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Sony pitched the PS5’s hardware-accelerated Tempest 3D audio engine as a next-generation feature, but what is 3D audio, and how does it work on PS5? This articles answers these questions.

To all the audiophiles out there, this is not a technical explanation. Rather it’s a broad overview of what 3D audio is in relation to other more traditional sound setups and how Sony’s implementation works on PS5. Read on to learn all about the PS5’s 3D audio!

What is 3D audio?

Traditional playback of sound is split up into channels. Back in the 1960s, for example, when the Beatles first started releasing their music, they released it in single-channel, or mono. This means that if you’re listening to headphones, you’ll hear the same thing from both sides.

Today, music is recorded and released in stereo, which means two-channel audio, so if you’re listening to something on headphones, you’ll hear two slightly different outputs coming from the two sides. This allows musicians and artists to vastly increase the complexity of their creations by tweaking what a listener hears from each ear.

Surround sound is simply more-channel audio, often coming in 5.1 or 7.1 setups, where the five or seven refers to the number of speakers in the setup and the point-one refers to a subwoofer. While not often used in music, when it’s used in television, film, and games, it splits your audio into many different channels. This allows you to have directional sound and feel as if you’re positioned in the center of the action.

3D audio is a reinterpretation of the idea of channels in audio. Instead of having a number of discrete speakers that put out sound corresponding to action on the left side of the screen versus the right side of the screen, 3D audio uses object-based spatial sound to generate sound digitally from many, many individual sources.

In effect, instead of, for example, playing a track with rain sounds when it’s raining and adjusting the volume of the rain as you get closer to or further from the source of the rain, 3D audio will simulate the sound of individual raindrops falling in the context of where you are within the world onscreen.

How does 3D audio work on PS5 today?

First off, 3D audio isn’t a replacement for traditional audio, and you won’t have to choose between “regular” audio and 3D audio. These technologies work in concert with one another, so if you listen to audio in stereo on a soundbar under your TV, 3D audio would be piped out from the two channels on your soundbar.

Sony’s 3D Tempest engine audio on PS5 is like a proprietary, hardware-accelerated version of Dolby’s Dolby Atmos 3D audio. It’s a piece of software that relies on PS5 hardware. Eventually, you’ll be able to enable 3D audio on PS5 on whatever sound system you have, be it surround sound, stereo, or simply headphones. However, today that is not the case.

Currently, 3D audio support on PS5 can only be enabled on headphones, though you won’t need Sony’s official PS5 headphones to use the technology. Once enabled, there are a few different audio profiles to choose from to customize your experience, but the level of audio fidelity provided by headphones usually isn’t amazing, even with tweaks.

When support for 3D audio comes to other devices and is more configurable, the technology is likely to see much more traction. Considering the next-generation positioning of 3D audio, it doesn’t make much sense to give up the fidelity of a high-quality speaker system to experience the new technology on whatever pair of headphones you have lying around.

Conclusion

Unlike the haptic feedback and adaptive triggers of the DualSense controller on PS5, 3D audio can redefine how every gamer interacts with games on a constant, fundamental level: hearing. Though, currently, the technology is limited in application to headphones, and if you don’t have very good headphones, chances are the effects of 3D audio won’t be earth-shattering on PS5.

Though, as developers make use of 3D audio in games and Sony rolls out more 3D audio support to other sound systems, the immersiveness of sound on Sony’s console may well outpace the competition.

Have you tried out the 3D audio on PS5? If you are planning to get a PS5, find out more about its backwards compatibility first before getting one.

Ruben Circelli

Ruben is a Staff Writer at Make Tech Easier. Ruben has a B.A. in English from the University of Massachusetts Boston, where he graduated with honors and summa cum laude. Ruben is, in fact, a normal enough guy, even if his day job is writing about tech!

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The Best Resin 3D Printers Of 2023

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Written By Steven T. Wright

Updated Jul 6, 2023 11:39 AM

From RPG miniatures to tool prototypes, resin 3D printers have changed the nature of many time-intensive hobbies. While they have a (somewhat unfair) reputation for being unwieldy and expensive, resin printers in recent years have become smaller, cheaper, and surprisingly easy to use. Whether you’re a Warhammer fiend who wants a top-of-the-line machine to print an entire opposing army or just a casual D&D player who wants to dip your toe into the hobby, there’s a model that will work for you. Still, it’s best to familiarize yourself with the options before you commit to anything, as there’s a lot to learn on the hunt for the best resin 3D printer.

How we picked the best resin 3D printers The best resin 3D printers: Reviews & Recommendations

Ultimately, it’s up to you to determine which of the above features is more important to you. The following resin 3D printers each excel in one area or another, often in multiple. Regardless of whether or not you plan to go all out for an industrial-grade solution, or save a bundle in order to try crafting for yourself, one of these printers will probably suit your needs. While you’re at it, check out the best 3D printer filaments.

Best overall: ANYCUBIC Photon Mono X

Why it made the cut: The ANYCUBIC Photon Mono X offers the best vital features per cost of any consumer-grade resin 3D printer out there.

Specs

Build volume: 192mm x 120mm x 250mm

Resolution: 3840×2400 (4K)

Printing speed: 60mm/h

Printing accuracy: .01mm

XY axis resolution: .05mm

LCD: 6.23 inch Mono

MSRP: $480

Pros

Premium feature set

Reasonable price

Very fast

Cons

The Mono X’s feature set is a cut above the usual suspects in the 3D printer game, especially in the build volume department. At 7.5 inches by 4.7 inches by 9.8 inches, the Mono X’s build area is more than big enough for any miniature you’re likely to want to build, except maybe Cthulhu. It also offers fast speeds, 4K resolution, and better Z-axis support than similar models.

