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macOS and Linux share a common heritage. Unfortunately, that does not mean applications can smoothly transition between the operating systems. To run Mac apps on Linux, you’ll need some sort of virtual machine or translation layer.Run a macOS Virtual Machine (All Apps)
The most reliable way to run Mac apps on Linux is through a virtual machine. With a free, open-source hypervisor application like VirtualBox, you can run macOS on a virtual device on your Linux machine. A properly-installed virtualized macOS environment will run all macOS apps without issue.
Virtualizing a desktop like this does require significant RAM, so it may not run smoothly on low-resource devices. For machines with the technical specs, virtualizing an operating systems through a VirtualBox virtual machine is the best option.Using the Darling Translation Layer (CLI Only)
You can also run a translation layer called Darling. This works like WINE, which creates a Windows-to-Linux translation environment that allows you to run some Windows applications on Linux systems. Darling tries to accomplish the same goal between macOS and Linux. Because macOS and Linux both share the same UNIX-style base, Darling is less resource-intensive than WINE, producing better results in more circumstances.
For the time being, Darling can only work with very simple GUI apps and several command-line apps. While GUI app support is a goal for the project, the feature hasn’t yet been implemented. Basically, you can run a macOS shell in Terminal reliably and may or may not be able to run other apps effectively.
It also contains an enormous amount of code, requiring about 12 gigabytes of disk space after building. It’s essentially duplicating the functionality of the macOS operating system. So, if you worry about remote executables corrupting your system, you might want to avoid a package of this size.Building and Installing Darling
1. Follow the installation instructions to download the correct dependencies for your Linux distro from the Darling Install page. Depending on your distro, you may need to run a lengthy command.
For example, for Ubuntu, run the following Terminal command to download Darling’s dependencies:
apt-get installcmake clang
flexxz-utils libfuse-dev libudev-dev pkg-config libc6-dev:i386 linux-headers-generic gcc-multilib libcap2-bin libcairo2-dev libgl1-mesa-dev libtiff5-dev libfreetype6-dev libfreetype6-dev:i386
gitlibelf-dev libxml2-dev libegl1-mesa-dev libfontconfig1-dev libbsd-dev
2. Clone Darling’s git depository to your local machine:
4. Make and build the darling directory:
5. Configure the build with cmake:cmake ..
6. Build Darling:
The build process may take longer than one hour, depending on your machine’s resources.
7. Install Darling:
8. Build Darling’s kernal module darling_mach:
9. Install darling_mach:
makelkm_install Running macOS Applications on Linux with Darling
To access the darling subsystem, run darling shell. This uses the darling command prefix to launch a macOS shell environment:darling shell
Once inside the darling shell, you can run commands as if you were on a macOS system. All program installation happens within the darling shell. Running the commands without connecting to Darling won’t work.
To attempt to run a macOS program, first download the appropriate files. You’ll want to obtain a .dmg or .pkg on your Linux machine. If you want to run an app from the Mac App Store, copy the .app file to “/Applications/” on your Linux machine then launching it through Darling’s shell commands.Install from DMG
To install a program from a .dmg, mount it with hdiutil within Darling:hdiutil attach chúng tôi the application to your local storage:
Run through Darling:
/AppName.app Install from PKG
To install a program from pkg, use installer within Darling:installer
Uniquely to Darling, .pkgs can be uninstalled using the uninstaller companion command.
Once installed, run through Darling:
Darling works well with command line programs, but will hopefully eventually support GUI applications.
Alexander Fox is a tech and science writer based in Philadelphia, PA with one cat, three Macs and more USB cables than he could ever use.
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You're reading How To Run Mac Apps On Linux
Wine is an open source project that, on the face of it, seems to offer something wondrous: the ability to run Windows applications under Linux (or any other open source OS). It does this by attempting to recreate the Windows API layer in open source.
Sadly, the reality is a little more complicated. Yes, Wine is pretty good at running some Windows software and games. But to get the most out of it, you need to hack. Often, getting Wine to deliver is a black art, and not for novices.
Luckily, there are several ready-made installation wizards that help get around problems. These are scripts written by people who have done the hacking for you. There are four projects in particular that are worthy of mention: CrossOver, Cedega, Wine-Doors, and PlayOnLinux.
