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C. Scott Brown / Android Authority

Most people are now familiar with cloud gaming, otherwise known as game streaming. With services such as Google Stadia, Xbox Game Pass Ultimate, Amazon Luna, etc., you can play PC games without needing any PC hardware. Servers owned by the companies run the games and stream the gameplay over the internet to your device. The Moonlight gaming tool is much like these services, but your gaming rig is the server.

In this article, we will tell you all about the Moonlight gaming tool and why every PC gamer should use it. We will review how it works, what you need to set up, and more!

What is the Moonlight gaming tool?

C. Scott Brown / Android Authority

As mentioned already, Moonlight is a program that allows you to stream games over the internet from your gaming PC (aka “host”) to your phone, tablet, laptop, or TV (aka “client”). Assuming you have fast enough internet connections for both the host and the client, you can play your PC games anywhere — even if your gaming rig is physically miles away.

Essentially, the Moonlight gaming tool is like your own personal Google Stadia.

Instead of streaming games from Google’s or Amazon’s servers, you stream from your gaming PC. And, instead of paying Google or Amazon to buy games and stream the content, you can stream the games you already own as much as you like for free. Plus, you can stream any game, not just those that Google, Amazon, or Microsoft offer.

Moonlight is free and open-source, so you can install it on as many systems as you like without cost. If you’re a software developer, you can even contribute to the further development of Moonlight.

Why not just use Steam Link?

If you’re a fan of Steam, you probably know Valve has an app for streaming your Steam library. This app is called Steam Link and is inspired by the discontinued Steam Link hardware. Steam Link is available for free on many platforms (including Android). Like the Moonlight gaming tool, it allows you to use your gaming rig as a host to stream games to clients.

However, Steam Link has two significant problems. The first is, quite obviously, that it’s designed to stream Steam games. If you buy your games through other methods, the Steam Link app will require you to “install” the game through Steam. While this is straightforward to do, it sometimes results in poor streaming.

Steam Link is a valuable tool if you are primarily a Steam user, but Moonlight allows you to stream any game from any source you want.

The other obstacle is that sometimes it won’t let you stream certain Steam games. Even if it’s a Steam game that works fine on your rig, some games will present with a black screen when you fire them up in Steam Link. This can be due to DRM issues.

In other words, Steam Link is a valuable tool if you are primarily a Steam user and the games you want to play are supported. The benefit of the Moonlight gaming tool is that both of these limitations are gone. You can stream any game you want from any source. If it’s installed on your host PC, you can play it on any of your clients.

How does Moonlight work?

C. Scott Brown / Android Authority

If you have everything set up correctly, you can fire up the Moonlight app on your client — let’s say, a smartphone. Once the app is opened, you can navigate through your library of games installed back home on your host PC. Select the game you want to play, and your host PC will open it and start streaming gameplay to your phone. It’s really that simple!

Moonlight is simply a fancy way to mirror your gaming PC’s desktop remotely. Using software created by NVIDIA, Moonlight streams the visuals from your host PC to the client. Simultaneously, it streams your inputs via a controller or keyboard/mouse back to the PC. This creates an input/response loop.

Assuming your internet connections are fast enough at both points, it should only take milliseconds for your inputs on the client to be received by the host and then the visual response of those inputs to stream back to the client. Naturally, this creates a certain amount of latency or lag. However, if everything is working correctly, it should be a small enough latency that you would barely notice.

Still, the Moonlight gaming tool will not be very useful for competitive gaming. Single-player games, turn-based RPGs, visual novels, and other games where a millisecond of reaction time isn’t going to make or break your run are better suited for Moonlight.

Here are the NVIDIA cards Moonlight supports:

NVIDIA GeForce GTX or RTX (600-series or later, and not in GT series)

NVIDIA Quadro (Kepler or later)

Additionally, you’ll need the following:

A PC with Windows 7 or later

At least a 720p display or a headless display dongle connected directly to your NVIDIA GPU

5Mbps or higher upload speeds for streaming outside your house

The NVIDIA GeForce Experience app installed (or Quadro Experience for Quadro cards)

If you’re streaming in HDR, you’ll also need the following:

NVIDIA GeForce GTX/RTX 1000-series or later

Some games require an HDR display or HDR10-compatible EDID emulator dongle

Outside of the graphics card, Windows, and the correct Experience app, your gaming PC can be of any make and model. It does not need to be incredibly powerful, either. Since the rig will be “playing” the game while you stream it, it will need to be powerful enough to play it. In other words, if your game doesn’t play well on your gaming PC, it won’t play well on your Moonlight client. Remember, you’re just mirroring your system’s display remotely, so your gaming rig needs to be up to the task!

