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While browsing the Internet, you may have heard the term “quantum computer” at one point or another. It all sounds so sciency! What they bring to the table is very simple: It’s something better than what we currently have or else we wouldn’t be working on bringing about this tech revolution.
But there’s one thing cryptographers have been asking themselves for a while: What use are encryption algorithms like RSA if quantum computers will be able to break them within seconds? Can they even do that? It’s a terrifying question that many people probably would rather not know the answer to.How Encryption Currently Works
There are tons of encryption algorithms, each with their own quirky methods for working out how to best protect your data. If we were to spend time talking about how all of them work, we’d probably have to write a couple thousand pages of material.
The gist of it is that our current methods of encryption take your data and pass it through a series of mathematically-programmed “steps” to jumble it up in such a way that you can later “un-jumble” it with the right variables. These variables are known as “keys.”
Modern-day algorithms like RSA, SHA-512 and even elliptic curve cryptography function in much the same manner. They take a convoluted approach to concealing your data in such a way that normal computers would take millennia to break their algorithms.
But what about quantum computers?Why Quantum Computers Are So Scary
When you sit down and log on to Facebook or whatever you use on the Web, you probably take for granted the amount of technology and computing power that’s dedicated to protecting everything you’re doing. It really takes a mind-blowing amount of labor from extraordinarily expensive hardware to even begin to break the barrier that these services place between you and intruders. It’s why we’re not getting our accounts hacked, because someone broke the encryption. That only happens in movies. Most of the reasons why we end up the victims of hackers can be summed up as human stupidity, not the lack of integrity in our strongest encryption.
Quantum computers kind of turn all of this upside down. Because they can process information so quickly and do math like it’s no one’s business, they kind of make encryption a bit useless. In fact, Google has been hard at work on implementing a new type of cryptography in anticipation of eventual quantum computer attacks.
A quantum computer can theoretically solve RSA puzzles and anything using SSL encryption in a matter of seconds. This means that HTTPS is basically useless at this point if someone had a massive quantum rig and fired it up to snoop around on your traffic. They could do this in less time than it takes for you to take a sip of your coffee or pronounce the word “Mississippi.”What We Can Do About It
There’s really nothing much you can do yourself to prevent the quantum “apocalypse” except for hoping that the mathematical difficulty of “solving” encryption keeps up the pace before these computers become commonplace items in everyone’s homes. If that doesn’t happen, then you might as well unplug yourself from the Internet. Every database in the world, every WiFi hotspot out there, and even your very own home could all become potential snake pits.
The buck doesn’t stop here. Google is just one of the first companies to announce that it is working on a solution. There are very likely many other folks already working on quantum-computer-proof algorithms that will up the ante in the battle between cryptography and computing power.
Miguel has been a business growth and technology expert for more than a decade and has written software for even longer. From his little castle in Romania, he presents cold and analytical perspectives to things that affect the tech world.
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Here is a comparison of the quantum computing stock to help you know which one fits into your portfolio
IBM and Accenture, the two top best quantum computing stocks, are established consulting enterprises that had very different market experiences since the lockdowns were enacted across the globe. Let’s make a comparison of the quantum computing market stock. Accenture plc, a professional services company, provides strategy and consulting, interactive, and technology and operations services worldwide. Its’ current quantum computing stock is US$303.10, a 4.33% decrease from the previous close. International Business Machines Corporation provides integrated solutions and services worldwide. The company operates through four business segments: Software, Consulting, Infrastructure, and Financing. Its current quantum computing stock is US$136.19, a 2.09% decrease from the previous close. IBM’s offerings include cloud computing, artificial intelligence, the Internet of Things, digital workflows, and cybersecurity among other things. Its business model includes revenue from infrastructure-as-a-service (IaaS), software-as-a-service (SaaS), and platform-as-a-service (PaaS) delivery models. Implementing IBM technology ensures companies will rely on IBM technicians and consultants. Accenture is a major business consulting service, but it was technology services where it received the biggest revenue boost in 2023. It generated 55 percent of its revenue from this stream, while strategy and consulting services contributed 32 percent and the rest came from business process optimizations. Like IBM, Accenture realizes its future is in the cloud, and it’s focusing on that moving forward.
