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There are times when users exhaust all their options and resort to resetting their BIOS in order to fix their computer.

The BIOS can become corrupted due to an update gone wrong or through malware. Learning how to reset the BIOS is an important step in troubleshooting your PC.

Table of Contents

What is BIOS?

Usually, you’ll only need to enter the BIOS setup to make changes to the boot order or to configure device settings. It also provides a list of installed hardware like your hard drive, CPU, and RAM.

Depending on the operating system you are running, the BIOS may have a different name. For example, Mac computers run something called Open Firmware or EFI and can be accessed by restarting and holding down the CMD + Option + O + F keys.

What is UEFI?

Newer computers have replaced BIOS with UEFI or Unified Extensible Firmware Interface. UEFI is faster and has improved security features compared to BIOS. Both terms, however, are often used interchangeably by most users.

Laptop BIOS vs Desktop BIOS: Is there a difference?

The process should be the same whether you’re accessing the BIOS on your laptop or your desktop. But do note that there are cases when users are locked out of their BIOS completely. This would require opening your PC case, which could potentially void your warranty. In cases like this one, it would be best to leave it to professional technicians.

It does not matter if you’re running Windows 7, Windows 8, or WIndows 10. All modern motherboards have built-in BIOS.

Accessing BIOS

How you access your BIOS would depend on your motherboard. There’s no real standard set so manufacturers tend to assign different keys. No matter what brand you own, though, getting into your BIOS starts with a PC reboot.

While the computer is booting, repeatedly hit the key that gets you into BIOS. The load screen will sometimes leave hints as to what button or keys to press. On most machines, it is the F2 key but some laptops use DEL or F8 instead. Hit the right button enough times and the computer will load your BIOS settings.

Windows 10 users can also access BIOS using the Shift key, press Restart. This will bring up a blue window with several troubleshooting options.

Firmware Settings. Hit the Restart button to continue.

The computer will reboot but enter the BIOS at the end instead of bringing you to the login screen.

Resetting the BIOS

Firstly, if you can’t enter the BIOS because of a password, make sure to read our article on how to reset a BIOS password.

You can also reset BIOS in the Security tab. Different motherboards have varying menu options but there will be one that would reset your BIOS.

Before you exit, you’ll see a couple of different options: discard and restart, save settings and restart, load defaults, etc.

In my case, it was Load Optimized Defaults. If you select that option, it’ll go ahead and reset the BIOS to default and reboot.

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How To Reset Windows: Learn How To Factory Reset Windows

A full reset is normally should only be performed as a last resort, so ensure you’ve tried all other potential solutions and backed up your files before you go ahead.

If your device is just running slowly, you might only need our guide to speeding up Windows, but for more serious performance problems, a full reset might be in order.

The process of resetting a computer has changed slightly in Windows 10, so we offer separate guides on how to reset Windows 10 and how to reset Windows 7 or 8 below.

Factory reset a Windows 10 computer or tablet

In Windows 10 the process is pretty easy, thanks to a built-in tool for resetting a PC. Open the Start menu and select Settings (the cog wheel). Now type ‘reset’ in the search bar and select ‘Reset this PC‘ on the left when the results appear.

Under the Recovery section of Update & Security you can now hit ‘Get started‘ to begin the process. During this you can select if you would like to keep files or do a full reset.

The process is identical for a Windows 10 tablet, because the operating system is almost identical across computers and tablets.

Factory reset a Windows 7 or 8 computer

Factory resetting a computer running an older version of Windows is a little trickier, because there’s no reset tool built into the operating system.

Some computers come with recovery discs, which is a fairly easy way of performing a factory reset – you can just insert the disc and follow the instructions.

Windows 8 computers will sometimes have a recovery application which is launched from within Windows, rather than from a disc, so check your app menu.

If you didn’t get any discs in the box, and don’t have a preinstalled recovery app, then there’s a good chance your PC or laptop has a recovery partition instead.

This is a hidden part of the hard drive which safely stores a complete copy of Windows, drivers and extra programs. You can use it return your computer to the exact state it was in the first day you had it – and it will perform just the same, too.

