Trending February 2024 # How To Set Up Your Books For Tax Deducted At Source (Tds) In Tallyprime # Suggested March 2024 # Top 8 Popular

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You can enable the Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) feature in TallyPrime, provide surcharge details, and create the masters required to record transactions.

You can enable the TDS feature, provide surcharge details, record transactions and generate the required reports and returns.

If you do not see this option:

Set Show more features to Yes.

Press F12 (Configure).

Set the option Show All Deductor types to Yes, to view all the deductor types.

Set the option Enable surcharge and cess details for TDS to Yes, to enter the surcharge and cess details.

Press Ctrl+A to save.

Enter the TAN registration number.

Enter the Tax deduction and collection Account Number (TAN).

Select the Deductor Type.

Enter the details of Deductor branch/division.

Press Enter. The TDS Deductor Details screen appears.

Set Ignore IT Exemption Limit for TDS Deduction to:

Yes, if you don’t want to consider the IT exemption limit.

No, if you want to consider the IT exemption limit.

Set Activate TDS for stock items to:

Yes, if you want to define TDS rate in stock item.

No, if you do not want to define TDS rate in stock item.

Set Provide surcharge and cess details to Yes.

Accept the screen. As always, you can press Ctrl+A to save.

For payments attracting TDS, the relevant nature of payment is defined by the department with associated tax rate, section, payment code, and threshold limit. While creating a TDS Nature of Payment, you can press Alt+H (Helper) to select the required nature of payment.

In this section

Press F12 (Configure).

Set Allow transporter category to Yes, to capture the value of transaction recorded with party having PAN, under Exempt in lieu of PAN available in Form 26Q.

Press Enter to save.

Select the required Nature of Payment. The Section and Payment code are displayed automatically.

Enter the Rate of TDS for With PAN and Without PAN. The same appears in Rate for other deductee types.

Accept the screen. As always, you can press Ctrl+A to save.

To view the history of Rate and Exemption Limit Details provided for different dates,

The details will appear with the breakup of rate With PAN and Without PAN as shown below:

The section 194J corresponding to Fees for Professional and Technical Services has been divided into 2 sub-sections, Fees for Technical Services (other than Professional Services) or Royalty and Fees for Professional Services, with payment codes 4JA and 4JB respectively. This change has been implemented in FVU (File Validation Utility) ver 6.8. You can create the nature of payments for these sub-sections in TallyPrime manually and use them for your TDS undertakings.

Enter the name of the sub-section as Fees for Professional Services. You can give your own name but ensure that the section code and payment code are selected correctly.

Accept the screen. As always, you can press Ctrl+A to save.

Similarly, you can create nature of payment for the other sub-section as shown below:

A TDS ledger is used for recording duties in TDS related transactions.

Enter the Name.

Select Duties and Taxes as the group name in the Under field.

Select TDS as the Type of duty/tax.

Select a Nature of Payment from the List of Nature of Payments.

Accept the screen. As always, you can press Ctrl+A to save.

An expenses ledger is used for booking expenses. It can be created by selecting the Nature of Payment during ledger creation.

Enter the Name.

Select Indirect Expenses as the group name in the Under field.

Set Inventory values are affected to No.

Enable the option Is TDS Applicable.

Accept the screen. As always, you can press Ctrl+A to save.

TDS will be deducted on the basis of the deductee type, which has to be defined in the party ledger.

Enter the Name and select Sundry Creditor in the Under field.

Enable the option Maintain bill-by-bill, to track the TDS bills.

Enable the option Is TDS Deductable, to allow TDS deduction for the ledger.

Enable Deduct TDS in Same Voucher, if required, and select the TDS Nature of Payment. You can also select to All Items.

Set Use Advanced TDS Entries to Yes.

You can set the ledger to ignore income tax and/or surcharge exemption limits.

Based on the selection made, the transactions recorded using these ledgers will appear in the relevant sections of Form 26Q.

Based on the selection made, the transactions recorded using these ledgers will appear in the relevant sections of Form 27Q.

Enter the Mailing Details. Enable Provide Bank Details, to enter the bank details for the ledger.