Supported Moonlight client platforms: How to set up Moonlight with Windows and Android:

On your host PC, install the GeForce Experience app. If you already have it, ensure you’re on the latest version.

Download, install, and start the Moonlight host app on your PC.

Make sure your Android phone is connected to the same network as your host PC. Download, install, and start the Android Moonlight app.

When you start the Android app, it should recognize your gaming PC in just a few seconds. Tap on the image that appears.

You’ll get a PIN on your phone that you must enter on your PC. Do so to accept the pairing of the two devices.

Once paired, that’s it! Fire up a game on your Android phone and watch it stream like magic.


Moonlight is a popular open-source client for NVIDIA’s GameStream technology that allows you to stream games from a high-end gaming PC to a low-powered device. It is designed to offer a seamless and lag-free gaming experience, as it utilizes the power of your gaming PC to stream games to your device. Therefore, if you have a good internet connection and a capable device, Moonlight can provide an excellent gaming experience.

Moonlight gaming is a technology that allows you to stream games from your high-powered gaming PC to your low-powered device using an open-source client called Moonlight. It utilizes NVIDIA’s GameStream technology to provide a smooth and lag-free gaming experience. With Moonlight gaming, you can play your favorite games on your low-powered device without compromising the quality of your gaming experience. It’s an excellent way to game on the go or to turn your old device into a gaming machine.

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What Is Com Surrogate (Dllhost.exe) And Why Is It Running On My Pc?

Looking through the list of processes on a Windows computer using Task Manager is a recipe for paranoia. There are plenty of strange-sounding programs running and usually no way for you to know what’s good or bad for your PC. The COM surrogate chúng tôi is just one such process, but it’s much more mundane than you may think.

What Is COM Surrogate (dllhost.exe)?

COM is short for Component Object Model. This is something Microsoft introduced in the early 90s to make it easy for programmers to extend the functionality of existing software. In other words, it’s somewhat like a plugin system that lets you add new functions to existing programs such as Windows Explorer.

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This is great for dynamically improving what a program can do, but there’s a downside. If a COM module is badly coded or crashes for some reason, it also crashes the program that it plugs into. That’s because both the COM and main program are running as one process.

That’s where COM surrogates come in. This approach lets the COM run in its own separate process, as if it were its own program. The main program and COM surrogate processes speak to each other as needed. But if the COM surrogate crashes for any reason, it doesn’t cause anything but its own process to crash. That makes for a much more stable system overall.

Is COM Surrogate (dllhost.exe) Safe?

Whether chúng tôi is safe is a tricky question to answer, because it will depend on the specific COM that’s running. Usually they host benign processes that do useful things, but it’s not outside the realm of possibility that a badly-coded COM or malware piggybacking on the COM surrogate framework could cause damage or execute malicious code.

Finding COM Surrogate’s Location Checking COM Surrogate’s Legitimacy

As mentioned above, the COM surrogate you’re seeing in Task manager isn’t a specific application, it’s just a shell for another process. Since we can’t easily get insight into what’s actually running within a specific COM surrogate process, the only real way to check for suspicious behavior is by using an antivirus program.

Of course, you should run your antivirus program at regular intervals anyway, but if you see a COM surrogate that is using up a lot of resources or causes system instability, that may be one explanation.

Then again, the COM surrogate process in question may just be buggy, rather than malicious. If you’ve saved all your documents, you can try forcibly ending a given COM surrogate process to figure out what it’s doing. Whatever crashes or hangs directly after killing the process is probably the associated program. Once you’ve got the most likely culprit identified, you’ll want to reboot your computer.

Fixing COM Surrogate Errors

COM surrogate errors happen from time to time and are probably the most common reason people search for the name of the process in the first place. The error “COM surrogate has stopped working” may seem cryptic at first. Now that you know what COM surrogate does, it’s obvious that the process is actually doing its job.

