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Windows 11 Clean Install vs Upgrade: Which is Better? Learn which among the two is best choice for you




There are several methods to switch to Windows 11, and the most popular ones are upgrade and clean install.

The upgrade is a simple procedure that will preserve your files and apps during the setup.

A clean install will remove all files from a system drive and ensure that your operating system works without any issues.



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Are you split between a Windows 11 clean install vs. an upgrade? This guide should make a choice easier.

However, many are worried about potential compatibility issues, so they prefer to do a clean install instead.

Today’s guide will look at Windows 11 upgrade and a clean install. Then, we will see which is a better method to use if you want to upgrade to the latest version.

Should I go for a Windows 11 upgrade or a clean install? What does Windows upgrade do?

In essence, a Windows 11 upgrade may do the following:

Add features – Introduce new features and improvements to the operating system. This includes an updated user interface, improved performance, and enhanced security features.

File preservation – Preserves existing files, settings, and installed applications, allowing you to keep your current configuration. Also, you minimize the time spent reconfiguring your system after the upgrade.

The upgrade process is designed to be straightforward, and it allows you to upgrade to Windows 11 with ease. This makes upgrading to the latest version as simple as installing a system update.

To learn more about this process, visit our guide on upgrading to Windows 11 for step-by-step instructions.

If this method doesn’t work, you can use Windows 11 Installation Assistant tool to download the update and upgrade seamlessly.

Although these issues aren’t common, some users reported them, so you should keep them in mind.

What should you perform before you do an upgrade installation?

If you are planning on an upgrade, you must do the following before trying the process:

Backing up your files isn’t mandatory. However, if anything goes wrong, it’s always a good idea to have your essential files in a safe location.

What does a clean install do?

A clean install is a bit more complex. It requires you to download Windows 11 ISO from Microsoft’s website and create an installation media with third-party tools.

You can also use Media Creation Tool for Windows 11 to download and create installation media from a single application. However, this method is more straightforward, so we recommend using it instead.

Once installation media is created, you need to change your boot configuration and boot from it to start the Windows 11 setup.

By using this method, you’ll get the following:

An option to clean your system drive and install the new operating system from scratch without any performance or compatibility issues.

An option to circumvent specific requirements, such as TPM and Secure Boot, is helpful for users using older hardware.

If you can’t enable TPM 2.0 in BIOS, then your only option is to bypass the TPM requirement when installing Windows 11, which is possible with a clean install. To learn more, you should read our Windows 11 and TPM guide for in-depth information.

Before performing a clean install, you should be aware of the following downsides:

Expert tip:

What should you perform before you do a clean installation?

If you are planning on a clean installation, you must do the following before trying the process:

Backup your data – This is the most crucial step, as a clean installation will erase all your data and settings. Ensure to back up all your important files, documents, photos, music, etc., to an external hard drive or cloud storage.

Make a list of installed applications – Write down the list of all the applications installed on your PC so you can easily reinstall them after the clean installation.

Check for Windows 11 compatibility – Ensure your computer meets Windows 11 minimum system requirements and that all your hardware and software are compatible with the new operating system.

Obtain the Windows 11 installation media – You can purchase Windows 11 from the Microsoft Store or create a bootable installation media using a Windows 11 ISO file.

Disable antivirus software – Temporarily disable any antivirus software you have installed, as it may interfere with the installation process.

Disconnect any unnecessary peripherals – During installation, disconnect any unnecessary peripherals such as external hard drives, printers, or other devices.

Transfer your settings – With a clean install, moving all your necessary settings to a different drive on your PC or, better yet, an external one is crucial. This is especially important because drives during the setup phase aren’t labeled, so you might accidentally select the wrong drive.

What is the difference between an upgrade installation vs. a clean installation?

The upgrade process is designed to be straightforward, so even if you’re not tech-savvy, you’ll be able to install Windows 11.

All your files will be there, so you can continue exactly where you left off. Plus, the upgrade is free for a limited time, so there’s no reason not to perform it.

The clean installation is a bit more complex, requiring you to create a bootable media and boot from it. This isn’t too complicated, but it does come with a learning curve.

The main benefit of the clean installation is that it will format your system drive, thus removing the previous installation and all your files and applications.

If you’re not tech-savvy and want to give Windows 11 a try without any file loss, the upgrade is the right choice for you.

Is it better to upgrade or clean install Windows 11?

