Trending February 2024 # Memory Sizes Explained – Bits, Bytes, Kilobytes Gigabytes, Terabytes, Petabytes, Exabytes # Suggested March 2024 # Top 5 Popular

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Just like we measure day-to-day things like time in seconds, mass in kilograms, and height in meters; computer memory and disc space are measured based on bytes. You would have probably come across terms like Kilobytes, Gigabytes, Terabytes, Petabytes, etc., especially when you are buying a new laptop or a phone or a new storage device like a hard disk. These terms are the most commonly used metrics of data storage capacity and are useful when you want to buy a new digital device based on memory.

That being said, have you ever visualized how much memory space is available in the real for gigabytes, terabytes or a petabyte? These units of measurement are most often confusing at first glance and understanding these terminologies is quintessential for anyone who works with a computer.

Computer Memory sizes explained

To understand how exactly the computer memory and data storage capacity works, you need to be able first to understand how much space a byte, kilobyte, gigabyte, terabyte, petabyte or exabyte describes. To gauge the exact size, you need first to understand how a computer works.

How big are byte, kilobyte, gigabyte, terabyte, petabyte & exabyte?

Computers use a binary number system for the basic representation of a number. Unlike the decimal system generally referred to as base ten number system that uses ten numerals 0, 1, 2, … 9; the binary system has only two numerals 1 and 0. Although we don’t actually directly deal with 1’s and 0 ’s, these two digitals play a significant role in how computers work.

With these two digits, we can count up to any numbers. A decimal number can be converted to binary, and all of this math is done by your computer.  Computers are made up of electronic circuits and wires, and these electronics circuits carry all the information in a computer. All the information is stored and represented using electricity.

Bit

Like I said before, computers are made of signal wires these signal can be either on or off. This on or off state of wire is called a Bit. This bit is the smallest piece of information the computer can store. If you have more wires, you get more 1’s and 0’s with more bits. And more bits can be used to represent a piece of complex information.

What is important here, is that any number can be represented with ones and zeros or by a bunch of wires and transistors that are on or Off. The more the wires or transistors, the larger number you can store. Suppose you want to store information like text, images or sound, all these can be represented with numbers. These numbers can then be stored as on or off electrical signals.

Bytes

A binary number can be either 0 or 1 which represents the switch as off or on respectively. This On or Off state of a switch is called a bit. A byte is a collection of bits, and a single byte is made up of eight binary digits. Bits are grouped as eight binary digits because most of the memory chips have an electronic circuitry of eight pathways with each pathway having either on-state or off-state. A byte can represent 2^8 (256) distinct values, ie, .1 byte can represent values from zero (00000000) to 255 (11111111).

Kilobytes

Bytes are grouped to represent a larger number. A Kilobyte contains 1024 bytes. Generally, when we prefix kilo, it would suggest 1000 bytes. This holds true for the decimal number system that is based on factors of 10.  However since computers use the binary system to store the data, we need to use a binary factor of 2’s to represent bytes. That means a kilobyte contains 2^10 bytes which are 1024 bytes. Kilobyte measure is often used to describe CPU cache size and RAM capacity

Megabyte

Megabyte contains 1024 kilobytes. Generally, when we prefix mega, it suggests a million bytes. This holds true for the decimal number system that is based on factors of 10. Since we need to represent in a computer binary system, we need to use a binary factor of 2’s to represent bytes. That means a Megabyte contains 1024 kilobytes.

Gigabytes

Gigabyte contains 1024 megabytes. Generally, when we prefix Giga, it suggests a billion bytes. This holds true for the decimal number system that is based on factors of 10. Since we need to represent in a computer binary system, we need to use a binary factor of 2’s to represent bytes. That means a Gigabyte actually contains 1024 megabytes. To gauge how exactly it consumes memory, let us consider that you have 2 GB of disk drive. With 2GB of capacity, you can store around 500 music tracks.

Terabyte

Terabyte contains 1024 gigabytes. A prefix Tera suggests a trillion of bytes. In the binary system, it would represent 1024 Gigabytes. 1TB is a lot of storage space and to put it in perspective; it can store around a million photos. Nowadays most hard drives come in the range of 1 to 3 TB.

