupting your system. So, if you are a novice Linux user looking to avoid any mishaps, follow this guide to learn the safest methods to shutdown a Linux system, both through the command line and the graphical user interface (GUI).

Safely Shutdown Your Linux System (2023) How to Shutdown Linux Using Command Line

The command line method to turn off a Linux system is preferred by seasoned users as it is fast and provides more options to play around with. This method is especially useful for shutting down Linux servers. Also, this is the most secure way as all the users currently logged in can be notified of the shutdown process so that they can save their work. There are multiple Linux commands you can use to shut down the system.

Use Shutdown Command to Turn Off Linux

The shutdown command is the most common one you can use to power off your Linux system safely. It offers a lot of flexibility since you can use the shutdown command to turn off, halt, or even reboot your PC. When you execute the shutdown command, all the current users are notified of the shutdown process. The basic syntax for shutdown command in Linux is:

OptionDescription-HWrites the final changes to data and then stops the processor from further processing tasks, but the system still stays on with minimal power consumption-PWorks the same as -H, except it cuts off the power to the system-rWrites the final changes to the disk and then reboots the system-kUsed to send a warning message for shutdown-cCancels the pending shutdown

If you use the shutdown command with no parameters, the system will shutdown after one minute.

Shutdown the System at Specific a Time

For example, if the current system time is 15:30 and you want to shutdown the system in the next 10 minutes, then the command in the absolute time will be:

sudo shutdown 15:40

and in relative time the command will be:

Shutdown the System Immediately

sudo shutdown +0

The alternate syntax to shutdown the system immediately is:

sudo shutdown now

Shutdown the System With a Shutdown Message

For example in the above scenario, you can use the command as follows:

sudo shutdown 16:30 "System shutdown scheduled at 16:30. Please do save your work. Thank You."

Once you execute the above command, all the currently logged-in users will see this broadcast message on their wall:

Broadcast message from root@localtarget on pts/1 (Tue 2023-03-21 06:35:46 UTC): System shutdown scheduled at 16:30. Please do save your work. Thank You. The system is going down for poweroff at Tue 2023-03-21 06:45:46 UTC! Shutdown Linux System Using Halt Command

sudo halt -p

Turn Off Linux System Using Poweroff Command

Both the poweroff command and the shutdown command sound very similar, but they have their differences. The poweroff command has a more “aggressive” approach and directly cuts off the power of the system immediately. If used unintentionally, the command can lead to the loss of user data. Whereas, the shutdown command has a more graceful approach, where it first writes the saved work on the disk, stops various CPU processes, and finally cuts off the power to the system. To power down the system with the poweroff command, use this syntax:

sudo poweroff

Shutdown Linux PC Using the init Command

The init command is used to modify the runlevels or the operating state of a process. In Linux and other Unix-like operating systems, “runlevels” are pre-defined states of the system that determine which system services are running. Each runlevel has a specific set of services and daemons that are started or stopped, and the runlevels can be modified to change the state of the system. There are 6 different types of runlevels that can be designated for different situations:

RunlevelDescription0Shuts down the system via normal procedure.1set single user-mode2set multi-user mode without networking3set multi-user mode with networking4used by the user for their specific needs5used to set multi-user mode with networking and GUI6used to reboot the system

sudo init 0

When you select the runlevel 0, the init command takes the more graceful approach of the shutdown command of first writing the changes made to the disk, stopping the CPU processing, and then finally cutting off the system power.

How to Shutdown Linux Using GUI Method

The GUI method to shutdown a system can only work on Linux desktop installations. This method is more common among beginners and probably the easiest of all to work with. Here we have covered how to shutdown Gnome, KDE, and Mate-based Linux systems. But, be assured, you need to follow similar steps on most other Linux Distributions.

Turn Off Gnome-Based System

Shut Down KDE-Based System

1. Open the applications tray from the bottom or press the “Super key” on the keyboard. On most keyboards, the super key is labeled as the “Windows Icon”.

2. Select the “⏻ Quit” option at the bottom of the tray.

Shut Down Mate-Based System

Easy Methods to Shutdown Linux System

Bob Mansfield Detached Himself From Executive Duties To Focus On Chips And Wearables

Apple haters had a field day learning SVP of Technologies was stripped of his executive title this past Sunday. Nevermind that Technologies was created specifically for Mansfield last August by combining Apple’s wireless and semiconductor teams and that he actually wanted to be relieved of executive responsibilities.