CrossOver comes in Game and standard versions, and is a proprietary and commercial project created by the same developers behind Wine. As such, it’s simply the best choice for a fuss-free life. It’ll cost you, but some of the money goes into sponsoring Wine developers.
Cedega is another proprietary and commercial project, this time primarily for gamers. By most accounts, it’s the best choice if you simply want to play games, and the Cedega developers hack the Wine code significantly for better results. It will cost you, however, and works on a subscription basis rather than one-off licensing fee.
Wine-Doors and PlayOnLinux are both open source, and free-of-charge, so you may as well try each to find which suits your needs best. I take a quick look at both below. These instructions are for Ubuntu 9.04.Preparation
You can install them by either copying the .ttf files from a Windows installation, or by installing the msttcorefonts package. Fonts that are not supplied as part of this package, but which some applications might need, include Tahoma and MS Sans. You can find these around the web if you search. You can install them by creating a folder called .fonts in your /home directory and placing them there.PlayOnLinux
To install PlayOnLinux, you’ll need to add a new repository and install a software package from it. Open a terminal window (Applications, Accessories, Terminal) and type the following:
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install playonlinux
Once the program has installed, you’ll find it on the Applications, Games menu (it’s worth mentioning that PlayOnLinux is – as its name suggests–primarily designed to allow the installation of Windows games, but it also features scripts for many popular applications).
Often a specific older version of Wine, known to work with the application, will need to be downloaded. This will happen automatically.
chmod u+x ~/Desktop/Safari.desktop
All desktop shortcuts created in this way have a .desktop file extension, and this should help you identify them.Wine-Doors
(Note that you can install the GPG key if you wish, which will avoid any harmless errors about unsigned packages.)
When Wine-Doors starts for the first time, you’ll need to fill in your name and company details. These will be used when installing Windows applications. You can optionally tick the “I Have a Windows License” button. This is needed in order to install certain Windows system components that facilitate the smooth running of Windows applications, as well as certain Windows add-ons whose EULAs demand a Windows license. Obviously, you shouldn’t tick this box if you don’t actually have a Windows license (i.e. a Windows installation on one of your computers).
Linux GUI apps are installed using the sudo apt-get install command inside the WSL distro.
Once the GUI app is installed, you can launch it from the Start menu or use a command.
The feature requires installing WSL2 with the wsl --install command on build 21364 or higher.
On Windows 10, you can now install Linux GUI apps (almost natively) through Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL), and these instructions will show you how.
Although you could run Linux apps on Windows 10 with WSL for a long time, the system was limited to command-line tools and applications. However, starting with build 21364 and higher releases (with a special update to the WSL integration), Microsoft is finally bringing GUI (graphical user interface) support to run your favorite Linux applications with the mouse and keyboard.
The new feature is to develop and test your applications on Linux without needing a virtual machine, but you can use it for anything. The implementation even includes support for speakers and microphones, so if you install a media app, the peripherals will pass through and appear in the app. GPU accelerated 3D graphics are also supported to run any app that needs to do complex 3D rendering leveraging OpenGL.
When using this feature, there is no need to start an X server manually since WSL automatically starts a “companion system distro,” which includes a Wayland, X server, pulse audio server, and all the required components. Then after you close the app and the WSL session, the system distro will end automatically.
This guide will teach you the steps to download and install graphical Linux applications on Windows 10. You can also watch this video tutorial with the step-by-step to complete this process.Install Linux GUI apps via WSL on Windows 10
To install a Linux GUI app on Windows 10, use these steps:
Type the following command to update the package distribution and press Enter:sudo apt-get update
Type the following command to install a Linux GUI app on Windows 10 and press Enter:sudo apt-get install APP-NAME -y
In the command, replace APP-NAME with the graphical app you want to install.
This example installs the gedit text editor app:sudo apt-get install gedit -y
Confirm your Linux account password and press Enter (if applicable).
Once you complete the steps, the app will install and register in the Start menu, which means that you can launch the app by running the app’s name in the Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL) console or from the Start menu.