Also read: What are Kibibytes (KiB), Mebibytes (MiB), and Gibibytes (GiB)?

Petabyte

A petabyte is almost one quadrillion bytes. In computer binary system, a petabyte is 1024 terabytes of data. This size is quite hard to imagine practically. Nowadays most of the modern technology processors and servers store over petabytes of information. To put it in perspective, one petabyte-sized memory can store over 10,000 hours of TV programming shows.

Exabyte

Exabyte or EB is a very large unit of data storage. 1 EB = 1000 Petabytes.

Hope this clears up the air!

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Twitch Emote Sizes & Guidelines

Are you looking to add some awesome-looking Twitch emotes for your subscribers but not sure what the right sizes are for your Twitch emotes?

Worry not, we’re here to help.

In this article, we’re going to tell you what sizes your Twitch emotes should be and also answer a few other common questions around Twitch emotes.

Let’s get into it.

Jump to a specific section:

Twitch Emote Sizes

The ideal Twitch emote sizes are the following:

28 x 28 pixels for web

56 x 56 pixels for retina display

112 x 112 for larger screens

Or between 112 x 112 px – 4096 x 4096 px if you have auto resisze on)

Twitch requires you to upload your Twitch emotes in all three size variations, this ensures they can deliver the right emote regardless of what device a viewer is on.

Twitch emote sizes image

Also, when you’re creating your Twitch emotes, keep the following in mind:

The aspect ratio for each emote design must be 1:1 (perfect square)

You must upload the emotes as PNGs or GIFs if you’re using animated emotes.

They must have a transparent background

The maximum file size per emote is 1 MB

Keep the image and content of your emotes within Twitch’s guidelines to ensure they’re accepted when you upload them

Remember to be able to add custom emotes to your channel you need to be either a Twitch affiliate or Twitch partner!

Alternatively, you can use BTTV to get free custom emotes on your channel (More on this further down).

And that’s it! If you follow those size and formatting guidelines you should be able to upload your Twitch emotes with no problems.

What are Twitch emotes?

We’re going to assume since you’re looking into Twitch emote sizes and guidelines that you already know what a Twitch emote is.

However, if you don’t know here’s a quick explanation for you…

Twitch emotes (emoticons) are graphics that viewers on your Twitch streams can post in the stream chat to interact with you and other viewers or to make a joke or react to something happening in the stream.

According to StreamElements here’s are some of the most popular Twitch emotes at the time of writing:

LUL emote TriHard emote forsenE emote

Custom Twitch emotes

There are publicly available Twitch emotes that anyone can use in a stream’s chat (e.g. BTTV emotes) but there are also custom Twitch emotes.

These are emotes that are only available to subscribers of a particular channel, and as subscribers, they get access to that streamer’s exclusive collection of custom subscriber emotes.

Here’s an example of custom Twitch emotes from streamer Eagle Garrett:

Eagle Garrett’s Twitch subscriber emotes

Why should you add Twitch emotes to your channel?

Why should you bother adding custom Twitch emotes for your subscribers? That’s a good question, with a few answers.

It’s a good incentive to get regular viewers of your channel to subscribe and support the work you’re doing

You’re able to reward loyal subscribers who have been with you for a long period of time! So this can help build a great relationship with you and your subscribers

It helps your subscribers feel like they’re part of an exclusive community as they have special access due to them being a subscriber

You get to be creative and create emotes that actually have significance for you and your subscribers – which helps build engagement and fun on your channel

Who can get Twitch emotes?

If you’re a Twitch partner or affiliate you can add custom emotes to your channel to encourage people to subscribe (so they can access them).

The more subscribers you get the more custom emotes you can add to your channel.

It is possible to get free custom emotes for your channel if you use BTTV. Using BTTV on your channel allows you to offer up to 15 free emotes for viewers and subscribers (but they’ll need to have the BTTV chrome plugin installed too!).