Enter the PAN/IT No. under Tax Information. When the PAN is not available, enter one of the terms given below as the PAN/IT No., based on the corresponding reason:  

PANAPPLIED – If the party has given a declaration stating that he/she has applied for PAN, but are yet to receive the same.

PANINVALID – If the PAN format provided by the party is incorrect.

PANNOTAVBL – If the party has not given any declaration or PAN number.

Accept the screen. As always, you can press Ctrl+A to save.

A Fixed Asset ledger is used for recording fixed assets and capital goods.

Enter the Name.

Select Fixed Assets as the group name in the Under field.

Set Inventory values are affected to No.

Set Is TDS Deductable to Yes.

Set Treat as TDS Expenses to Yes.

Select the required Nature of Payment.

Accept the screen. As always, you can press Ctrl+A to save.

Stock items with TDS details can be created only if it is configured on the Company TDS Deductor Details page.

Enter the Name.

Select a stock group from the List of Stock Groups in the Under field.

If you do not see this option, ensure that Enable Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) is set to Yes in F11 for your company.

Select the Nature of Payment.

Accept the screen. As always, you can press Ctrl+A to save.

You're reading How To Set Up Your Books For Tax Deducted At Source (Tds) In Tallyprime

How To Set Up Xbox Game Streaming For Your Phone

How To Set Up Xbox Game Streaming For Your Phone

1. Use your own Xbox One to stream games on the phone.

2. Or, stream Xbox One games directly from the cloud.

Disclaimer: Remote Play outside your home network is only available on iOS and Android devices.

Ways To Stream Xbox One Game On Phone

While it comes to streaming your favorite Xbox One games on your phone, there are two methods you can stream Xbox games on your phone. Here’s how:

A. Stream From Your Xbox Directly

Download Xbox Game Streaming (Preview) app. The app is available on Google Play Store.

Once the app is installed, open it and tap on Next for three times.

On the next screen, enter your credentials that you have used while setting up your Xbox One. Tap Next.

Now you get an option to change your username, if you wish to. Otherwise, directly tap on Let’s Play highlighted in the green box.

Wait for a while for the next screen to appear. If you see the screen blank or just a message ‘We’re moving’, tap on the three-horizontal lines in the upper-left corner.

You’ll get to see two options: Project xCloud and Console Streaming. These options look like the image below. Here, we have signed in using a different ID and therefore, we are not getting the option of Console streaming.


Ensure that your Xbox One is ON and check your TV for further instructions. Select

Important: If you don’t see this on your TV, ensure that both Xbox One and phone app are signed in using the same credentials.

Select Next and then

Now, return back to your phone and pick from where you left.

And tap Next.

From the available options choose either Xbox Controller or choose a Different Controller (in case you are trying to connect through a Bluetooth-enabled controller).

Enable Xbox One Controller and tap on Next.

Controller not paired? Go to Device Settings and pair it up again.

Tip: Ensure that your phone’s Bluetooth is turned on. If you do not see your controller in the list, tap on Pair New Device or See All to find your Xbox controller and pair it up.

Choose Xbox Wireless Controller and tap Next.

Wait for a while for the streaming to start.

Choose the game out of many available options. Tap on A button on your controller to start playing on your phone.

B. Stream Xbox One Games Directly From Cloud i.e. GamePass

GamePass subscription lets you stream your favourite Xbox One games over the cloud. The important thing here is to have a Xbox Game Pass subscription. You can download and play games for free on your Xbox and Windows PC. Here’s how to stream Xbox One games to your phone (if you do not have a console):

Download Xbox Game Pass (Beta) app from Google Play Store.

Install the app and open it.

Go to the Person icon from the bottom of the screen.

Tap on Sign in and again tap Sign in.

Enter the email credentials that you used while signing up for Xbox Game Pass.

Tap Next.

Tap on the Home icon. You can locate this at the bottom of the screen.

Select the Cloud tab and navigate through the game options.

The game will load from the cloud, and you can play it with the connected controller.

Wrapping Up:

Keep reading Tweak Library for more updates.