By doing the upgrade, you’ll transfer the license to Windows 11, so you don’t have to deal with activation later.

Plus, the free upgrade process won’t last forever, and according to Microsoft, the free upgrade process should last at least until October 5th, 2023.

However, Panos Panay, chief product officer at Microsoft, stated that the upgrade offer to Windows 11 is reaching its final phase of availability, and many are speculating that the free upgrade period is quickly coming to an end.

If this turns out to be accurate, it might be a good idea to upgrade, save yourself the trouble, and use the free upgrade offer.

You can always roll back to your previous OS

If you run into any issues, you can always roll back to the previous version 10 days after the upgrade. To learn more, visit our guide on how to roll back to Windows 10 from Windows 11.

The main problem with the upgrade is that you’ll keep all your files, even those you don’t need, along with all apps and registry entries, which might negatively affect your performance.

However, we would go for an upgrade, and if any performance issues appear, you can always perform a clean install to fix them.

This is everything you need to know about the differences between Windows 11 setup and upgrade, and we hope this guide will help you make the right choice.

For more information about this subject, we suggest visiting our guide on installing Windows 11 without file loss.

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Grammarly Vs. Word: Which One Is Better In 2023?

We all make spelling and grammar mistakes. The trick is picking them up before it’s too late. How do you do that? You might ask someone else to check your work before you send or publish it, use Word’s spell check, or better still, use an app that specializes in proofreading.

Grammarly is one of the most popular of these. It’ll check your spelling and grammar for free. The Premium version will also help you improve your document’s readability and check for potential copyright violations. A plug-in is available to run it inside Microsoft Word on Windows and Mac. Read our full Grammarly review here.

Microsoft Word needs no introduction. It’s the world’s most popular word processor and includes basic spell and grammar checking. But compared with Grammarly, those checks are basic indeed.

Microsoft Editor is new and a direct competitor of Grammarly. It uses artificial intelligence to help improve your writing. Its free features include spelling and basic grammar. A paid subscription gives you access to clarity, conciseness, formal language, vocabulary suggestions, plagiarism checking (“similarity”), and more.

Editor’s features are being integrated into Word. Depending on which version and subscription you have, you may already be able to access Editor’s features from within the word processor. I was able to test many of them using the online version of Word.

So, which is better? Grammarly, the world’s OG online editor, or Microsoft Editor, the big-budget new kid in town? Let’s find out.

Grammarly vs. Microsoft Word: How They Compare

1. Word Processing Features: Word

Grammarly is a quality grammar checker, but it offers a basic word processor. You can do some basic formatting—including bold, italics, underline, headings, links, and lists—get a word count, and choose your language.

If you’re a Word user, none of that will impress you. There’s no question which is the better word processor. What’s interesting is that Grammarly can run in Word as an add-in, providing additional proofreading features. That means the real questions are: How much better is Grammarly compared to Word’s own grammar checker? Is it worth installing? Is it worth the potential additional cost?

Winner: Word. There’s no question which app is the better word processor. For the rest of this article, we’ll explore whether Word users should consider installing Grammarly as a plug-in.

2. Context-Sensitive Spelling Corrections: Grammarly

Traditionally, spell checks have operated by ensuring that all of your words are in the dictionary. That’s helpful, but not infallible. Many proper nouns, such as company names, are not found in the dictionary. Even though you may use a dictionary word, it still may be the wrong spelling in context.

I had both apps check a test document that’s riddled with spelling mistakes:

“Errow,” an actual spelling mistake

“Apologise,” UK spelling when my Mac’s localization is set to US English

“Some one,” “any one,” and “scene,” which are all spelling errors in context

“Gooogle,” a misspelling of a well-known company name

The free version of Grammarly successfully identified every error and suggested the correct word in each case.

Word’s grammar checker identified four errors and missed three. “Errow” was flagged, but the first suggested correction was “arrow.” “Error” was the second. “Some one,” “Gooogle,” and “scene” were also identified and successfully corrected.

“Apologise” and “any one” were not identified as errors. Word hadn’t picked up my Mac’s localization settings and was checking for Australian English. Even after changing the language to US English, the errant word remained unflagged. One final experiment: I manually corrected them to “apologize” and “anyone.” Those spellings weren’t flagged as errors either.

I opened the online version of Word that has Microsoft Editor installed, then checked again. This time, all of the errors were found.