Please bear in mind that the process will vary between different brands and even different models. The recovery software will be called various names for each brand of computer, usually along the lines of ‘recovery manager’. We’ve done our best to put together a ‘one size fits all’ guide.

Back up any data which you wish to keep before performing a factory reset. You will probably want to copy everything from your user folders, including documents, photos, music and videos. The factory reset will delete all these along with any programs you’ve installed since you got your laptop.

1. Start up or reboot your laptop.

2. During the startup process, hit the appropriate F key or key combination which we have listed below for your manufacturer.

Acer – Alt + F10

Asus – F9

Dell/Alienware – F8

HP – F11

Lenovo – F11

MSI – F3

Samsung – F4

Sony – F10

Toshiba – 0 (not numpad) while turning on, release key when Toshiba logo appears

If these keys don’t work then look out for a message in the screen during startup which might indicate how to start the recovery process. You might need to check your recovery partition is enabled in the BIOS. It’s also possible your laptop might not have a recovery partition (or it may have been deleted) so we’re making no guarantees here. You might need to contact your manufacturer.

3. You should see instructions on the screen explaining how to proceed. Different manufacturers use different software to restore the ‘disk image’ from the recovery partition, so we can’t provide specific guidance. However, the process is almost always automatic once you’ve confirmed you definitely want to proceed.

It might be a case of waiting for 30 minutes for the job to happen in one go, but some systems restore Windows first, and then install drivers and programs automatically when Windows first boots. If that’s the case, don’t try to do anything until you see a message saying the restore has finished.

If you’re just having problems with search, you don’t need to do a full reset. Just reset Windows search – here’s how.

Mouse Settings Or Properties Reset On Restart

Windows lets you change the Mouse Properties as per your requirements. By opening the Mouse Properties, you can swap primary and secondary mouse buttons, change the pointer speed, change the mouse scroll wheel speed, etc. After applying changes, Windows saves these settings until you reset or change these settings again. But for some users, the mouse settings keep resetting automatically after restart. This is a very annoying issue as users have to do all the changes to mouse properties every time they boot their computer. If your mouse settings or properties reset on a restart, you can try the solutions provided in this post.

Mouse Settings or Properties reset on restart

If your Mouse Settings or Properties reset on a restart on your Windows 11/10 computer, then these suggestions may help you resolve the issue:

Uninstall additional mouse software

Run Hardware and Devices Troubleshooter

Update or reinstall your mouse driver

Troubleshoot in a Clean Boot state

Tweak Windows Registry

Create a new user account

Miscellaneous fixes

Let’s see all these solutions in detail.

1] Uninstall additional mouse software

Some users install more than one mouse software on their Windows devices. In this case, different mouse software can create a conflict and cause issues in a user’s system. If you have installed more than one mouse software, uninstall the additional software and keep only one of them. Uninstalling additional mouse software will eliminate the conflict among mouse software and the problem will get fixed.

2] Run Hardware and Devices Troubleshooter

The Hardware and Devices Troubleshooter is an automated tool that helps users fix hardware-related issues on a Windows computer, provided the hardware is not faulty or malfunctioned. Run Hardware and Devices Troubleshooter and see if it helps. You can launch it by executing the following command in the Command Prompt.

msdt.exe -id DeviceDiagnostic 3] Update or reinstall your mouse driver

The problem might be associated with your mouse or touchpad driver. If a driver gets corrupted, the respective hardware device doesn’t work properly. The corrupted driver issue on a Windows PC can be fixed by updating or reinstalling it.

If an update is not available, we suggest you uninstall and reinstall your mouse or touchpad driver. The steps for the same are:

When the Device Manager opens up, expand the Mice and other pointing devices node.

Close the Device Manager and restart your computer. You will not be able to use your mouse or touchpad after uninstalling the driver. Therefore, you have to use the keyboard shortcuts to restart your computer.

After restarting your computer, Windows will automatically detect the missing driver and install it.