The above instructions outline the steps to install a simple app from known repositories, but depending on the app, the instructions may differ. The good news is that the installation process is the same as any other Linux application. You can follow the developer steps to install virtually any application, such as VLC, Audacity, web admin, etc.
As you launch the app, the virtual machine will spin, and it will run (in a few seconds) without needing to open the WSL console. You will also notice that the taskbar will show the icon with a Linux logo, indicating that you are not running a Windows 10 application.
The experience of using a graphical Linux app on Windows 10 feels native, but it’s not. The app renders with all the Linux visual styles for the frame, menus, and other elements, and there is even a shadow around the edge, and every window works independently.
However, it is a remote desktop connection, which Microsoft is leveraging with the RemoteApp feature built into the operating system.Install or update WSL on Windows 10
The ability to run Linux GUI apps requires the Windows Subsystem for Linux 2 integration, which means you must have the latest feature and distribution version to install and run your applications.
If you have WSL2 already installed, then you will need to update the feature.
Before installing or updating WSL2, the device must have the Windows 10 build 21364 or higher release.
Also, as a prerequisite, you must install the driver to enable a virtual GPU (vGPU) to use hardware-accelerated OpenGL rendering before installing applications. Here are the download links:Install WSL2 on Windows 10
These instructions will show you how to install WSL2 and the Ubuntu Linux distribution to get started running GUI apps.
To install WSL2 components to run Linux GUI apps, use these steps:
Type the following command to install the WSL 2 and press Enter:wsl --install
Once you complete the steps, the required Linux components will install automatically, and the command will also download the latest version of the Ubuntu Linux distro.
After the installation, you only need to open the distro from the Start menu and continue with the on-screen directions to complete the setup.
You can use these instructions if you want to install a different distro to run apps instead of Ubuntu.Update WSL2 on Windows 10
If you already have the Windows Subsystem for Linux 2 installed, confirm the system has the latest updates to run GUI apps.
To update WSL2 to download the GUI support for Linux apps, use these steps:
Type the following command to update the Windows Subsystem for Linux 2 and press Enter:wsl --update
Type the following command to force restart WSL2 and press Enter:wsl --shutdown
After you complete the steps, the latest version of WSL will download automatically. Then you can use the above instructions to install Linux GUI apps.
iOS emulators are programs that replicate the hardware of an iPhone on other operating systems. It helps you to run and test iOS apps on Windows PC or Mac devices. They are useful for app developers who want to know how a specific app will appear and function on the iPhone and iPad. With the help of iOS emulator software, you can play classic games, run iOS-specific software, and check the look of the app Apple’s design, interface, and some limited functionality.
These solutions make it possible for iOS applications to be used on different operating systems, such as Android and Windows. Here is a handpicked list of some best iOS emulators, selected after extensive research of about 50+ emulators.BEST iOS Emulators to run Apps 1) Xamarin TestFlight – Best Windows Emulator to run iOS Apps
Xamarin TestFlight is an authentic iOS emulator to beta test iOS applications with Visual Studio Enterprise on Windows. It enables you to run iOS apps on Windows PC and airplay the content from iPhone to Mac. This emulator software previously belonged to Microsoft and is currently owned by Apple.
The Xamarin TestFlight features a variety of options such as rotate, shake, or invoke other states.
It offers a step-by-step instruction guide to generating a new profile.
TestFlight supports iOS apps and devices, including iPad, Mac, tvOS, watchOS, and iMessage.
👍 Pros 👎 Cons
Apple-certified and excellent for developers and professional use. The setup is quite tricky and technical, with a lot of documentation.
You can test up to 100 apps, internally or externally. The Xamarin TestFlight does not support applications below iOS 8.0 or older versions.
It allows you to test multiple builds.
It allows you to have high-quality, well-tested apps in the App StoreKey Specs:
Free Trial: Basic Life time Free version2) iPadian – Best for Providing a real iPad interface
iPadian is a simple, easy-to-use, useful iOS simulator designed for Windows operating systems. It creates an impression of using the iOS so that you can look and feel the difference between Android and iOS. iPadian programming lets you replicate the interface of iOS on your windows computer. The software comes with various functions, including social media widgets, an easy-to-access sidebar for the Application Store, iMessage, and Siri.
