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You must have noticed Triple Buffering in some games graphic settings. Depending upon the games played, the triple buffering setting may vastly influence your gameplay experience. 

Aware of normal YouTube buffering, many do not know how exactly buffering and triple buffering work. This creates a skeptical perspective towards enabling or disabling the feature. 

In this article, we’ll try to explain triple buffering and address the question of whether you should turn it on or off. 

First of all, let’s know how graphics on the computer is displayed. We’ll take a simple analogy of a video game being played on a monitor with a 30Hz refresh rate. The monitor switches 30 still photos or frames in one second to make it look like it’s in motion i.e it takes 33.33 milliseconds to display a single frame. The time gradually decreases as we move to the monitor with a higher refresh rate.

But, those pictures aren’t like usual taken and stored pictures. The pictures/frames in a video game are generated in real time by the graphics processor.

The GPU possesses a certain frame render speed. The monitor also has a definite value regarding how many frames it can show per second, i.e., refresh rate. Generally, refresh rates of Monitors are lower than the GPUs’ rendering speeds for low-end games.

Suppose, for a particular game your GPU has the ability to generate 150 frames in a second. But, a monitor with a 30Hz refresh rate can’t display more than 30 frames per second. The refresh rate threshold of a monitor won’t let the GPUs run at their optimum capacity and cause screen tearing, FPS jumps, etc.

This helps the GPU pre-calculate the required frame and focus on the upcoming frames, which smoothens the real-time experience. It also helps in coping with GPUs’ render speed fluctuations.

Instead of a single buffer, we can use multiple buffers to optimize the rendering process. Double and Triple Buffering are the widely used methods under Multiple Buffering.

Double buffering offers two buffer spaces for the GPU to store the rendered images. Actually, one buffer(front buffer) itself shows the images on screen while GPU bakes the next frame on another empty buffer(back buffer). After the front buffer is displayed, it flips with the back buffer, which has a pre-rendered frame. 

Now, the previous front buffer that switched to be the back buffer is emptied, and the next frame is posed into it. Then, the flipping cycle repeats. It’s faster than single buffering because it flips the display pointer towards a frame-ready buffer, meanwhile letting the GPU render another frame on the recently used buffer.

Triple buffering extends the efficiency of the rendering process even further. It adds another buffer to the Double Buffering feature. Let’s say buffers A, B and C are those three buffers. The display pointer is flipped between A, B, and C pre-rendered buffers.

The exchange happens after the frame within A buffer is flashed. Now, the display points toward buffer B. While it’s flashing B buffer’s frame, A moves to the back where GPU starts stacking a new frame into it. As the stacking happens, the display still has got the pre-rendered C buffer to point after it’s done flashing B. Then, B moves to the back, and C is flashed, keeping A frame-ready. And the cycle continues.

This cycle of page flipping facilitates the constant utilization of GPU resources. Otherwise, GPUs would have to wait till the display stops flashing a frame. 

Triple buffering isn’t a magical feature that would enhance every gameplay. It may pre-render frames, but the difference between a monitor’s refresh rate and the rate of FPS generation by GPU is likely to cause various problems. 

To display a frame of front buffer, a monitor scans it line by line and pixel by pixel. At the same time, the GPU may complete rendering within the back buffer. Regardless of whether the monitor completes displaying the front frame or not, the display pointer will switch towards the baked back buffer. Meanwhile, the monitor starts scanning and displaying from the same line and pixel where the previous buffer left, causing a screen tear.

Screen tearing is a single display frame, which itself is a hard borderline combination of the previous and upcoming frames. To avoid this from occurring in gameplay, tech giants have come up with solutions like V-Sync, Enhanced Sync, G-Sync, etc. 

V-Sync(Vertical Sync) works by halting the FPS rate of GPU to align with the Monitor’s frame rate. Or, if the GPU is slow, it may lower the graphics quality to match the Monitor’s frame rate. Whereas AMD’s Enhanced Sync displays frame on the monitor by choosing to still on a baked tear-free frame from GPU.  

However, this halting process creates input latency. Or, in simple terms, a lag between the user’s input and the occurrence of corresponding visual graphics. Enhanced Sync causes stuttering graphics if your GPU’s FPS rate is low.

Free-Sync is sort of an upgraded version of V-Sync, and it works well with triple buffering. And NVIDIA’s G-Sync is a hardware module that helps monitor to adjust refresh rates according to the FPS provided by GPU. These techs help to lower input latency. 