Its price may be several hundred dollars more than other options, but in our opinion, the difference is more than worth it.

Best for miniatures: ANYCUBIC Photon Mono 4K

Why it made the cut: The ANYCUBIC Photon Mono 4K excels at creating standard miniatures quickly and easily, and it’s not hard to master.

Specs

Build volume: 132mm x 80mm x 165mm

Resolution: 3840×2400 (4K)

Printing speed: 50mm/h

Printing accuracy: .01mm

XY Axis Resolution: .035mm

LCD: 6.23 inch Mono

MSRP: $250

Pros

Extremely competitive price

Fast, easy to use

Rich online community

Cons

Standard build volume

Touch screen issues

The 4K’s great resolution and standard build volume make it a very good option for users who want to make a large number of standard miniatures without much fuss. It’s quite easy to set up even for newbies and its compact size means that it can sit on a small end table without calling a lot of attention to itself. At 50mm an hour max speed, the 4K will spit out miniatures very quickly once you get it set up, which is quite easy thanks to its online popularity.

If you’re an average user who wants to build an army of detailed orcs as fast as possible without breaking the bank, the Mono 4K is a great option.

Best for beginners: Elegoo Mars 3

Why it made the cut: Arguably the most famous resin 3D printer out there, the Elegoo Mars 3 is a great option for both beginners and experts alike.

Specs

Build volume: 143mm x 89mm x 175mm

Resolution: 4098×2560 (4K)

Printing speed: 50mm/h

Printing accuracy: .01mm

XY axis resolution: .035mm

LCD: 6.66 inch Mono

MSRP: $380

Pros

Very popular and intuitive

Good resolution

Slightly larger build volume

Cons

Somewhat expensive for what it is

As the follow-up to arguably the most popular resin printer of the last few years, the Mars 2, the Mars 3 has big shoes to fill. In fact, if you search “resin 3D printer” on any search engine, the Mars 3 will probably be the first one to show up. Overall, the Mars 3 lives up to its reputation as the easiest resin printer to use out there, and it offers a robust feature set, too.

The Mars 3’s specs are a little bit better than its main competitor, the Mono 4K, in almost every meaningful category, especially its build volume. However, reviews suggest that it’s not quite as fast as the Mono 4K over time. However, due to its popularity, you can find an absolutely ridiculous number of tutorials on Reddit and YouTube on how to use the Mars 3, and that’s what gives it a slight edge in the “beginner-friendly” department.

Overall, the Mars 3 is comparable in price to more premium resin 3D printers, but its ease of use and reputation make it worth a purchase, especially if you’re intimidated by the hobby as a whole.

Best high-end: Original Prusa SL1S Speed Bundle

Why it made the cut: The Prusa SL1S Speed might be expensive but it’s the choice for resin-crafters who want to turn their hobby into a serious side hustle.

Specs

Build volume: 127mm x 80mm x 150mm

Resolution: 2560×1620 (2K)

Printing speed: 1.3 to 2.4 seconds per layer

Printing accuracy: .01mm

XY axis resolution: .049mm

LCD: 5.96 inch Mono

MSRP: $2,000

Pros

Extremely fast

Truly professional-grade

Supports easy post-processing

Cons

Very expensive

Some dated features

In the world of resin 3D printing, there are hobbyists, and there are small businesses. If you’re looking to make a serious buck selling your miniatures or other products on a storefront like Etsy—and you already have some experience with resin printing—the Prusa S1LS Speed is a strong option. Thanks to its vat tilting support and ultra-fast scanning speed, the Prusa is suitable for both precise industrial work (such as dental molds) and cranking out miniatures as fast as possible. Testing suggests it’s nearly double the speed of the Mars 3, for example.

If you’re in the market for a high-end resin printer, the SL1S Speed is a great option. It’s definitely not suitable for your average consumer, however.

Best for large prints: ANYCUBIC Photon M3 Max

Why it made the cut: The ANYCUBIC Photon M3 Max is a high-end resin 3D printer that supports massive builds at a fairly reasonable price.

Specs

Build volume: 300mm x 298mm x 164mm

Resolution: 6480×3600 (6K)

Printing speed: 60mm/hr

Printing accuracy: .01mm

XY axis resolution: .040mm

LCD: 13.6 inch Mono

MSRP: $1,300

Pros

Incredible build volume

Very high resolution

Massive screen

Cons

Large and unwieldy

Expensive

If “bigger is better” is your favorite mantra, the Photon M3 Max might be the resin 3D printer for you. Boasting a ridiculous foot-tall build volume and better than 6K resolution, this is a machine that can print a heck of a final boss for your D&D campaign. It’s also surprisingly speedy for its size, posting significantly better build times than smaller alternatives like the Mars 3 and the Photon 4K Mono.

Overall, the Photon M3 Max is a serious machine for serious hobbyists and you probably already know if it’s the right resin 3D printer for you. If you’re in the market for a more newbie-friendly machine, you should look to its smaller cousins.

Why it made the cut: The Creality HALOT-ONE is the perfect starter machine for price-conscious customers who want to try out a new hobby.