It helps for access to Siri, WatchOS, TvOS, and the App Store
This iOS emulator imitates the appearance, design, or basic features of an Apple device
Works best with Facebook, Spotify, Tiktok, WhatsApp, Crossy road, Instagram, and more.
👍 Pros 👎 Cons
This iOS simulator gives you access to over 300 apps. To use the iPadian program, you are required to install Adobe Air on the PC.
It offers various customization options with a quick access sidebar You can run this app that was designed especially for the iPadian simulator.
It lets you run some well-known and influential iPhone or iPad apps right on your desktop.Key Specs:
Free Trial: No3) Xcode – Best Mac-based app development and testing software
Xcode is Apple’s integrated development environment (IDE) that you use to build apps for Apple products, which include iPad, iPhone, Apple Watch, and Mac. This iOS emulator delivers tools to manage the entire application development workflow, from creating the App for testing, optimizing, and submitting it to the Apple Store.
XCode’s interface integrates code editing, user interface design, asset management, testing, and debugging.
It provides smarter code completion, and additional dynamic snippets will quickly get you the code you want.
Xcode detects an error, and the source code editor highlights the mistake and offers a possible solution to fix it.
👍 Pros 👎 Cons
It performs exceptionally well even on older Mac devices. Works only on Mac as Safari is only available on Mac
The web pages and even single-page applications will work faultlessly. You cannot use other browsers to debug.
Configure workflows to suit your development process
It shows live status indicators that allow you to filter by the build tasks you want to monitor.Key Specs:
Free Trial: Yes, Lifetime free Basic version for Apple users.4) chúng tôi – Best for network traffic monitoring
Appetize.io has an extensive portfolio of high-profile clients.
You can upload your app through our website or API
It allows you to track and audit usage by agents and fine-tune access controls and permissions.
It provides easy access to network traffic, debugs logs, and video recordings.
You can view the remote device in action to quickly diagnose any problems.
👍 Pros 👎 Cons
Window users can track their embedded and uploaded content usage. The free trial is limited to one concurrent user and 100 minutes of use
It easily accesses network traffic, debug logs, and video recordings. It is not an ideal simulator for playing games.
You can upload your app through our website or API
Get insightful analytics on session times, conversion rates, and many more related to your App.Key Specs:
Free Trial: Yes, but only for 1 concurrent session and 100 minutes per month.5) Corellium – Best Browser-based emulator to run iOS Apps
Corellium is a premium iOS emulator to run and test iOS applications. It helps application developers and security teams to create, test, and secure mobile and IoT apps, hardware, and firmware, through the power of Arm virtualization. It is one of the best iOS emulators, which security researchers primarily use to emulate an iOS device in the browser.
Corellium software is offered as a cloud service and as an on-site device.
Browse the device filesystem directly from our UI.
You can connect to iOS devices via multiple options, including g XCode or libimobile script.
You can also use an HTTP proxy/monitor, like Burp or Charles Proxy.
👍 Pros 👎 Cons
It offers Easy integration with Xcode, Frida, Android Studio, and Burp Suite It is not easy to use, and setting it up is a challenging & complicated task.
You can connect with the virtual device to standard debug tools like GDB and IDA and run scripts.
It also allows you to use your favorite HTTP proxy/monitor, like Burp or Charles Proxy.Key Specs:
Free Trial: Yes- On request6) Smartface – Best for Developing iOS apps with a single codebase
It enables you to develop your app’s user interface with the intuitive WYSIWYG design editor with auto code generation.
You can develop high-quality native iOS and Android apps with a single codebase.
It allows you to instantly preview your app on an actual or virtual device.
Smartface browser emulator and simulator support all frameworks such as Kotlin, Objective-C, Swift, React Native, Ionic, Cordova, and many more.
👍 Pros 👎 Cons
It helps you to develop high-quality native iOS and Android apps with a single codebase. You need to purchase the premium plan or license to continue using the emulator after the trial ends.
You can develop the user interface of your iOS app with the intuitive WYSIWYG design editor. The emulator does not support Bluetooth.