Recommended Readings:

All about Xbox Game Bar

How To Fix Xbox One Controller, Not Working

Best Free Xbox 360 Games To Play

How to Fix Most Common Xbox One Errors and Issues

Quick Reaction:

About the author

Akshita Gupta

How To Set Up Your Living Room For Microsoft Kinect

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So you’ve decided to spring for a Microsoft Kinect (or you’re buying one as a gift, or you’re planning on getting one as a gift), eh? Congratulations! It’s great (mostly)! But here’s the thing: Not every living room can handle the Kinect, and even in the ones that can, there are some specifics you may not realize that can really make the Kinect experience better (without hacking). Here’s our guide to making sure you get the most out of this futuristic arm-flailing fun.

The Space

Your actual living room space is the most immediately important variable in setting up a Kinect, and also really the only one that can be a dealbreaker. Make no mistake: You need a large living room, in the right shape, to be able to use the Kinect at all. The Kinect requires a large rectangular space free of obstacles in front of the TV, so get comfortable with hauling your coffee table away when you want to play.

Microsoft suggests a space of six feet by six feet in front of the Kinect sensor for one player, and eight feet by six feet for two players. (The Kinect can currently only handle two players at once, though that’ll probably change in the future.) In my experience, those numbers are the bare minimum–for comfortable and spacious play, I’d recommend eight-by-six for one player and ten-by-six for two players. Get ready to shove your couch backwards and haul your coffee table into the kitchen–it’s a necessary evil of playing Kinect.

Even the bare minimum is going to disqualify a lot of living rooms, due either to shape (that long and skinny living room may be big on paper, but it won’t work here) or size. Sorry to pretty much rule out the entire island of Manhattan, but before you buy a Kinect, break out the measuring tape.

The Sensor

The sensor is an amazing piece of hardware-software synergy, and luckily, it’s actually a pretty flexible device. Its movable head allows it to aim up or down, so you have a pretty lenient set of rules as to where it can be placed. Microsoft recommends between two and six feet off the ground, either directly below or above your TV, and centered with it. In my experience, two feet above the ground might be a little low, especially if your living room isn’t enormous–it’ll be tricky for the sensor to capture both your feet and head.

Kinect Sensor Placement

Above the TV sounds great on paper, but unless you want your TV to get really friendly with a lot of duct tape, you’ll need to buy the separate Kinect TV mount, which costs $40. Luckily, the sensor works just fine when placed on your TV stand. Make sure to move it as close to the edge as possible, so its view isn’t blocked by the stand itself, and feel free to stack it on some DVD cases or whatever to give it a little extra height.

One last rule: Do not place the sensor on top of a speaker. That’s mostly aimed at those of you with center speakers, but be careful about the location of your TV’s speakers as well, if you’re using those. More about that in the “Audio” section below. Nearby speakers can screw up the Kinect’s audio sensors, and vibrations can screw up its video sensors, which would remove the Kinect’s reason for being and possibly its sense of identity. You don’t want to be responsible for the self-loathing it would feel if that happened.

The Light

Again, Microsoft really came through here: The Kinect is remarkably flexible in terms of operability under various lighting conditions. That’s not to say that there aren’t things you can do to help it out a bit, of course. Your enemies in this case are natural light (as usual, am I right, nerds?) and halogen light. Try to avoid having either natural or halogen light on the players while in play, and obviously don’t shine light directly onto the sensor itself.

Bad Light!

Like vampires and gamers, Kinect fears natural sunlight.

Kinect works best in dim, but not dark, conditions, with even lighting throughout. If you have big windows, shade them during the day, and don’t light up your living room like a dentist’s office at night. The reason to avoid utter darkness is simply for fun’s sake–the Kinect will definitely recognize gestures in the dark, which is good for controlling movies. But dim lighting is the best compromise for the gleeful awkwardness of playing Kinect: You want to be able to see your fellow players, but you don’t want harsh clinical light to make their every move even less flattering.

The Video

The video side of the home theater setup is much less important. The Kinect works best, in general, with a modern HDTV, simply because it’s an Xbox 360 peripheral and was designed for one. The specifics–LCD vs. plasma, 60Hz vs. 120Hz, Samsung vs. Not Samsung–don’t really matter any more than usual. Just remember that you’ll be in a different viewing position: You’ll probably be moving your couch backwards (if you can), and you’ll also be standing rather than sitting, so your TV might seem smaller and lower. That’s not to say you need a big honking TV, but if you’re using one that’s a bit small for your room in its pre-Kinect state, you might end up squinting a bit.