Specs

Build volume: 130mm x 82mm x 160mm

Resolution: 2560×1620 (2K)

Printing speed: 1-4 seconds per layer

Printing accuracy: .01mm

XY axis resolution: .050mm

LCD: 5-inch Mono

MSRP: $200

Pros

Ultra-low price

Decent specs

Cons

Can get better features for $100+ more

When you consider that even the cheapest 3D printers cost $400 to $500 only a few years ago, the $200 price tag of the Creality HALOT-ONE is pretty staggering to consider. But while it’s definitely a budget model, the HALOT-ONE has a robust feature set that’s perfect for fresh hobbyists or beginners looking to cut their teeth in the 3D printing game. Its 2K resolution is more than enough for most projects, and its standard build volume can fit a standard miniature. It’s not the biggest or the fastest, but for many users, the price probably matters more.

The main argument against the HALOT-ONE is that you can get 4K resolution and significantly faster speed from a Mars 3 or Mono 4K for around $100 to $150 more. However, that might be the difference in purchasing a resin printer or not if you’re on a tight budget, so it’s ultimately up to you to decide whether those features are worth it to you.

The HALOT-ONE is a nice little machine, and its price can’t be beaten. For many budding hobbyists, it’s a great place to start.

Things to consider before buying the best resin 3D printers

Buying a 3D printer can be pretty intimidating, especially if you don’t know much about the hobby. The best resin 3D printers cost anywhere from $200 to $2,000, so one is not a casual pickup. Before making your purchase, you’ll need to consider what exactly you want to use it for, as that will have a big impact on what printer you choose. For example, if you’re planning on creating large miniatures or tool prototypes, you will need a printer with a larger build volume. You’ll also need to decide what level of detail you need from the printer, as that has a big impact on its cost. While a 4K capable printer is fairly affordable these days, 6K will raise the price substantially.

Regardless of what printer you ultimately buy, you’ll need to determine how comfortable you are working with resin, as you’ll need special tools and gear (such as a UV light and nitrate gloves) as part of your production process. If you’re willing to shell out, you can buy a washing-and-curing machine, like the Elegoo Mercury, in order to save yourself some legwork. Finally, you’ll need to reckon with the fact that resin itself is a lot more expensive than the alternatives, such as filament. However, the final product is more than worth it.

Size matters

Build volume is a measure of how large a product a resin 3D printer can produce. For example, a common build volume is about 5.5 inches by 3.5 inches by 7 inches, which is well within the typical range of a Dungeons & Dragons miniature. If you’re looking to make something bigger than that, you will need to purchase a printer with a large (or even extra-large) build volume. Generally speaking, printers with large build volumes require a bit more fiddling (and can be more prone to user error) than their standard-volume equivalents, but you can learn the ropes with a bit of effort.

4K, 6K, or 8K, oh my

The resolution of the 3D printer’s LCD will determine the level of detail it can inscribe on your beautiful miniatures. A 4K printer is considered the standard these days for all but ultra-budget models, and it’s more than sufficient for most projects. Still, if you want those details to really sing, you may want to consider a 6K (or even 8K!) option.

Mono is better than RGB

Yes, it may seem counterintuitive, but a 3D printer with monochrome LCD masking is better than one with RGB (or color) LCD masking. Monos are better at letting the UV light pass through than their colored alternatives, which means that each layer is scanned that much faster. RGB 3D printers are cheaper than monos, but even mono printers are fairly affordable these days. As such, unless your budget is extremely constrained, we recommend you get a mono, as they’re between 3-5x faster on average.

FAQs Q: What’s the highest resolution resin 3D printer?

The current highest resolution resin printer on the market is the Phrozen Sonic Mini 8K and the Mega 8K. However, while they have great resolution, both of these printers have significantly worse consumer reviews than the above picks, which is why it did not make the cut.

Q: Can you reuse resin from failed prints?

Unfortunately, no, you can’t. Once the resin has been hardened, it will remain hard forever. You cannot melt it down and reuse it like you can with a filament 3D printer.

Q: Is resin printing toxic?

While resin printers are perfectly safe to use, you must use caution, especially when you’re first starting with the hobby. Yes, untreated resin is toxic to the touch—you must use nitrate gloves while handling it. You should also wear safety glasses or goggles when working with the machine to avoid eye damage from splashing.

Q: How long can a resin print sit before cleaning it?

Provided that it’s kept away from UV light—and from any action that might break it, such as a pet—a resin print can sit for as long as you need before curing or cleaning it. However, you should not get in the habit of leaving them lying around, as they can easily break.

Q: Are resin prints stronger than PLA?

No, resin prints are more brittle and breakable than their filament counterparts. However, resin as a material allows for far more detail than filament, so it’s a better choice for RPG miniatures and the like.

Final thoughts on the best resin 3D printers

3D printing is one of the fastest-growing hobbies out there and, while there’s certainly a learning curve, it won’t take you long to make the wizard of your D&D dreams. In general, newbies to resin 3D printers should stick to well-known brand names like Elegoo and ANYCUBIC due to their very large online communities and tutorial support. It might seem intimidating, but if you work at it, it’s not as hard as it looks.

Pocketrocket Showdown: The Ultimate Iphone 3D Racing Game

RAGING THUNDER

We have a quick game on our hands. So quick that you can launch the game and be racing within 9 seconds (I timed it!) It seems like Polarbit had the best intentions of this game, but a lot of aspects seemed to fall short. Let me tell you the things I like about it before I tell you the things I don’t.

