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The stock items in a company are in continuous movement, either inward or outward. The Movement Analysis report provides an insight into the movement characteristics of these stock items. TallyPrime provides you the flexibility of analysing the stock flow in your company with different views. You can view the stock movement as per your requirements like stock item-wise, stock group-wise, stock category-wise, ledger-wise, or account group-wise. However, the report shows the analysis of only those inventory transactions that are integrated with the accounts, such as, inventories that are also recorded in the books of accounts. Inventory vouchers which affect the stock only in quantitative terms are not considered. You can also view the Stock Transfer Analysis which provides you the movement information for each type of Stock Journals. Varied configurations in the report will allow you to view and configure the Movement Analysis report as per your business requirements.

With Movement Analysis in TallyPrime, you can effectively analyse the stock flow in your company. The report provides you with the details of the produced and consumed goods. You can compare the different rates at which parties sell or purchase the goods. If there are any additional costs levied while purchasing certain stock items, the report displays the details of these overhead costs. It helps in finding out the slow-moving items which cause blockages in the flow of the working capital of your company. Not only you will be able to detect which supplier is providing the goods at a cheaper rate but you can also trace the trend of purchases by varied buyers. You can make various decisions for your company based on these findings. 

Stock Movement Analysis refers to the analysis of the stock items with respect to the procurement process and additional costs incurred (if any). It can be effectively used to analyse the sale or purchase of varied items. You can view the report item-wise, group-wise, or category-wise based on your business requirements. can be made based on the details generated by these reports such as deciding which item’s rate can be managed effectively by reducing its additional costs or which party can give more competitive rates for the goods. You can analyse the ledger to decide that selling to which party is going to be more profitable for your business. The reports can be viewed and configured in multiple ways in the F12 (Configure) screen. 

In this section 

Stock Item Movement Analysis

Let’s suppose there are multiple suppliers for a stock item Goodness Corn Flakes and you want to know who is supplying at a better price. You can use the Stock Item Movement Analysis report to make this decision. To view the report, 

A sample image of thescreen appears, as shown below:

By default, the Item Movement Analysis report displays the following: 

Basic Rate: The rate at which an item is sold or purchased.

Movement Inwards: The inward flow (Production)of the stock items, under which the all the Suppliers are listed. 

In the F12 (Configure) screen, you can enable or disable the options according to your need in the Item Movement Analysis report. 

The Item Voucher Analysis screen appears displaying the transaction details.

You can drill down further to obtain more details by pressing Enter. 

Varied configurations in the F12 (Configure) screen in the Item Voucher Analysis report provides you with the flexibility of viewing the report as per your requirements, namely:

Show Godown Details: Enable this if you wish to display the Godown location details in the report.

Format of Report: You can alter the format of the report to view it in the condensed or detailed mode. When the Item Movement Analysis report is in the detailed format, you can choose to display the narration of the vouchers by enabling the Show Narrations option. And in case you want to display the additional description of the particular stock item, enable the Show Description for Stock Item option. 

Display Name for Ledgers: Enabling the option will display the name of the ledger in the report.

You can display the details of a report in different views with additional details or for a specific period. You can also view other reports related to the current report such as Stock Query, Monthly Summary, Voucher Details and Cost Analysis in the Change View (Ctrl+H) section of the Item Movement Analysis report. For instance, if you want to view the Monthly Summary of the selected stock item, 

To know more about reports, refer to Working with Reports in TallyPrime topic.

Stock Group Movement Analysis

This report shows the details of inward and outward transactions carried out for all the stock items in a . If you want to view all the stock items under a specific group together instead of viewing them individually, you can use the Stock Group Movement Analysis. It displays the total inward and outward movement of all the items in a selected Stock Group in your company. The quantities displayed are Actual Quantities in movement (which, in some cases, may be different from the Billed Quantity in the transactions.)

Let’s suppose you want to know which is the most sold item under a particular stock group. To view the Stock Group Movement Analysis report, 

You can view the ledgers created under the group, with details of inward and outward movement of stock. By default, the Stock Group Analysis displays the following:

Inwards: The inward flow (Production) of the stock items, under which Quantity, Effective Rate and Value of the stock items flowing inwards are listed.  

Outwards: The outward flow (Consumption) of the stock items, under which Quantity, Effective Rate and Value of the stock items flowing outwards are listed.

Quantity:  The quantity of stock items moving inward or outward.

Effective Rate: The final landed cost of the items after considering all the overhead costs.

Group By: You can view the movement analysis based on the Ledger or Stock Item.

Type of Grouping: If you opted to view the details based on stock item, you can choose to see the stock items in a list or stock group-wise.

Format of Report: You can select the format Condensed or Detailed to view the report.

Expand all levels in Detailed format: On selecting the above option Format of Report as Detailed, the option is available to expand all levels of report in detailed format.

Sorting Method: You can sort the details in the report based on Quantity, Rate, Value, Stock Item name, and so on. You can also apply a suitable sorting method by selecting from the Sorting Methods table and do Amount-wise, Quantity-wise and Rate-wise sorting either by the Inwards column or the Outwards column. This can be selected from the Sort By field.