Provides single Codebase and Unification
Instant Preview and DeploymentKey Specs:
Free Trial: Yes, 15 days.7) RunThatApp – Best For hosting your app anywhere and on any device
RunThatApp is a cloud-based iOS emulator for Android smartphones. Through RunThatApp, you can host your App from anywhere, with any device having a standard browser that can run your iPhone App. RunThatApp enables you to run your mobile applications smoothly in any browser enabling the users to test and promote the apps.
RunThatApp enables the support person and the customer to interact with the same running instance of the App.
It allows you to beta test, demos your app, and submit feedback.
It is designed to work on every device, every smartphone, every tablet, and with a modern browser.
An Android phone user can run your iOS app, and an iOS user can run Android Apps.
👍 Pros 👎 Cons
RunThatApp can run Apple iOS 10.3 and older Android Apps. RunThatApp is not free to use. You need to purchase a paid plan.
It does not require any plugins, Java, or special software to run the App. The basic version offers only a few features.
It has the actual app-casting technology that enables smooth multiple shared user collaboration.Key Specs:
Free Trial: No- But offers Demo.8) Delta Emulator – Best for easy navigation & storing cheat codes.
Delta is one of the best iOS emulators that offers easy controls and also allows you to save cheat codes. With it, you can connect wireless PS4, Xbox One, and MFi controllers, as well as Bluetooth or wired keyboards.
Delta offers easy controls and saves cheat codes.
It supports a huge range of Nintendo consoles
Works with native iOS framework.
Delta Emulator enables iCloud sync.
You can customize the emulator skins that appear on your iPhone screen.
👍 Pros 👎 Cons
It allows you to save your games in any state. The free version does not offer many features.
Sync all your data to Google Drive or Dropbox for safekeeping.
The AltStore allows you to download an incredibly stable version of Delta.Key Specs:
Free Trial: Free Basic VersionFAQ: ❓ What is an iOS emulator?
iOS emulators are programs that replicate the hardware of an iPhone on other operating systems. These emulators often test iPhone software on Windows or Mac computers. It also makes running and testing iOS apps on Windows PC or Mac devices easy.🏅 What are the best iOS Emulators?
Here are the best iOS Emulators:
Corellium👉 What can you do with iOS Emulators?
Smartphone application developers often use iOS emulators to test iPhone-related software on Windows or Mac computers. With the help of iOS emulators, you can run a mobile app or your favorite mobile game like PUBG, game boy, or if you are a software or mobile applications developer, this emulator for iPhone will help in the testing of apps before launching them.
If you want to test or run Google Play Store Android apps on Windows 11, here is how you can do that on your computer. Although some apps may not run as they do on mobile, you can install almost any app and game available on the Google Play Store.
Let’s assume that you are using an iPhone, but you want to try some Android apps. Instead of buying an Android mobile, you can follow this tutorial to install and run Android apps on Windows 11 computer. Whether you want to play Candy Crush or use Facebook Lite, you can do everything on your computer.
For your information, you can use Android apps on Windows 11 using Windows Subsystem for Android. However, if you do not have the WSA, you do not need to install it now. Nonetheless, if you have installed Windows Subsystem for Android on your computer, you need to uninstall it before getting started.How to run Google Play Store Android apps on Windows 11
To run Google Play Store Android apps on Windows 11, follow these steps:
Enable Developer Mode in Windows Settings
Download kernel and WsaPackage
Copy kernel file in WsaPackage_xxxx_x64_Release-Nightly folder
Use commands in elevated Windows PowerShell window
Enable Developer mode in Windows Subsystem for Android
Open the Files app
Open Google Play Store from Start Menu
To learn more about these steps, continue reading.
To get started, you need to enable Developer Mode in Windows Settings. It is probably the most crucial step. Without allowing the Developer Mode, you cannot install apps from other sources.
To enable Developer Mode in Windows 11, do the following:
Press Win+I to open Windows Settings.
Toggle the Developer Mode button.
Restart your computer.
If it asks you to replace the new kernel file with the existing one, you need to do that.cd [WsaPackage-folder-path]
Then, enter this command:Add-AppxPackage -Register .AppxManifest.xml
Now, you can find some notifications regarding Google Play Store and Google Play Protect on your screen. If so, you have successfully installed Google Play Store on Windows 11.