COM surrogate is meant to protect program extensions from crashing the main process they extend, so the cause of this error can be traced back to whatever COM module was running within the surrogate.

There’s no easy way to know which COM it was, since the surrogate itself masks the specific COM inside it. There are several likely suspects:

Third-party video codecs are out of date. If you have any, either remove them or update them.

Your antivirus program may be interfering with the COM surrogate. Disable it temporarily. If that does seem to be the problem, switch to a different antivirus or try updating yours to the latest version if applicable.

Check your disk for errors using a utility such as CHKDSK.

Check system files for corruption with the System File Checker.

Roll back recent driver updates or update display and printer drivers in particular. Try both the standard manufacturer GPU driver and the OEM version, if that applies to your computer.

If you do want to know how to diagnose exactly which COM is running within the surrogate, there’s a more technical solution.

Checking Inside a COM Surrogate Process With Process Explorer

Microsoft has an optional utility known as Process Explorer. It’s useful for a variety of things. For example, if you’ve been told you can delete a folder because a program has it open, you can use Process Explorer to see which program that is and force it to close without having to restart the entire computer.

Simply download and run Process Explorer and you’ll see a Window like this:

COM On Over for a Party

What Is Geopolitical Risk, And Why Is It Important?

Boards worldwide follow the same worrying news stories, from conflict to trade wars to political polarisation. Rarely do these events mean good news for businesses. 

As a result, boards should ask themselves important questions about geopolitical risk to ensure they are prepared. 

Let’s dive in:

What is geopolitical risk?

It’s the collection of risks facing companies that stem from conflict or other tensions worldwide. 

If you’re a corporate leader, you’re likely to follow current events closely, so you should automatically know how broad these risks can be.

What are some examples of geopolitical risks?

War, the threat of war, trade wars, blockades, sanctions, political polarisation – all are geopolitical risks that might affect a company’s performance. 

And remember, they don’t have to be global to be impactful. Even localised examples of the above could be enough to threaten a company.

Sometimes, these risks can emerge slowly; these are easier to plan for. Other times, they can occur suddenly, taking markets and stakeholders by surprise, spurring panic and worsening a bad situation.

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What risks have we seen recently?

Examples include: 

The build-up to, and the onset of, the war in Ukraine. This event caused significant shifts in European business behaviour, especially banking, as Russia and its allies were closed off from doing business with the West. 

The supply chain/cost of living crisis; caused by a combination of the Ukraine war, international trade standoffs and COVID-recovery shortages. 

Brexit. Most of the main negotiations are now complete, but this major event created vast amounts of uncertainty, significantly impacting small and large businesses across European borders. 

What dangers does geopolitical risk carry?

Multiple serious dangers. It’s not considered the “number one corporate risk” for nothing. 

If geopolitical risk turns into reality, it can seriously harm a company’s business through increased costs, loss of personnel, limitations on trade, entire markets being cut off and stakeholder panic. 

Companies could rapidly land in highly vulnerable situations if any of these issues begin to surface. 

Even if they don’t surface, and the company avoids the worst geopolitical risks, it can still seriously harm innovation (according to the Harvard Business Review). This might not be a problem in the short term, but it can make the business far less sustainable in the long term.

What should boards do about geopolitical risk?

The biggest trick in managing geopolitical risk is understanding it. There’s usually a lot to unpack. 

Understand your company. Know its mission, market and your role in safeguarding them.

Seek training in governance if you want to improve your skills in this area

Stay tuned to news developments.

Anything and everything that could impact your business’ performance should be monitored. Ensure, as far as possible, that your company is never shocked by a news headline.

Identify, assess, and quantify your geopolitical risk. The same is true for any corporate risk. 

Ensure your company strategy respects geopolitical risk and builds the company towards a point of resilience. For example, if your raw materials come from a nation where severe political violence may occur, consider sourcing elsewhere to mitigate the chance of your entire supply cutting off overnight.

Why Gamers Should Be Wary Of Microsoft’S Pc Gaming Push

Why gamers should be wary of Microsoft’s PC gaming push

We know that Microsoft is wanting to commit to cross-play functionality, which is the ability to buy a game on one platform, and have it work for the other. This looks like a big win for both Xbox One and PC gamers alike, but people are still upset about the loss of exclusivity to Xbox One titles. I explained earlier in the week why that’s hardly a reality. But there is a good reason to be cautious about this new concept.