This will also help you in analysing business aspects such as which suppliers are providing items at a better price or which buyers are purchasing more.

You can drill down further for more details. 

You can view Item Voucher Analysis report and configure it in varied ways, based on your requirements. The default screen displays the additional costs (if any) in a single column.  Let’s assume that you have made purchases from the same party and additional costs were levied while purchasing the item such as transportation costs, packing charges, or freight charges. With the Item Voucher Analysis report, you will be able to view the bifurcation of additional costs and its details.

You can view the Stock Group Analysis report ledger-wise or stock item-wise, depending on your business requirements by selecting the desired view in the Change View (Ctrl+H) section. Various reports related to Stock Group Analysis such as Monthly Summary, Ageing Analysis, Cost Analysis and Cost Estimates are also available in this section. 

For instance, if you wish to analyse the ageing of the goods in a current period, 

To know more about reports, refer to Working with Reports in TallyPrime topic.

Stock Category Movement Analysis

. After selecting a stock category from the List of Categories, the Stock Category Analysis report displays information relating to Quantity, Effective Rate, and Value under separate columns for inward and outward movement of goods.

To know more about the stock groups and stock categories, refer to How to Manage your Stock Items in TallyPrime topic.

Suppose you want to know if the , you can view the Stock Category Movement Analysis report and analyse the same. To view the report, 

By default, the Stock Category Movement Analysis displays the following:

Inwards: The inward flow (Production) of the stock items, under which Quantity, Effective Rate and Value of the stock items flowing inwards are listed.  

Outwards: The outward flow (Consumption) of the stock items, under which Quantity, Effective Rate and Value of the stock items flowing outwards are listed.

Quantity: The quantity of stock items moving inward or outward.

Effective Rate: The final landed cost of the items after considering all the overhead costs. 

In the F12 (Configure) screen, you can enable or disable the options according to your need in the Item Movement Analysis report. 

Show using Alternate Units: If a stock item has alternate units defined, then on setting this option to Yes, the alternate units of the stock item will be displayed in the column Alt. Units. 

Group By: You can view the movement analysis based on the Ledger or Stock Item.

Type of Grouping: If you opted to view the details based on stock item, you can choose to see the stock items in a list or stock group-wise.

Format of Report: You can select the format Condensed or Detailed to view the report.

Expand all levels in Detailed format: On selecting the above option Format of Report as Detailed, the option is available to expand all levels of report in detailed format.

Display name for Stock Items: By default, only the stock item name will be displayed in the report. A different display name style can be selected from this field. 

Display name for Stock Categories: From this field, the style of displaying the ledger names in the report can be changed. 

Sorting Method: The details in the report can be sorted based on Quantity, Rate, Value, Stock Item name, and so on. A suitable sorting method can be applied by selecting from the Sorting Methods table. Amount-wise, Quantity-wise and Rate-wise sorting can be done either by the Inwards column or the Outwards column. This can be selected from the Sort By field. 

Select the required stock item and press Enter to drill-down to display the Item Movement Analysis. 

choose to analyse the movement of goods ledger-wise or group-wise. This will enable you to make detailed decisions based on a category-wise Movement Analysis. Similar data can be viewed from the perspective of debtors and creditors. You can determine the trend of sales and purchases based on your selection. Group Analysis of the report will provide you the information of the goods under a particular Account Group (Debtors/Creditors/Bank Accounts). Similarly, ledger-analysis enables you to get ledger-wise details of the Account Group. 

In this section 

Group Analysis

Group Analysis report contains information about Items transacted in Vouchers for the Ledgers created under the selected Group. Let’s suppose you want to analyse the different stock items that you deal in, with various parties under an account group, you can do so by viewing the Group Analysis report. It will provide you a detailed information about the various parties under the specific group who deal with the selected stock item. To view the Group Analysis report, 

By default, the Group Analysis displays the following:

Purchases: The inward flow (Production) of the stock items, under which Quantity, Effective Rate and Value of the stock items flowing inwards are listed.  

Sales: The outward flow (Consumption) of the stock items, under which Quantity, Effective Rate and Value of the stock items flowing outwards are listed.

Quantity: The quantity of stock items moving inward or outward.

Effective Rate: The final landed cost of the items after considering all the overhead costs. 

Show using Alternate Units: If a stock item has alternate units defined, then on setting this option to Yes, the alternate units of the stock item will be displayed in the column Alt. Units. 

Display name for Stock Items: By default, only the stock item name will be displayed in the report. A different display name style can be selected from this field. 

Sorting Method: The details in the report can be sorted based on Quantity, Rate, Value, Stock Item name, etc. A suitable sorting method can be applied by selecting from the Sorting Methods table. Amount-wise, Quantity-wise and Rate-wise sorting can be done either by the Inwards column or the Outwards column. This can be selected from the Sort By field. 

can drill-down further for transaction-level information. 