However, the suggested corrections were not as accurate as Grammarly’s. For example, the correct suggestion for “apologise” and “errow” were listed second in both cases. Choosing the first suggestion would have resulted in a nonsensical sentence.

Winner: Grammarly. It successfully identified and corrected every error. Word identified four out of seven. Its first suggestions were not always the correct ones. Editor did identify each mistake, though the right correction still wasn’t always listed first.

3. Identifying Grammar and Punctuation Errors: Grammarly

I also included a bunch of grammar and punctuation errors in my test document:

“Mary and Jane finds the treasure,” a mismatch between the number of the verb and subject

“Less mistakes,” which should be “fewer mistakes”

“I would like it, if Grammarly checked,” which includes an unnecessary and incorrect comma

“Mac, Windows, iOS and Android” leaves out the “Oxford comma,” which is often considered better grammar, but is a debatable error

Again, the free version of Grammarly successfully identified and corrected each error. Word only found one—the most blatant one about Mary and Jane.

By default, Word doesn’t check for the Oxford comma. Even after checking that option, it still didn’t flag the error in this instance. Finally, it didn’t correct the incorrect quantifier, “less mistakes.”

In my experience, Word’s grammar checker is far less reliable when trying to ensure your document is error-free. If that’s important to you, you should seriously consider using the Grammarly add-in, especially since it will make corrections like this for free.

Checking again using Microsoft Editor was much more accurate: every error was identified except one. “Less mistakes” still was not flagged.

Winner: Grammarly successfully identified a range of grammar errors. Word missed most of them, while Editor found all but one.

4. Suggesting How to Improve Your Writing Style: Grammarly

We’ve seen how successful Grammarly is at identifying and correcting spelling and grammar errors. Reminder: it does all of that for free. The Premium version goes further by suggesting how you can improve your writing style in terms of clarity, engagement, and delivery.

I had Grammarly Premium check a draft of one of my older articles to see what sort of feedback it gave and how helpful I found it. Here are some of the suggestions it gave:

I overused the word “important” and could use the word “essential” instead.

I overused the word “normal” and could possibly use “standard,” “regular,” or “typical” as a replacement.

I frequently used the word “rating” and could use “score” or “grade” instead.

There were a few places where I could say the same thing using fewer words, such as using “daily” instead of “on a daily basis.”

There were a few places where Grammarly suggested I split a long, complex sentence into two simpler ones.

I certainly wouldn’t make every change that Grammarly suggested, but I appreciated the input. I found the warnings about frequently-used words and complex sentences particularly helpful.

Microsoft Word doesn’t offer a readability check. However, several grammar checking settings aren’t enabled by default, such as showing readability statistics and enabling “Grammar & Refinements” instead of just “Grammar.”

I was curious about any extra input Word could give me about my writing, so under Grammar Settings, I enabled these additional options:

Double Negation


Passive Voice

Passive Voice with Unknown Actor

Words in Split Infinitives


Informal Language


Gender-Specific Language


I then checked the same draft article using Word’s grammar checker. Very few additional suggestions were made. The most helpful was flagging a missing comma after “if necessary.”

I couldn’t find a way to manually show the readability statistics. However, they’re displayed automatically after running a spell check.

Finally, I checked the document online where Microsoft Editor went to work. It had a lot more to say about my writing.

“Different designs” could be more specific. “Assorted designs,” “distinctive designs,” or “unique designs” may work better.

“Similar to” could be more concise by replacing it with “like.”

A missing Oxford comma was flagged, as were several other missing and unneeded commas.

“Purchasing” could be replaced with a simpler word, such as “buying.”

“Read through” could be more concise—“read” was suggested.

It listed some uncommon words—“tactile,” “constricted,” and “tether”—and offered replacements that are more commonly used.

Editor’s readability suggestions are different from Grammarly’s but still helpful. Choosing a winner is somewhat subjective, but I give Grammarly the edge here.

Winner: Grammarly. It offered dozens of helpful suggestions on how I can improve the clarity and engagement of my writing. Word doesn’t claim to help improve your writing style. Even with all of the grammar checking options enabled, it made very few suggestions. Editor offers a much more competitive experience.

5. Checking for Plagiarism: Grammarly

Grammarly Premium will warn you of plagiarism. It does this by comparing your text with billions of web pages and ProQuest’s academic database. It then alerts you when there is a match. I checked two different documents to evaluate the feature. One contained a few quotes, and the other didn’t. The check took less than a minute in both cases.