The Audio

Audio is a little trickier than video. The Kinect will force you to do what seems like an unnecessarily exhaustive audio setup when you first plug it in. But it is not unnecessary! The Kinect’s voice recognition feature may end up being ultimately as useful as the video sensors, and it’s important to get it right. The setup does a pretty good job of calibrating itself, but it’s too polite to lecture you about your home theater setup. That’s what I’m here for.

Kinect Microphone Calibration

If you’re using the speakers in your TV, stop. Don’t do that anymore. Not only are they almost universally lousy, but they’ll make your Kinect experience (not to mention your TV, movies, and music experiences) suffer. Go buy some kind of stereo. The Kinect works best with either a stereo (two-channel) or Dolby 5.1 surround sound setup. Don’t let me pressure you into dropping an extra grand on audio equipment, but a decent used receiver and a couple of speakers, or even one of those home-theater-in-a-box setups frantically flogged on Black Friday, will do you very well here.

5.1 systems feature a center speaker that should be placed just about where the Kinect sensor should be placed. Do not place the sensor on top of the center speaker, even if it balances really nicely or matches perfectly. Having a sound source that close to the Kinect’s four microphones will dramatically undermine its ability to separate human voices from other sounds, and thus make it much harder for the Kinect to understand you.

If you’ve decided to disobey my very clear directions to go buy a reasonable stereo and stop living like a caveman, note where your TV’s speakers are and try to place the Kinect sensor away from them.

The Outfits

The optimal outfit for playing Kinect is a full-body, non-reflective leotard in a neutral color. (A scuba suit can work in a pinch.) But even though our bodies are all beautiful in their own way, they’re mostly not, and there are perfectly suitable apparel alternatives that won’t scar the retinas of other people in the room. Really, just try not to wear shapeless clothing–the Kinect sensor relies on being able to pick out limbs and joints, so don’t wear a poncho or a cape or a garbage bag or anything else that obscures your shape.

Dress Nicely for Kinect

The Kinect is also able to detect faces (which is both cool and creepy, but that’s a point for another day), so don’t wear anything that covers your face. If, on the other hand, you are a burglar who is breaking into a Best Buy to steal some stuff, and you want to try out the Kinect because maybe you’ve heard so many great things about it in such publications as PopSci, and you want to sneak into and out of said Best Buy undetected with your loot–well, without making judgments (is it wrong to steal a loaf of bread to feed your etcetera?) or assuming anything about the attire of curious technophile thieves, you both can and should wear a ski mask. Because if you don’t and the Kinect recognizes your face and the police find you because of your oversight and there’s a headline sometime next week reading “High-Tech Burglar Caught by Microsoft Kinect,” I will definitely write about it, and I’m liable to make fun of you, which might damage your self-esteem or confidence in your illicit career choice or professional pride.

All that being said, normal clothing generally works fine.

Happy Kinecting!

How To Set Up Ga4 Scroll Tracking

Google Analytics 4 (GA4) has introduced amazing features, one of which is the built-in scroll tracking that wasn’t available in the previous versions. 

When enabled, it can help you recognize how far a user has scrolled on a web page and you can use this information to improve the user experience.

We’ll cover the following:

Let’s jump right in!

What Is GA4 Scroll Tracking?

Scroll tracking is a way to measure how much of a given web page has been viewed and scrolled, either horizontally or vertically. 

This helps you understand how a user moves about your website, allowing you to see the underlying trends of the user experience.

How Do You Implement Scroll Tracking?

The most common way to track scrolling is by using a tag management tool like Google Tag Manager and creating a scroll event. With this method, the distance scrolled by users can be translated into percentages (there are two ways to go about it in GTM).

🚨 Note: The issue with this method is that it only provides a limited scroll depth information of 90%. No other percentages are tracked, which means that the percent scroll dimension is populated only when a user reaches 90% of the page.

Set Scroll Depth in Google Tag Manager

To follow along, you’ll need to have GA4 installed on your site through Google Tag Manager. If you don’t have it in place, you can read our blog on how to install GA4 with Google Tag Manager. 