Ledger Analysis

Ledger Analysis is similar to Group Movement Analysis, where you can view the sales and purchases of stock items involving the selected ledger. You can view the details of the selected ledger and use it to make decisions such as repeated purchase. If you want to determine the varied stock items you have acquired from a particular party, you can do so by viewing the Ledger Analysis report. 

By default, the Ledger Analysis displays the following:

Purchases: The inward flow (Production) of the stock items, under which Quantity, Effective Rate and Value of the stock items flowing inwards are listed.  

Sales: The outward flow (Consumption) of the stock items, under which Quantity, Effective Rate and Value of the stock items flowing outwards are listed.

Quantity: The quantity of stock items moving inward or outward.

Effective Rate: The final landed cost of the items after considering all the overhead costs. 

In the F12 (Configure) screen, you can enable or disable the options according to your need in the Item Movement Analysis report. 

Show using Alternate Units: If a stock item has alternate units defined, then on setting this option to Yes, the alternate units of the stock item will be displayed in the column Alt. Units. 

Display name for Stock Items: By default, only the stock item name will be displayed in the report. A different display name style can be selected from this field. 

Sorting Method: The details in the report can be sorted based on Quantity, Rate, Value, Stock Item name, etc. A suitable sorting method can be applied by selecting from the Sorting Methods table. Amount-wise, Quantity-wise and Rate-wise sorting can be done either by the Inwards column or the Outwards column. This can be selected from the Sort By field.

Select the required stock item from the list to further drill-down to

transaction level details. 

This report contains information about the items which are transacted in sales and purchase vouchers for the selected ledgers. When you select an account ledger (Debtor/Creditor/Cash/Bank) for the Ledger Analysis report, the sale and purchase of all the items, affecting the selected ledger, will be displayed in this report.

When using different stock journals for each transaction, Transfer Analysis gives the movement details for each type of stock journal. This report displays information about the items which are transacted in the stock journal voucher. Generally, in stock journal voucher, movement of goods, manufacture of goods or inter-Godown transfer is recorded.

This is a very useful costing and waste analysis tool. In non-manufacturing setups, which have multiple Godowns, this report is a quick checkpoint to verify that all transfer entries have been entered correctly. This report will also help you determine whether you have made both sales and purchases with a given company. 

Goods that are moving inwards through stock journal/manufacturing journal voucher type fall under Production whereas goods that are moving outwards through these voucher types fall under Consumption. Let’s say you want to determine the total number of a particular stock item moving outwards from your company. You can go to the Stock Transfer Analysis report to view these details. To view the report, 

By default, t

he Transfer Analysis report displays the following:

Goods In (Production): Goods which are inwards through stock journal will be displayed here.

Goods Out (Consumption): Goods which are outwards through stock journal will be displayed here.

Quantity: The quantity of stock items moving inward or outward.

Effective Rate: The final landed cost of the items after considering all the overhead costs. 

Display name for Stock Items: By default, only the stock item name will be displayed in the report. A different display name style can be selected from this field. 

Sorting Method: The details in the report can be sorted based on Quantity, Rate, Value, Stock Item name, and so on. A suitable sorting method can be applied by selecting from the Sorting Methods table. Amount-wise, Quantity-wise and Rate-wise sorting can be done either by the Inwards column or the Outwards column. This can be selected from the Sort By field. 

TallyPrime’s Movement Analysis Report is used for studying and comparing an organization’s stock flow characteristics. It gives the user an insight into the movement of goods within an organization.

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How To Place, View And Cancel Pre

Just like pre-ordering that new iPhone, you can do the same with upcoming movies in the TV app. This is a terrific way to make sure you get the movie you want as soon as it’s released. So you don’t have to mark your calendar or set a reminder.

Pre-ordering upcoming films is easy to do in the TV app on both iOS and Mac. And if you change your mind, you can quickly cancel that pre-order before it’s fulfilled.

This tutorial shows you how to place, view, and cancel pre-orders in the TV app on your devices.

Pre-orders in the TV app on iPhone and iPad

Whether it’s a movie you missed seeing at the theater or a film your kids are excited to watch, follow these simple steps to pre-order in the TV app on iOS.

1) Select your movie and tap Pre-Order [price].

2) Confirm that you want to pre-order the film by tapping Pre-Order. Note: You won’t be charged until the order is filled.

3) Verify the payment amount using your passcode, Touch ID, or Face ID.

Now when you view the movie, you’ll see the Pre-Ordered status in blue.

View or cancel your pre-orders

You can see a list of movies you’ve pre-ordered along with the expected date of the release. You also have the option to cancel a pre-order if you wish.

1) Open the TV app and tap your photo at the top.

2) Select your Apple ID.

3) Go down to and tap Pre-Orders. This option will only appear if you actually have pre-orders. You’ll then see a list of the movies you’ve pre-ordered with the expected date.

4) To cancel the order, tap the movie and select Cancel Pre-Order.

5) Confirm you want to cancel by tapping Yes.

And that’s it; the movie should be removed from your list of pre-orders.

Pre-orders in the TV app on Mac

It’s just as easy to pre-order a movie for yourself or your family in the TV app on Mac, just follow these steps.

1) Select your movie and tap Pre-Order [price].