The second document was cleared of being free of plagiarism. The first was reported as being virtually identical to an article found on the web—and that was where my article was published on SoftwareHow.

The sources of the seven quotes in the article were also correctly identified.

Grammarly’s checker isn’t foolproof, though. In one experiment, I checked an article full of text I blatantly copied from other websites. Grammarly found it 100% original.

Microsoft Word does not currently check for plagiarism, but will soon when Editor’s Similarity Checker is added. This feature uses Bing Search to check for online documents with the same or similar content and should be able to identify plagiarism from online sources.

This feature is not yet available in the Mac and online versions of Word I’m currently using, even after joining the Office Insider Program. I was unable to test the feature, unfortunately.

Winner: Grammarly. It compares your text with online sources and an academic database to identify potential plagiarism. In the near future, Microsoft Word will offer similar functionality using Editor, but will only check online sources via Bing Search.

6. Ease of Use: Tie

Winner: Tie. Both apps make it easy to identify potential errors and correct them.

7. Pricing & Value: Tie

Assuming you already have access to Word, there are many ways to check your spelling and grammar for free. The simplest way is to use Word’s built-in features, though you’ll get better results using a plug-in. Grammarly and Microsoft Editor identify a wider range of errors for free.

Grammarly Premium adds additional checks. It will make suggestions to improve your writing’s readability, clarity, and engagement and warn you of potential copyright infringements. In my experience, Grammarly offers a discount of at least 40% every month, potentially bringing the cost down to $84 or less.

Microsoft Premium Editor offers similar features. In my opinion, they are not as helpful or full-featured. For example, Editor only checks online sources for plagiarism, while Grammarly also checks an academic database. It costs $10/month, which is a little cheaper than Grammarly’s regular price. It’s my understanding that in the future, these features will be included in Word, presumably at no additional cost.

Winner: Tie. There’s currently not a huge difference in price between the two service’s Premium plans. In the future, Microsoft Editor’s premium features may be included in Word at no extra cost. At that point, Microsoft might offer better value than Grammarly.

Final Verdict

Sending out correspondence with spelling and grammar errors can cost you your reputation. Even sending an error-filled email to a friend is embarrassing. When checking for mistakes, you need a tool you can trust: one that will identify as many problems as possible and help you make needed corrections.

Microsoft Word comes with a basic spelling and grammar checker. In my tests, it missed too many errors to be reliable. Grammarly and Microsoft Editor are much better. Grammarly consistently identified virtually all mistakes and suggested the right corrections. Microsoft’s tool wasn’t as consistent.

Both options offer premium services that are priced competitively. Both of them promise to improve your writing quality and identify potential copyright infractions. If those features are important to you, both services are worth paying for. Again, I feel that Grammarly has the edge between the two.

The value proposition will change in the near future, though. Microsoft Editor’s features are being integrated into Word—they may already be available in your version. At that point, you’ll get excellent proofreading features (presumably) for free. At that point, you’ll need to evaluate for yourself whether Grammarly’s greater consistency and more stringent checks are worth the subscription price.

Bottled Vs. Tap: Which Tastes Better?

Bottled vs. Tap: Which Tastes Better? CAS taste test ends in stalemate

Chelsea Kantor (CAS’12) prepares to vote in the CAS geography and environment department bottled versus tap water taste test. (Below) Dixie cups of tap and bottled water are readied for a blind taste test. Photos by Kalman Zabarsky

It all started as an innocent tiff around the water cooler.

The silent water war was getting to Landesman (CAS’12).

“We are the environmental department, yet we have this big container of bottled water sitting there,” she says. The plastic bottles are made from petroleum, shipped long distances, and if not recycled, take years to break down in a landfill—all reasons she thinks her department should boycott them. “There’s a water fountain around the corner from the student lounge. It’s literally seven steps away.”

Landesman shared her concerns with Nathan Phillips, a CAS associate professor of geography and environment, and they decided to end the back-and-forth with a bottled water versus tap water taste test on March 22 in honor of World Water Day.

Weeks before the event, Landesman collected samples of tap water (taken from the George Sherman Union, the FitRec Center, and water fountains in CAS) and bottled water (Aquafina, Dasani, Evian, Poland Spring, Smartwater, and Vermont Pure) and asked the earth sciences department to identify levels of various minerals—such as calcium, magnesium, copper, and lead—found in each. Samples were not tested for microorganisms, pharmaceuticals, or disinfectants. 