Since you’re going to customize the scroll tracking default settings of 90% with your threshold, you’ll first need to disable it in GA4. 

To do so, go to Admin → Data Streams → Web Data Streams.

You are now ready to go to Google Tag Manager and configure scroll tracking from there. 

First, you need to make sure that the scroll details can be used by your triggers and tags, and are then sent to Google Analytics. 

Starting from the left side of your workspace, select Variables, then Configure.

In Configure Built-In Variables, you will find the Scrolling section near the bottom. Select Scroll Depth Threshold.

Feel free to select other details such as Scroll Depth Units or Scroll direction. 

Selecting them all won’t affect your data. The Scroll Depth Threshold is sufficient for what we’re trying to achieve. 

Now, let’s create a scroll trigger in Google Tag Manager by following these steps: 

Go to Triggers → News → Trigger Configuration → Scroll Depth.

This is what your configuration will look like:

Generally, this percentage configuration should work, but many websites are different in design and content. The threshold of 25% percent is common because 10% may often be too short and misleading, especially when a large banner is occupying your page. 

Moreover, the threshold of 90% usually reflects the bottom of a page’s content since the last 10% is probably the footer. However, for the footer-less pages, a 100% threshold makes sense. 

You can quickly test your trigger by enabling Google Tag Manager’s preview mode and scrolling down to the bottom of the page. On the left side of the Preview Mode panel, you will see scroll depths events for each of the percentages you’ve set. 

Tags → New → Tag Configuration → Google Analytics: GA4 Events

Here’s what your tag will look like:

Now, let’s see what we have done in more detail.

In the Configuration Tag placeholder, select your GA4 configuration tag. This configuration should be available if you’ve followed the link shared above on how to install GA4 with Google Tag Manager.

In Event Name, feel free to name your event with one of the following methods: 

Using the Scroll Depth Threshold variable

Using Event Name and Event Parameters 

The first option doesn’t require creating a custom dimension and it allows you to be more descriptive with your event name. If this sounds a bit foreign to you or you need to revise these terms, you can read our post on how to track events with GA4. 

It’s time to take a look at both methods in detail, starting with the first one!

Method 1: Using the Scroll Depth Threshold Variable

Select the Scroll Depth Threshold Variable.

Add a % sign after the curly braces, then a space followed by the word Scroll, as shown below.

Now, let’s see how everything looks on both Google Tag Manager and Google Analytics. 

So far, so good! Things are working as expected on the Google Tag Manager’s side. However, to ensure that all is well, head over to Google Analytics and go to DebugView. 

In the left navigation bar, select Configure. 

Then select DebugView.

Your DebugView report should display your live scrolling events, and if that’s what you see, you did a great job!

Method 2: Using the Events and Parameters 

Compared to what you’ve configured so far, you will not see an event for each scroll threshold (an event for 25%, an event for 50%, etc.) using this method. 

Instead, it creates a single event that we’ll name ‘scroll’, along with event parameters which are additional information about the event. 

This method saves room in your report but requires additional steps in both Google Tag Manager and Google Analytics. 

🚨 Note: You can name your event whatever you want, but it is a common practice to use or replicate Google’s naming conventions when using events with parameters. 

To get this to work, keep the trigger you configured previously. You’re only going to modify your GA4 Event tag. 

Your setup should look like this: 

Save your tag and publish it.

Make sure that everything is working as expected in your DebugView report in GA4.

You might be thinking about why we did the setup the way we did. Well, scroll tracking is a feature available in Google Analytics. 

The image below is an example taken from Google’s documentation and we’ve replicated the same in our setup. 

Following Google’s example, we typed the Event Name ‘scroll’ in lowercase. The Parameter Name is also in lowercase and has been separated by an underscore. 

This is what it’ll look like in your GA4 DebugView report. As you can see, we only have one scroll event named ‘scroll’.

Sending Scroll Events With Enhanced Measurement 

As mentioned before, this is the fastest and easiest way to track scrolls. You implement it within GA4 without Google Tag Manager. 

Nevertheless, this method is not the most insightful or accurate one if you take into account the many behaviors behind scrolls. 