You can also add 15 public emotes from the BTTV public emote library for your users to use. This is a good chance to let viewers use some of the most common Twitch emotes on your channel.

What makes a good Twitch emote?

Another good question, and one that is somewhat subjective! It all depends on your own personal preferences really but most good emotes have a few commonalities.

TommyInnit’s subscriber emotes

Here are the boxes a good Twitch emote normally ticks:

It’s relevant to you and your community e.g.

Common phrases used in your channel

Related to games you often play

Inside jokes in your community

Nicknames you have for your community

etc.

It’s easy to see and understand straight away

It’s unique to your channel

It’s relevant to situations that regularly occur in your channel e.g.

New followers

Funny moments

Critical moments in games – good and bad

etc.

A great idea is to actually ask your Twitch community what custom emotes they would like to see. This has multiple benefits of giving your more ideas and also making everyone in your community feel part of it.

Where and how to get good Twitch emotes?

If you plan to make your own Twitch emotes you can use software like Paint, Gimp, or Photoshop. We’ve put some videos below that show how to create emotes with those programs.

You can also use an online design tool. We covered the best options for that in our Twitch Emote Makers article. So check that out if you’re interested.

Two of our favorites from that article are Placeit and EmotesCreator.

Alternatively, you can hire a designer from a site like Fiverr or buy premade Twitch emote designs and packs. Here are some sites to get the best Twitch emotes (premade):

Create free emotes using Paint:

Using Paint to create emotes

Create free emotes with GIMP:

Using GIMP to create emotes

If you want to use Photoshop to create your emotes here’s a good video showing you how:

Creating emotes in Photoshop

How to add Twitch emotes to your channel

If you’re not sure how to add Twitch emotes to your channel, here’s a quick run-through:

Adding emotess to Twitch

And here’s a video on how to setup BTTV emotes on your channel:

Examples of some awesome custom Twitch emotes:

Here’s some examples of custom Twitch subscriber emotes from some of the biggest streamers on the platform, for your inspiration:

Ninja

Ninja’s Twitch sub emotes

Auronplay

Auronplay’s Twitch sub emotes

Myth

Myth’s Twitch sub emotes

SypherPK

SypherPK’s Twitch sub emotes

AlanZoka

AlanZoka’s Twitch sub emotes

Final thoughts

So, that’s everything you need to know about ensuring your Twitch subscriber emotes are the correct size and format – so you can add them to your channel with no problems.

What Is A Memory Barrier?

Historically CPUs have been perfectly sequential machines. This is highly logical and easy to understand but can be a performance issue. Over the years, there have been many ingenious adjustments to CPU designs to extract as much performance as possible from silicon wafers. One of the more interesting ones, though, is out-of-order execution. In out-of-order execution CPUs, instructions don’t necessarily need to be executed in the order in which they are issued.

Stalling in Order

The main performance issue an in-order CPU runs into is called a pipeline stall. This happens when an instruction is dependent on some memory, but that memory isn’t directly available in a register. In this case, the CPU must find that value in memory. The CPU cache is checked first as these are the fastest memory tier. If the value isn’t there, the system RAM is checked. During this time, the CPU must sit idle, as the memory-dependent instruction must be completed in order before the following instructions.

The performance impact of a pipeline stall may not be so bad, but it can also be relatively severe. For example, the L1 cache can typically return a result in the order of magnitude of 5 CPU cycles. The L2 cache may take 20 cycles, L3 around 200 cycles, and system RAM around 400 cycles. Given that a CPU may operate at around 5GHz, that is 5 billion clock cycles per second, even 400 cycles aren’t that bad (0.000008%). But if you have many instructions needing to reference data further down the cache tiers, the cumulative effect can cause a noticeable slowdown.

Out-of-Order Execution and Register Renaming

Out-of-order execution requires a feature called register renaming. The CPU can access data held in registers within a single cycle. Registers are used to store data being read and written. It is essential, however, to ensure that the computer at large sees everything happening in the logical order, not in the out-of-order, CPU cycle-optimized order. To enable this, CPUs have many more logical registers than the CPU architecture demands.

