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There are many system files in a Windows computer that run in the background. These files start when you turn ON your computer. The work of these files is to manage different processes in the Windows operating system. But some malware or viruses mimic the computer’s system files. In such a condition, it becomes difficult for a user to differentiate between malware and the original system file. In this article, we will discuss what a chúng tôi file in Windows 11/10 is and how you can differentiate it from a virus.

What is chúng tôi in Windows 11/10?

chúng tôi stands for Shell Infrastructure Host file. It is an executable system file that runs in the background and is one of the crucial files for Windows 11/10. chúng tôi carries out various processes in Windows 11/10, including starting and launching the context menu, action center, etc.

Can you Disable or Terminate the chúng tôi Process? What happens if chúng tôi gets corrupted?

A defective chúng tôi or Shell Infrastructure Host can cause your system to run slow and displays different kinds of error messages, such as:

Shell Infrastructure Host has stopped working.

A problem has occurred that caused the program to terminate.

Access violation of the address FFFFFFFF in Shell Infrastructure Host (Sihost.exe) module and reading the address 00000000 (an Unknown hard error).

In such a case, you should run the System File Checker.

Sihost.exe is not a threat to your computer system unless it is a malicious file. So, how can you check if the file is suspicious? Read further to know the process.

How to check if chúng tôi is a virus?

Many malware and viruses can camouflage themselves to the system files. By doing this, they remain active in the system without letting the user know about them. Such malware and viruses are a threat to your computer system and you should take appropriate action to remove them. To check whether the chúng tôi is malicious or not, follow the below-listed steps:

Alternatively, you can also check whether chúng tôi is a malicious file or not by checking its location in the directory. For this, follow the below-listed steps:

TIP: This post will help you if you face Shell Infrastructure Host high CPU and Memory usage issues.

2] Now, check the directory in which the file is located. If it is located in the directory C:WindowsSystem32, you need not worry about it.

But if the directory is other than what we have mentioned here, it may be a virus or malware.

What to do, if it is a virus or malware? Consider scanning your PC with a good antivirus and antimalware software.

If you want to stay protected from such malicious files, you have to take care of the following points:

Update your Windows 10 to the latest version. The newest updates fix the possible vulnerabilities in Windows 10 that make it an easy target of cybercriminals.

Always use an effective antivirus and never disable the firewall protection. Also, keep your antivirus up to date.

Never open a link from an untrusted source.

Never save your passwords and sensitive information on web browsers, especially your credit card and banking details.

Always purchase the original version of Windows. Do not install the pirated versions.

Sihost.exe is a crucial Windows file but can put you into trouble if a virus or malware is camouflaging in your system. Browsing the internet safely and downloading free software only from the trusted websites are some of the good practices to minimize the risk of getting your system infected.

Fix: chúng tôi error, The system detected an overrun of a stack-based buffer in this application.

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What Is Roblox Studio And How To Set It Up On Windows 11/10

We suspect many folks have heard of Roblox, the popular video game for computers and mobile devices. But there is something else called Roblox Studio, and we find it rather interesting. If you’re into creating video games but not very good at coding, then this could be a good choice.

What is Roblox Studio?

YRoblox Studio is basically a publishing tool, asset package, and development framework all baked into a single package. With this program, users can develop a game and have it ready for publishing in a short time frame, and while that’s good, many of us have no idea how it works.

With that said, let us talk a little bit about Roblox Studio because it could become the next great thing for indie developers in the distant future.

Roblox Studio explained

The details below will explain what Roblox Studio is along with how to set it up:

What is Roblox Studio all about?

Can developers create whatever game they want with Roblox Studio?

Do developers require coding experience?

Can folks make money from developing games for Roblox?

How to set up Roblox Studio on your computer

What is Roblox Studio?

Roblox Studio is a framework that was designed specifically for creating video games. The titles created with this platform can only be published on Roblox, and these types of games are limited to both computers and mobile devices where Roblox is already supported.

Games made with Roblox Studio cannot be sold and must always be available to players for free.

Now, folks are drawn to this framework due to its ease of use. It comes packed with several different types of templates and free art assets to aid developers to begin their journey.

How to set up Roblox Studio on your computer

If you’re interested in playing around with Roblox Studio, then let us explain how to get moving in the right direction.

Download the Roblox Studio tool from the official website.