2) Confirm that you want to pre-order the film by tapping Pre-Order.

Now when you view the movie, you’ll see the Pre-Ordered status in gray.

View or cancel your pre-orders

You can see a list of movies you’ve pre-ordered on Mac too along with the expected release dates. And you cancel a pre-order if you no longer want the movie.

2) Scroll down to Settings and you’ll see Pre-orders with the number of pre-orders you have. This option will only appear if you actually have pre-orders.

4) Like on iOS, you’ll see a list of the movies you’ve pre-ordered with their expected dates.

That movie will then be removed from your list of pre-orders.

Wrapping it up

If you’re waiting patiently for a movie to be released in the TV app that you know for sure you’ll buy, check out the pre-order option. And of course, if you have a change of heart, you can cancel an order easily from your device.

Is there a movie in the TV app that you’re anxiously awaiting? Are you now going to pre-order it? Let us know!

For more help with the TV app on Mac, take a look at how to create and manage a playlist or set up restrictions.

How To Define Tariff And Rate Of Duty In Tallyprime (Excise For Dealer)

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Different businesses have different requirements. Some businesses may deal with stock items falling under a single tariff and tax unit, whereas the others may have multiple tax units and items of different tariff rates. Based on the requirements of each business, you can select the kind of capability that you want.

Tariff rates can be defined at the company level.

Consider the scenario of ABC Company, a dealer of optical lenses of different brands.

Here, although different stock items have to be created for each brand, it attracts common rate of duty. Hence, tariff details can be defined at the company level and applied in transactions.

If you do not see this option:

Set Show more configurations to Yes.

Set Show all configurations to Yes.

Provide Excise Tariff Details.

Enter the Tariff name and HSN code.

Select the Reporting unit of measure and Valuation type.

Enter the Rate, for example, 12.50%.

Press Enter to accept the Excise Tariff Details screen.

Accept the Excise Registration Details screen.

To enter new tariff details or revised excise rate

Go to the Excise Tariff Details screen (shown above).

Enter the new excise Rate.

Press Enter. The Tariff Details Applicability screen appears. Enter the Applicable From date.

You can also press Alt+W (Details) from the Excise Tariff Details screen, enter the Applicable From date and provide the tariff details with revised excise duty.

Once the tariff and duty details are defined at the company level, it need not be defined in any other master. However, the option Is Excise Applicable should be set to Applicable in Stock Item master.

Go India is a company that supplies fuel to fuel stations. They sell petrol and diesel, both branded and unbranded. The rate of duty for each of their stock item is different. Hence, they prefer to define the tariff details in the stock item master.

In this scenario, tariff details can be defined at the stock item or ledger level. To define at the stock item level:

Enter the stock item name.

Provide the tariff details in Excise Tariff Details screen.

Enter the Tariff name and HSN code.

Select the Reporting unit of measure and Valuation type. If the Valuation Type is selected as Valorem + Quantum:

Enter Rate of duty, for example, 14%.

Enter the Rate per Unit, for example, 15.

Press Enter to accept the Excise Tariff Details screen.

Similarly, tariff can be defined in the Ledger.

To enter new tariff details or revised excise rate

Go to the Excise Tariff Details screen (shown above).

Enter the new excise Rate.

Press Enter. The Tariff Details Applicability screen appears. Enter the Applicable From date.

Press Enter to save and return to Excise Registration Details screen.

You can also press Alt+W (Details) from the Excise Tariff Details screen, enter the Applicable From date and provide the tariff details with revised excise duty.

On selecting this stock item (created above), the tariff and rate of duty defined in it gets applied in the transaction.

Consider the scenario of Royal Dealers, which purchases and sells pastries, cakes and chocolates. All pastries and cakes attract 6% excise duty, whereas chocolates are taxable at 12.5%.

Here, two stock groups can be used. All pastries and cakes attracting 6% duty can be categorised under one stock group. Chocolates of different brands attracting 12.5% duty can be categorised under another group. Hence, the tariff details can be defined at the group level.

Enter the stock group name.

Enable the option Set/alter excise details in the Stock group creation screen. The Excise Tariff Details screen is displayed.

Enter the Tariff name and HSN code.

Select the Reporting unit of measure and Valuation type.

Enter Rate, for example, 6%.

Press Enter to accept the Excise Tariff Details screen.

Accept the Stock Group Creation screen.

Once the tariff and duty details are defined at the stock group level, it need not be defined in any other master.

Similarly, the tariff can be defined in Account Group also.

To enter new tariff details or revised excise rate

Go to the Excise Tariff Details screen (shown above).

Enter the new excise Rate.

Press Enter. The Tariff Details Applicability screen appears. Enter the Applicable From date.

Press Enter to save and return to Excise Registration Details screen.

You can also press Alt+W (Details) from the Excise Tariff Details screen, enter the Applicable From date and provide the tariff details with revised excise duty.

To link stock item to the stock group predefined with tariff details

Select the stock group for which tariff and rate of duty are predefined.

Accept the Stock Item Creation screen.