Data that needs to be written out, but has an “earlier” instruction that hasn’t been completed yet, is placed in a holding register. This data isn’t transferred to another register when the order has sorted itself out. Instead, the name of the holding register is changed to that of the register it should be in. This is somewhat similar to preparing a dessert before the main course but then keeping it in the fridge until it’s time to serve it.

These logical registers are entirely unaddressed. The CPU can only really address the logical registers that currently share the name of the architectural registers. That said, the CPU is also aware of them enough that if other reordered instructions rely on the data in the logical holding register, they can use it rather than the “outdated” data in the architectural register at that particular empirical time.

Memory Barriers

A memory barrier – also referred to as a membar, memory fence, or fence instruction – is an instruction in computer code. It allows a programmer to enforce an ordering constraint on memory operations issued before and after the memory barrier. The memory barrier instructs the CPU scheduler to ensure that all instructions are processed before any instruction after the barrier. This is done to ensure that important operations are completed in the correct order.

Generally, on modern computers, this shouldn’t be necessary. Out-of-order execution and registry renaming are well-established and mature fields. Nevertheless, a memory barrier can be helpful for older, less sophisticated, out-of-order processors or used in critical memory operations.

Memory barriers may come with some performance detriment. This is because they actively prevent the CPU scheduler from optimizing specific parts of the instruction flow. This increases the chance of a pipeline stall.

Conclusion

A memory barrier is an instruction that ensures an ordering constraint on memory operations. This is important because out-of-order execution processors may reorder specific instructions. While registry renaming is well established as a method to ensure memory integrity in this environment, it can be helpful to ensure it manually.

The memory barrier forces the CPU scheduler to ensure that instructions are completed before any instruction after the barrier. This prevents memory operations from being reordered. It also prevents the CPU from optimizing the instruction flow, which can impact performance.

Explained With Examples + Video

Watch Video – Excel FILTER Function Examples

Office 365 brings with some awesome functions – such as XLOOKUP, SORT, and FILTER.

When it comes to filtering data in Excel, in the pre-Office 365 world, we were mostly dependent on Excel in-built filter or at max the Advanced filter or complex SUMPRODUCT formulas. In case you had to filter a part of a dataset, it was usually a complex workaround (something I have covered here).

But with the new FILTER function, it’s now really easy to quickly filter part of the dataset based on a condition.

And in this tutorial, I will show you how awesome is the new FILTER function and some useful things you can do with this.

But before I get into the examples, let’s quickly learn about the syntax of the FILTER function.

Below is the syntax of the FILTER function:

=FILTER(array,include,[if_empty])

array – this is the range of cells where you have the data and you want to filter some data from it

include – this is the condition that tells the function what records to filter

[if_empty] – this is an optional argument where you can specify what to return in case no results are found by the FILTER function. By default (when not specified), it returns the #CALC! error

Now let’s have a look at some amazing Filter function examples and stuff it can do which used to be quite complex in its absence.

Suppose you have a dataset as shown below and you want to filter all the records for the US only.

Below is the FILTER formula that will do this:

=FILTER($A$2:$C$11,$B$2:$B$11="US")

The above formula uses the dataset as the array and the condition is $B$2:$B$11=”US”

This condition would make the FILTER function check every cell in column B (one that has the region) and only those records that match this criterion would be filtered.

Also, in this example, I have the original data and the filtered data on the same sheet, but you can also have these in separate sheets or even workbooks.

Filter Function returns a result that is a dynamic array (which means that instead of returning one value, it returns an array that spills to other cells).

For this to work, you need to have an area where the result would come to be empty. In any of the cells in this area (E2:G5 in this example) already has something in it, the function will give you the #SPILL error.

Also, since this is a dynamic array, you can not change a part of the result. You can either delete the entire range that has the result or cell E2 (where the formula was entered). Both of these would delete the entire resulting array. But you can not change any individual cell (or delete it).

In the above formula, I have hard-coded the region value, but you can also have it in a cell and then reference that cell that has the region value.