From there, you must select Download Studio.

Once downloaded, please install the program on your computer.

Now, you must sign up using the create an account section.

Log in with your official credentials.

You should now see several templates, to begin with. Choose the one you want, then you can begin creating your first of many video games.

Can developers create whatever game they want with Roblox Studio?

Here’s the thing, developers are limited to what they can make with this platform. Yes, a few with immense skills can get more out of it, but at the end of the day, this is a framework that is built atop an established video game, so it must follow the rules set by that game.

This is why most Roblox Studio games are focused on obstacle courses and multiplayer, and they tend to not look too different from each other. Still, there are several games with unique gameplay, so there’s that.

Do developers require coding experience in Roblox Studio?

One does not need to have extensive coding skills to create video games with Roblox Studio. By using the templates available, your game will be quite basic. But if you know how to code in Lua, then you can take your game to the next level, with limitations, of course.

And since Lua is not hard to learn, we suspect even beginners will try their hands at doing some real coding work in a bid to become a true video game developer.

Can folks make money from developing games for Roblox?

The option is there for anyone to make some funds by creating their games within the Roblox Studio framework. Now, we made it clear that games here must be made available for free, but it is possible for players to purchase cosmetics and upgrades with a virtual currency known as Robux.

For those who aren’t aware, players can only acquire Robux by spending real money, so as it stands, game developers can earn a little bit on the side. But as expected, it will depend on the popularity of the game and how much it stands out in a crowded place.

Still, developers should not view Roblox Studio as a means of earning a lot of money because we highly doubt that’ll happen for many. We view the best option here is to use this framework to improve game development skills rather than anything else.

Read: Best Roblox Browser Extensions for Chrome, Edge, Firefox

Is Roblox content suitable for all ages?

Yes, the content available on Roblox is suitable for all ages. Some games include violence, but nothing containing gore or anything that goes against the ESRB rating.

Does Roblox work with Windows 11?

Yes, Roblox works with Windows 11. Although some people often get various problems while launching Roblox Studio on their computers, it works fine on many other PCs. You can download and start using this framework to make video games. However, your computer must meet the minimum system requirements to install this application.

Read: Enhance code on Visual Studio Code with the help of Extensions.

What Is Port And How To Check If Port Is Open In Windows 10?

What is Port And How To Check If Port is Open in Windows 10? What is a port?

In computers, several applications are running which get data and information from the different servers on the internet. IP address and port number play a pivotal role in this process because they act as a carrier between server and applications running. You can consider an IP address as the street address and port number as the house number on that street. If either of them is missing or changed, then it won’t give appropriate results.

Use Netstat to check if port is open or not.

This is the simplest way to check whether the port is open or not in Windows 10. As we can understand by the name Netstat is the shortcut for network statistics. It will show a detailed explanation of the ports which are used by IP addresses.

Search command in Cortana search bar and run as administrator.

Now type netstat –ab and then press enter.

Now a list will be displayed which will show all running processes. The open port number will be after the last colon on the local IP address on the left-hand side.

The heading with the State of LISTENING is the processes that are in contact with open ports.

Type netstat –aon and press enter to know the program’s name that is opened with a specific port. You will be able to see the protocol the app is using, IP address (local and remote), PID of the application using that port.

Check the PID field you noted from the command prompt.

Using third party app to check if all ports are working:-

If you are looking for an alternative to command prompt then TCPView, PORTQRY Command Line Port Scanner, Nirsoft CurrPorts are some of the best options for you to check for open ports. These are easy-to-use third-party apps.

1. TCPView

TCPView gives a list of all the running processes and the open ports associated with them. The app offers a display of opening and closing of ports and packet transfer in real-time. It is included in Microsoft Sysinternals.

2. PORTQRY Command Line Port Scanner

This is another third-party tool used to scan your computer for open ports. You have to install PORTQRY Command Line Port Scanner and then open it in administrator mode. It is installed in the C drive (C:PortQryV2 directory) therefore the directory of your command prompt is changed to that directory.

Type command portqry.exe -local to view all the open TCP and UDP ports for the computer.

3. Nirsoft currports

Nirsoft currports is the last but not the least tool to check the ports which are in use by the services and applications on the computer. You have to glance at the local port section to identify which ports are active.

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Aayush Yadav

What Is The Recycle Bin And How To Use It In Windows 10?