We have a quick game on our hands. So quick that you can launch the game and be racing within 9 seconds (I timed it!) It seems like Polarbit had the best intentions of this game, but a lot of aspects seemed to fall short. Let me tell you the things I like about it before I tell you the things I don’t.

I like that it has a multiplayer mode, but it seems like I’m never close enough to someone else with an iPhone and this game, wanting to play multiplayer, to try it out. I also like that it lets you save player profiles. The quickness is also very important to me. I can’t stand when, say, your waiting at the dentist office to be called. You wanna kill some time with a little iPhone gaming. You launch a game, and after 3 splash screens, a demo video, and a handful of settings, you might get to race around the first corner before you hear your name called out. This is definately not the case here, as the quick play mode picks your car and track, and starts almost instantly.

Now for the things I didn’t quite enjoy. The auto accelerator (so you don’t have to do anything to make the car go) is a neat idea, and really gives the game an arcade feel, and adds to the overall “pick-up-and-play-ability” of this game, but I’m just not a fan. I like that its an option, as I’m definitely more of a speed up, slow down type of person, especially around corners. And finally, the steering seemed a bit too sensitive, which made for a very jerky driving experience when mixed in with the auto accelerator. It seemed as though a small tilt in either direction resulted in immediate detours off the track. The graphics, I can’t say yay or nay about. Of course they’re stunning for a cell phone game, but didn’t seem as sharp as the other racers in the review. Raging Thunder [iTunes Link] is overall a descent game, and could be a great game with some fine tuning. If you can get a handle on the racing controls, it is definitely worth your $2.99.

ShowDown Rank – 4th Price: $2.99

FASTLANE STREET RACING

Finally, and most importantly, the gameplay. You can make a game look good, but if playing it makes you want to throw your iPhone in the Potomac, theres probably something wrong. Controls in FastLane, are handled by a gas pedal by your right thumb, and a brake by your left (landscape style), and of course the accelerometer deals with the twist in turns. This method actually works very well, as the pedals are large enough where I never miss them, and the accelerometer is sensitive enough where small tilts in either direction are enough to turn your vehicle. With no big name licenses for the cars and the absence of a full career mode, don’t expect this to rival Forza. But for those of you looking for an easy to use 3D racer that you can pick up and play anywhere, this might just be your cup of tea.

ShowDown Rank – 3rd Price: $3.99

FERRARI GT: EVOLUTION

If you’ve played Asphalt 4: Elite Racing, then you’ve play Ferrari GT Evolution [iTunes Link], well sort of. Since both are made by Gameloft, both are very much alike. Ferrari GT Evolution is kind of like a Ferrari edition of Asphalt 4, and includes a lot of features and fixes that gameloft missed with Elite Racing.

If you’ve played Asphalt 4: Elite Racing, then you’ve play Ferrari GT Evolution [iTunes Link], well sort of. Since both are made by Gameloft, both are very much alike. Ferrari GT Evolution is kind of like a Ferrari edition of Asphalt 4, and includes a lot of features and fixes that gameloft missed with Elite Racing.

You’ll notice a gorgeous 3D rendered video again at startup. You’ll see similar load times and then a very similar main menu. You still have career, mulitplayer, and quick race options. You also have an ‘options’ option which contains way more options than it’s twin brother Asphalt. Auto accelerator can be turned off and steering sensitivity can be adjusted which makes for a much more realistic and pleasant driving experience. You are limited to Ferrari brand only cars, but there is a whopping 32 of them and they are all gorgeous. I haven’t yet seen the ability to upgrade car parts, or customize any further than the color, but I may be missing something.

For me, it’s mostly about the game play anyway, that kinda stuff gets tedious after a while. Game play is great! With the welcome edition of sensitivity control and auto accelerator off, the steering wheel by the left thumb and gas and brake by the right thumb work surprisingly well. Mix that in with a color coded path your car should follow that is green when your on track and turns red when you’ve veered to far away from it make for a very realistic racing experience. The graphics are just as gorgeous as our #1 pick and at times might look even better. The menu system seems to have been tightened up since Asphalt, as things do seem quicker and smoother, but it may be because there are not as many features in this game.

With longer load times, and tons of options to tweak, if you are looking for a quick pick up game, this may not be the one for you. But if you are going for ultimate mobile racing experience, this one, also, will not dissapoint. At $5.99, you may have a hard time deciding which Gameloft game to go with, and even though Asphalt is taking home the trophy, I might recommend you try this one if your torn, it just seems a little more refined.

ShowDown Rank – 2nd Price: $5.99

ASPHALT 4: ELITE RACING

If girls were impressed by how sweet games looked on your iPhone, you’d probably want to show them Asphalt 4: Elite Racing [iTunes Link]. This thing screams adrenaline, as launching the application opens a gorgeously rendered 3D video of a Buggatti Veyron, a Ferrari Enzo, and several other cars racing through New York, and you realize this ain’t no ordinary racing game (bad grammar intended for effect).

If girls were impressed by how sweet games looked on your iPhone, you’d probably want to show them Asphalt 4: Elite Racing [iTunes Link]. This thing screams adrenaline, as launching the application opens a gorgeously rendered 3D video of a Buggatti Veyron, a Ferrari Enzo, and several other cars racing through New York, and you realize this ain’t no ordinary racing game (bad grammar intended for effect).