V-Sync, Free-Sync, Enhanced Sync, etc., work to eliminate or at least reduce the cons of triple buffering, but whether you should open it depends on the game. For triple-A titles, you can turn it on. You should also use V-sync or Free-Sync for better performance. But, consider enabling triple buffering only if you have a powerful GPU because it extensively consumes the computing power. The GPU’s temperature get increased, so a proper cooling system is a must as well.

Thus, you can give triple buffering a try if you need overwhelming graphics and have a high-end gaming setup with a powerful GPU and Monitor that throws a good refresh rate.

However, for FPS, Battle royale games, or competitive esports, it’s not a good practice to turn triple buffering on, as user input latency may highly impact the fast reflex competitive environment.

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What Is Mouse Acceleration And How To Turn It Off

If your mouse pointer isn’t ending up quite where you intend it to, you may be fighting with a feature called “mouse acceleration.” We’ll explain what mouse acceleration is and how to turn it off when it gets in the way.

What Is Mouse Acceleration?

Modern mice use an optical sensor to look at the surface the mouse is on and watches for movement. Let’s say you move the mouse one millimeter, the pointer on-screen moves 10 pixels. Without mouse acceleration, the pointer will always move in that exact ratio, no matter what you do.

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When mouse acceleration is active, both the distance measured by the mouse sensor and the speed of the movement of the mouse, are taken into account. The distance your mouse pointer moves increases proportionally to how fast you move the mouse. 

This is useful for high-resolution displays, as it gives you a way to intuitively control the sensitivity of the mouse with speed. 

Mouse Acceleration Subtypes

There are two ways in which mouse acceleration can manifest. The first and most common is positive mouse acceleration, which we’ve already covered. It’s the type of acceleration where the pointer moves further with additional speed.

The other type is negative acceleration, where the pointer moves shorter distances the faster the mouse goes. This isn’t supposed to happen and can either point to a faulty mouse sensor or a bug in a video game if it only manifests in specific titles.

Mouse Acceleration vs. Mouse Smoothing vs. Mouse Sensitivity

You may encounter several other settings that may sound like mouse acceleration but aren’t the same thing at all.

Mouse smoothing is a method to prevent jerky mouse pointers or control motion. This is only useful for mice with low-resolution sensors, where sensors adjust to cover the gaps in the data. However, even the cheapest modern mice have relatively high-resolution sensors. As such, mouse smoothing shouldn’t be something you need.

Mouse sensitivity is the fixed ratio between physical movement increments and how much the pointer moves on screen. So if (again, only for argument’s sake) we set the mouse to move 20 pixels per millimeter instead of 10, we’ve increased its sensitivity. This is a software-based form of mouse sensitivity and should not be confused with mice that can vary their DPI (Dots Per Inch) at the hardware level for the same effect.

How to Turn Off Mouse Acceleration in Windows 10

Turning off mouse acceleration in Windows 10 isn’t hard:

Open the Control Panel

In Mouse Properties, switch to the Pointer Options tab.

Under the Motion section, ensure that Enhance pointer precision isn’t checked.

Select OK to lock in your choices.

It’s not entirely clear why Microsoft has labeled mouse acceleration as “Enhance pointer precision,” but that is indeed the mouse acceleration toggle. 

Why You Don’t Want Mouse Acceleration in Games

In games where you use the mouse to aim, mouse acceleration can throw off your accuracy. Of course, if you’ve been playing with acceleration this whole time, you’ve probably learned to compensate for it. Turning off mouse acceleration will require a period of adjustment. You may even find that you don’t like it even after adjusting. Yet, objectively having perfectly consistent mouse speed to control your in-game targeting should result in better accuracy.

Does Your Game Still Have Mouse Acceleration?

Sometimes, even though you have turned off mouse acceleration in Windows, the game may still exhibit it. You are not imagining this. It’s simple to test:

In your game, stand in one spot and point the in-game camera at a fixed point. Such as the edge of a building, a lamppost, or a tree.

Mark two points on your mouse pad.

Center your view on your in-game marker and then move the mouse between the two points on your mousepad. Do it slowly the first time and then at a faster speed the second time.

If you don’t end up in more or less the same spot in the game at both mouse movement speeds, there’s probably acceleration at play. Now, the question is how to disable it? 

In-Game Mouse Acceleration Settings

If it does turn out that a specific game still has mouse acceleration despite the Windows setting for it being disabled, you may still be able to switch it off.

While there’s no universal way, there are four common methods:

Toggling an in-game menu setting

Using an in-game command line to turn it off

Editing a configuration file

Adding startup parameters to a game’s executable

Since the solutions vary across games, you’ll have to Google the exact method for a specific game that you suspect uses mouse acceleration.