What is the Recycle Bin and How to Use it in Windows 10? Learn how to configure the app responsible for managing deleted files




Recycle Bin is a built-in tool on your Windows OS which stores deleted files.

The deleted files occupy space in Recycle Bin.

You can permanently remove files from Recycle Bin in multiple ways. You can do it manually or configure the tool to no longer store deleted files.

Recycle Bin has been a part of Windows since the earliest versions, and even though the look of Recycle Bin might have changed over the years, its functionality remained the same on Windows 10.

Since Recycle Bin is a fundamental tool of Windows 10 and all other versions of Windows, we decided to make an in-depth analysis of this tool.

What is the Recycle Bin?

As previously mentioned, Recycle Bin isn’t a new feature of Windows 10, and it works the same as it did in previous versions of Windows.

When you delete a certain file, the file itself isn’t actually deleted from your hard drive, instead, it’s moved to your Recycle Bin, and even if you can’t use it while it’s located in Recycle Bin, you can easily restore it to the original location at any time.

Since moving the files to Recycle Bin doesn’t actually delete them, they will still occupy the same space on your hard drive. If you want to permanently delete a file or folder from your PC, you can do that by following our guides.

How can I use the Recycle Bin in Windows 10? 1. Permanently delete files from the Recycle bin

You can delete individual files from Recycle Bin in order to permanently remove them. To do that, follow these steps:

If you wish to delete all files and folders permanently from Recycle Bin you can do the following:

2. Configure Recycle Bin to permanently delete files from the Computer

2. Select your hard drive partition.

3. Choose Don’t move files to the Recycle Bin. Remove files immediately when deleted.

Expert tip:

4. By default, Windows 10 doesn’t give you a confirmation message when you choose to delete a certain file or folder, so if you enable option to permanently delete files without moving them to Recycle Bin, you might accidentally remove important files.

To prevent this from happening check the Display delete confirmation dialog option.

If you don’t wish to store deleted files in Recycle Bin, you can configure it to permanently remove files from your PC when they are deleted, without moving them to the Recycle Bin. You can choose whether you still want a confirmation pop-up upon deleting a file or not.

Bear in mind that this option will permanently delete your files, and by default, this option doesn’t use a confirmation dialog, so be extremely careful if you’re going to use it.

3. Permanently delete files from your computer after you configure Recycle Bin

If you use this method, your files won’t be available in Recycle Bin so you won’t be able to restore them, so keep that in mind.

4. How to increase Recycle Bin’s maximum size for files

Files in Recycle Bin aren’t deleted by default from your computer and they are still taking certain amount of space. If you want to increase the amount of space that Recycle Bin uses for each hard drive partition, you can do that by following these steps:

5. How to recover permanently deleted files from Recycle Bin

Now when you know how to permanently delete files from Recycle Bin, let’s see how you can restore them. In order to restore a certain file to its original location, you need to do the following:

Since every file moved to the Recycle Bin is still taking space on your hard drive, it’s always a good idea to clean your Recycle Bin from time to time in order to save some space, and if you want to permanently delete a file from your PC, you can do it by following one of the several methods that we mentioned above.

Recycle Bin is a key component of every Windows operating system, therefore it’s important that you know how to use it properly, and we hope that our guide thought you a thing or two about Recycle Bin.

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How To Install Tiny 11 And Is It Safe? (Windows 11 Lite)

All of us were excited about the release of Windows 11, only to find that many of our older devices could not run it. Yes, we still found other ways to install Windows 11, but it didn’t change the fact that it wasn’t made for those PCs.

So, it led to bugs, crashes, and a hundred different issues that forced us back to Windows 10. 

If only Microsoft made Windows 11 for low-end PCs, something like Windows 10 light. 

Well, Microsoft might not hear us, but NTDev did. Introducing Tiny 11, a lightweight version of Windows 11 for PCs not compatible with Windows 11.

Also read: Unlock Hidden Windows Features Installing ViVe Tool GUI

We have shown a VIDEO walk through at the end of the post for easy solution. 

Tiny 11 is a project from NTDev based on Windows 11 Pro 22h2 and comes with most of the better elements of Windows 11 while leaving out the clutter and bloat, making the OS much lighter for low-end PCs.

It only requires 2 GB of RAM and 8 GB of Storage to run efficiently and doesn’t require TPM or Secure Boot. It also has the Microsoft Store integrated, allowing users to install apps. 