After a bit of loading time (that’s right, loading time), a menu fit for a console game opens up. You can scroll through an insane amount of high end, brand name cars (licensed!) including Ferrari, Buggatti, Nissan, BMW, etc, even motorcycles! Next, check out which city you want to race in, New York, Paris, L.A., the world is your playground. Tweak your car if you’ve earned some money racing, by switching up wheels, changing paint jobs, upgrading engine parts, almost everything on the car is customizable. Play in or host a mulitplayer game, or start a career on the racing circuit, and see if you can earn enough money to buy an Aston Martin or a Ferrari Enzo.

Sounds like a lot to take in, hopefully its got a good, easy to use interface. Well, the menus are great looking but at times feel sluggish and disorganized, definately needs a good lesson from the FastLane folks. The in-game graphics look great, and animations are nice and smooth (loading times weren’t for nothin’). You have 3 choices when it comes to gameplay. You can use the accelerometer to tilt left and right, you can use a small steering wheel, operated by your thumb, or you can touch left or right of the car when you want it to turn. The accelerometer choice would be nice, but I found myself tilting it so far over it’d go into portrait mode out of landscape mode, and that was rather frustrating. I’ll be honest, I didn’t give the touch steering method much of a chance, it just felt wrong. The steering wheel was cool, but was very sensitive, and I could not find an option to tweak that.

Overall, I wasn’t fond of their controls, but like all racing games, it takes a while to get used to, and before long I was constantly coming in top 3. This game is definitely the mammoth of the 4 and almost the winner by default. It just offers too much content, even at $5.99, it’s a steal. If you are looking for the ultimate racer, I’d have to say this will not disappoint.

ShowDown Rank – 1st Price: $5.99

Rhinoceros 3D Is A 3D Modeling Software Based On Nurbs Geometry

Considered as one of the most sought after 3D Modeling Software, Rhinoceros is proving to be relevant, now more than ever. Rhinoceros is a 3D modelling software that is used for creating realistic and workable 3D models. Rhino is based on the Non-Uniform Rational Basis Splines, also known as NURBS geometry which is capable of creating mathematically precise figures. Rhino 3D is most commonly used due to its capability of creating free form curves and surfaces which facilitates the creation of complex and intricate designs in a workable aspect. 

Rhinoceros is commonly used in fields such as architecture, engineering, jewellery and different types of design fields like product design, industrial, graphic, automotive and mechanical design. Its technique is considered the most accurate type of modelling that is present in today’s world.

History

Rhino was originally developed in 1990 by Robert McNeel as a complementary software to Autodesk CADD. It got a stable release in 1998 the first version being known as Rhino Version 1. Applied Geometry (AG) needed assistance in integrating AGLib and NURBS geometry into CAD. Robert McNeel produced a prototype on Cadd, after which he and AG decided to develop a NURBS modelling software.

© ArchiCAD, Youtube

PATalks 45 – Robert McNeel

Michael Gibson who was hired as an intern had created Sculptura which was a mesh modeling software. After a couple of years into development, Sculptura was integrated with NURBS and its name was changed to Rhinoceros. Robert McNeel was also responsible for creating a plugin for Rhino known as Grasshopper, which integrated ‘explicit history’ into the software. 

Features of Rhinocero 3D

Rhino 3D  is essentially a freeform surface model developing software that does not require manual coding to create different models. It allows one to create complicated powerful designs that are workable and extremely precise. It provides a large number of 3D modeling tools that facilitate great precision from a 2D sketch to a 3D scan. 

Tools

The software allows a user to work with curves and splines rather than polygons.

A 3-dimensional surface is created by manipulating the curves which in turn creates an adaptive mesh that allows one to control every aspect of the surface of the object. Rhinoceros contains a wide range of options in its toolset like points, curves, curves from other objects, surfaces, solids, meshes, and other general and transformation tools as well. Once the model is created, Rhino combines the elements to make meshes that become displayable and renderable surfaces. 

© 3D Natives

Not only is Rhinoceros used for 3D modeling but it also has 2D drafting capability. This adds more versatility to this dynamic software, which has managed to be a boon for producing complex geometries through simple measures.

Interface 

Rhinoceros’ interface is divided into 2 main types, the ‘User Interface’ and the ‘Construction Aids’. 

The User interface has command areas, command controls, pop-up commands, layer managers, view managers, customizable pop-up toolbars, transparent toolbars, and other basic features. The Construction Aids have basic commands that are featured in other software like undo, redo, numeric inputs, point filters, object snaps, ortho, layer tools, object tools, color, type, etc.

A Self-Explanatory Display

Rhinoceros 3D is considered the best due to its speedy 3D graphics, different views like perspective, shaded, floating, has a full-screen display, clipping planes, and more. It is designed with an optimum display system that allows the user to maximize their efficiency and work. 

© McNeel Forum

During the design process, a file needs to be able to work on different software. This is because a project may be passed through various file types and software and must be workable in all. Rhinoceros files are in .3DM format and are supported on all Microsoft and macOS computers. Rhino files are also supported on CAD and image file formats like .dwg/dxf, .3ds, .ai, .pov, .skp to name a few. One of the most attractive features of Rhino is its file compatibility and how it can be converted to different formats. 

In addition to its plethora of functions, its low cost and the quick learning curve have many students and professionals alike trying to get the hang of it. Rhinoceros 3D forums have been created online for the exchange of software-related questions, object sharing, project sharing, and general discussions and have created an entire knowledge-sharing community that has helped thousands.