Once the tariff and rate of duty are defined at the group level, the tax rate gets applied to all stock items (classified under the group) in the transaction.

How To Do Thematic Analysis

Thematic analysis is a method of analyzing qualitative data. It is usually applied to a set of texts, such as an interview or transcripts. The researcher closely examines the data to identify common themes – topics, ideas and patterns of meaning that come up repeatedly.

There are various approaches to conducting thematic analysis, but the most common form follows a six-step process: familiarization, coding, generating themes, reviewing themes, defining and naming themes, and writing up. Following this process can also help you avoid confirmation bias when formulating your analysis.

This process was originally developed for psychology research by Virginia Braun and Victoria Clarke. However, thematic analysis is a flexible method that can be adapted to many different kinds of research.

When to use thematic analysis

Thematic analysis is a good approach to research where you’re trying to find out something about people’s views, opinions, knowledge, experiences or values from a set of qualitative data – for example, interview transcripts, social media profiles, or survey responses.

Some types of research questions you might use thematic analysis to answer:

How do patients perceive doctors in a hospital setting?

What are young women’s experiences on dating sites?

What are non-experts’ ideas and opinions about climate change?

How is gender constructed in high school history teaching?

To answer any of these questions, you would collect data from a group of relevant participants and then analyze it. Thematic analysis allows you a lot of flexibility in interpreting the data, and allows you to approach large data sets more easily by sorting them into broad themes.

However, it also involves the risk of missing nuances in the data. Thematic analysis is often quite subjective and relies on the researcher’s judgement, so you have to reflect carefully on your own choices and interpretations.

Pay close attention to the data to ensure that you’re not picking up on things that are not there – or obscuring things that are.

Different approaches to thematic analysis

Once you’ve decided to use thematic analysis, there are different approaches to consider.

There’s the distinction between inductive and deductive approaches:

An inductive approach involves allowing the data to determine your themes.

A deductive approach involves coming to the data with some preconceived themes you expect to find reflected there, based on theory or existing knowledge.

Ask yourself: Does my theoretical framework give me a strong idea of what kind of themes I expect to find in the data (deductive), or am I planning to develop my own framework based on what I find (inductive)?

There’s also the distinction between a semantic and a latent approach:

A semantic approach involves analyzing the explicit content of the data.

A latent approach involves reading into the subtext and assumptions underlying the data.

Ask yourself: Am I interested in people’s stated opinions (semantic) or in what their statements reveal about their assumptions and social context (latent)?

After you’ve decided thematic analysis is the right method for analyzing your data, and you’ve thought about the approach you’re going to take, you can follow the six steps developed by Braun and Clarke.

What can proofreading do for your paper?

Scribbr editors not only correct grammar and spelling mistakes, but also strengthen your writing by making sure your paper is free of vague language, redundant words, and awkward phrasing.

See editing example

Step 1: Familiarization

The first step is to get to know our data. It’s important to get a thorough overview of all the data we collected before we start analyzing individual items.

This might involve transcribing audio, reading through the text and taking initial notes, and generally looking through the data to get familiar with it.

Step 2: Coding

Next up, we need to code the data. Coding means highlighting sections of our text – usually phrases or sentences – and coming up with shorthand labels or “codes” to describe their content.

Let’s take a short example text. Say we’re researching perceptions of climate change among conservative voters aged 50 and up, and we have collected data through a series of interviews. An extract from one interview looks like this:

Coding qualitative data

Interview extract Codes

Personally,

I’m not sure

. I think

the climate is changing

, sure, but

I don’t know why or how

. People say you should trust the experts, but

who’s to say they don’t have their own reasons for pushing this narrative

? I’m not saying they’re wrong, I’m just saying

there’s reasons not to 100% trust them

. The facts keep changing –

it used to be called global warming

.

Uncertainty

Acknowledgement of climate change

Distrust of experts

Changing terminology

In this extract, we’ve highlighted various phrases in different colors corresponding to different codes. Each code describes the idea or feeling expressed in that part of the text.

At this stage, we want to be thorough: we go through the transcript of every interview and highlight everything that jumps out as relevant or potentially interesting. As well as highlighting all the phrases and sentences that match these codes, we can keep adding new codes as we go through the text.

After we’ve been through the text, we collate together all the data into groups identified by code. These codes allow us to gain a a condensed overview of the main points and common meanings that recur throughout the data.

Step 3: Generating themes

Next, we look over the codes we’ve created, identify patterns among them, and start coming up with themes.

Themes are generally broader than codes. Most of the time, you’ll combine several codes into a single theme. In our example, we might start combining codes into themes like this:

Turning codes into themes

Codes Theme

Uncertainty

Leave it to the experts

Alternative explanations

Uncertainty

Changing terminology

Distrust of scientists

Resentment toward experts

Fear of government control

Distrust of experts

Incorrect facts

Misunderstanding of science

Biased media sources

Misinformation

At this stage, we might decide that some of our codes are too vague or not relevant enough (for example, because they don’t appear very often in the data), so they can be discarded.

Other codes might become themes in their own right. In our example, we decided that the code “uncertainty” made sense as a theme, with some other codes incorporated into it.