4] Troubleshoot in a Clean Boot state

Change your mouse settings and restart your computer in a Clean Boot. Now, open the Mouse Properties and see if the changes are reset or not. If the mouse settings remain as is after restarting the computer in Clean Boot, the issue is occurring due to a conflicting third-party startup app. Now, restart your computer in normal mode and disable one of the startup programs from the Task Manager. After that, restart your computer and see if the mouse settings remain as is or reset to default.

If the mouse settings reset to default, disable another startup program and restart your computer again. See if the mouse settings reset this time too. Repeat this process until you find the problematic startup app. Once you find the culprit, consider uninstalling it. Or you can visit its vendor’s official website to check if an update for the software is available.

5] Tweak Windows Registry

This fix is for the users who have Synaptics touchpad. Tweaking Windows Registry has worked for many users with Synaptics touchpad. Hence, this method will surely resolve your problem. If you have a Synaptics touchpad, you can also try this. Before you proceed, we recommend you create a System Restore Point and backup your Registry.

Follow the instructions carefully as any mistake can lead to serious errors in your system.


This should help.

6] Create a new user account

Sometimes the problems occur due to the corrupted user profile. If this is the case with you, the problem should not appear in a new user profile. We suggest you create a new user profile and see if the mouse settings change after restart in that user profile. If the problem does not appear in the new user profile, you can delete your old profile and start using the new one.

7] Miscellaneous fixes

Open the Registry Editor and go to the following path:


In Windows, you can also change your cursor to a custom cursor. Some users have reported that their cursor reset to default on every restart. See this post if your mouse cursor won’t stay permanent after a restart.

How do I change my mouse settings permanently?

To change your mouse settings in Windows 11/10, follow the steps listed below:

Open the Control Panel.

Select Mouse. This will open the Mouse Properties.

In the Mouse Properties window, you can change different properties of your mouse in different tabs.

How do I reset my mouse properties?

I hope the solutions provided in this post helped you fix the issue.

Read next: Mouse pointer keeps changing to an arrow with a vertical scroll bar.

How To Fix Bios Not Showing After Disabling Csm Support.

If you are trying to install Windows 11 but can’t finish making the required changes in the BIOS because disabling CSM Support no longer lets the BIOS appear for you to complete the changes. This article will show you the steps you are going to have to take to fix the BIOS not appearing after disabling CSM Support on Gigabyte and other branded motherboards.

Related: How to Fix NZXT Kraken X61, X62, X72, X52, X42, M22 Water Pump Stopped/Not Working.

If you have recently purchased a new motherboard perhaps a Gigabyte B550 AORUS ELITE V2 or something else and have disabled CSM Support but now can’t see or access the BIOS because of a black screen you’ve got a fair bit of work ahead of you! Don’t worry though, the issue of a black screen after disabling CSM Support is easily solved, however, the process is a super annoying one with quite a lot of variables.

The issue of the BIOS screen not appearing after disabling CSM support on some motherboards has been around for quite some time now which is ridiculous considering it is a major issue. It seems to affect Gigabyte motherboards more than others but there are also some other brands that also have the same issue.

Thankfully your motherboard isn’t bricked or dead, it’s just in an annoying state of confusion that you will need to solve using a variety of primitive fixes. From my experience solving this issue several times now, you will probably have to try a few different things before you get the BIOS screen back after disabling CSM support.

How do you get the BIOS screen back after Disabling CSM support on Gigabyte and other motherboards? Try using a HDMI cable instead of Display Port.

So the first thing you can try is to switch from using a Display Port cable for your monitor to a standard HDMI port. Yes! That is correct replace any Display Port cables with a HDMI cable. This will usually bring back the BIOS screen and allow you to complete the rest of the process for a Windows 11 installation.

If this doesn’t work straight away don’t change anything just yet you may need to follow a few more steps.

Remove the CMOS battery from your motherboard to reset your BIOS to default.

Now that you have switched to a HDMI cable the next thing you need to do is turn your computer off at the power source, then remove the CMOS battery from your motherboard. On Gigabyte B550 AORUS ELITE boards it’s behind the GPU so you will need to take that out first.