Merits

It has a well functioning internal renderer that renders models beautifully by highlighting all the necessary details.

It is the most cost-effective software for all the features it offers, on the market.

Useful in custom modelling to create complex geometries and its multiple options in no time.

In spite of being a 3D Modeling software, it can make 2D images.

3D modelling with complex geometries is made possible due to its plethora of options to explore.

Easy plugin use is self-navigation even for new users.

Rhinoceros 3D in Architecture

Rhinoceros 3D is widely used across the architecture and design profession. With architects constantly striving to create new and interesting forms, they needed software like Rhino to keep up with their ideas and watch them physically come to life before their eyes. Rhino is the perfect tool to make their design with enough precision and detail to ensure that they would be workable. Architects were able to show their clients fully completed 3D models that could be placed into the context. Global firms like Zaha Hadid Architects, Bjarke Ingels Group, Gensler, Foster & Partners, and many more are actively collaborating with Rhino 3D to generate structures.

After Rhino 3D became popular in the market, Architecture in the 2000s saw a huge turn in style. Many fluid and free designs started popping up across the world and they all had one thing in common: they were made possible by Rhinoceros 3D.

Rhino allowed architects to create dynamic forms and in turn, create some exquisite architecture that people could marvel at.

Architectural Marvels Designed with Rhino 3D

1. Heydar Aliyev Centre – Zaha Hadid Architects

© Hufton Crow

This cultural center was an architectural feat and the perfect example of dynamic architecture. The outer skin of the structure elaborately folds and bends with smooth curves and soft undulations. The skin was designed in Rhinoceros 3D which provided control to all the complexities of the form. The structure was made of concrete and the addition of a space frame allowed for column-free spaces that kept the fluidity going even in the interiors.

2. ROCA London Gallery – Zaha Hadid Architects

© ZHA

The architects wanted to use the concept of water to show the flow and dynamic nature that water exudes. The design perfectly fits its function more broadly and abstractly. Rhino 3D was used to design the interiors that were sculpted of concrete which gave the building a smooth feel.

3. Harbin Opera House – MAD Architects

© ADAM MØRK

The structure appears as if it was sculpted by water and wind, the building gently flows into its surroundings. The interiors have swooping ceilings with gigantic glass facades and a massive skylight made of pyramidal diagrids that curve over the lobby. Rhino was used to create all the interior and exterior surfaces of this project, which helped achieve the level of finesse and precision this project needed to come to life. 

Modeling the Future with Rhinoceros 3D

Creating and conveying designs require high-quality models that can make the designer and client understand them thoroughly. Rhinoceros 3D provides a solution from the working stage to the presentation and analysis stage. The software gives a solid foundation and direction for the implementation of the project since it gives a deep level of understanding of the model and its nuances. Models created in Rhino 3D come to life only because of the capabilities of this much-needed software, that catapulted 3D geometry into great success and popularity in the 21st Century. Rhino is used across multiple industries over dozens of professions since it is extremely versatile, detailed driven, and diverse.

Over the recent years, with Mass housing, vertical cities, and extra-terrestrial architecture have reached their peak, software like Rhinoceros 3D, Grasshopper 3D, Ladybug, etc have proven to be an asset. This software is helping in creating structures that are eclectic, dynamic, and one-of-a-kind!

About the Series

The series explores various software that is used globally in the 21st century, this modeling software has proven to revolutionize architecture by exploring the unexplored. They are easing out the process by finding new ways of construction through a blend of computational methods to support futurist designs. The series highlights software and tools like Rhino 3D, Grasshopper 3D, Ladybug, Honeybee, Pufferfish, Kangaroo, and much more…..

About the ParametricArchitecture

Parametric Architecture is a reputed publishing platform that has taken an innovative approach to reach and inspire our thoughts of a future, where we design to co-exist in functional, productive, and comfortable surroundings. PA is a media company that researches art, architecture, and design that are visualized through computational, parametric, and digital design paradigms. These tools define and distinctly delineate how a system interacts in a coded language that will lead to envisage better environments for a better tomorrow.

Augmented Reality: The Past, Present And Future Explained

Analytics Insight brings you an explained view of the past, present and future of augmented reality.

Augmented reality has jumped out of the sci-fi movies to a science-based reality. Earlier, the use of augmented reality was very less as the technology came at a high cost. Researchers were not getting the chance to experiment with augmented reality often. But today, things have changed. Augmented reality has invaded our daily lives through smartphones, PCs and laptops. The technology is expected to further unravel many possibilities in the future. Augmented reality (AR) is an enhanced version of the real physical world that is achieved through the use of digital visual elements, sounds, or other sensory stimuli delivered via technology. 