The org change was confirmed in a SEC filing and Apple cryptically said Mansfield will remain with the company to work on special projects, reporting directly to Tim Cook. Now, some watchers were quick to jump ahead of themselves and interpret the move as a bad sign for Apple and its celebrated hardware guru, who was un-retired at Tim Cook’s request just a year ago.

Some even went as far to speculate Mansfield had fallen out of favor with Cook, which couldn’t be farther form truth. That’s certainly not what I’ve been hearing, along with other pundits who insist Apple engineers are loving the chubby executive a lot.

Other sources in the know have stepped forward, too, underscoring you could hear the same sentiment echoed throughout the corridors of 1 Infinite Loop. Yes, Mansfield was crucial to development of Apple’s biggest hits, including the iMac, iPhone and iPad, but don’t fret – he’s not really going anywhere. Jump past the fold for the full reveal…

What transpired here is that Mansfield’s reduced executive duties now allow him to pursue his focus more on Apple’s in-house chipset design efforts and special projects such as the rumored iWatch.

The well-informed blogger Mark Gurman has the story:

As Senior Vice President of Technologies, Mansfield was also in charge of Apple’s special projects engineering teams. In his new role, sources say, Mansfield will continue to contribute to special projects (such as the iWatch), and Jeff Williams will assist in overseeing management for these groups.

This is consistent with reports which asserted the executive’s particularly developed interest in wearable technology.

I heard much the same thing from my own sources three days ago.

@markgurman No, stripping him off the title was a clever move. Mansfield is in 100% stealth mode now and more powerful than ever

— Christian Zibreg (@dujkan) July 30, 2013

Bloomberg, too, four days ago:

Mansfield, 52, requested the change so he could focus on creating new products without the distractions of being on the executive committee, according to a person familiar with the matter who asked not to be named because the information is private.

Gurman adds:

According to a source familiar with the former Technologies team, there has been a lack of formal internal communication regarding the reasoning behind the management shift. However, the company did make the new executive roles clear to these employees.

Even with the lack of communication, sources say that the change is not unprecedented. Over the last couple of months, Mansfield is said to have been increasingly focused on chips (and some aspects of wireless) while delegating his other teams to other executives.

Mansfield may never detach himself from Apple fully, Gurman’s sources claim, as he’d very much love to contribute to Apple in some fashion, even in retirement.

The report goes on to note that Jeff Williams, Apple’s SVP of Operations and Tim Cook’s right-hand man from his pre-CEO days, will now assist in overseeing management for Apple’s engineering teams folded under the Technologies division.

Meanwhile, Apple’s SVP of Hardware Engineering Dan Riccio gets to “oversee antenna design for Apple’s mobile devices in addition to hardware engineering for the WiFi components in all of Apple’s products,” Gurman quotes his sources as claiming.

We’ve been through this role-splitting scenario before.

Apple’s SEC filing regarding Mansfield’s changed status.

Apple’s SEC filing regarding Mansfield’s changed status.

SVP of Retail Ron Johnson departed for JC Penney ten months ago (that didn’t work out) and Apple is still evaluating external candidates for the position. Nevertheless, Apple Retail’s been doing just fine with CEO Tim Cook and CFO Peter Oppenheimer managing the unit until a suitable replacement for Ron Johnson has been secured.

Yes, splitting Mansfield’s SVP role between two other VPs makes the perfect sense.

Not only has stripping Mansfield of executive duties allowed Apple’s major human asset to go into stealth mode, the semiconductors guru can now put all of his energies behind his true passion – chips and wearables – and without too much friction because he now answers to literally no one but CEO Tim Cook.

Another area of interest for Mansfield: according to a Bloomberg article last November, he’d been tasked with dropping Intel chips in favor of in-house designed processors in Macs by 2023.

Mansfield, 52, notably lead Apple through the major 2005 PowerPC-to-Intel transition.

Chips, wearables and Bob Mansfield – sounds like a winning combo to me.

And wearable technology, if you take the words of Apple’s corporate coach at face value , is where the company’s next major breakthrough will come from.

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