On test day, more than a dozen students crowded into the department’s student lounge, where an ocean of Dixie cups were spread across two tables—one holding samples of tap water, the other Vermont Pure bottled water. Each student took a whiff of coffee grounds (to clear the palate) before drinking. They then cast ballots for which they preferred and which tasted like tap water.

Valerie Pasquarella (GRS’13) couldn’t tell which sample was tap water. She prefers the “slightly metallic” flavor of Boston’s water and buys bottled water “only if I need a new bottle to bring tap water in,” she says.

Ryan Sullivan (CAS’12) also found the two samples similar in taste. “They both kind of tasted like water,” says Sullivan, who drinks filtered water at the dorms. “Maybe my palate’s not as sophisticated.”

Turns out Sullivan isn’t alone. Of 67 taste-testers, only a third identified the tap water sample correctly, according to Phillips, who is also the director of the Center for Energy and Environmental Studies. Another third thought it was bottled water, and the remaining participants couldn’t tell the difference.

The water tests revealed that both samples were safe to drink by Environmental Protection Agency and Food and Drug Administration standards. Vermont Pure contained higher levels of magnesium and calcium, and the tap water had higher levels of phosphorus, lead, and copper. (Magnesium, phosphorus, and calcium are not regulated by either agency. While not harmful, they do affect taste.)

The water samples taken by Landesman before spring break revealed a similar trend, with none registering at or above EPA and FDA guidelines. Among all the bottled samples, Evian contained the highest mineral levels, with magnesium measuring nearly three times that of tap water.

Cutler Cleveland, a CAS professor of geography and environment, cohosted the event with Phillips, and he pushes for more people to drink tap water. Bottled water companies, Cleveland says, launched a “campaign of misinformation and propaganda saying tap water is not safe when in the majority of cases it is.”

Yet Phillips says that some faculty members remain unconvinced, hence the presence of the water cooler.

“I have a feeling its days are numbered,” Cleveland says.

Leslie Friday can be reached at [email protected]; follow her on Twitter at @lesliefriday.

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Subdomains Vs. Subfolders: Which Is Better For Seo & Why?

Google ranks subdomains more or less the same as subdirectories (also referred to as subfolders).

But there’s a key difference, in that subdomains are considered standalone sites and distinct from the main domain.

It’s important to consider the practical impact on your SEO before choosing to place content on a subdomain or a subdirectory.

The Difference Between a Subdomain & Subdirectory What Is a Subdirectory?

A website is typically made up of different category sections and web pages.

In the old days of HTML coding, a web designer would create folders and put the web pages into those folders.

That’s why they are called “subfolders“ or “subdirectories.”

Just like your desktop folders, the online folders would have a name like /green-widgets/. That’s where all the green widget HTML pages would go.

When you navigated to those pages, you would literally be navigating to a folder and an actual HTML file:

Those folders, /widgets/ and /green-widgets/ are called subdirectories or subfolders.

In typical WordPress and other PHP-based websites, those subdirectories are virtual.

They don’t exist on the server where you can navigate to them with an FTP program and see the actual folders.

Though virtual, they are still a part of the file structure of the website and are still called subdirectories.

A subdirectory is a part of the structure of the website that’s associated with the domain name.

What Is a Subdomain?

A subdomain is very different from a subdirectory; it is like an entirely different website.

The subdomain is associated with the domain, but not the website that is associated with the domain name.

A subdomain is generally considered as a standalone site that is branched off from the main domain.

This is an example of a subdomain:

This is an example of a subdomain that contains a subdirectory:

Google Considers Subdomains as Separate Standalone Sites

Google has always treated subdomains as different sites, separate from the main domain.

This is evident within Google Search Console, where subdomains have to be verified separately from the content that exists under the main domain website.

Google’s John Mueller explained this in a Webmaster Video:

“You’ll need to verify subdomains separately in Search Console, make any changes to settings and track overall performance per subdomain.

We do have to learn how to crawl them separately but for the most part that’s just a formality for the first few days.”

When to Use a Subdomain

There are technical, branding, and SEO implications as to why a publisher would choose to host content on a subdomain.