Again, what we decide will vary according to what we’re trying to find out. We want to create potential themes that tell us something helpful about the data for our purposes.

Step 4: Reviewing themes

Now we have to make sure that our themes are useful and accurate representations of the data. Here, we return to the data set and compare our themes against it. Are we missing anything? Are these themes really present in the data? What can we change to make our themes work better?

If we encounter problems with our themes, we might split them up, combine them, discard them or create new ones: whatever makes them more useful and accurate.

For example, we might decide upon looking through the data that “changing terminology” fits better under the “uncertainty” theme than under “distrust of experts,” since the data labelled with this code involves confusion, not necessarily distrust.

Step 5: Defining and naming themes

Now that you have a final list of themes, it’s time to name and define each of them.

Defining themes involves formulating exactly what we mean by each theme and figuring out how it helps us understand the data.

Naming themes involves coming up with a succinct and easily understandable name for each theme.

For example, we might look at “distrust of experts” and determine exactly who we mean by “experts” in this theme. We might decide that a better name for the theme is “distrust of authority” or “conspiracy thinking”.

Step 6: Writing up

Finally, we’ll write up our analysis of the data. Like all academic texts, writing up a thematic analysis requires an introduction to establish our research question, aims and approach.

We should also include a methodology section, describing how we collected the data (e.g. through semi-structured interviews or open-ended survey questions) and explaining how we conducted the thematic analysis itself.

The results or findings section usually addresses each theme in turn. We describe how often the themes come up and what they mean, including examples from the data as evidence. Finally, our conclusion explains the main takeaways and shows how the analysis has answered our research question.

In our example, we might argue that conspiracy thinking about climate change is widespread among older conservative voters, point out the uncertainty with which many voters view the issue, and discuss the role of misinformation in respondents’ perceptions.

Other interesting articles

If you want to know more about statistics, methodology, or research bias, make sure to check out some of our other articles with explanations and examples.

Cite this Scribbr article

Caulfield, J. Retrieved July 20, 2023,

Cite this article

How To Perform Regression Analysis In Windows 11/10

Here is a guide for you to perform Regression Analysis on your Windows 11/10 PC. Regression Analysis is a statistical technique use to evaluate a set of data. It is used for determining the relationship between a set of two or more variables in a dataset. It basically enables you to analyze the important and unimportant factors from a dataset and then make a decision accordingly. Now, if you want to perform a regression analysis without performing manual calculations, this post will help you.

In this article, we are going to discuss different ways to do regression analysis on Windows 11/10 PC. You don’t need to do anything manually. Just import your dataset, select input variables, and visualize the results. Using the mentioned methods, you can perform linear, non-linear, multiple, and more regression analyses. Let us check out the methods in detail now!

How do you perform a Regression Analysis?

Regression analysis can be performed using Excel in Windows 11/10. You can also use a third-party free software that lets you calculate regression analysis. Additionally, you can even perform regression analysis online with the help of a dedicated free website. We have discussed all these methods in detail below. So, let us checkout!

How do I do Regression Analysis in Excel?

You can easily perform a regression analysis in Excel and other editions by enabling an add-in. This add-on is called Data Analysis ToolPak which is preinstalled in Microsoft Excel. Just follow the simple steps to enable this add-in in Excel and then you will be able to perform several data analyses. We have discussed step by step procedure to do regression analysis in Microsoft Excel. You can check it out below.

Related read: What is Data Analytics and what is it used for?

How to perform a Regression Analysis in Windows 11/10

Here are the methods that you can use to perform a Regression Analysis on your datasets in Windows 11/10:

Perform a regression analysis in Microsoft Excel.

Use JASP or Statcato freeware to perform regression analysis.

Perform regression analysis online using a free web service.

Let us discuss the above methods in detail!

1] Perform a Regression Analysis in Microsoft Excel

You can perform a regression analysis using the Microsoft Excel application. A dedicated Data Analysis ToolPak add-on in Excel lets you perform regression analysis and some other data analysis. You will have to manually enable this add-in to use its functionalities. Let us have a look at the procedure to use Excel’s Data Analysis ToolPak add-in for regression analysis.

How to perform a Regression Analysis in Microsoft Excel:

Here are the main steps to do regression analysis in Microsoft Excel:

Launch the Microsoft Excel app.

Enable the Data Analysis ToolPak add-in and go back to Excel’s home screen.

Import your datasets and select input data with dependent and independent variables.

Move to the Data tab.

Press the Data Analysis button.

Select Regression and hit the OK button.

Enter input X and Y range and other output options.

Tap on the OK button to view regression analysis results.

Let us discuss the above steps in detail now.

Now, import your datasets from an Excel or any other supported file, or you can create a new dataset. Select the input data fields for which you want to perform regression analysis.

Then, you need to enter the input X (independent variable) and Y (dependent variable) range for which you want to do regression analysis. Apart from that, you can also select residuals options like standardized residuals, line fit plots, residual plots, etc. Also, some other options like normal probability, confidence level, label, etc.