For example, in the below example, I have the region value in cell I2 and this is then referenced in the formula:

=FILTER($A$2:$C$11,$B$2:$B$11=I1)

This makes the formula even more useful and now you can simply change the region value in cell I2 and the filter would automatically change.

You can also have a drop-down in cell I2 where you can simply make the selection and it would instantly update the filtered data.

You can also use comparative operators within the filter function and extract all the records that are more or less than a specific value.

For example, suppose you have the dataset as shown below and you want to filter all the records where the sales value is more than 10000.

The below formula can do this:

The formula checks each record for the value in Column C. If the value is more than 10000, it is filtered, else it’s ignored.

In case you want to get all the records less than 10000, you can use the below formula:

=FILTER($A$2:$C$11,($C$2:$C$11<10000))

You can also get more creative with the FILTER formula. For example, if you want to filter the top three record based on the sales value, you can use the below formula:

The above formula uses the LARGE function to get the third largest value in the dataset. This value is then used in the FILTER function criteria to get all the records where the sales value is more than or equal to the third-largest value.

Suppose you have the below dataset and you want to filter all the records for the US where sale value is more than 10000.

This is an AND condition where you need to check for two things – the region needs to the US and the sales need to be more than 10000. If only one condition is met, the results should not be filtered.

Below is the FILTER formula that will filter records with the US as the region and sales of more than 10000:

Since I am using two conditions and I need both to be true, I have used the multiplication operator to combine these two criteria. This returns an array of 0’s and 1’s, where a 1 is returned only when both the conditions are met.

In case there are no records that meet the criteria, the function would return the #CALC! error.

And in case you want to return something meaning (instead of the error), you can use a formula as shown below:

Here, I have used “Not Found” as the third argument, which is used when no records are found that match the criteria.

You can also modify the ‘include’ argument in the FILTER function to check for an OR criteria (where any one of the given conditions can be true).

For example, suppose you have the dataset as shown below and you want to filter the records where the country is either the US or Canada.

Below is the formula that will do this:

=FILTER($A$2:$C$11,($B$2:$B$11="US")+($B$2:$B$11="Canada"))

Note that in the above formula, I have simply added the two conditions by using the addition operator. Since each of these conditions returns an array of TRUEs and FALSEs, I can add to get a combined array where it’s TRUE if any one of the conditions is met.

Another example could be when you want to filter all the records where either the country is the US or the sale value is more than 10000.

The below formula will do this:

Note: When using AND criteria in a FILTER function, use the multiplication operator (*) and when using the OR criteria, use the addition operator (+).

You can use formulas within the FILTER function to filter and extract records where the value is above or below the average.

For example, suppose you have the dataset as shown below and you want to filter all the records where the sale value is above average.

You can do that using the following formula:

Similarly, for below average, you can use the below formula:

=FILTER($A$2:$C$11,C2:C11<AVERAGE(C2:C11))

In case you need to quickly filter and extract all the records from even number rows or odd number rows, you can do that with the FILTER function.

To do this, you need to check the row number within the FILTER function, and only filter row numbers that meet the row number criteria.

Suppose you have the dataset as shown below and I only want to extract even-numbered records from this dataset.

Below is the formula that will do this:

=FILTER($A$2:$C$11,MOD(ROW(A2:A11)-1,2)=0)

The above formula uses the MOD function to check the row number of each record (which is given by the ROW function).

The formula MOD(ROW(A2:A11)-1,2)=0 returns TRUE when the row number is even and FALSE when it’s odd. Note that I have subtracted 1 from the ROW(A2:A11) part as the first record is in the second row, and this adjusts the row number to consider the second row as the first record.

Similarly, you can filter all the odd-numbered records using the below formula:

=FILTER($A$2:$C$11,MOD(ROW(A2:A11)-1,2)=1)

Using FILTER function with other functions allows us to get a lot more done.

For example, if you filter a dataset using the FILTER function, you can use the SORT function with it to get the result that is already sorted.

Suppose you have a dataset as shown below and you want to filter all the records where the sales value is more than 10000. You can use the SORT function with the function to make sure the resulting data is sorted based on the sales value.