IBM and Accenture, the two top best quantum computing stocks, are established consulting enterprises that had very different market experiences since the lockdowns were enacted across the globe. Let’s make a comparison of the quantum computing market stock. Accenture plc, a professional services company, provides strategy and consulting, interactive, and technology and operations services worldwide. Its’ current quantum computing stock is US$303.10, a 4.33% decrease from the previous close. International Business Machines Corporation provides integrated solutions and services worldwide. The company operates through four business segments: Software, Consulting, Infrastructure, and Financing. Its current quantum computing stock is US$136.19, a 2.09% decrease from the previous close. IBM’s offerings include cloud computing, artificial intelligence, the Internet of Things, digital workflows, and cybersecurity among other things. Its business model includes revenue from infrastructure-as-a-service (IaaS), software-as-a-service (SaaS), and platform-as-a-service (PaaS) delivery models. Implementing IBM technology ensures companies will rely on IBM technicians and consultants. Accenture is a major business consulting service, but it was technology services where it received the biggest revenue boost in 2023. It generated 55 percent of its revenue from this stream, while strategy and consulting services contributed 32 percent and the rest came from business process optimizations. Like IBM, Accenture realizes its future is in the cloud, and it’s focusing on that moving forward. IBM and Accenture are big players in the IT and consulting space. Each came from a different background but converged on cloud computing amid the coronavirus pandemic. Businesses from around the world moved to a virtual business model and strengthened virtual tools for employees and customers alike. They’re also well priced, due to tepid investor interest. This represents an opportunity for bullish investors to get in cheap, so long as you know which one fits into your portfolio.
Analytics Insight features some of the top quantum computing stocks to buy in 2023
There is ample scope for quantum computing in the nearby tech-driven future across the world. Quantum computing companies have identified the core field of research in physics with qubits and quantum mechanics to discover some unapproachable and complex issues with the highest speed. Multiple countries are participating in the highly competitive quantum computing race to be at the top while investing millions of dollars in quantum research and technology. Meanwhile, investors are becoming highly interested to invest their money and time in rising and popular tech stocks as well as quantum computing stocks. Investment in quantum computing stocks tends to drive high revenue without potential loss in the future. Let’s explore some of the top quantum computing stocks in 2023 that are profitable with the rising growth of quantum technology, according to Yahoo! Finance.NVIDIA
Current price: US$199.50 Market cap: US$497.15 billion NVIDIA Corporation is leading the tech race with GPUs, AI chips, as well as quantum computing while operating as a visual computing company across the globe. It is one of the top quantum computing stocks for investors to buy in 2023 The company operates in two segments— graphics and computer networking. The NVIDIA platform tends to accelerate the quantum circuit simulation ecosystem on GPUs that multiple researchers and developers have started utilizing the NVIDIA cuQuantum SDK for further development in quantum computing. It serves a diverse range of industries such as architecture, engineering, construction, energy, education, manufacturing, robotics, smart cities, supercomputing, and many more. NVIDIA also ran a leading-edge quantum simulation on its in-house AI supercomputer known as Selene. It expects the performance to enhance the speed and use of cuQuantum in every quantum computing framework for accurate quantum research.Honeywell
Current price: US$233.74 Market cap: US$161.37 billion Honeywell is emerging as the leader in quantum computing companies and is keen to showcase its quantum computing technology to the world. Its quantum computer can be accessed through Microsoft Azure Cloud. Honeywell announced the partnership with Cambridge Quantum Computing to focus on software for quantum computers. The company is popular for its focus on reshaping the adoption and integration of quantum information systems into multiple industries. The quantum technology tends to enable high-quality qubits that can be rearranged and interacted with to enhance algorithm opportunities. Thus, it is one of the emerging quantum computing stocks in 2023 to drive revenue in the nearby future.IBM
Current price: US$143.59 Market cap: US$128.70 billionAccenture
Current price: US$328.25 Market cap: US$208.15 billion Accenture is one of the leading quantum computing companies that has been awarded the second U.S. patent for quantum computing. The Accenture Labs have started working with Biogen to apply quantum computing to boost the drug discovery process. The lab examines the science behind quantum computing and its potential use cases by multiple industries. It is focused on running investigations and experiments on the largest gate model quantum computers available to date.Quantum Computing Inc.
Current price: US$6.70 Market cap: US$193.33 million Quantum Computing Inc. is a classical and quantum software vendor providing quantum techniques to boost the performance of classical as well as quantum computations. It acts as a quantum assist for business optimization problems with a wide range of solutions. The flagship solution, known as Qatalyst, is ready-to-run software for empowering subject matter experts and end-users to leverage the power of quantum techniques. Qatalyst is known as the industry’s only quantum application accelerator.Quantum Numbers Corporation
Current price: US$0.2800 Market cap: US$28.54 million
Microsoft’s quantum computers now have a language
Quantum computing’s most practical use until now might have been as a plot point in sci-fi novels, but Microsoft believes the “revolutionary technology” is finally headed to a practical level. At Ignite 2023, the company’s annual tech conference, the company outlined part of its roadmap toward an ecosystem of hardware and software that will bring quantum computing to a wide range of developers.