See: How to view and track Excel workbook statistics.

Configure all the above options and press the OK button to visualize the results.

It shows regression statistics including coefficient, standard error, t Stat, P-value, significance F, multiple R, standard error, observations, degrees of freedom, sum of squares, mean squares, F value, and more.

You can save the results in the same Excel worksheet or print the results.

Similarly, you can also perform analysis including ANOVA tests, covariance, descriptive statistics, exponential smoothing, Fourier analysis, histogram, moving average, sampling, t-test, etc.

Read: How to use the DATEVALUE function in Microsoft Excel

2] Use JASP freeware to perform Regression Analysis

You can use third-party freeware to perform regression analysis on a set of data. There are several free software that let you do data analysis. Here, we are going to use free software called JASP and Statcato. Using these two free software, you can perform regression analysis and many other data analyses:

JASP

Statcato

1] JASP

JASP is a dedicated free statistical analysis software for Windows 11/10. Using it, you can perform regression analysis, descriptives tests, T-tests, ANOVA, frequency tests, principal component analysis, exploratory factor analysis, meta analysis, summary statistics, SEM, visual modeling, and confirmatory factor analysis. It offers a dedicated Regression where you can perform linear, correlation, and logistic regression analysis. Let us find out how.

Here are the main steps to do regression analysis in JASP:

Download and install JASP.

Launch the software.

Import your dataset.

Go to the Regression tab.

Choose Classical or Bayesian regression type.

Select dependent and independent variables and customize other parameters.

View and export the results.

Let us now elaborate on the above steps!

Firstly, you need to download and install JASP freeware on your PC. And then, launch the main GUI of this software.

Next, move to the Regression tab and select the type of regression analysis you want to perform like Logistic, Linear, or Correlation.

After that, select dependent and independent variables and then configure multiple other options like method, WLS weight, model, method specification or criteria, and more. You can also select the values that you want to compute in the regression analysis, such as Residuals, R squared change, Covariance matrix, Collinearility diagnostics, Part and partial correlations, Model fit, and more. Also, you can plot various graphs with calculated regression analysis statistics including Residuals v/s dependent, Residuals v/s covariates, Residuals v/s histogram, and some other graphs.

As you configure all the above-discussed parameters, it displays regression analysis in the right-side section. You can export the results of regression analysis to an HTML or PDF document.

It is one of the best free software to perform regression analysis and more. You can download this handy freeware from jasp-stats.org.

See: What is Data Mining? Basics and its Techniques?

2] Statcato

Another freeware that you can try to perform regression analysis is Statcato. It is a free and open-source software to perform statistical analyses. It allows you to perform regression analysis as well as several other types of data analyses. Some of the data analysis methods provided in it include Hypothesis Tests, ANOVA, Descriptive Statistics, Normality Tests, Sample Size, Non-parametric Tests, and more.

It lets you perform Linear Regression, Multiple Regression, Correlation Matrix, Non-Linear Regression, etc. Let us check out how to use this software.

These are the main steps to perform a regression analysis in Statcato:

Download this software.

Launch the Jar file.

Import or create an input dataset.

Go to the Statistics menu.

Select the desired regression type.

Choose dependent and independent variables.

View and save regression analysis.

Let us discuss the above steps in detail now!

Firstly, you need to download this free software from chúng tôi Then, unzip the downloaded zip folder and then run the executable Jar file. You need to have Java installed on your system to use this application.

After that, choose the independent and dependent variable for which you want to do regression analysis and set up other options. Then, press the OK button.

It will display the regression analysis results in a dedicated window.

The regression analysis mainly includes statistics like regression equation, Explained variation, Unexplained variation, Coefficient of determination, Standard error of estimate, Test statistics, p-value, and more.

You can copy the results or take a printout.

It is another good statistical analysis software that lets you calculate various statistics, perform data analysis, and plot different kinds of graphs.

Read: x

3] Perform Regression Analysis online using a free web service

You can also perform regression analysis online using a dedicated free web service. Here, we are going to use this web service called chúng tôi It lets you perform Linear and Multiple regression analyses online. Apart from that, you can also find other statistical tools on this website like ANOVA tests, Chi-Square Calculator, Sign Test Calculator, Standard Error Calculator, T-tests, and more.

How to perform regression analysis online:

Open a web browser.

Navigate to the chúng tôi website.

Go to the regression calculator page.

Enter values for dependent and independent variables.

Tap on the Calculate the Regression Equation option.

Firstly, launch a web browser and open chúng tôi Now, you need to navigate to the Multiple Regression Calculator or Linear Regression Calculator page, whichever regression analysis technique you want to use.

Next, enter the respective input values in the X (independent) and Y (dependent) columns. You can also enter estimate values.

It will then display the regression analysis results in the same window.

The regression analysis results include a graph, regression equation, sum of squares, the sum of products, mean values, and more.

That’s it! Hope this guide helps you find a suitable method to perform a regression analysis for your datasets on Windows 11/10.

Now read:

How To Set Up Your Books For Tax Deducted At Source (Tds) In Tallyprime

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You can enable the Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) feature in TallyPrime, provide surcharge details, and create the masters required to record transactions.