The below formula will do this:

The above function uses the FILTER function to get the data where the sale value in column C is more than 10000. This array returned by the FILTER function is then used within the SORT function to sort this data based on the sales value.

The second argument in the SORT function is 3, which is to sort based on the third column. And the fourth argument is -1 which is to sort this data in descending order.

So these are 7 examples to use the FILTER function in Excel.

Hope you found this tutorial useful!

You may also like the following Excel tutorials:

Terminal Server Driver Made Incorrect Memory Reference

Terminal server driver made incorrect memory reference [Solved]

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The terminal server driver made incorrect memory reference error can cause real damage to your PC like the other BSoD errors.

In order to fix it you should update your operating system to its latest version.

If you installed certain software recently, be sure to remove it in order to fix this error.

You can also run DISM by following our step-by-step guide below, so read on!

X

INSTALL BY CLICKING THE DOWNLOAD FILE

To fix Windows PC system issues, you will need a dedicated tool

Fortect is a tool that does not simply cleans up your PC, but has a repository with several millions of Windows System files stored in their initial version. When your PC encounters a problem, Fortect will fix it for you, by replacing bad files with fresh versions. To fix your current PC issue, here are the steps you need to take:

Download Fortect and install it on your PC.

Start the tool’s scanning process to look for corrupt files that are the source of your problem

Fortect has been downloaded by

0

readers this month.

The

TERMINAL_SERVER_DRIVER_MADE_INCORRECT_MEMORY_REFERENCE

error is a

error is a Blue Screen of Death error, and it can appear on almost any version of Windows, including Windows 10

Since BSoD errors can be troublesome and cause damage to your PC, today we’re going to show you how to fix this error, so be sure to read on!

How do I fix the

TERMINAL_SERVER_DRIVER_MADE_INCORRECT_MEMORY_REFERENCE

 error? 1. Update Windows 10

Many Blue Screen of Death errors can be caused by hardware or software incompatibilities, therefore it’s important that you fix those incompatibilities if you want your PC to be stable and without errors.

Many of these patches add new features, but there are also security improvements along with various bug fixes related to both hardware and software.

Downloading Windows updates is one of the simplest ways to fix and prevent Blue Screen of Death errors from appearing, so be sure to download them frequently.

2. Update your drivers

Drivers are important because they allow Windows 10 to recognize and utilize your hardware.

When a certain driver is outdated or buggy, you won’t be able to use a specific hardware component, or you might even get a

To ensure that your system is stable and that your hardware is recognized and working well, it’s always good to keep your drivers up to date.

Blue Screen of Death errors usually tell you which file caused the crash, and if it’s a driver, you just need to update that driver in order to fix the problem.

Users reported few issues with Dell laptops and audio drivers, but after downloading the necessary drivers the problem was fixed.

In order to update your drivers, you just have to visit your hardware manufacturer’s website and download the latest drivers for your device.

Be sure to download motherboard and chipset drivers first, and then move to all other drivers.

Update drivers automatically

Using an automatic driver updater will certainly save you from the hassle of searching for drivers manually, and it will always keep your system up to date with the latest drivers.

We recommend you update your drivers with Outbyte Driver Updater. Just install the utility and let it scan your drivers. It will detect the exact driver version that is compatible with your driver, and then install it to your PC.

The software can also repair damaged drivers and you can set it up to automatically check and update your drivers so you won’t have to think about it again.

⇒ Get Outbyte Driver Updater

3. Run the hardware troubleshooter 

Another thing we can try is running Windows 10s built-in troubleshooting tool. This tool is designed to deal with various system issues, including BSODs. So, it might be helpful in this case, as well.

4. Run the SFC scan

Expert tip:

So, it can be useful when dealing with the

5. Run DISM

Standard way

With the Windows installation media

And the third tool we’re going to use is DISM. Deployment Image Servicing and Management (DISM) is a tool that, as its name says, deploys the system image all over again.

6. Remove your antivirus

Antivirus and firewall are crucial for the safety of your PC, but sometimes third-party antivirus software can cause Blue Screen of Death errors to appear.