You Can Compensate for Mouse Acceleration With Sensitivity

If you’ve turned off mouse acceleration, you may now find that you can’t easily move your pointer or in-game character efficiently. Although you now have consistent mouse movement despite the speed at which you move the mouse, the increments of movement may be too low.

To compensate for this, you need to adjust the mouse’s sensitivity to suit the amount of space you have to move it. You can do this by adjusting the pointer speed slider in Windows, found above the Enhance pointer precision checkbox. Read How To Change Your Mouse Speed In Windows 10 for more information.

Alternatively, if your mouse allows for its DPI setting to be changed either with a physical switch or in its third-party software utility, you can also tune it there. As for video games, virtually all of them have a mouse sensitivity slider that only affects mouse sensitivity in the game itself. So feel free to set that slider to whatever works for you since it won’t affect Windows or any other application.

What Is Tiktokand Should You Trust It

Ok, it’s no secret that TikTok followers are incredibly hard to come by. Especially once you get past your friends and family. Getting strangers to follow you on the social media app takes hard work and a lot of patience. To meet this demand, a number of sites have popped up that claim to boost your follower count.

One such site is TikTok chúng tôi But how legit is it? Should you trust it? Here is everything you need to know about it.

TikTok chúng tôi is a website that offers TikTok creators what they dream of; up to 50,000 followers. The site claims to be able to hack the TikTok database to secretly add the followers to your account.

This is not the first website to offer such services. In fact, ever so often, new websites pop up that claim to do almost the exact same thing. It looks like these sites are preying on people’s troubles by giving them a quick solution. A lot of time and effort goes into creating an organic followers base, so naturally, people are attracted by tales of free followers when they hear them.

TikTok chúng tôi claims to be able to add up to 50,000 followers within a span of five minutes. The site even offers you a choice between 1000, 5000, 10000, 25000, and 50000 followers. Although, why anyone would opt for fewer followers, doesn’t really make sense. The main kicker is that the website offers all its services for free! But how legit is that claim? And will they even deliver on their promise? Let’s find out.

Is TikTok chúng tôi legit?

Well, no. TikTok chúng tôi does not look very legit as far as we can tell. In fact, it seems to emulate just about every single website that claims to offer free followers (it’s weird). Neither does the site deliver on its promise, nor is the site itself safe. Our antivirus picked up sixteen trackers on the website. Of course, this is not uncommon, but in this case, the website is empty, and simply redirects you to use it on a phone instead.

When you access the site on a phone browser, you are asked to input your TikTok username. There is no option to confirm that it actually is your account, which immediately raises red flags.

As great as it would be, nothing is for free

TikTok chúng tôi does not deliver on its promise of free followers. In fact, it does not deliver anything. We went ahead and gave it a try so that you don’t have to. Here is what we found when we accessed the website from a mobile browser.

Once you do that, a lot of fanfare ensues of the website attempting to ‘hack’ the TikTok user base. It then shows you that the website is transferring your followers. But suddenly, oops, the server is overloaded and you have to ‘manually’ add the followers by taking a few surveys.

However, no matter how many surveys you take, they just keep telling you to take more.

Should you risk it?

Well, we wouldn’t get our hopes up. There is no ‘secret hack’ to get free followers on TikTok. While some sites do in fact sell followers, these are always bots and not organic followers. Bot followers never interact with your content. Besides, you run the huge risk of getting your account shadowbanned, since it goes against TikTok’s Community Guidelines.

The best thing to do is to slowly build your follower base with organic followers. This not only ensures the safety of your account, but it will also increase your visibility on the app.

How to increase your follower count on TikTok

Here are some tips to increase your follower count on TikTok.

Be consistent in terms of content: You TikTok followers follow you for your own personal brand of content. Consistency in your content is a great way to build your followers

Don’t leave gaps: People stay on the TikTok app for hours a day. This means that they need new content to watch continuously. So why not give the audience what it needs right? If you leave too long a gap between your posts, you run the risk of your followers unfollowing you.

Use relative hashtags: Like Instagram, hashtags act as search engines on TikTok, helping users compile a list of similar content. Using relative hashtags will help your content appear for the users that are actually looking for similar content. This increases your chances of getting more followers.

Promote cross-platform: If you have accounts on different social media platforms (like every person in the world), you can promote your TikTok account by posting on them. TikTok even lets you link your Instagram account to directly post content there!