We could have started by showing you this method first, but considering all the different customization you may need, it was better to show you this at the end.

Having said that, there will be cases where a scroll event with Enhanced measurement is befitting, like when you’re only interested to know who reaches 90% of a given page.

To enable Enhanced measurement on a scroll, do the following: 

If you want to see your percent_scrolled parameter in your GA4 reports, you need to create a Custom definition. 

For that, simply go to Configure in the left navigation bar. 

Select Custom definitions.

Follow our setup and save it. In the Event parameter placeholder, there is a drop-down where you can select your percent_scrolled parameter.

You are now good to go!

How Do You Analyze Scroll Depth?

We’ve learned all about what scroll tracking is and the different ways to implement it. 

At this point, your setup is complete and you should wait a couple of days or weeks to collect significant data for your scroll events analysis. 

However, let’s first take a look at the value of scroll tracking as a metric. 

Is Scroll Tracking a Good Metric?

Scroll tracking may or may not be a good engagement metric. It is often described as a way to measure user engagement, but this is best done in conjunction with other engagement metrics, such as time on page or bounce rate. 

To simply view it as an isolated metric will not tell you much about the visitor intent.

Think about this for a moment, how many times have you scrolled down a page after reading just a few lines? Probably quite a few times…or all the time!

In particular, full scroll downs occur on long sales pages as users are trying to find the price. 

The same is true for blog posts and other content-rich pages where readers are looking for a small piece of information or a call to action.

This is why the Element visibility trigger in Google Tag Manager works so well with scroll tracking because you can be clear on whether or not a user is taking time to look at your call to action, price section, or any other key element, and not just scrolling through. 

This behavior is too common to ignore and to exclusively associate high engagement with considerable depth scrolls. 

Then comes the issue of the event or hit limits. Depending on the analytics platform, going beyond the limit of a premium service could incur higher fees. 

In GA4, you have a limit for the number of custom dimensions you can have. Your scroll Event name or parameter is included in that limit and can be one too many.

Having said that, scroll tracking is sometimes tied well to analytics platform features whether in GA4 or other platforms like Hotjar.

In Google Analytics, you can use scroll-tracking data to create segments.

Hotjar’s scrolling maps can help you see how pages are being scrolled through different reports (such as scroll reports for phones and desktops). This can be investigated further with screen recordings. 

How Do I Find My Scrolls in Google Analytics

To analyze scrolling data, you first need to know where to find it. Here are the reports where you can view and analyze your scroll events: 

The Realtime Report

Select Realtime. At the bottom, you’ll see scroll data under Event count by Event name.

The Events Report

In the reports section, go to Engagement, and select Events.

Funnel Exploration Report

The Funnel exploration report allows you to conduct a deeper analysis of your scroll events. You can use scrolls and analyze them for key pages or multiple pages of your site. 

It’s much easier to view how many of your users reach your thresholds. 

How to Use Scroll Depth Data to Improve the User Experience on Your Website?

These are some common questions that can be answered by using scroll tracking:

Why do people drop off? 

Maybe, your content is too long and complex.

Where to place your pop-up triggers? 

Based on your criteria, pop-up placement can get into the right scroll percentage threshold. This is also true for irritating pop-ups that interrupt users from going further down the page.

Are visitors reading the content on your page? 

Time spent on a page is a good metric to understand engagement, but it doesn’t necessarily mean that the users are digesting your content (think of unread tabs). However, scroll tracking proves that there’s some kind of interaction. This may need to be explored further with other engagement metrics or the element visibility trigger in Google Tag Manager.

Is your content relevant to your audience? 

If only a quarter (or 25% scroll) of your long blog posts is consumed, it’s a sign that your readers are not engaging with your blog content, and may be losing interest because their expectations are not being met. It may also determine the quality of your web traffic (e.i., bringing in the wrong type of audience).

Why is traffic to your page great but conversions are low? 

Maybe, your call to action or form is located at the end of a long sales page. If you even have a few conversions, scroll tracking tells you if visitors don’t reach the bottom of the page. This lets you know that you should move these elements to the top of the page. 

How is the user experience across devices?

 Mobile behavior can be different from desktop behavior. Therefore, content and elements may be adjusted to fit them. 