You can enable the TDS feature, provide surcharge details, record transactions and generate the required reports and returns.

If you do not see this option:

Set Show more features to Yes.

Press F12 (Configure).

Set the option Show All Deductor types to Yes, to view all the deductor types.

Set the option Enable surcharge and cess details for TDS to Yes, to enter the surcharge and cess details.

Press Ctrl+A to save.

Enter the TAN registration number.

Enter the Tax deduction and collection Account Number (TAN).

Select the Deductor Type.

Enter the details of Deductor branch/division.

Press Enter. The TDS Deductor Details screen appears.

Set Ignore IT Exemption Limit for TDS Deduction to:

Yes, if you don’t want to consider the IT exemption limit.

No, if you want to consider the IT exemption limit.

Set Activate TDS for stock items to:

Yes, if you want to define TDS rate in stock item.

No, if you do not want to define TDS rate in stock item.

Set Provide surcharge and cess details to Yes.

Accept the screen. As always, you can press Ctrl+A to save.

For payments attracting TDS, the relevant nature of payment is defined by the department with associated tax rate, section, payment code, and threshold limit. While creating a TDS Nature of Payment, you can press Alt+H (Helper) to select the required nature of payment.

In this section

Press F12 (Configure).

Set Allow transporter category to Yes, to capture the value of transaction recorded with party having PAN, under Exempt in lieu of PAN available in Form 26Q.

Press Enter to save.

Select the required Nature of Payment. The Section and Payment code are displayed automatically.

Enter the Rate of TDS for With PAN and Without PAN. The same appears in Rate for other deductee types.

Accept the screen. As always, you can press Ctrl+A to save.

To view the history of Rate and Exemption Limit Details provided for different dates,

The details will appear with the breakup of rate With PAN and Without PAN as shown below:

The section 194J corresponding to Fees for Professional and Technical Services has been divided into 2 sub-sections, Fees for Technical Services (other than Professional Services) or Royalty and Fees for Professional Services, with payment codes 4JA and 4JB respectively. This change has been implemented in FVU (File Validation Utility) ver 6.8. You can create the nature of payments for these sub-sections in TallyPrime manually and use them for your TDS undertakings.

Enter the name of the sub-section as Fees for Professional Services. You can give your own name but ensure that the section code and payment code are selected correctly.

Accept the screen. As always, you can press Ctrl+A to save.

Similarly, you can create nature of payment for the other sub-section as shown below:

A TDS ledger is used for recording duties in TDS related transactions.

Enter the Name.

Select Duties and Taxes as the group name in the Under field.

Select TDS as the Type of duty/tax.

Select a Nature of Payment from the List of Nature of Payments.

Accept the screen. As always, you can press Ctrl+A to save.

An expenses ledger is used for booking expenses. It can be created by selecting the Nature of Payment during ledger creation.

Enter the Name.

Select Indirect Expenses as the group name in the Under field.

Set Inventory values are affected to No.

Enable the option Is TDS Applicable.

Accept the screen. As always, you can press Ctrl+A to save.

TDS will be deducted on the basis of the deductee type, which has to be defined in the party ledger.

Enter the Name and select Sundry Creditor in the Under field.

Enable the option Maintain bill-by-bill, to track the TDS bills.

Enable the option Is TDS Deductable, to allow TDS deduction for the ledger.

Enable Deduct TDS in Same Voucher, if required, and select the TDS Nature of Payment. You can also select to All Items.

Set Use Advanced TDS Entries to Yes.

You can set the ledger to ignore income tax and/or surcharge exemption limits.

Based on the selection made, the transactions recorded using these ledgers will appear in the relevant sections of Form 26Q.

Based on the selection made, the transactions recorded using these ledgers will appear in the relevant sections of Form 27Q.

Enter the Mailing Details. Enable Provide Bank Details, to enter the bank details for the ledger.

Enter the PAN/IT No. under Tax Information. When the PAN is not available, enter one of the terms given below as the PAN/IT No., based on the corresponding reason:  

PANAPPLIED – If the party has given a declaration stating that he/she has applied for PAN, but are yet to receive the same.

PANINVALID – If the PAN format provided by the party is incorrect.

PANNOTAVBL – If the party has not given any declaration or PAN number.

Accept the screen. As always, you can press Ctrl+A to save.

A Fixed Asset ledger is used for recording fixed assets and capital goods.

Enter the Name.

Select Fixed Assets as the group name in the Under field.

Set Inventory values are affected to No.

Set Is TDS Deductable to Yes.

Set Treat as TDS Expenses to Yes.

Select the required Nature of Payment.

Accept the screen. As always, you can press Ctrl+A to save.

Stock items with TDS details can be created only if it is configured on the Company TDS Deductor Details page.

Enter the Name.

Select a stock group from the List of Stock Groups in the Under field.

If you do not see this option, ensure that Enable Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) is set to Yes in F11 for your company.

Select the Nature of Payment.

Accept the screen. As always, you can press Ctrl+A to save.

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