But how does it do all that?

Tiny 11 leaves out all the clutter and bloat that comes with the actual Windows 11, which surprisingly makes a huge difference in performance.

Here are the apps and features Tiny 11 removes from Windows 11:

• Clipchamp 

• News 

• Weather 

• Xbox 

• GetHelp 

• GetStarted 

• Office Hub 

• Solitaire 

• PeopleApp 

• PowerAutomate 

• ToDo 

• Alarms 

• Mail and Calendar 

• Feedback Hub

• Maps 

• Sound Recorder 

• Your Phone 

• Media Player

• QuickAssist 

• Internet Explorer

• LA57 support 

• OCR for en-us 

• Speech support 

• TTS for en-us 

• Media Player Legacy 

• Tablet PC Math 

• Wallpapers 

• Edge

• OneDrive

• Windows Defender

• Microsoft Teams

To highlight a few important ones, Windows Defender, Microsoft Teams, OneDrive, and Edge, are removed, and the default screenshot shortcuts don’t work.

It keeps the UI and experience of Windows 11 the same. Visually you won’t find much difference.

But…there are some tiny issues.

Well, I lied. Tiny 11 has some major issues (I only said tiny for the pun). 

First, it’s neither developed nor supported by Microsoft, and they are definitely not okay with it. 

So, there can never be a dependable place to download the Tiny 11 iso. You always have a risk of downloading malware or viruses because you cannot guarantee the file’s safety unless you specifically run tests on it.

Also, Tiny 11 doesn’t allow Windows updates, which is very understandable. Still, you are stuck with the build version of Windows 11 Pro 22h2 unless you reinstall a newer version of Tiny 11 every time they are released…if they are released.

Windows Updates are vital for bug and error patches and security updates (which isn’t a major concern because Tiny 11 doesn’t have Windows Defender to defend anything in the first place).

The errors and bugs are a big setback for Tiny 11. I have seen many user reviews reporting crashes and system-breaking bugs. I have also read reports of apps like the Adobe Suite not working. 

But no one plans to run Adobe Premiere Pro on a PC with 2 GB of RAM…right?

This is normal because Tiny 11 is unstable, and the devs never said it would be stable. So, I won’t recommend it to anyone without prior troubleshooting experience.

Now let’s come to the meat of the topic, how to download and install Tiny 11 on your PC. Follow as given below.

As said earlier, Tiny 11 is not hosted on any official or dependable website. For the moment, it is available on Internet Archive. You can visit here and download it easily, but we cannot guarantee that it will be safe for your PC.

Once you open the website, navigate to the Download options and expand the ISO image section.

Download the 22h2 Beta2 (no sysreq) version.

Next, you need to create an installation media from the iso and use it to install Tiny 11. But the official media creation tool won’t work here. 

So, you will need Rufus.

Visit here and download and install Rufus.

Now connect an empty flash drive. Launch Rufus and set your flash drive in the Device drop-down menu.

Browse to the Tiny 11 iso image file and open it.

Once you have finished creating the installation media, restart your PC while keeping the flash drive connected.

Press the BIOS key on Boot to enter BIOS.

Go to the Boot section and change the Boot order to place your Flash Drive on number one.

Now save and exit the BIOS. You should see the Install Windows screen, but if you don’t, restart your PC, and that should correct it.

Create a partition and select it to install Tiny 11.

Now wait for the installation to finish. Next go through the prompts and setup Windows.

So, there you have it. This is how you can install Windows 11 lite or Tiny 11. We recommend it only for users experienced in troubleshooting errors and suggest others wait for Microsoft to release an official lite version of Windows 11. 

If Microsoft Is Serious About Accessibility, Fix Windows 11

I’m lucky enough to be perfectly mobile, with the ability to use a mouse, keyboard, and Xbox controller without any additional assistance. But I’m also one of probably millions of users whose vision is slowly getting worse over time. That, of course, is nothing new, and we have glasses and corrective lenses to compensate.

But my vision disintegrated during the pandemic, as I was cooped up indoors and didn’t have as many opportunities to drive, take trips, and otherwise engage my distance vision. My youngest son, who endured two years of remote learning, experienced the same thing. And however you view what happened over the past few years, it’s obvious that those users who began computing when Windows 1.0 released in 1985 are getting older.