FAQ How do I implement scroll tracking in GA4?

There are two main methods to implement scroll tracking in GA4:

How do I set up scroll tracking using Google Tag Manager? Is scroll tracking a good metric for measuring user engagement?

Scroll tracking is a useful metric, but it should be used in conjunction with other engagement metrics such as time on page or bounce rate. It provides insights into user behavior but should not be viewed in isolation.


By now, you have learned to trigger the 90% scroll event. Great job!

Scroll tracking is possible in Google Analytics, and it can be used to understand how your visitors are viewing your pages and digesting your content. 

You can use this data to improve the experience for your visitors, such as ensuring that the content on your page is readable and identifying issues/opportunities on your pages. 

As an engagement metric, it will give you a bigger picture when used with other metrics. 

However, it does come with downsides such as event limits due to which, we recommend using the Scroll Depth Threshold variable described above.

Scroll tracking may simply not work in some cases, for example,  some single applications, which is unfortunate.

There are a few reports that explain how scrolls are performed on your website. However, we recommend you learn how to create a Funnel exploration report in GA4. 

We hope that this post helped you improve your measurement strategy. If you have any suggestions, 

How To Set Up Custom Calculated Metrics In Google Analytics

🚨 Note: All standard Universal Analytics properties will stop processing new hits on July 1, 2023. 360 Universal Analytics properties will stop processing new hits on October 1, 2023. That’s why it is recommended to start using Google Analytics 4.

Do you want to enhance your Google Analytics reports with custom calculated metrics that are specific to your online business?

In Google Analytics, you can use the Calculated Metrics feature to configure new, customized metrics using existing data.

Here’s an overview of what we’ll cover in this guide:

So let’s dive in!

Custom Calculated Metrics on YouTube

What are Calculated Metrics in Google Analytics?

Metrics are single data points, usually something you can count like pageviews or user sessions. Calculated Metrics are user-defined metrics that are computed from existing metrics.

For example, a Google Analytics report might include Pageviews across your site as a metric. The dimensions down the left side are properties that describe the metric (in this case, the page path). 

There are also some pre-existing calculated metrics. It is which you can combine data points with each other to describe a relationship.

A page’s bounce rate, for example, is one of these calculated metrics that is defined as the percentage of single page visits that occurred on a certain page.

So Google Analytics already has a lot of calculated metrics available to use in your reports, but sometimes you need something a little different—something specifically relevant to your website.

Luckily, you can include custom data like this in your reports by calculating your own metrics.

How to Create Custom Calculated Metrics?

Under your Reporting tab, you can find the bounce rate alongside other common calculated metrics such as pages per session, percent new sessions, and average session duration.

In this tutorial, however, we’re going to use Pageview metric along with the Users metric to build a new custom calculated metric for the number of pageviews per user.

Create Your First Metric?

Give your metric a name. Make sure to choose something descriptive and informative, since you will be able to query for this name via the Reporting API.

Next, select an appropriate Formatting Type. In many cases, Float is a good generic type since it is the most accommodating of different values. Integer, Currency, Time, and Percent are more specific but more restrictive.

Now you can write a Formula that will determine the relationship between existing metrics, resulting in your custom calculated metric.

Amazingly, this actually works retroactively. We can add or change calculated metrics, and Google Analytics will go back and reprocess existing data. This means that you’ll be able to find this metric even in older reports.

Using Custom Metrics in Reports 

So once you’ve built a custom metric, how can you use it in your report?

Custom calculated metrics are available in dashboards or widgets, but most of the time you’ll probably want to build your own custom report.

Give your report an informative title. If this report is focused around your custom metric, you may want to even use the same name.

Then, choose whatever metrics that you want to include in your report. Your custom metrics will likely be listed under Other.

In order to see what campaigns and backlinks are promoting the most engagement with your site, select the Source / Medium dimension for this example.

After you save your report, you’ll see your new custom metric represented across relevant dimensions in your report. In this case, we have the number of pages visited per user that came through a given source.


Calculated metrics can enhance your reports by introducing custom data that is relevant to your specific website. With calculated metrics, you can customize your Google Analytics property to perfectly suit your business needs or your website.