History of Augmented Reality

The first conception of augmented reality occurred in a novel written by Frank L Baum in 1901. Baum portrayed a scenario where a set of electronic glasses mapped data onto people; it was called a ‘character market.’ After five decades, AR was achieved to some extent by a cinematographer called Morton Heilig in 1957. Heilig invented the non-computer controlled sensorama, which delivered sounds, visuals, vibration and smell to the viewer. Officially, augmented reality was invented in 1968 when Ivan Sutherland, a Harvard professor and computer scientist developed the first head-mounted display system called ‘The Sword of Damocles.’ The display system gave users the experience of real-world through a computer-generated graphic sensory perception. In 1974, Myron Kruger, a computer researcher ad artist built a laboratory that was entirely dedicated to artificial reality. The laboratory named ‘Videoplace’ functioned at the University of Connecticut. Later in the 1980s and 1990s, augmented reality got out of the labs and started merging with real-world applications. Finally, Tom Caudell, a Boeing researcher coined the term ‘augmented reality’ in 1990. The first properly implied AR system was the one developed at USAF Armstrong’s Research Lab by Louis Rosenberg in 1992. The AR system named ‘Virtual Fixtures’ was an incredible complex robotic system designed to compensate for the lack of high-speed 3D graphics processing power. Soon after its debut in the real-world mechanism, augmented reality entered the commercial market. Volkswagen launched the MATRA app (Mobile Augmented Reality Technical Assistance) in 2013. It primarily gave technicians step-by-step repair instructions within their service manual. In 2014, the tech giant Google unveiled its AI-powered Google Glass devices, which users could wear for an immersive experience. Microsoft also started shipping its version of wearable AR technology called HoloLens. However, AR technology became well-known in 2024 after the launch of Pokemon Go game. Pokemon Go reached a large group of gamers and skyrocketed to 45 million users the same year. Unfortunately, Niantic, the American software company that developed Pokemon Go has failed to maintain high-level engagement and lost its market. However, AR made its way into diverse industries despite being stagnant for a long time.  

Present real-world applications of augmented reality

When AR entered the commercial space and into various industries, its applications got extended drastically. Today, AR is seen in every sector including gaming, healthcare, automotive, media, education, etc. Healthcare industry is availing augmented reality to train medical students. Its features in healthcare range from 

The much-awaited AR-powered future

Today, augmented reality is applicable in almost all industries. Remarkably, people using AR technology also give positive feedback regarding its real-world applications. They view AR as a positive and very transparent process in terms of delivering useful content. Front running tech companies like Google, Amazon, Microsoft, Facebook, etc. are availing AR-based software and applications. This will drastically increase the investment in AR technology. By 2023, AR-assisted training is expected to exceed the US$6 billion mark.

Augmented reality has jumped out of the sci-fi movies to a science-based reality. Earlier, the use of augmented reality was very less as the technology came at a high cost. Researchers were not getting the chance to experiment with augmented reality often. But today, things have changed. Augmented reality has invaded our daily lives through smartphones, PCs and laptops. The technology is expected to further unravel many possibilities in the future. Augmented reality (AR) is an enhanced version of the real physical world that is achieved through the use of digital visual elements, sounds, or other sensory stimuli delivered via technology. AR technology turns the environment into a digital interface by placing virtual objects in the real-time. It allows the users to place life-size 3D models in the physical environment with or without the help of trackers. Augmented reality browsers enrich user’s camera display with contextual information. Besides, AR technology is generally used in gaming to create an immersive gaming experience that utilizes the actual surroundings. Starting from delivering interactive weather reports to helping fighter pilots find their targets both on day and night, AR has proven itself as a powerful aid for industry and the general public at large. This technology is anticipated to continue its growth even in software field by developing many more nestling projects and emerge into large-scale productions. Recent AR projects have proven to the world that the technology has a very good commercial value and future potential to stand out of other artificial intelligence technologies. The AR market size was estimated at US$10.7 billion in 2023 and is anticipated to grow to US$72.7 billion by 2024 with a CAGR of 46.6% during the forecast period. Analytics Insight brings you an explained view of the past, present and future of augmented chúng tôi first conception of augmented reality occurred in a novel written by Frank L Baum in 1901. Baum portrayed a scenario where a set of electronic glasses mapped data onto people; it was called a ‘character market.’ After five decades, AR was achieved to some extent by a cinematographer called Morton Heilig in 1957. Heilig invented the non-computer controlled sensorama, which delivered sounds, visuals, vibration and smell to the viewer. Officially, augmented reality was invented in 1968 when Ivan Sutherland, a Harvard professor and computer scientist developed the first head-mounted display system called ‘The Sword of Damocles.’ The display system gave users the experience of real-world through a computer-generated graphic sensory perception. In 1974, Myron Kruger, a computer researcher ad artist built a laboratory that was entirely dedicated to artificial reality. The laboratory named ‘Videoplace’ functioned at the University of Connecticut. Later in the 1980s and 1990s, augmented reality got out of the labs and started merging with real-world applications. Finally, Tom Caudell, a Boeing researcher coined the term ‘augmented reality’ in 1990. The first properly implied AR system was the one developed at USAF Armstrong’s Research Lab by Louis Rosenberg in 1992. The AR system named ‘Virtual Fixtures’ was an incredible complex robotic system designed to compensate for the lack of high-speed 3D graphics processing power. Soon after its debut in the real-world mechanism, augmented reality entered the commercial market. Volkswagen launched the MATRA app (Mobile Augmented Reality Technical Assistance) in 2013. It primarily gave technicians step-by-step repair instructions within their service manual. In 2014, the tech giant Google unveiled its AI-powered Google Glass devices, which users could wear for an immersive experience. Microsoft also started shipping its version of wearable AR technology called HoloLens. However, AR technology became well-known in 2024 after the launch of Pokemon Go game. Pokemon Go reached a large group of gamers and skyrocketed to 45 million users the same year. Unfortunately, Niantic, the American software company that developed Pokemon Go has failed to maintain high-level engagement and lost its market. However, AR made its way into diverse industries despite being stagnant for a long chúng tôi AR entered the commercial space and into various industries, its applications got extended drastically. Today, AR is seen in every sector including gaming, healthcare, automotive, media, education, etc. Healthcare industry is availing augmented reality to train medical students. Its features in healthcare range from MRI applications to performing highly delicate surgery . AR also helps doctors in surgery rooms by reducing the need for more traditional invasive cameras and probes. In the automotive sector, AR is used as an application to power the vehicles and connect with buyers. Porsche has a feature called ‘Tech Live Look’ that allows the company’s remote serving engineers to connect with Porsche Atlanta-based service headquarters and get real-time assistance. Harley Davidson has developed an app for its customers to let them view a motorcycle in-store and customize it on their phone. Fortunately, AR ethics haven’t come to the stage of questioning yet. But things will change once the users reach a point where the image resolution and AR device becomes so effective that users forget what they are doing.Today, augmented reality is applicable in almost all industries. Remarkably, people using AR technology also give positive feedback regarding its real-world applications. They view AR as a positive and very transparent process in terms of delivering useful content. Front running tech companies like Google, Amazon, Microsoft, Facebook, etc. are availing AR-based software and applications. This will drastically increase the investment in AR technology. By 2023, AR-assisted training is expected to exceed the US$6 billion mark. The future of augmented reality will emerge entwined with artificial intelligence and virtual reality. Already, social media platforms like Instagram and Snapchat use a mixture of AI and AR to produce fun filters. We will witness a lot of similar image enhancements in future. Augmented reality will bring an array of sophistication in the industrial aspect. Beyond 2023, we will see a swift growth of industries that use augmented reality to teach their employees and execute it in their everyday work. Furthermore applications are underway to make augmented reality streamline in near future.