It’s based on the handiwork of math researcher Michael Freedman, who has been part of the software giant’s theoretical research team “Microsoft Station Q” at the University of California, Santa Barbara. Over time, that has developed into the search for a topological qubit, the quantum bit which any production quantum computer would use as its core.
Microsoft isn’t straying too far from the typical quantum computing hype in terms of what the system it envisages might do. The little-understood technology would open the door to incredibly fast processing, exponentially quicker than current computers. Complex scientific mysteries currently beyond the scope of even the most potent supercomputers could be handled in hours or less.
Perhaps more mundanely, topological quantum computers could also have a sizable impact on the machine learning and AI systems we increasingly interact with on a daily basis. For instance Microsoft’s Craig Mundie, the company’s chief research and strategy officer, suggests Cortana’s algorithms could hypothetically be trained and processed 30 times faster than currently. Such an acceleration could have a significant impact on how quickly artificial intelligence systems scale up to provide useful results and near-intuitive decisions.
For that to be practical, Microsoft points out, quantum computing can’t be the reserve of a few researchers in a lab. Instead, the goal is to make the technology more available for a broader audience. The next step of that is a new programming language that the company has developed, which will run on quantum simulators but eventually be compatible, so the idea goes, with whatever quantum hardware Microsoft one day can produce.
“The same code that you’re running today in simulation you can run tomorrow on our quantum computer,” Krysta Svore, lead developer on Microsoft’s quantum-compatible software team, said of the announcement. Importantly, the new language is integrated into Visual Studio so as to minimize the headaches involved in transitioning from old to new code. “It shouldn’t look too different from the things they’re already doing,” Svore says.
Individual developers will be able to simulate up to 30 logical quits of processing power on their PC, while select Azure enterprise customers will get access to more than 40 quits. The software update will be available later in 2023.
Of course, what’s still unclear is just when Microsoft’s goal of a practical quantum computer could actually pan out. We’re still some ways off any sort of production hardware, after all. According to Freedman, he hasn’t even given much thought to what the technology could do.
“I’ve been asked about the applications of quantum computing – you know, what motivates me? Do I want to cure disease, design new materials, protect the environment?” the mathmatician says. “The truth is, it’s none of that. At this point in the project, the only thing I care about is making the quantum computer work.”
Cloudflare is one of the largest CDN and security service providers for web properties. Setting up SSL/TLS is the first thing you should ensure after adding your site in Cloudflare. Since browsers will show “Not Secured” message without HTTPS, you also need to enable “Always Use HTTPS” option in Cloudflare account. In this article, I will show you how to enable SSL and force HTTPS in Cloudflare.Install SSL On Your Site
Before going to Cloudflare, make sure you have installed valid SSL certificate on your site. Most of the hosting companies offer free SSL from Let’s Encrypt and automatically renews it. If your site is showing a padlock symbol before your URL in the browser’s address bar, then you are already using SSL on your site. If you are setting up a new site, then first make sure to install a SSL certificate before adding your site in Cloudflare. Here are the general steps:
Login to your hosting account.
Find Let’s Encrypt SSL option possibly under Security section.
Select your domain name and install the certificate.
Check your domain is opening with secured HTTPS protocol in browser.
Below is how it will look in SiteGround hosting account.
Install New Lets Encrypt SSL in SiteGround
Contact your hosting company if you want to install a premium SSL from trusted certification authority or from Cloudflare CA.
Adding Your Site in Cloudflare
In this article, I am not explaining the detailed process of adding your site. Check out the article on how to add your WordPress site in Cloudflare and below is the summary. You can follow the steps for websites using any content management platform as long as they are accessible online.
Add New Site in Cloudflare
Enter your domain name, select your plan and scan the DNS records.
Change the DNS servers to point your domain to Cloudflare.
If the DNS changes are reflected, you will see a success message. Otherwise, wait few hours and then try again.
Setup FinishedSetup SSL in Cloudflare
Follow the below steps after adding your site.
Select your site from Cloudflare dashboard section.
You will see multiple options in right side pane and select “Full” option.
Your selection will be automatically saved.