This matters. The ability to use a computer is largely predicated upon the ability to see. Studies have linked poor visual function to depression and social isolation simply because of an inability to interact with the world around them. And while Windows provides assistive technologies for those who have severe vision impairment — Narrator, Windows’ built-in screen reader — there certainly is a middle ground for those who can see well enough to use a computer but have trouble navigating through various menus.

Could Windows 11 accommodate this, with larger icons and a resizable Start menu and taskbar? And could Microsoft do a better job with its upcoming Start folders in this regard? I think Microsoft could, and its reluctance to engage on the issue is a little puzzling.

In a moment, we’ll talk about what you can do to compensate for Microsoft’s decision, and help make these elements of Windows 11 more accessible. But I’m not sure if Microsoft simply intends for you to rely on these methods or if they plan further improvements for Windows 11. I’ve addressed questions to Jenny Lay-Flurrie, chief accessibility officer at Microsoft — once on social media, once at Microsoft’s accessibility press event — and received no public response. However, Microsoft pointed us to several workarounds, which we’ve included at the end of this story.

The Windows 11 Taskbar leaves a great deal of extra space unused, the icons aren’t resizable, and there’s no indication about which app is which unless you know how to hover your cursor over it.

Mark Hachman / IDG

Windows 11’s Taskbar: Difficult to parse

Windows 11’s taskbar throws up three obstacles in the way of accessibility: The taskbar itself is not moveable or resizeable, the icons are not able to be independently enlarged, and taskbar buttons are always combined. Windows 10 allows you to adjust the first and third elements. Not combining taskbar buttons allows someone to create a large taskbar landing area whose function is clearly explained, as it is in Windows 10.

The Start menu: Windows 11 needs work

By now, you’re probably familiar with the limitations of Windows 11’s Start menu: the entire window can’t be resized, its icons size can’t be adjusted, and the lack of Live Tiles also restricts the size of the icons. In Windows 10, you can enlarge the Start menu icons to relatively enormous size, not only making them easy to read and navigate to, but also allowing you to visually remind yourself which applications are the most important, what they’re called, and where they live. (Though this might seem silly to you, think of the difficulties some older family members can have with navigating a computer.)

This shouldn’t be the domain of a third-party mod like Start11 or even Microsoft’s excellent PowerToys. I would argue that these are not aesthetic choices, but functional ones. Accessible ones. Limiting accessibility at the literal Start-ing point of the Windows 11 experience should be a little embarrassing for all concerned.

Workarounds: What you can do in the meantime

Whether Microsoft chooses to take action or not, you do have a few options for making Windows more visually accessible using its built-in tools.

Resize desktop icons

First, you can resize the icons floating on your desktop. (No, this does not affect the icons on your taskbar or the Start menu. Why not?)

DPI Scaling

You can increase the scale of your Windows environment, which will help make it easier to view and navigate. Note that you can increase the scale to up to 350% or so depending on the size and resolution of the display.

Mark Hachman / IDG

Scale is a “universal” control that will resize everything: text, UI elements, browser windows, Start, the Taskbar — the works. It’s an easy way to enlarge all of the visual elements on your screen — and, to be fair, may represent what Microsoft thinks to be the most universally accessible way of increasing the visibility of the Windows UI. It still doesn’t address the ability to resize or adjust Start, but it will make those Windows elements more visible.

The only trick that Scale hides is that it’s controllable on a per-display basis. So if you type on a laptop screen but also use a secondary monitor as your primary display, make sure to adjust both the way you’d like them. It may very well be that you’ll have two independent settings for both displays.

Use Magnifier

You can use Magnifier to create a “panel” of magnification, similar to the page magnifiers you can buy on shopping sites.

Mark Hachman / IDG

Of course, you can also use Windows’ own ability to read and navigate by voice, either within Word or via Windows Narrator. I wouldn’t recommend using Narrator if you can already visually navigate around Windows, as it tends to get in the way. If you have difficulty seeing, however, it can be invaluable.

Text size

Again, you may have no trouble reading your display, and navigating Windows. It’s fair to say, however, that a sizeable percentage of users who grew up on Windows may be having trouble with Windows 11. The built-in accessibility tools within Windows may be a good first step, but Microsoft’s Ability Summit should also be an occasion to re-examine what’s wrong with Windows 11.

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