Technical Reasons to Use a Subdomain

A web developer may choose to host a staging version of a website on a password protected subdomain (a staging site is a copy of a site created by the developer in order to test a new web design template).

It’s easy to set up a new database and install a new version of a site in that subdomain that exactly replicates the production site (the version of the site that visitors visit).

As long as the subdomain is not linked from anywhere on the web, search engine crawlers will generally not find that subdomain. If they do, they won’t be able to crawl the staging site because it is password protected.

On a technical level, the staging site hosted on a subdomain can have the same directory, URL, and permalink structure as the main site that is live on the web.

Hosting a staging site on a subdirectory is trickier and errors in link structure can creep in.

For technical reasons, developers may find it easier to create a new database for a subdomain and treat that section like an independent website, keeping all database and CMS files completely separate from the rest of the main site.

Splitting out a site on a subdomain allows the developer to easily use 100% different layout templates and technologies without affecting the main site.

Branding Reasons to Use a Subdomain

Branding is another reason to use a subdomain.

For example, publishers often choose to host their support sections on a subdomain.

For branding purposes, some businesses may elect to create a separate subdomain to compartmentalize and brand a section of their site such as the support pages and keep them away from the rest of the main site.

SEO Reasons to Use Subdomains

There may also be SEO reasons for hosting on a subdomain; for example, if a publisher has a content topic that is completely different from that main site.

The publisher can choose to host that section on a subdomain in order to isolate that content within its own website but still be within the brand of the main site.

Some news sites host their recipe content on a subdomain, for example.

I don’t know if that’s done for SEO reasons but it’s an example of how to separate one section of a site that has a vastly different topic from the rest of the site, where one section is static and relatively evergreen and the rest of the site is in a constant state of change.

By separating the recipe section from the rest of the site, a publisher can control what that entire section is about (recipes) and not allow the rest of the site to influence or overwhelm that one section.

Whether Google can rank a subdomain section better if it’s isolated is a matter of opinion.

But this is something that is done for SEO reasons, to allow a subdomain to rank on its own without influence from the main site and vice-versa.

Below is the SERP display for The New York Times’ recipe subdomain section.

When you search for “recipes NYTimes” Google displays it in the SERPs like a standalone website, complete with a six-pack listing of subsections.

Subdirectory Layouts Are Useful

A site that is comprehensive can be seen as more authoritative than a site that only focuses on a granular part of a topic.

That doesn’t mean that the granular site less authoritative or useful.

But a site that can encompass the full breadth and depth of the topic can attract more links and be recognized as authoritative.

For that reason, a site might choose to use subfolders over a subdomain approach.

Another reason to use a subdirectory layout is that there is overlap between different sections.

Someone shopping online for cereal may want to pick up a pair of gym pants to use while working from home.

A site that carries both items is more useful than a site that only focuses on one or the other.

Subdirectory or Subdomain? Choose What Works Best

The most important consideration for whether to use a subdomain is if it works for users.

In general, if it makes sense for users that a section belongs with the rest of the site, then using a subdirectory structure is the best way to structure a website.

But if the section is better as a standalone site because it is so different from the rest of the site and you want it to keep associating that section with the branding or name of the main site, then a subdomain might be the better approach for you.

Sometimes, there just isn’t a definitive answer as to which way is best. But by taking all these factors into consideration, the choice becomes easier to make.

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All screenshots taken by author, December 2023

Opera Vpn Vs. Nordvpn: Which Is The Better Choice For 2023?

Opera VPN Vs. NordVPN: Which Is The Better Choice For 2023?




VPNs are becoming more and more popular as the internet evolves and people want to take their online security to the next level.

Opera VPN is free and already built-in on all Opera browsers.

NordVPN is one of the most secure and popular VPNs with extra features to ensure total security.

As the Internet continues to grow and evolve, people are valuing their online privacy and security more and more. One of the best ways to keep your data safe while browsing the web is with a Virtual Private Network (VPN).

A VPN encrypts your web traffic by creating a secure connection between your device and a private VPN server. This connection shields users from third-party tracking and cyber-attacks.

Not only do VPNs protect browsing activity, but it also allows users to change their location to anywhere in the world for access to geo-restricted content.

However, every VPN service offers different features and functions. This article will take a look at Opera VPN and NordVPN and compare their features so you can determine which is the best for your needs.

Is VPN safe?