Related:

10 Ways To Silent Or Turn Off Samsung Galaxy Phones

The Settings app is the quickest method to activate the silent profile on your Samsung phone. Here’s how you can achieve the same:

2. Next, tap on the Mute button to activate the silent profile on your Samsung device.

Similar to the Sound and Vibration settings, you can silence your Samsung phone by adjusting the system volume options. Here’s how:

2. Next, tap on Volume and adjust the ringtone slider to the beginning (zero).

That’s it! you’ve successfully activated silent mode on your Samsung phone.

1. Press either of the physical volume buttons on the side of your phone and hold the volume down key till the silent mode gets activated.

2. Alternatively, tap on the three-dot button and slide the ringtone bar to the bottom to enable silent mode on your device.

1. Swipe down from the top of your screen to open the Notification Panel.

2. Next, tap on the Sound quick toggle at the top of the notification panel to activate vibration mode. Tap on the toggle again to activate the silent profile on your Samsung phone.

1. Open the Settings app and tap on Notifications.

2. Scroll down to locate the Do Not Disturb mode and tap on its dedicated toggle button to enable it.

3. You can also automate DND by setting a custom schedule under the Schedule section.

One UI on Samsung smartphones also provides additional hearing enhancements to its users to enhance the overall hearing experience. Here’s how you can access this setting to mute all sounds on the device.

1. Open the Settings app and tap on Accessibility.

2. Next, press the Hearing Enhancements option.

1. Launch the Bixby Routines app from the app search bar.

2. Tap on the Add Routine tab at the bottom and press the Add button under the ‘If section’.

3. Set the configuration to ‘Start manually‘ from the provided list.

4. Next, tap the Add button under the ‘Then section’.

5. Press the Sounds and Vibration button on the next page and tap on Sound Mode and Volume.

7. After successfully configuring the Bixby routine, tap on the Next button.

8. Provide your desired name to this routine and press Done to create it.

10. That’s it! You can tap on this created Bixby routine to quickly enable or disable silent mode on your Samsung phone.

Like other smartphones, you can turn off a Samsung Galaxy device by accessing its Power Menu. Follow these easy steps to achieve the same:

1. Long press the Power button on the side of your Samsung phone till the Power Menu shows up. If it launches Bixby instead, you can enable the Power menu by configuring the side key settings.

If you haven’t successfully accessed the Power Menu through the Power button, you can access the same using the Quick Power toggle in the notification panel. Here’s how:

1. Swipe down your home screen twice to find the power toggle next to the search icon.

2. Next, tap on the power toggle to open the power menu and press the Power Off button to switch off your Samsung device.

Like Google Assistant, Samsung’s intelligent assistant, Bixby can also help you to turn off your device with the help of an easy command:

1. Launch Bixby voice assistant by long pressing the Power button.

2. Turn off your Samsung device by instructing Bixby the ‘Turn off the Phone’ command.

Q: How do I put my Samsung Galaxy device to Silent Mode?

A: Please refer to the methods mentioned in this explainer to easily activate Silent Mode on any Samsung Galaxy smartphone.

Q: Can I mute an incoming call on my Samsung smartphone?

A: Yes, you can press either of the volume buttons on your Samsung device to easily mute an incoming call.

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6 Easy Ways To Disable Or Turn Off Onedrive In Windows 11

6 Easy Ways to Disable or Turn off OneDrive in Windows 11 Unlinking the account may be the fastest solution

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If you have better alternatives to cloud backup, you can easily remove OneDrive from Windows 11.

We also covered a few ways to disable the app, stop it from running, or pause syncing on your PC.

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INSTALL BY CLICKING THE DOWNLOAD FILE

Fix Windows 11 OS errors with Fortect:

This tool repairs common computer errors by replacing the problematic system files with the initial working versions. It also keeps you away from system errors, BSoDs, and repairs damages made by malware and viruses. Fix PC issues and remove viruses damage now in 3 easy steps:

Download and Install Fortect on your PC

Launch the tool and Start scanning to find broken files that are causing the problems

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Microsoft has implemented OneDrive to work as a native cloud service in Windows 11, but not all users want it on their PC.

Whether you prefer other cloud backup services like Google Drive and Dropbox, or you just don’t intend to save your data in the cloud, you look for a way to remove or disable OneDrive in Windows 11.

There are many options here; you can pause the synchronizing option for a certain period and think things over.

Does Windows 11 require OneDrive?

No, the new OS does not require OneDrive.

Although OneDrive is a pre-installed cloud service in Windows 11 that offers storage space for online file storage and access from any computer, tablet, or smartphone, you may delete it entirely from a Windows 11 PC without affecting any other aspect of Windows 11.