After that, you need to open Windows Subsystem for Android on your computer and toggle the Developer mode button to turn it on.
Next, you can search for Google Play Store in the Taskbar search box or Start Menu and open it from there.How to fix sign in problem in Google Play Store on Windows 11
After opening the Google Play Store app on Windows 11, you need to sign in to your Google account in order to install the apps. However, you might find some issues signing into your account.
To fix sign in problem in Google Play Store on Windows 11, follow these steps:
Download SDK Platform Tools from the official website.
Open Windows Subsystem for Android and copy the IP address.
Extract the downloaded ZIP file.
Enter this command: adb connect [IP-address]
Enter this command: adb shell
Type the following commands: su and setenforce 0
Restart Windows Subsystem for Android if it is running and sign in to your account.
After that, enter the following commands one after one:adb connect [IP-address]
Don’t forget to replace the [IP-address] with the original IP address you copied from the Windows Subsystem for Android window.adb shell su setenforce 0
Now, you should not get any problem logging in to your account.Can Windows 11 run Google Play apps?
Yes, Windows 11 can run Google Play Store apps or Android apps. There is no need to connect any phone or use third-party emulator to run them on your computer. You can download the WSA Package from the official website and install it using PowerShell. Following that, you need to use the Windows System for Linux to run them on your PC.How do I install Google Play apps on Windows 11?
For that, you need to enable the Developer Mode in Windows Settings and download the Kernel and WsaPackage. Then, copy the Kernel file in the WsaPackage folder and open an elevated window of PowerShell. Following that, enable the Developer Mode in Windows Subsystem for Android and open the Files app. Next, you can open the Google Play Store from the Start and install the desired app accordingly.
That’s all! Hope this tutorial helped you install Google Play Store and run Android apps on Windows 11.
Read next: How to sideload Android apps using WSA on Windows 11.
If you have previously uninstalled Steam games from your computer to free up disk space or remove a distraction, you may eventually decide you want to reinstall the games that you had previously deleted. Or perhaps you have a game in your Steam library that you haven’t installed onto a new computer, but you want to do so. Fortunately the Steam application makes re-installing any Steam game onto a Mac, Windows PC, or Linux computer very easy, as you will see in this tutorial.
It’s important to remember that Steam games are associated with a Steam account. Thus, if you had previously deleted a Steam game you would need to use the same Steam account to reinstall that Steam game, because the game is attached to that Steam accounts library. That’s how most App Stores work by the way, associating the apps and purchases with the account used.How to Reinstall Steam Games on Mac, Windows, Linux
Remember, you must use the same Steam account that contains the game you wish to reinstall. You will also need an active internet connection to re-download and reinstall the games.
Open the Steam app if you have not done so already and login with the Steam account
Select the game you wish to reinstall onto the computer from the left side menu
The game will re-download and reinstall within Steam. This can take a while depending on how large the game is along with the speed of the internet connection, so be mindful of that when you’re reinstalling any Steam game.
In the tutorial example here, we’re re-installing Civilization VI onto a Mac via Steam that had previously uninstalled the game.
You can watch the download progress, pause the download, or cancel the download and reinstallation of the game if desired for whatever reason too.
You can reinstall any previously owned Steam games this way using the Steam client on any Mac, Windows, or Linux PC. This is also how you reinstall a Steam game onto a new computer. Regardless of the platform, the re-installation of the game(s) are the same. Obviously this tutorial is using a Mac but the Steam client is the same on all supported platforms.
Oh and one final tip; if the reason you had originally deleted the Steam games in the first place was to free up disk storage capacity, then you may find it useful to move the Steam games and saved game files to a new hard drive, whether it’s another internal drive or an external drive – for best results in either situation you’ll want to make sure it’s a fast drive though, whether that’s a USB flash drive, external SSD, or otherwise.
Steam is a popular gaming distribution platform for it’s large gaming library, cross-platform nature, but also because of how easy it is to maintain a game collection that is easy to install, manage, delete, reinstall, and even play on different compatible platforms with many different gaming titles. If you’re a gamer, Steam is an essential.
Enjoy your newly downloaded and reinstalled Steam games!
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