Which Samsung Tablets Support The S Pen?

What is the Samsung S Pen?

Samsung Galaxy Tab S8, Tab S8 Plus, and Tab S8 Ultra

Samsung’s current flagship trio comes bundled with an S Pen in the box. All three are excellent slates, each offering something different. The Ultra is best for those seeking a laptop replacement, thanks to its large 14.6-inch 120Hz AMOLED screen, large storage and RAM options. It’s the most powerful Samsung tablet with an S Pen you can buy.

If you don’t have the four figures required to buy the Ultra, we think the Galaxy Tab S8 Plus is the best-value Android tablet in the series. It offers a smaller 12.4-inch AMOLED screen, more restrictive RAM and storage options, and a slightly smaller battery. Finally, the base Galaxy Tab S8 includes an LCD display at 11 inches and the smallest battery in the series but doesn’t sacrifice much else for its lower price tag.

Samsung Galaxy Tab S7 FE, Tab S7, and Tab S7 Plus

Samsung Galaxy Tab S6 and Tab S6 Lite

Finally, Samsung’s tablet duo from late 2023-early 2023 are still viable options if you aren’t looking for cutting-edge hardware to go with your S Pen. The Galaxy Tab S6 includes a great 2,560 x 1,600 AMOLED screen with plenty of real estate for jotters and digital artists. You’ll also get great battery life from the 7,040mAh battery. Despite its age, the Tab S6 recently gained its update to Android 12, although this will likely be its last major OS jump. It’s tough to find one online, but for the right price, it’s a great slate for those who don’t need the latest and greatest but do want the S Pen experience.

Similarly, the Galaxy Tab S6 Lite is the cheapest tablet worth getting that supports the S Pen. Launched in 2023, it recently gained an update to Android 13. Keeping true to its Lite moniker, you won’t find much flagship hardware in the tablet. Maximum internal storage is pegged at 128GB, while the 10.4-inch display features sizeable bezels. Nevertheless, it comes bundled with the S Pen, making it the best cheap Android tablet that still supports the stylus.

Alternative tablets with a stylus

Oliver Cragg / Android Authority

Samsung isn’t the only tablet manufacturer to provide a dedicated stylus. Find an alternative below if you aren’t sold on the Galaxy Tab models.

iPad Pro M2 (2024) ($749 at Amazon): Apple’s flagship tablet is compatible with the second generation Apple Pencil, which we believe provides more control, more reach, and better feel than Samsung’s S Pen. It also includes a hover feature, which makes finishing digital art an absolute pleasure. The iPad Pro M2 (2024) is also a beast, with a great XDR display and super performance, but it’s worth noting that you’ll need to fork out for the Apple Pencil separately.

iPad Air (5th gen) ($559 at Amazon): The iPad Air (2024) now comes with Apple’s M1 chipset, giving it plenty of grunt for creative applications. It’s also compatible with the Apple Pencil but does not support the hover features of the iPad Pro. Still, the Air is cheaper for those on a stricter budget.

HUAWEI MatePad Pro 11 ($675 at eBay): If you’re in Europe and don’t mind the lack of Google services, the MatePad Pro 11 is an alternative choice. It’s compatible with the M-Pencil — HUAWEI’s stylus that packs 10 minutes of use for 30 seconds of charge. The tablet features an 11-inch 120Hz display with a Snapdragon 870 or 888, depending on the spec.

Lenovo Tab P12 Pro ($699 at Lenovo): Lenovo’s P12 Pro comes with a bundled Precision Pen stylus that includes close to 100 hours of use per charge. The slate also includes a great 16:10 AMOLED screen that’s great for art and content consumption.

FAQs

No, the Samsung Galaxy Tab A8 is incompatible with the S Pen.

No, the Samsung Galaxy Tab A7 does not support the S Pen.

No, the Galaxy Tab A7 Lite does not support the S Pen.

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