Now leave the battery out of your computer for at least one minute then replace it, and try to boot into your BIOS again. Usually, that is enough to solve the problem, however, it may not work for everyone, so keep on following the steps below.

Try using the HDMI port on your motherboard instead of your GPU.

If nothing so far has worked try using the HDMI port on your motherboard along with the CMOS battery removal step. By now you should be back in action however if you aren’t there’s one more thing you can try which depends a little bit on your hardware configuration.

Remove your GPU and CMOS battery at the same time.

While most people will have to do this anyway just to get to their CMOS battery some hardware configurations won’t require it. So first remove your GPU, then remove your CMOS battery and wait for about 1 minute.

Next, place the CMOS battery back into your motherboard, install your GPU again and connect your display to it using a HMDI cable. Once you have done all that turn on your computer again and it will allow you to boot into the BIOS again.

Ok, so you’ve got the BIOS working again how do you finish the changes you need to make without it happening again?

Now that you can access the BIOS again disable CSM support again but don’t save and restart just yet, Go and enable TPM support and change your Secure Boot options. For Gigabyte B550 AORUS ELITE boards change it to Standard. After you have done all of these steps Save and Exit the BIOS. You should now be able to continue the process of a clean Windows 11 installation.

Also getting the – “Windows could not assign a drive letter to a partition on disk 3” error?

Now that you’ve passed the first hurdle you may also be getting another installation error.

“Windows could not assign a drive letter to a partition on Disk. The target disk, partition or volume does not support the specified operation. The error occurred while preparing the compter’s system volume. Error code 0x80300024”

If so check out our full guide on solving the issue here.

How To Restore Or Reset An Iphone Without Itunes

How To Restore or Reset An iPhone Without iTunes Is it possible to reset or restore an iPhone without iTunes? Is there any solution to this problem wherein I can restore an iPhone without iTunes?

Fixing a malfunctioning iPhone device

Removal of viruses and deleting of files

Configuring of the device to its default settings

Clear memory space on your iPhone

To remove all confidential details from iPhone

If upgrading when one wants a fresh start

When sending your iPhone for repairs

With the iPhone, iTunes came into existence that has enabled the user to manage and restore his device in no time. But as the saying goes, change comes with time and here, Apple announced a year back to discontinue the app and it will be replaced by three segments of one particular software.

How To Restore iPhone Without iTunes

Before you know how to reset or restore your iPhone without iTunes, it is important to know the difference between both. Reading further to understand the difference.

Restore An iPhone & Resetting An iPhone: Difference Ways To Reset Your iPhone Without iTunes

Factory resetting an iPhone is an easy process both with and without iTunes. While you are looking for the ways to factory reset an iPhone without iTunes ensure that your iOS device is working properly. Resetting your iPhone requires you to the steps below:

On your iPhone, ensure that your phone is not linked to iTunes.

Now, go to the phone Settings

Before your iPhone resets, you’ll have to enter the passcode and the process will then take a while to complete. That’s all! This is how you can reset your iPhone without iTunes.

Restore Your iPhone Without iTunes

Here we are using FonePaw to help you restore an iPhone without iTunes. This amazing software lets you process restore both the ways, including:

1. If your iPhone is unresponsive.

2. To restore data on your iOS device.

If your phone is disabled, locked or unresponsive, you need to download the FonePaw iOS system recovery app on your iPhone. The app is available for free and also has a paid version. Just like any other app, the free version limits usage while the paid version fulfils all your purposes. Once your app is installed, pair your iPhone to the computer using USB cable. The restore process won’t work if you have connected through Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, and other tools.

The process of restoring your iPhone may vary depending on the condition of your iPhone. If your phone is in Recovery mode, the app will identify it automatically, all you have to do is tap on Confirm to proceed. On the other hand, if iOS device is disabled, you have to navigate through the Advanced Mode. Later on, follow the instructions on screen and get your phone back into the Recovery mode.

You’ll then be asked to provide the phone’s information. Type in the device category, model, type and version you wish to download during the process of restoring your iPhone. Confirm the details and tap on the Repair tab.

Restoring or Resetting An iPhone Is Easy- Isn’t It?