Not all calculated metrics will make sense for your or your clients’ websites. But if you want to find custom calculated metrics that can improve your implementation, we have a Calculated Metrics Guide that you can download for free! This guide includes different examples of custom calculated metrics that you can assess and use for your own Google Analytics reporting.

How To Set Up Sleep Tracking On Your Iphone And Apple Watch

Thanks to iOS 14 and watchOS 7, sleep tracking is finally available on select Apple Watch models and iPhones. This new functionality allows you to track and analyze your sleep patterns and establish healthier habits overall. As such, this is a highly useful feature helping you change your everyday life for the better.

Apple has done an excellent job creating an all-encompassing sleep tracking ability, which comes with specific features that no third-party watchOS app offers. We help you discover those and show you how to set up sleep tracking on your iPhone and Apple Watch. Let’s jump right in!

On What Devices Can You Use Sleep Tracking? 

Remember that your Apple Watch needs to be on watchOS 7, while your iPhone must run iOS 14. This feature is integrated into those versions of watchOS and iOS, so using the latest available version is the only way to access sleep tracking.

We would also like to note that watchOS 7 is available on an Apple Watch Series 3 and later and also requires an iPhone 6s running iOS 14. Therefore, this feature should work on devices released in 2024 and later.

Set Up Sleep Tracking on Your iPhone and Apple Watch

Sleep tracking in iOS 14 works best when you pair your smartphone with an Apple Watch. However, to start this process, you need to turn to the Health app on your iPhone.

1. Launch the Health app and make sure to tap on the “Browse” tab (bottom-right corner). Scroll down and tap on “Sleep.” Again, scroll down a bit and tap on “Get Started” (found within the “Set Up Sleep” card). 

2. Your iPhone will now show you a quick overview of how sleep tracking works. Feel free to tap on “Next” to proceed to the first step. This is where you’ll need to set up your sleep goal. By tapping on the plus and minus icons, set the desired time interval. Tap “Next.”

3. This is where you can set up your first schedule. Start by selecting (or deselecting) days that you’ll include in your schedule. For example, if you have the same schedule from Monday through Friday, make sure to select those days only. Later on, you can create a weekend schedule, for example. 

4. Depending on the sleep goal you’ve previously chosen, your iPhone will show you a recommended bedtime and wake-up time. Feel free to adjust this time interval by dragging either the bed or alarm icon. Lastly, tap “Add” once you’re happy with your schedule.

5. You are now free to tap “Next” to continue or add another schedule by tapping on “Add a Schedule for Other Days.”

6. At this moment, you’ll see a prompt to enable the recently introduced “Sleep Mode.” This mode allows you to eliminate notifications or other distractions, letting you relax and begin your bedtime routine. You’re free to choose whether you’d like to use this mode or whether you don’t want to make any modifications. To proceed, tap on “Enable Sleep Mode.” If you’d like to skip this feature, tap on “Skip.”

7. If you’ve chosen to set up your own “Sleep Mode,” you’ll see prompts to edit a “Wind Down” time which enables the “Do Not Disturb” mode. You’ll need to set the duration of this interval, which will begin before your previously set bedtime interval. Use the plus and minus icons, then tap on “Enable Wind Down.” Of course, you can skip this step by tapping on “Skip.”

9. At this moment, you’ll see a message saying that you can use your Apple Watch to track your sleep. Therefore, to get the most precise results, make sure to charge your Apple Watch on time and wear it while sleeping. To enable this option, tap on “Enable.” There’s no need to adjust anything else, as your Apple Watch will now start to track your sleep automatically.

10. Finally, review your schedule and make sure everything is set correctly. You can always go back to the previous steps if there’s something you want to adjust. To finalize this procedure, tap on “Done.” 

This is where we end our guide on how to set up sleep tracking on your iPhone and Apple Watch. To get the most out of your smartwatch, check our overview of the best tips on using your Apple Watch. You’ll also want to check out how to unpair and restore your Apple Watch, which will come in handy in case of any problems in the future.

Isaac Norman

Isaac is a freelance writer with over a decade of experience covering the latest technological innovations. Mainly focused on Apple-related software and hardware systems, his aspiration is to explore all the ways today’s digital world intertwines with our everyday life.

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