Select Full Encryption in Cloudflare
SSL/TLS encryption needs two secure connections – one is from browser to Cloudflare and the next is from Cloudflare to your hosting server as shown in the above picture. Selecting “Full” is the best option with free SSL certificate installed on your hosting server. Here is a bit more about all the available options and when you can use them:
Off (not secure) – As mentioned, selecting “off (not secure)” will not use SSL and browsers will show your site as “Not Secured” in the address bar.
Flexible – This option is helpful if you are not able to configure HTTPS on your hosting server. In this case, the traffic from browser to Cloudflare will use HTTPS and any traffic to origin server will use HTTP.
Full – Selecting “Full” is the best option with free SSL certificate installed on your hosting server. Here, Cloudflare will use HTTPS for connecting to your server using the self-signed SSL issued from Let’s Encrypt without any verification.
Full (Strict) – This offers maximum security over end-to-end encryption as Cloudflare will verify the certificate installed on your hosting server. Choose this option only when you have a trusted certificate installed on your server.Checking SSL Certificate Status
After enabling “Full” option, your site will NOT immediately use SSL. Follow the below steps to check the SSL status in Cloudflare:
If the status shows “Authorizing Certificate”, then you need to wait till it becomes “Active”.
Cloudflare needs up to 24 hours to authorize SSL certificate for free users. If you are using Pro or other premium plan, it will just take 15 minutes for the authorization.
Check SSL Status in CloudflareForce HTTPS in Cloudflare
Once SSL is authorized, the next step is to force the connection to use HTTPS.
Scroll down and find “Always Use HTTPS” option.
Turn on the switch to force HTTPS for all your traffic.
Amazon had to prepare for peak traffic, but how could they monetize that excess capacity during non-peak times? With the rise of cloud computing, they found their answer, and Amazon Web Serviceswas born.
“It’s pretty close to an accidental empire,” said Dana Gardner, president and principal analyst of research firm Interarbor Solutions.
“The excess capacity point is a common misperception and not at all why we started Amazon Web Services,” said Kay Kinton, PR manager, Amazon Web Services.
“Developers here at Amazon have spent over a decade building out the infrastructure to run our own Web-scale application, chúng tôi In that time we’ve learned a great deal about how to operate very efficiently at very high scale. We started Amazon Web Services because we feel that we can provide tremendous value to developers given the experience, expertise, and assets Amazon has acquired over the past fourteen years.”
(I don’t mean to put Breen and Gardner on the spot here. Both mentioned up front that this was a word-on-the-street sort of story, and they didn’t know the particulars. As far as I’m concerned, the main difference between the two versions is intention. Accidental or not, the major plot points remain the same.)
Regardless of the creation story, the fact is that Amazon’s business strategy since getting into cloud computing is anything but accidental.
In this era of “Webification,” where everything that can move to the Web does – and preferably as a service – being a cloud provider means many different things to many different people.
What it means to Amazon is, first and foremost, on-demand capacity. Be it server, storage or database capacity, Amazon will give it to you in a cost-effective and flexible manner.
What Amazon does not do is deliver applications. Amazon’s cloud offering is perfect for developers, less so for everyone else.
Is that, however, a bad thing?
“I don’t see their approach as a drawback,” Gardner said. “Compare what Amazon does to SaaS. SaaS is model of delivering applications. As Amazon sees it, cloud computing is about delivering capacity.”
To emphasize his point, Gardner compared Amazon to the early days of Microsoft. It may be difficult to remember, but at first Microsoft delivered an operating system and not applications. Lotus Notes, WordPerfect and others pioneered the application space. Only later, after Windows had a firm hold on the operating system market, did Microsoft start to divide and conquer everything else.
“The lesson is that you don’t want to compete with your customers, at least not at first,” Gardner said. “Why make a little bit of money on applications when what the market really wants today is cheap capacity?”
“Amazon needs to decide whether cloud computing is a hobby or a business,” said Nik Simpson, an analyst with the Burton Group.
“At the moment their entire infrastructure is hosted, I think, in two data centers, one of which is much larger than the other. If one data center goes down, do they have the capacity to handle everything in the other?”
As Simpson sees it, while Amazon has a ton of capacity, they may be missing the boat on some of the things that the enterprise demands, such as high availability and failover. For SMBs and developers testing projects, the low cost makes this a reasonable tradeoff. Yet for enterprise customers curious about the cost savings associated with Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) and Simple Storage Service(S3), the risk may trump the low cost.
Amazon, predictably, believes it is already enterprise ready. Amazon argues that they offer failover capability, noting (in Amazon-speak) that they “currently expose 6 different ‘Availability Zones’ to customers in two different regions.”
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