Almost any third-party antivirus program or firewall can cause

If removing your antivirus and firewall fixed the problem, then you can reinstall the same antivirus program, or you can switch to different antivirus software.

Bear in mind that just uninstalling the software won’t probably fix the problem, and you’ll have to use a dedicated removal tool to completely remove any files associated with your antivirus program.

In this regard, we recommend CCleaner because it lets you uninstall the application and remove corresponding files from one central UI.

7. Remove the problematic software

Sometimes these types of errors can be caused by certain software, and if you want to fix this error, you’ll have to find and remove the problematic software.

If you installed or updated certain software recently, be sure that you remove it in order to fix this error.

To see if

Safe Mode uses only the default drivers and applications, and if the BSoD error is caused by any software, you shouldn’t have any BSoD errors in Safe Mode.

If your computer is stable in Safe Mode you just need to find the application or driver that is causing this error and remove it.

8. Reset Windows 10

If the

This procedure is similar to clean install, and it will remove all files from your C partition, so be sure to create a backup before you proceed.

You might also need a bootable USB flash drive with Windows 10 to complete this process, and you can easily create one with Media Creation Tool.

If the problem persists even after Windows 10 reset, it’s most likely that the issue is caused by your hardware.

9. Check your hardware

If the Blue Screen of Death error still appears, it might be due to a faulty hardware. The Most common cause for BSoD errors is faulty RAM, so be sure to check your RAM first.

If you want to perform a thorough scan we suggest that you use MemTest86+ and test each RAM individually.

If your RAM is working well, be sure to check other components such as your graphic card, motherboard, hard drive, network adapter, etc.

The

TERMINAL_SERVER_DRIVER_MADE_INCORRECT_MEMORY_REFERENCE

BSoD error can cause certain problems, but in most cases you can fix this error by finding the problematic driver and updating it.

Still experiencing issues?

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What Is Whatsapp Premium – Explained!

WhatsApp Premium: Everything You Need to Know (2024) What is WhatsApp Premium?

WhatsApp Premium is an upcoming subscription service from WhatsApp for businesses. With WhatsApp Premium, business accounts will have additional features such as vanity URLs and more linked devices. To clarify, WhatsApp is not going to charge regular users with a subscription for accessing the app.

WhatsApp Premium: Features

Merely days after we saw reports highlighting the existence of WhatsApp Premium, Meta officially unveiled the subscription service at its Conversations 2023 event. Here’s what to expect from WhatsApp Premium:

Up to 10 Linked Devices

Although you can now use WhatsApp on multiple devices, you are limited to your phone and four other devices. That, however, will change with WhatsApp Premium. Businesses with a subscription will be able to add up to 10 additional devices to their accounts. This should come in handy for small and medium-sized businesses that have a dedicated social media team to handle their WhatsApp accounts.

Vanity URL

As WABetaInfo points out, your business phone number is not hidden when you create a vanity URL. Users will still see the phone number when they contact you via WhatsApp. However, creating a short custom URL with the business name makes it more memorable and could potentially attract new users through word-of-mouth.

Other than these, WhatsApp is introducing a new cloud-based API so that businesses and developers can easily get started with WhatsApp business. It’s worth noting that the cloud API is available for free and is not part of WhatsApp Premium.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is there WhatsApp Premium?

Yes. WhatsApp has announced WhatsApp Premium as an optional subscription for businesses.

There’s no info on WhatsApp Premium’s availability at the time of writing this article. However, since WhatsApp has already announced the feature, we could expect the company to roll it out over the coming weeks.

What is WhatsApp Premium’s price?

Regarding the pricing, we don’t know how much the WhatsApp Premium subscription will cost. We will have to wait for the company to reveal the pricing details of the subscription service. WhatsApp says it will have more details to share in the future.

Improve Business Reach with WhatsApp Premium

So, that’s everything we know about WhatsApp Premium at the moment. Once available, you can access and subscribe to the subscription service from your business account across Android, iOS, and desktop. We will update this article as soon as WhatsApp officially announces the pricing of the subscription, so stay tuned for updates.

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