As I said before, this looks to be a fantastic idea that will give gamers more flexibility about how they choose to play their games. So why the caution for this new idea? The main reason is that this is not a new idea. I’m not talking about Sony’s ability to play games on both the PS4 and the Vita. I’m talking about the time where Microsoft tried to bring together both Xbox and PC, for gaming. I’m talking about Games for Windows Live.

If you’re a PC gamer who owned any of the games that used Games for Windows Live, then you probably remember how much of a pain it could be. It started out with the best of intentions. While you didn’t get a free PC copy when you bought an Xbox version of a game, there was a time when they offered a discount for buying both at the same time. I believe that for Arcade games, the price was 240 Microsoft Points (yeah, remember those?) for a single license, and 400 MS Points to have the game on both platforms.

That particular functionality was alright I guess, though I can’t ever recall a time when I wanted to go ahead and pay an extra 40%, just in case I wanted to play a game on the other platform. It was a nice gesture, but it wasn’t exactly a successful idea.

What Microsoft’s cross-buy initiative means

So what was wrong with Games for Windows Live? Well, first you needed to login to your Xbox Live account, to play any of the games that had that feature enabled. The interface was clunky at best, and I recall always running into some sort of issue, whenever friends would come over to play games like GTA IV. Sometimes it would need updates that would make you log out, then restart the game, and sometimes restart the entire machine. Then you’d launch the game, only to find out that there was yet another update, and the process would begin again. Meanwhile, the game itself had been up to date the entire time, and it was just GFWL that needed all of your time.

Even when it did work properly, and no updates were required, there were still issues to be contended with. Let’s say that you have an Xbox somewhere in the house, and someone wanted to watch Netflix on it, while you played GTA IV upstairs on your PC. This wasn’t possible. Why? Because your Xbox Live account couldn’t be logged in on more than one device. To get around this, I had to have a separate Xbox Live account for my PC, which defeated the entire purpose of having the Xbox experience on my computer. My achievements weren’t saved on my main account, I had to re-add all of my friends that I played with. In short, I might as well have been using some other platform altogether.

After a few years, people grew to hate the service, even avoiding games that used it, just because they didn’t want to have to deal with it anymore. I remember when Dark Souls was announced for the PC, it was slated to use GFWL, and people rallied against it. The original chúng tôi petition still exists, and it closed with nearly 24,000 signatures from gamers who didn’t want them to use Microsoft’s broken system. It fell on deaf ears.

Eventually, Microsoft shut down the Games for Windows Live Marketplace, and no new games were developed using the service. Around 40% of the games that were released under GFWL moved their online services to use something else, primarily Steamworks. The others still work, as Microsoft has left their servers running. However, I think most PC gamers are thankful that no new games have utilized the broken service for a few years now.

Microsoft has had plenty of time to learn from the mistakes of Games for Windows Live, but that doesn’t mean that some of the same issues won’t crop up. Since Quantum Break will be exclusive to the Windows Store, that means we won’t be seeing it on Steam. Here’s hoping that when it makes it out on April 15th that we won’t see any of the same issues from the GFWL days.

What Is 4G Network And Why You Need It

If you are not certain about what a 4G network is, you’re not alone. There are billions of 4G users around the world, and they constantly enjoy the faster data speeds of the network without knowing what it is and how it actually works.

This type of network connection might sound complex, but we can help you learn the basics of what a 4G network is and why you need it. So, keep reading as Australia’s biggest 4G network explains them to you.

Definition of Fourth Generation (4G) Network

Fourth Generation or 4G is a network that succeeds the 3G. It’s about ten times faster than the 3G network, making mobile phone devices more comparable to computers in terms of quality graphics and gaming experience.

A 4G system needs to have International Mobile Telecommunications-Advanced, a set of guidelines released by the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) to ensure the quality of the network. The peak speeds of a 4G has to be at 100 megabits per second (Mbit/s) for communications with high mobility, such as when riding on a car or a train) and 1 Gigabit per second (Gbit/s) for low mobility communications like when walking on a pedestrian.