Some users may want to get rid of OneDrive because it has sync issues. However, you may fix sync issues rather than Disable the service.

Alternatively, you may sync it to an external hard drive. However, if you are adamant about getting rid poof the service, read the following solutions.

How can I disable or remove OneDrive in Windows 11?

1. Unlink the PC from OneDrive

If you change your mind and decide to keep it, learn how to disable OneDrive pop-ups in Windows 11 and keep it from interrupting your work.

Expert tip:

2. Uninstall OneDrive

After that, the system will uninstall OneDrive from your PC, and you will no longer be bothered with any possible dialogues to sync your data.

3. Disable OneDrive using the Group Policy Editor

That is how to turn off OneDrive in Windows 11 using the Group Policy Editor.

4. Disable OneDrive using the Registry Editor

If the situation gets out of hand, we also have an article on how to fix broken Registry items in Windows 11.

5. Disable and uninstall OneDrive using Command Prompt

That is how to turn off OneDrive in Windows 11 using your Command Prompt.

6. Prevent OneDrive from starting

If Microsoft OneDrive doesn’t start in the first place and doesn’t connect to your account, it won’t be able to perform any syncing.

And that is how to turn off OneDrive on Windows 11. While we have presented different solutions, you should choose whatever seems best for you. In most cases, all of the above methods should work perfectly.

The solutions in this guide will also stop OneDrive from syncing on your desktop and may remove OneDrive from File Explorer.

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Whether You Like It Or Not, You Should Know How Daily Deals Are Taxed

You don’t have to be the next Groupon to include a daily (or less frequent) deal component into your business model.  Many startups now are incorporating group buying or instant discounts into their offerings.  When they do, important tax considerations come into play.

Fair warning…what this post is about to talk about is state and local taxation, also known by the acronym SALT.  The acronym is appropriate because sometimes dealing with this area of tax can be like rubbing the contents of a box of salt into your own eyes. 

On the plus side, if you understand the basics, you’ll be light years ahead of 99 percent of people, whether you’re selling daily deals or using them to generate customer traffic.

We’re talking about the basic daily deal here…in other words…Customer pays $12.50 for $25 worth of a product or service.  For our purposes, let’s say the deal is good for $25 worth of food and beverage (and merriment) at a restaurant.  Let’s also say that we’re in a state that collects sales taxes on the sale of restaurant food and beverage.

Here are a couple of scenarios involving one of pop culture’s favorite restaurant owners, Nat Bussichio of Beverly Hills 90210 fame…that’s right, proprietor of the Peach Pit.

Scenario 1 (No Deal): Brandon and Brenda come into the Peach Pit for lunch.  The bill comes out to $25.  The sales tax rate is 10%.  $2.50 of sales tax is added to their bill ($25.00 X 10%).  They pay $27.50 in total ($25.00 bill plus $2.50 sales tax).  Nat keeps the $25 and gives the $2.50 of tax to the State of California.

Scenario 2 (With Deal): Brandon and Brenda come into the Peach Pit for lunch.  Their bill comes out to $25.  The sales tax rate is 10%.  Brandon and Brenda pay with a daily deal voucher they bought a few months ago (they paid $12.50 for the voucher, which is worth $25 of food and beverage).  Nat is totally confused as to whether he has to charge them tax on the full amount of the bill ($25) or only what they actually paid for the voucher ($12.50) or maybe even the amount of cash that Nat receives from the sale of the voucher ($3).

The answer to this question varies depending on the state.  Illinois provided its answer about a year ago.

In Illinois, the answer hinges upon whether or not Nat knows how much Brandon and Brenda paid for their voucher.  In other words:

If Nat knows that Brandon and Brenda paid $12.50 for their $25 deal, Nat charges sales tax on the $12.50.  So, Brandon and Brenda would pay their bill by giving Nat the $25 deal voucher plus paying $1.25 of sales tax ($12.50 X 10% Tax).

If Nat doesn’t know that Brandon and Brenda paid $12.50 for their $25 deal, Nat charges sales tax on the full $25.  So, Brandon and Brenda would pay their bill by giving Nat the $25 deal voucher plus $2.50 of sales tax ($25 X 10% Tax).

It doesn’t matter how much Nat actually gets out of the sale of the voucher itself.

Again, these are only the Illinois rules, and other states may or may not apply the same standards.

Whether you’re a startup that sells deals or a merchant that uses them to drive customer traffic, it’s important to understand how these rules work.

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