Reputable VPNs are entirely safe and secure. A good VPN will protect user data and include the highest level of security so even the most skilled hackers can’t breakthrough.

However, users must be careful with what VPN they choose as fake VPNs are circulating that are scams and compromise user data. Users should make sure that the VPN they’re using is reputable and high-quality. Check out our top suggestions for the best VPNs for Windows 10.

Opera VPN vs. NordVPN: Which is better? ➡ Features

With Double VPN, users’ data is routed through two VPN servers instead of one for an extra layer of encryption. This feature makes devices secure and is recommended for users who work with sensitive information. However, enabling Double VPN can slow down web surfing speed.

The VPN Kill Switch with NordVPN is a security measure that will automatically block internet access on devices if users lose connection for any reason. The connection will remain blocked until the encryption is restored.

Opera VPN is a fast and free VPN service that’s already built into Opera browsers. There is no registration required and users can access it straight from their browser.

When enabled, Opera VPN will automatically connect users to the fastest server relative to their location for an optimal browsing experience. However, Opera VPN only works with Opera browsers and will not protect users outside of their browser.

➡ Accessibility

Opera VPN is free for all and offers unlimited bandwidth. Anyone with an Opera browser has access to the VPN without needing to sign-up or pay hidden fees.

Opera VPN is also available for mobile devices with an Opera browser installed. Users can also customize the VPN to only work on private tabs.

With the NordVPN mobile app, users can ensure their mobile devices are secure. The app is available for both Android and iOS. NordVPN protects users whether they’re using a home network, public Wi-Fi, or a mobile network.

NordVPN allows users to connect up to 6 devices at once with one account. Users can even use the VPN on smart TVs. However, NordVPN is not free and operates on a monthly subscription basis of $11.95 / month.

➡ User privacy

NordVPN is known for its top-notch security and privacy and ensures total anonymity while browsing. With its strict no-logs policy, NordVPN never collects user traffic as it passes through its servers.

With military-grade encryption, users can trust that their data is secure with NordVPN. This VPN is not free, but that means the company doesn’t get revenue from anything but its subscription. So users can rest easy in the fact that NordVPN never sells user data.

Even though it’s a free service, Opera VPN is secure, but NordVPN offers a higher level of privacy protection.

➡ Performance

Opera VPN doesn’t offer as many servers as NordVPN meaning it doesn’t have access to as many countries. Opera VPN only allows users to choose from three regions: the Americas, Europe, and Asia. That means Opera VPN isn’t the best for targeting a specific country to get past any geo-restrictions.

Because Opera VPN isn’t weighed down by a ton of servers, it runs a lot faster than other VPNs and doesn’t affect browsing performance as much.

NordVPN, on the other hand, offers servers in 59 countries and is much more successful at bypassing geo-restrictions. Users can pick a server based on the country rather than region.

Browsing and download speed is reduced slightly with any VPN, and NordVPN is no exception. Most users, however, don’t notice the speed decrease unless they are on a fast network. NordVPN is ranked as one of the fastest VPNs and doesn’t affect video streaming.

➡ Opera VPN vs. NordVPN: Final verdict

While Opera VPN has smaller servers and less extensive features, it’s a great option for those on a budget and only does casual browsing. It’s light and simple for everyday browsing using Opera. Because Opera VPN is free, it only offers the bare minimum when it comes to security.

Users cannot pick specific locations with Opera VPN, so if you’re trying to access UK Netflix from France, Opera VPN can’t help you with that. However, Opera VPN is significantly faster than the average VPN and doesn’t affect surfing speeds.

If you’re someone who deals with sensitive information and needs extra layers of protection and security, then NordVPN is the way to go. It requires a monthly fee, but it goes above and beyond to ensure your entire device is protected.

With access to servers in 59 countries, users can use NordVPN to get past geo-restrictions and access content only available in certain countries. It does slow browsing speed, but not significantly.

So, the decision is up to the user and their needs to determine the best VPN. Opera VPN is free, fast, and secure, but doesn’t offer the same level of protection and features as NordVPN.

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How To Install Tiny 11 And Is It Safe? (Windows 11 Lite)

All of us were excited about the release of Windows 11, only to find that many of our older devices could not run it. Yes, we still found other ways to install Windows 11, but it didn’t change the fact that it wasn’t made for those PCs.

So, it led to bugs, crashes, and a hundred different issues that forced us back to Windows 10. 