A Short History of 4G

The actual development of the 4G network started in 2004. It was first released by a Swedish company called Telia Sonera, which is now known as Telia Company AB, and the Ericsson devices then carried it in Stockholm and Huawei devices in Oslo. This evolution has allowed billions of consumers high-quality video streaming, upload speeds, download speeds, smooth video conferencing, and more.

Benefits of Using 4G for Mobile Devices

The evolution of mobile networks and the invention of 4G connections have allowed mobile phone towers to produce a quality connection and helped many people in their day-to-day lives. In case you’re not yet one of the billions of 4G users, here are the top reasons why you should switch to this network:

1. High Mobile Internet Speed and Capacity

2. Tight Network Security

The internet allows us to connect to many people wherever they are to communicate, play games, do business, and more. However, it’s not always the safest for everyone. Unfortunately, there are plenty of hackers, data thieves, and other online criminals out there these days.

While there is no perfect immunity against online attacks, there are still connections that are secure and can help you prevent them. Data that are sent over a 4G network are all encrypted, making it safer than connecting to public wifi connection. You can feel more comfortable about your privacy, and the tight network security will prevent data loss, theft, and other cybercrimes.

Also read:

9 Best Cybersecurity Companies in the World

3. Affordable Communication System

4. No Installation Requirements

The 4G network significantly improves the mobile technology and gives incredible connection, without any installation requirements and fees. You can experience the wide benefits of using a 4G without having to consume a lot of time.

Also read:

How to choose The Perfect Domain Name

5. Wide Geographical Coverage

Get Access to 4G Network Now

So, if you haven’t switched to the Fourth Generation Network, it’s time to consider all the benefits we’ve discussed today and experience the incredible connection it can give.

Why Facebook Should Be Fired

Facebook is wreaking havoc in the workplace. Employees are getting fired — or never getting hired — thanks to Facebook posts. But I say keep the employees and fire Facebook instead.

Here’s why.

Facebook is a brand-new phenomenon. The public hasn’t had time to master it yet, and the structure of Facebook itself is no help at all. As a result, people are posting things they later regret.

As one HR attorney recently pointed out, reading an employee’s Facebook page is perfectly legal. At least here and now.

The German government may pass an employee-protection law this year that, among other things, bans hiring managers from checking the Facebook profiles of prospective employees. If so, Germany may be the first country to illegalize the practice. But for the time being, it’s legal everywhere.

But legal or not, is it ethical for employers to read the Facebook posts of employees? I’ve been thinking a lot about this question recently, and I surprised even myself by concluding that I believe the answer is no.

First, let’s take a look at what’s going on out there.

Hundreds or thousands of employees have been caught lying to the boss thanks to Facebook. The most common lie appears to be calling in sick, followed by Facebook posts proving otherwise.

We all know that employees have been falsely calling in sick since the “sick day” was invented. But Facebook can give employers a glimpse into our personal lives, and so some people are getting caught who otherwise wouldn’t.

Other employees are getting fired not for lying, but for telling the wrong truth or even joking around.

A school administrator in Massachusetts named June Talvitie-Siple resigned after venting about both students and their parents on Facebook. She called students “germ bags” and parents “arrogant.” Talvitie-Siple had failed to make her Facebook posts private using Facebook’s confusing settings, so the posts were available for all to see.

Such remarks by school employees probably happen every day in casual conversation. Facebook feels like a semi-private space — a kind of online teacher’s lounge where only friends and colleagues can hear.

These are just a few examples, but the problem of Facebook affecting the workplace is large and growing.

Here’s Why Facebook Should Be Fired

People are divided on the question of whether it’s OK for employers to check the Facebook posts of employees or prospective employees. The majority, at least among my readers I’ve casually surveyed on the question, believe that Facebook posts are public, and therefore fair game for employers.

However, a Facebook post is not like a public blog post. Here’s why.

Everyone has several social networks. We have our professional colleagues. That’s one social network. We have our families. That’s another. We have college buddies, extended family and others. The conversations for each of these social groups has always remained within the group.

Facebook is a unique and unprecedented space where — because of Facebook’s fundamental design flaw — these separate social groups collide. (Yes, Facebook has settings for separating social groups, but they’re too obscure to matter.)

In the Real World, we already have a good sense of what to do. People take steps to separate personal lives from work lives, and employers avoid entering into the private lives of employees.

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