Resetting your iPhone means you are factory resetting it and bringing it back to its default style and settings. To reset you can directly head to your phone Settings and follow the steps explained above. The resetting process will not be available if your phone is stuck in either disabled or is in the Recovery mode. Other than FonePaw, chúng tôi and Tenorshare are also quite helpful apps to help you restore your iPhone without iTunes.

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How To Change Graphics Settings On Steam Deck

The Steam Deck offers a robust and versatile gaming experience right at your fingertips. However, to optimize your gaming and ensure the best possible performance, you might need to tweak your Steam Deck’s graphics settings. This guide will provide an in-depth look at how you can alter these settings to meet your specific needs and preferences, enhancing both gameplay and battery life.

Do You Need to Change Graphics Settings?

Like any gaming device, the performance of games on the Steam Deck will depend on their system requirements. While the device’s custom APU (a combination of a CPU and GPU), developed by AMD, is expected to handle most games well, there might be instances where adjusting the graphics settings could improve performance or battery life.

If a game is not running as smoothly as you’d like, or if you want to extend battery life, you could consider lowering some graphics settings, such as the resolution, frame rate, or details like texture quality and shadows. The Steam Deck’s 7-inch screen has a resolution of 1280×800 pixels, so running games at this resolution, rather than a higher one, should be sufficient for most users.

Valve is also integrating a feature in SteamOS that will allow players to set game-specific settings, which means you could adjust the graphics settings for each game individually based on its performance.

How to Change Graphics Settings on Steam Deck

The Steam Deck is designed to run AAA games natively, and Valve has indicated that it’s optimizing the SteamOS interface and the Proton compatibility layer to ensure games run smoothly on the device. But you’ll need to keep in mind that changing graphics settings may influence your device’s performance and battery life. Higher settings typically provide more visual detail but may also require more processing power and reduce battery life. It’s all about finding the balance that works best for your individual gaming style and demands.

Enable Performance Overlay on Steam Deck

If you’re just wanting to get a baseline to see how well your Steam Deck is running or performing, you can do so by enabling the Performance Overlay. There aren’t any extra apps that you need to download, as this is just built into SteamOS itself.

Turn on your Steam Deck.

Press the Options button on the right side below the trackpad.

Scroll down and select the Battery icon.

Slide the toggle to the right until you reach the overlay that you prefer. There are four different options to choose from.

Customize Performance For Games

There are a couple of ways that you can change the graphics settings on Steam Deck, with the first being designed for any and all Steam games that you download and play. This means that whether you’re playing a AAA title or firing up a retro emulator, it will use the same performance profile. While this might be great in some cases, it’s really not necessary for those games that aren’t as demanding.

Turn on your Steam Deck.

Open and start the game that you want to customize.

Press the Options button on the right side below the trackpad.

Scroll down until you reach the Performance Settings section.

Enable Per-Game Profile For More Customization

One feature that you might want to enable if you want to change graphics settings on Steam Deck is the “Per-Game Profile”. Enabling this means that you can create and use a different performance profile based on the game that you are playing. This can come in extremely handy if you’re playing an Indie game that doesn’t require much power, so you want to turn things down a notch (or two) in order to squeeze more battery life out of your Steam Deck.

Turn on your Steam Deck.

Open and start the game that you want to customize.

Press the Options button on the right side below the trackpad.

Scroll down until you see the Using default profile section.

Press the Options button to save your changes.

Change Graphics Settings on Steam Deck In-game

Apart from resolution and framerate, there are additional graphic settings that you can adjust to fine-tune your gaming experience. These include texture quality, shadow quality, and anti-aliasing, among others. Depending on the game, you might need to adjust these settings within the game’s own menu rather than from the Steam Deck’s system settings. Refer to the specific game’s user manual or help menu for more information on how to access these settings.


Adjusting your Steam Deck’s graphics settings allows you to find the perfect balance between visual detail and performance. With the right tweaks, you can make the most out of your device and fully enjoy your gaming experience, whether you favor crisp, high-resolution visuals or smoother gameplay.

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