If only Microsoft made Windows 11 for low-end PCs, something like Windows 10 light. 

Well, Microsoft might not hear us, but NTDev did. Introducing Tiny 11, a lightweight version of Windows 11 for PCs not compatible with Windows 11.

Also read: Unlock Hidden Windows Features Installing ViVe Tool GUI

We have shown a VIDEO walk through at the end of the post for easy solution. 

Tiny 11 is a project from NTDev based on Windows 11 Pro 22h2 and comes with most of the better elements of Windows 11 while leaving out the clutter and bloat, making the OS much lighter for low-end PCs.

It only requires 2 GB of RAM and 8 GB of Storage to run efficiently and doesn’t require TPM or Secure Boot. It also has the Microsoft Store integrated, allowing users to install apps. 

But how does it do all that?

Tiny 11 leaves out all the clutter and bloat that comes with the actual Windows 11, which surprisingly makes a huge difference in performance.

Here are the apps and features Tiny 11 removes from Windows 11:

• Clipchamp 

• News 

• Weather 

• Xbox 

• GetHelp 

• GetStarted 

• Office Hub 

• Solitaire 

• PeopleApp 

• PowerAutomate 

• ToDo 

• Alarms 

• Mail and Calendar 

• Feedback Hub

• Maps 

• Sound Recorder 

• Your Phone 

• Media Player

• QuickAssist 

• Internet Explorer

• LA57 support 

• OCR for en-us 

• Speech support 

• TTS for en-us 

• Media Player Legacy 

• Tablet PC Math 

• Wallpapers 

• Edge

• OneDrive

• Windows Defender

• Microsoft Teams

To highlight a few important ones, Windows Defender, Microsoft Teams, OneDrive, and Edge, are removed, and the default screenshot shortcuts don’t work.

It keeps the UI and experience of Windows 11 the same. Visually you won’t find much difference.

But…there are some tiny issues.

Well, I lied. Tiny 11 has some major issues (I only said tiny for the pun). 

First, it’s neither developed nor supported by Microsoft, and they are definitely not okay with it. 

So, there can never be a dependable place to download the Tiny 11 iso. You always have a risk of downloading malware or viruses because you cannot guarantee the file’s safety unless you specifically run tests on it.

Also, Tiny 11 doesn’t allow Windows updates, which is very understandable. Still, you are stuck with the build version of Windows 11 Pro 22h2 unless you reinstall a newer version of Tiny 11 every time they are released…if they are released.

Windows Updates are vital for bug and error patches and security updates (which isn’t a major concern because Tiny 11 doesn’t have Windows Defender to defend anything in the first place).

The errors and bugs are a big setback for Tiny 11. I have seen many user reviews reporting crashes and system-breaking bugs. I have also read reports of apps like the Adobe Suite not working. 

But no one plans to run Adobe Premiere Pro on a PC with 2 GB of RAM…right?

This is normal because Tiny 11 is unstable, and the devs never said it would be stable. So, I won’t recommend it to anyone without prior troubleshooting experience.

Now let’s come to the meat of the topic, how to download and install Tiny 11 on your PC. Follow as given below.

As said earlier, Tiny 11 is not hosted on any official or dependable website. For the moment, it is available on Internet Archive. You can visit here and download it easily, but we cannot guarantee that it will be safe for your PC.

Once you open the website, navigate to the Download options and expand the ISO image section.

Download the 22h2 Beta2 (no sysreq) version.

Next, you need to create an installation media from the iso and use it to install Tiny 11. But the official media creation tool won’t work here. 

So, you will need Rufus.

Visit here and download and install Rufus.

Now connect an empty flash drive. Launch Rufus and set your flash drive in the Device drop-down menu.

Browse to the Tiny 11 iso image file and open it.

Once you have finished creating the installation media, restart your PC while keeping the flash drive connected.

Press the BIOS key on Boot to enter BIOS.

Go to the Boot section and change the Boot order to place your Flash Drive on number one.

Now save and exit the BIOS. You should see the Install Windows screen, but if you don’t, restart your PC, and that should correct it.

Create a partition and select it to install Tiny 11.

Now wait for the installation to finish. Next go through the prompts and setup Windows.

So, there you have it. This is how you can install Windows 11 lite or Tiny 11. We recommend it only for users experienced in troubleshooting errors and suggest others wait for Microsoft to release an official lite version of Windows 11. 

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